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him;

s The wicked shall see it, and it shall grieve 'Where every word hath its oppos

site : for the terms father and maHe shall gnash his teeth, and pine away; The desire of the wicked shall periņther are, as the logicians say, re

PS. cxii. 10. latively opposite. And he shall snatch on the right, and yet

The memory of the just is a blessing; be hungry;

But the name of the wicked Thall rot.' And he shall devour on the left, and not

Prov. x. be fatisfied ;

Here are only two antithetic Every man fhall devour the Aeth of his

terms : for

and

memory neighbour.' Ifa. ix. 20.

name are syThere are likewise parallels con

nonymous.

• There is that scattereth, and still en fisting of four lines : two distichs

creaseth; being so connected together by the And that is unreasonably sparing, yet fense and the construction, as to groweth poor.' Prov. xi. 24. make one ftanza. Such is the Here is a kind of double antithesis; form of the thirty-seventh Psalm, one between the two lines themwhich is evidently laid out by the selves, and likewise a subordinate initial letters in ftanzas of four lines. opposition between the two parts • Be not moved with indignation against of each. the evil doers;

This form, he observes, is pecuNor with zeal against the workers of ini- liarly adapted to adages, aphorisms,

quity: For like the grass they shall soon be cut off ;

and detached sentences, and that And like the green herb they shall wither.' we are not therefore to expect fre

Ps. xxxvii. 1, 2. quent instances of it in the other « The ox knoweth his poffessor;

poems of the Old Testament; espeAnd the ass the crib of his lord:

cially those that are elevated in But Ifrael doth not know Me; Neither doth my people consider.' Isa, i. 3. the parts.

the style, and more connected in

The author however In ftanzas of four lines fometimes adds a few examples from the higher the parallel lines answer to

poetry. another alternately; the first to the third, and the second to the But we in the name of Jehovah our God

one

« These in chariots, and those in horses; fourth :

will be strong. • As the heavens are high above the earth; They are bowed down, and fallen ; So high is his goodness over then that

But we are rifen, and maintain ourselves fear him:

firm.' Pf. xx. 7, 8. As remote as the east is from the west; The bricks are fallen, but we will build So far hath he removed from us our with hewn stone:

tranfgressions.' Pf. ciii. 11, 12. The sycamores are cut down, but we will 5 And ye said: Nay, but on horses will

replace them with cedars. Ifa.ix. 10. we fee;

The third sort of parallels the Therefore shall ye be put to flight: author calls synthetic, or construcAnd on swift coursers will we ride; Therefore thall they be fwiftthat tive, where the parallelism confifts pursue you.'

Ifa. XXX. 16. only in the similar form of construcHe next proceeds to the second tion: in which word does not anfort of parallels, viz. the antithetic; fwer to word, and fentence to fenof which kind are the following:

tence, as equivalent or opposite;

but there is a correspondence and • A wise fon rejoiceth his father : But a foolish son is the grief of his mo- equality between different propother.' Prou, X, I.

fitions in respect of the shape and

turn

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turn of the whole sentence, and of is not often to be met with. The the constructive parts'; such as noun poem of Job, being on a large. answering to noun, verb to verb, plan, and in a high tragic style, member to member, negative to ihough very exact in the division of negative, interrogative to interro- the lines, and in the parallelism, gative.

and affording many fine examples

of the synonymous kind, yet con• Praise ye Jehovah, ye of the earth; Ye fea-moniters, and all deeps :

fiits chiefly of the constructive. A Fire and hail, snow and vapour, &c. happy mixture of the several sorts

Pf.cxiviii. 7. gives an agreeable variery; and « Is such then the fast which I choose? they serve mutually to recommend That a man thould affict his soul for a and set off one another.” day?

He next confiders the distinction Is it, that he hould bow down his head of Hebrew verles into longer and

like a bulruihi; And spread lackcloth and ashes for his Morier, founded also on ihe aucouch, &c. Ifa. lviii. 5, 6.

thority of the alphabetic poems; In these instances it is to be ob being manifeft!y of the larger for

one third of the whole number served, that though there are per- of verse, the relt of the Thorter. haps no two lines corresponding He does not attempt exactly to deone with another as equivalent or fine, by the number of syllables, opposite in terms; yet there is a parallelism equally apparent, and of verse from the other; ail that

the limit which leparates one fort aimoil as striking, which arises from he afirms is this; that one of the the similar form and equality of the lines, from the correspondence of

three poems perfectly alphabetical, the members and the construction; into its verses ; and three of the

and therefore infallibly divided the consequence of which is a har- nine other alphabetical poems, dimony and rhythm little inferior in vided into their verses, after the effect to that of the two kinds preceding.

manner of the perfeálly aphabeti“ of the three different forts of cal, with the greatest degree of

probability; that these four poems, parallels, as above explained, every being the four first Lamentations of one hath its peculiar character and proper effect: and therefore they one third longer, taking them one

Jeremiah, fall into verses about are differently employed on dif- with another, than those of the ferent occafions ... Synonymous other eight alphabetical poems.parallels have the appearance of art and concinnity, and a studied ele. Example of these long verses from

a poem perfectly alphabetical : gance. They prevail chiefly in

• I am the man, that laath seen affliction, Thorter poems ; in many of the

by the rod of his anger: Plalms; 'in Balaam's prophecies; He hath led me, and niade me walk in frequently in those of Isaiah, which

darkness, and not in light,' &c. are most of them distinct poems of

Lan. iii. 1-4. no great length. The antithetic Examples of the fame fort of parallelism gives an acuteness and verse, where the limits of the verses force to adages and moral sen- are to be collected only from the tences; and therefore abounds in poetical construction of the fenSolomon's proverbs, and elsewhere cences:

« The

« The law of Jehovah is perfect, restur or even false idea of the real chaing the soul :

racter of the author, as a writer; The teitim, ny of Jehovah is fure, making of the general nature and of the

wise the simple,' &c. Ps. xix. 7. "A found of a multitude in the moun

peculiar form of the compofition? tains, as of many peuple;

He next proves, in a number of A found of the tumult ei kingdoms, of examples, that this attention to

nations gathered together,' Ija. xiii. 4. the peculiar curn and cast of the The learned prelate having esta original, may be of still greater use blished, on the grounds we have to the interpreter, by leading him already mentioned, bis opinion con. into the meaning of obícure words cerning the com polition of the and phrases, and by suggesting the prophetical writings, proceeds to true reading where the text is corpoint out the very important ad- rupted. vantages which are to be deriv. With regard to the fidelity of the ed from this source, both to the translation now offered to the translator and interpreter of the public, the excellent author has fcriprures.

entered very largely in:o the prinFlatness, he observes, and infi- ciples of criticism, and the method pidity, will generally be the con- of interpretarion, on which he has sequences of a deviation from the proceeded. It would be impossible native manner of an original, to do justice to this part of his diswhich has a real merit and a pe- fertation without transcribing the culiar force of its own.

whole; we shall therefore content preis iherefore the form and fashion ourlelves with saying, that the of the composition becomes as ne- principal objects of his invaluable cessary in a translation, as to give observations are, the Maioretic the author's lense with fidelity and punctuation, the Itate of the Heexactness: but with what fuccels brew text, and the ancient versions can this be attempted, when the of the Old Testament. translator himself has an inadequate

To ex

The article from our very respe Fable correspondent at Liverpool, was, by fome accident, mijlaid; but shall be inserted in the next volume.

VOL. XXII.

CON

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E N T S.

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Riercipeftive vien of American afa.rs in the year 1778. Expedition to

Beaford, Fair Hicra; and to dartha's l'ineyard. Admiral Montague
di polifis the Frencb of the ifiands of St. Pierre, and Miquelon. Lere
Crnwallis, and Ger. Kmphanen, advance into the enemy's country, ea
bab hues of the North River. Surprize of Bayler's light borfe. Success
of ive expedition to Ezz Harbour. Surprize of Pulajši's legice. Cruel
depredations by Butler, Brar.dt, and the Javazes, on tbe back frontiers.
Detruction of ibe nem letulement a: Wyoming, attended with circumftantes
of fingular cruelty and tarbarits. Col. Clarke's expedition from Vir-

ginta, for tbe riduzion of the Canad: .zn towns and set:lements in the

Thinois country. Consequences of Clarke's fuccefs. Expedition from Scho-

tarie 18 the Upper , qabarna. Difruzica of the Czadilia and Ana-

quago jat:lements.

p. (:

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by the commisioners. Cautionary measures recommended by the Congress to the people ; followed by a counter manifesto, threatening retaliation. Singular letter from the Marquis de la Fayette, to the Earl of Carlisle. American expedition for the redu.ition of the British settlements in the country of the Natches, on the borders of the Millilippi. Expedition from NewYork, under the conduct of Cominodore Parker and Colonel Campbell, for the reduction of the province of Georgia. Landing made good, and the rebels defeated. Town of Savannah takan, and the province in general reduced. Major-General Prevost arrives from the southward; takes the tozun and fort of Sunbury, and affumes the principal command. [18

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Island of Dominica taken by the Marquis de Bouille, governor of Martinico.

State of the French fleet at Boston. Riot between the French and inhabitants. Desperate riot between the French and American sailors, in the city and port of Charlestown. M. D'Estaing sails from Ballon for the West Indies : having first ilued a declaration addressed to the French Canadians. Admiral Byron's fieet driven off from the coast of Newa England by a violent hurricane, which afforded an opportunity for the departure of the French squadron. British fieet detained at Rhode Island, to repair the damages sustained in the tempift. Reinforcement fent from New York to the West-Indies, under the conduet of Commodore Hotham, and Major-General Grant : narrowly miss falling in with the French fleet: join Admiral Barrington at Barbadoes, and proceed together to the reduction of the island of St. Lucia : trcops lard, take the French posts in the neighbourhood of ihe Grand Cul de Sac: proceed to Morne Fortune and the Viergie. M. D'Estaing appears in fight, with a vast superiority both of land and marine force : attacks the British squadron in tbe Grand Cul de Sac; and is bravely repuljed by Admiral Barrington, tu ice in the farne day. French land their troops in Choc Bay : attack General Meadows three times in the Viergie; are repulsed every time, and at length defeated with great loss. Great glory obtained by the British farces, both by sea and land, in these several encounters. M. D'Efiaing, after ten days longer fray, abandons the island of St. Lucia, without any further attempt for its recovery. The Chevalier de Micoud, with the principal inhabitants, capitulate before the French fleet is out of fight.

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State of public affairs during the recess of parliament. Address and perition

from the city of London. Militia embodied. Camps formed. Admiral
Keppel appointed 10 the command of the grand flect for the home service.
Peculiar situation of that commander. Fleet sails from St. Hellens.
Licorne, French frigate, flopt and dstained. Blameable condust of the
Captain, in foring unexpectedly into the America man of war. Deperate

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engagement

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