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coming in for protection or service. nity for their escape, before the coSuch was one, among the number- lumn could come up. But the Malefs advantages, which our naval jor General condułted his division, command of the seas and rivers af- with so profound a filence, and forded in the course of this war. such excellency of order, that they

Baylor's regiment of light horse, not only cut off a serjeant's pawhich had been lately raised in trole of twelve men, without any Virginia, and was generally called noise, but completely surrounded Mrs. Washington's regiment, be the village of Old Taapan without came a victim upon this occafion, any discovery, and surprized Bayto the defign of Lord Cornwallis, lor's horse, asleep and naked, in with the immediate address, and the barns where they, lay. A fepromptexecution of Major General vere execution took place, and the Grey. This regiment having been regiment was entirely ruined. detached with some militia to Capt. Ferguson of the 70th rewatch and interrupt the foragers, giment, with about 300 land forces, their vicinity to the North River, were detached on the expedition to in the villages of Old and New Little Egg Harbour, on the Jersey Taapan, where they lay, with coast, under the convoy of Capi. other circumstances of situation, Colins of the Zebra, with two and perhaps more than any, their other frigates, besides fome light unfoldierly security, and careleff. armed vessels and gallies, which, ness with respect to guards and from their capacity of running posts, induced Lord Cornwallis to into shallow water, were particuform a plan for their furprize in larly adapted to the nature of the the night. In pursuit of this de intended service. fign, whilft Gen. Grey, with the The convoy arrived at the place light infantry, and some other of its deftination about the beginSept. 27th. troops, advanced by ning of O&ober ; but as the wind

night on the left, to and other circumstances retarded furprize the enemy on that fide, a the passage of the ships over a bar detachment was made from Knyp- which lay in their way, and that haufen's corps, on the right, con- every thing in such an enterprize fifting of the 7ıft regiment under depended upon expedition, the Col. Campbell, and an American troops were crowded, as circumlight corps, called the Queen's Atances would admit, into the galRangers, who having passed the lies and small craft, which were North River, intended to have en- lightened, by taking out every closed them so effe&tually, that be- thing that was not essentially ne. ing placed between two fires, few cessary to the immediate service. or none of them could escape.

It seems, that the enemy having : Some deferters from the column received some intelligence of the on the right, prevented the com- design againft them, had suddenly pletion of the scheme. There' sent out to sea, such of their prihaving at the most critical moment, vateers as were in any degree of rouzed the militia who lay in readiness, in order thereby to New Taapan, from their trance of evade the impending danger. The fecurity, afforded a clear opportu- larger of their remaining vessels,

con

confifting mostly of prizes, were, predátions, the commanders deter:
for their greater security, hauled mined to root out this nest of pri-
up the river Mullicus as far as they vateers as effe&tually as possible,
could go, to a place called Chesnut Under this determination, they de-
Neck, which lay about 20 miles stroyed the settlements, ftorehouses
from the mouth of the river. and works of every sort.
Their smaller privateers, and craft The good will of the officers and
of different sorts, were carried fill troops would have led them to
farther

up
into the

country, complete the business, by proceedia The detachment, with the lightering up the river, and destroying armed vessels, proceeded, through the remainder of the enemy's shipa most difficult paffage, to Chesnut ping, in their last retreat, at the Neck; being obliged to work their Forks, if the difficulties had not way at random through numberless appeared too discouraging, and the fhoals, without the aid of a pilot, danger too imminent to be pru. or any knowledge of the channels. dently encountered. The delays Having successfully overcome the which they met with in their redifficulties, they discovered on their turn, owing to the stranding of arrival, an appearance of resistance some of the veffels, afforded an which they could scarcely have ex- opportunity to the troops of making pected, one battery fewing itself some successful excursions into the close to the water fide, and another, neighbouring country. In these with a breast work manned, to co- they destroyed fome confiderable ver it on an adjoining eminence. salt works, as well, as the houses But upon a nearer approach it was and settlements of several persons; discovered, that these works were who had either been conspicuous totally deftitute of artillery; and by their activity in the rebellion, the troops being landed under a charged with oppression and cruelty well directed cannonade from the to the well affected, or, who had gallies and gun boats, the neigh- been concerned in the fitting out bouring militia, who had under- of privateers; a fpecies of service, taken their defence with small however, more calculated to graarms, foon found the task beyond tify refentments on one side, and their ability, and were, with little to excite them on the other, than difficulty, and without any loss, to produce any essential end with obliged to abandon them and dif- regard to the issue of the war. perse.

When the troops had rejoined The detachment found ten vef- the squadron, a delay occasioned sels at this places which were of a by contrary winds in Egg Harconsiderable fize, and mostly British bour, afforded an opportunity to prizes. Although these were in enterprizing officers for the pergeneral valuable, yet the difficulty formance of new service, and that of the navigation, and the danger of a more active and spirited naof delay, rendered the carrying ture, than what they had already them off impracticable; they were executed. A French captain, with accordingly fired and destroyed. fome private men, who had de. And as the trade of New York serted from Pulaski's legion, gaye had suffered greatly from their de. such an account of the careless

manner

[4] 3

manner in which three, troops of laski's horse, and the remains of his horse, and as many companies of infantry, to harrass the detach. infantry, all belonging to that ment on their retreat, the good corps, were cantoned, at only a countenance which they kept, and few miles distance, that the com the possession of the bridge, renmanding officers by Sea and land, dered it totally ineffe&ual. judged it a sufficient ground for Civil wars are unhappily diftinundertaking an expedition to fur- guished from all others, by a deprize and beat up their quarters. gree of rancour in their prosecuThe advantage of conveying the tion, which does not exift in the troops by water to within a small hoftilities of diftin&t nations, and distance of their destination, to absolute Arangers. They are of gether with the information given course fruitful in circumstances by the deserters of an unguarded grievous to humanity. In such bridge, which lay a little on their cases, the most trifling occafions, side of the scene of action, the the most vague and absurd rupossession of which would serve in mours, will irritate the multitude case of neceflity, effe&tually to co- in all armies, to acts of great river the retreat back to their vef- gour and cruelty,

