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Time or Inquiry would produce tiations he may now have upon the any new Objections to this Bill, or Carpet : Could he assure any of those ftrengthen those that have already Powess, who now may be willing to been

made ; but because of the dan. join with him, that he would sealongerous and ticklish Situation we are ably and vigouroully sopport him? in with regard to foreign Affairs. If If his Majesty could give no such Alit were not for this, I should be for. A surance, can you expect, that of your taking as much Time to con

those Powers, who are exposed to an fider, and as many Methods to get immediate Attack, would precipitate Informations, as any Lord could de. their own Ruin, by fruitlessly endeafire; because, I am convinced, the

vouring to prevent that of their more you consider, and the better

Neighbours? The Dutch have but you are informed, the more you will just come in to your Measures: The approve of the Bill now before you. B States of Holland have just resolved But, my Lords, in the present Situa- to assist the Queen of Hungary with tion of the Affairs of Europe, when 20,000 Men ; but if they should its Liberties are in so much Danger ; hear of this Motion's being agreed when all the Courts in Europe, that to, it would discourage them from are concerned for their Preservati- proceeding in that Resolution, and on, are looking ftcdfastly upon this; as it is not yet agreed to by the other when even the Enemies of publick C Provinces, it would certainly be laid Liberty are looking stedfaftly upon aside. The King of Sardinia, whose our Proceedings; the former in Doubt, chief Dependence is upon the Af: whether they shall tamely submit to

fistance he may expect from this Natheir impending Fate, or firmly and tion, would, from that Moment, debravely unite in opposing it; the lat- fpair of getting any farther Afliftance, ter in Doubt, whether they shall dare and would, consequently, accept of to proceed in the ambitious Schemes D the best Terms he could get from they have formed, or restore the France and Spain. Even the Queen Tranquillity of Europe upon such of Hungary, upon seeing herself deTerms as will put an End to them : serted by you, and in course by all In such Circumstances, I say, the the rest of Europe, would resolve leaft Delay in a Bill upon which a to submit to the Terms offered by great Part of the Supplies for the France; and thus, for 'as trißling as ensuing Year depend, would be of E this Motion may seem to some of the most dangerous Consequence, efpe- your Lordships, yet upon the Fate cially if from that Delay People of it may depend the Fate and the should have Reason to conclude, that Liberties of Europe. the Bill itself would be loit, and his Let us confider, my Lords, how Majesty's Resolutions, as well as his near the Time for Action approach-. Preparations, put to a full Stop for If we are resolved to have any a Month or two at least, which would F Share in the Operations of next Cambe the Consequence of the Delay paign, it is high Time for his MaHow proposed.

jesty to be resolved, and to begin to From such a Delay, my Lords, prepare ; but he can neither resolve, his Majesty could not but suppoie, nor begin to prepare, till this Bill, that his Parliament was againit, or or fome such Bill as this be passed. ai leaft very indifferent about his If any of the other Powers of Euconcerting any Measures for preserv- G rope think of taking a Share with ing the Balance of Power ; and upon us in the Operations of the next such a Suppofition, could his Man Campaign, it is high Time for them jeity proceed in any of those Nexo

to relolve, and to begin to prepare ;



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but they can neither resolve, nor be- Use of those Liquors, as this Incon. gin to prepare till his Majesty's Re- venience may be remedy'd the very solutions are known. How dange- next Session of Parliament, I cannot rous then must it be for us at this help fufpecting, and, my Lords, I Season of the Year, to delay a Bill will take the Freedoin to declare my of this Nature? How much more Suspicion, that the violent Oppofidangerous, to do any Thing by which A tion to this Bill proceeded originally the Bill would certainly be lost? At from something else than a Concera another Time, the Loss might per- either for the Lives, the Healths, or haps be repaired by another Bill

for the Morals of the People, the same Purpose ; but upon this Oc- But, my Lords, when I consider cafion, and at this critical Season of that, notwithstanding the Law now the Year, it will be impossible to re- in Being, all Sorts of Spirituous Li. pair the Loss, becaule before any B quors are sold at as many Places, as new Bill can be paffed, foreign Pow. openly, and at ás cheap a Rate, as ers will have taken their Resolutions, they could be, were this Bill passed as to their Conduct for next Cam- into a Law, I wonder how any paign at leaft: We cannot then make Lord in this House can be imposed them alter their Resolutions; and on by such a Pretence. It is well before the End of next Campaign, known, that Punch and Drams of all the Liberties of Europe may be paft Ç Sorts, even common Gin not ex, Redemption

cepted, are now sold openly and I hope, I have as great a Concern avowedly at all publick Houses, and for the Lives of my fellow Subjects many private Shops and By.corners ; as any Lord in this House, or as any and it is likewise known, that they Man can have; I have as great a are now fold as cheap as they were Concern for their Lives as I have for before the present Law was enacted, my own; but as I have a greater D so that Retailers of all kinds either Concern for my own Liberty than I think they run no Risk, or charge have for my Life, so I have a greater their Customers nothing for that Rik; Concern for the Liberties of the Peo- therefore it must be admitted, that ple of England than I have for their this Bill, should it pass, can do no Lives; and thall never give myself

. Harm. It can neither increase the any Trouble about preserving the Life Number of Retailers, nor diminish of any Man, who, I think, does not the Price : because the Number is prefer his Liberty to his Life. If now as high as it could be, and the the Liberties of the People of this Price as low as the Liquor could be Nation fhould be destroyed by the afforded for, were you to repeal the rejecting of this Bill, they will have present Law withont enacting any, but little Reason to thank those who, Thing in its Stead. This Bill cannot opon chis Occasion, pretend to Mew therefore increase the Consumption, luch a Concern for the Preservation For promote the Excess; and if the of their Lives; for if ever such a Duties proposed by this Bill do not fatal Misfortune rould happen, they diminish both the one and the other only would be happy, who did not they will at least have one good EAA live to fee the Thraldom of their fect, which is that of furnishing the Country, or to feel the Fetters of Government with a Fund for carry Slavery. Therefore, if there were ing on a moft neceitary War. By really come Ground for apprehend-G palling this Bill, therefore, you are ing, that this Bill would encourage lure of doing some Good and no the Consumption of Spirituous Li- Evil : By rejecting, or, which is the quors, or promote any Excess in the fame, amending it, you cannot pro

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pose, for this Year at least, to put a lay very high Duties upon our own Stop to the Consumption of Spirituo home-made Spirits, it will produce ous Liquors, and next Year you may the fame Effect.' Dutch Gin will do it, tho' you now pass this Bill, then be run in upon you as plentiwith as much Ease as you can pro- fully as French Brandy is now; wherepose to do, should this Bill be re- by your own Difillery will be quite jected.

A ruined, and many Families reduced As the Consumption of Spirituous to starving. But this I mention only Liquors, and even the Excess in that for your Confideration against next Consumption, is not now any Way Year; for I hope, the Bill now belimited by the Restraint upon the fore us will pass without Amend. Retail, but depends wholly upon the ment, and therefore, I hope, the Inclinations of the People, this Bill present Motion will be disagreed to. may do Service by giving a Turn to B their Inclinations. Stolen Waters are The next that spoke was T. Quintius, f weet, is an Observation made by in the Character of the Lord Tal. one of the wisest Men that ever bot, whose Speech was to this Efliv'd: This may at present heighten feet. the Desires of the People for ftrong Waters, because they think they get

My Lords, them by stealth ; whereas their De-C TF drinking Spirituous Liquors' to they can no longer suppofe such Wa. has been upon all Sides acknowledg'd, ters to be stolen. So that in every then the Temptation to that Excess Light I view this Bill, I think, it muft be 'an Evil, and consequently must do Good, and can do no Harm; whatever tends to increase that Temptherefore I have no Occasion to exa- tation, must do Harm. Now that this mine, whether the Duties proposed D Bill will tend to increase the Tempby it will raise the Price so high as tation is, I think, without doubt. I to put a Debauch out of the Reach shall grant, that Spirituous Liquors of the Poor. If they do not, you are now fold át molt publick Houses, may next Year raise them higher; and sold in an open Manner to their but when you come upon that Sub- Customers, and to those that come ject, I hope, your Lordships will have along with known Customers; but some Regard for the British Distillery, E they are not, even at these Houses, which for many Years has been so fold openly, or at all, to mere Stranmuch encouraged by Parliament, and gers, especially if they be fuch as have in which so many people have, by any Signs of Poverty or Distress about that Encouragement, been induced to them; therefore if a poor Person has inveft their Fortunes and educate their now any Longing for a Dram, he Children. It is now, my Lords, a must go to fome House where he is Manafacture which supports great F known, which may be at a great Numbers of our People: It is a Ma- Distance ; whereas if this Bill should nufacture of great Use in our Com- pafs," he may have it at the next merce'; No Ship can go to Sea with. Alehouse wherever he happens to be, out it; and besides the vast Saving and consequently will be less able to it occasions in the Use of foreign resist the Temptation he is laid under Spirits; we now export great Quanti- by his own Appetite; nay, after he ties both to the North and to Africa. G has comply'd with his Appetite at We know what vaft Quantities of one Alehouse, the very next Alehouse French Brandies are run in upon us,

he fees will revive it, and every Aleoccafion'd by the high Duties: If you honfe he passes by will give him a


new Craving, till he is fluftered, and it is reckoned the Duty of the fu.

then he drinks on till he is quite preme Magistrates to take Care, that


the People should not be tempted to

But this is not the only way the Idleness, Expence, or Wickedness;

Bill now before us will increase the but ever fince we began to think of

Temptation. Tho' moft Alehouses raising Money for the publick Ser-

now fell Drams to their Customers, A vice, from the Luxuries and Vices of

they do not fell them in their publick the People, the direct contrary Maxim

Rooms, nor have they pompous De- seems to prevail, and this, I think,

fcriptions of the Drams they have is one of the most open and bare-

to fell either upon their Sign-posts, faced Attempts of the Kind that was

or upon the Vessels or Calks in their ever brought into Parliament.

Houle ; whereas if this Bill be paffed But, fays a noble Lord, you must

into a Law, we may expect to see a B pass this Bill : You must pass it with-

long Catalogue of Drams' wrote in out Delay, without Information, with.

Gold Letters upon every Sign-poft, out Deliberation, otherwise the Liber.

and those that enter will certainly ties of Europe may be undone. What,

find, in every publick Room, one or my Lords, will you expose the Peo-

more Companies drinking Spirituous ple to certain Destruction at home,

Liquors, and in some part of it in order to prevent a casual Danger

Casks or Vessels piled up a-top of C from abroad? As I know very little

one another, with a luscious Descrip- of our foreign Affairs : As Care has

tion of its Contents in capital Letters been taken ever since I had the Ho-

upon every one: Nay, fome of our nour to sit here, not to let this House

Alehouses, or infhops under the know much of our foreign Affairs ;

Denomination of Alehouses, will cer- I cannot 'pretend to determine, whát

tainly have Rooms open to the pub. Danger, the Liberties of Europe are

lick Streets as formerly, with these D now in; but I cannot believe the

Carks exposed to the View of every Danger is so immediate as some a-

Passenger, and the Shop or publick mongst us would have ús believe';

Room always full of Customers, every

for if this were the Cafe, I am per-

one of whom will be ready to invite fuaded, many of our Neighbours

any Friend he sees paffing by, and would be applying to us, and begging

even to press him to come in and our Asistance, as they did in 1701,

taste the delicious Cup.

E instead of our running about and

Thefe, and many more Allurements solliciting the Dutch, and almost every

than I can think of, will certainly other Court in Europe, to join with

be made use of by thofe that are to us in affitting the Queen of Hungary.

be licensed to sell Spirituous Liquors:


Indifference shewn by

Their Numbers will make them ne- móft of the other Courts of Europe,

ceffitous, and their Neceflities will especially the Dutch and the King of

whet their Invention." The Temp. F Pruffia, whose Dominions lie imme.

tation therefore will certainly be in- diately 'exposed to the Ambition of

creafed by this Bill; and if the Price France, gives me fome Reason to be-

is not raised, the Consumption must lieve, that the Liberties of Europe

of course increase, unless Providence are far from being in such imminent

should give a Turn to the Inclina- Danger as has been represented in

tions of the People, and make them this Debate; but suppose they were,

resolvę to take Care of themselves, G neither his Majesty's Resolutions, Ne.

fince they find their Lawgivers are gotiations, nor Preparations, can be

resolved to destroy them. In all in the least interrupted by the Loss of

Countries I know, or have read of, this Bill. The Supplies are most of



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them already resolved on; and if we For the Sake therefore of our have such Plenty of Resources, as a Credit and Reputation, we ought to noblé Lord says we have, his Majestý reject this Bill; but, my Lords, there may depend upon it, that the Parlia- is another, Reason, which with me is ment will find Ways and Means to pro- of, all others the most prevailing. vide for the Supplies they have grant- The passing of this Bill will put it ed. If money'd Men have been spoke A out of our power to remedy the to: If they have agreed to lend Mo Evil complain!d of, and so univerney at 3 per Cent. upon this Fund, sally acknowledg’d. The noble Lord the Credit they have promised does who fpoke last told us, we cannot not proceed from this Fund, the Pro remedy the Evil this Year by rejectduce of which cannot so much as being the Bill, and we may do it next guessed at, but from the collateral Se- Year, notwithstanding the Bill's being cùrity; and any other Fund, with B passed into a Law. My Lords, I che lame collateral Security, will cer

cer: mult differ from him in both these tainly procure the same Credit; there Positions. If we amend this Bill as fore, as his Majesty, from what is we ought, I believe, it will on that already done, may know, that he very Account be dropt in the other will be supported by his Parliament, House ; but from chence the Genclehe may, now, proceed in all his men of that House will see what we Measures, as if the Supplies were all C intend, and as they likewise are fenprovided for as well as granted, and, sible of the Evil complain'd of, they I hope, the Exchequer is not so bare, may, and probably will

, immediately or in such Difcredit, that it can fur: order in a Bill for remedying that nish no Money, till we give it some, Evil, upon the same Plan with this thing to carry to the Pawnbroker's, Bill, after we have amended it as it

But, my Lords, I would not have ought. And a Bill thus brought in, the Proječtors of this Fund boast fo N may certainly be passed into a Law, much of their raising the Money at before the End of this Seffion. But three per cent. for if I am rightly in- if we pass this Bill as it stands at preformed, it is the Jezus who have a seni, before next Year our Ministers greed to lend the Money at this will have got a Taste of the great Kate, on Condition of their having Revenue produced by the Encouragea Lottery for 800,000l, upon which ment or Indulgence of Gin drinka they will make at least ten per Cent. E ing, and after they have once tasted

so that upon the whole Money the Sweet, I am afraid, they will they are to advance, they will by think it too delicious, a Morsel to this means make a great deal

more part with. Can we be sure of getthan three per Cent. Upon their Side ting any, Sort of Bill passed into a therefore, it may be faid, they have Law for putting a Stop to this Evil, made a wife Bargain; but can the when the whole Power of the Admilike be laid of us, when, in drder to R. niftration, supported by the Interest, establish a Fund we are to encourage of all the Distillers and Retailers in Drunkengels, and in order to raise the Kingdom, will certainly be aMoney upon that Fund we are to gainit us ? encourage Gaming? Surely, when Besides this, my Lords, we shall, Foreigners hear this Account of our by palling this Bill, lay ourselves unConduct, they will say, the Nation der another Difficulty: As the Duty, mult 'either be mad or reduced to its G upon Licences is to be directly mort laft Shift, and this can be no great gaged, in common Justice, we can Encouragement for a foreign Court then do nothing that may diminish. to join with us in any desperate Un- or lessen the Security, without the dertaking.


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