An accounc fels, added much to the apparent given by the deserters, that Pueligibility of the design.

laski had issued public orders, forThe deserters spoke truth in this bidding his corps to grant any instance, and the success was ac, quarter to the British troops, afe cordingly answerable to the ex forded a new, edge to the fury of pectation. 250 men were em the soldiers, and shut up their bor barked, who after rowing ten soms againút every feeling of pity miles, were landed long before or remorse. This tale, totally unę day-light, within a mile of the supported, as it should seem, by bridge and defile we have men any former, concurrent, or fubre tioned ; these being seized without quent circumstance, might well be discovery, and a proper guard left attributed to the malice of the des to secure the possession, the rest of serters ; and perhaps on all such the detachment pushed forward, occasions, it were better not to and so completely surprized Pu- credit too haftily, those reports Jaski's light infantry in the houses which urge to acts of unusual sewhere they lay, as nearly to cuç verity, by charging a like intenthem to pieces without refiftance. tion to the enemy. The victors numbered above fifty This and the former expedition dead bodies, Several officers, and afforded an opportunity for a reamong them, the Baron de Bose, newal of those complaints, which a lieutenant colonel, with a captain, the Americans had so loudly and and an adjutant, perished in this repeatedly made, of the inhumaflaughter.' Capt. Ferguson ob- nities and cruelcies exercised by serves in his report, that it being some corps of the British troops, a night attack, little quarter as well as by their auxiliaries. A could be given, so that only five number of real or supposed facts, prisoners were taken. Though were now particularly supplied by some attempt was made by Pur the surprize of Baylor's regiment,

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which was represented as a cold- doubt seems then to have been
blood massacre of naked men, furentertained of their recovery,
prized in their feep; and who, Although some tribes of the In.
from a reliance on the laws of war dians, particularly of those com-
and customs of nations, being in monly called the Six Nations, had
full expectation of quarter when sent congratulations to General
they made no resistance, would Gates on his success at Saratoga,
not leffen or hazard that security, and seemed to enjoy great fatis-
by even an attempt to lay hold of faction in that event, and that
their arms, or the smallest motion others took different opportunities
of defence. The depositions of of expressing similar sentiments,
several of the soldiers who had yet the presents which they con-
been left as dead, or who had tinually received from England,
otherwise unaccountably escaped, the industry of the British agents,
were taken upon oath, authenti- and the influence of the great
cated in the usual forms, and number of American refugees
published by authority. Some of which had taken shelter amongst
the witnesses who appeared upon them, all operating in conjunction
this occasion, afforded such extra upon their own native and uncon.
ordinary instances of the tena- querable passion for rapine, foon
ciousness of human nature, in led them to contradi&t in act,
some particular cases and circum- their sentiments or professions upon
ftances, with respect to life, that that occasion. The success which
a recital of the facts as they are attended the small expeditions un.
stated, may possibly be considered dertaken by individuals of diffe.
by fome as a matter of physical rent tribes, under the guidance of
curiosity. Of about a dozen the refugees, who knew where to
wounded foldiers who appeared to lead them dire&tly to spoil, and
give their evidence, three had how to bring them off without
received, in a regular gradation, danger, foon spread the contagion
from nine to eleven ftabs each, of of havock through the adjoining
bayonets, in the breast and trunk nations, so that, in a little time,
of the body, besides several wounds destruction raged very generally
in other parts. Two others had through the new settlements, on
received, the one five, and the the back of the northern and mid.
other fix, ftabs in the body. It dle Colonies.
will undoubtedly excite the admi Colonel Butler, whose name
sation of whoever considers the we havc feen, as an Indian agend
nature of the weapon, and the and commander, in the wars on
force which it derives, as well the side of Canada, and who had
from the weight of the musket to great infuence with some of the
which it is fixed, as from the northern nations of that people,
manner in which it is used, and together with one Brandt, an half
the strength of the operator, that Indian by blood, a man of de-
these men were not only able to sperate courage, but, as it is said
give their testimony at a conlide- by the Americans, ferocious and
rable distance of time, but that no cruel beyond example, were the

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principal leaders in these expedi- nies, in which they engaged with tions. The vast extent of the such earneftness, that it was not frontiers, the scattered and re even terminated by the contest mote fituation of the settlements, with the mother country, until the the nature of the combined ene- danger grew so near and so immi. my, which seemed to coalesce in nent to both sides, as of necessity one point of action, all the pro- to supersede for the present all operties of British, American, and ther confiderations. Their resavage warfare, together with the spective charters, and the grants exact knowledge which the refu- of land under them, interfered gees poffeffed of every object of strangely with each other. It may their enterprize, and the imme. be presumed, that the crown in diate intelligence which they re those days did not take much trouceived from their friends on the ble in settling the geography of spor, afforded them such advan- boundless waltes, which afforded tages in these expeditions, that the no immediate value, and whose wretched settlers, found all perso- future cultivation, or any disputes nal refiitance as ineffectual, as about their limits, appeared to be public protection was impractica- matters of fo remote and uncer. ble. To complete their calamity, tain a speculation, as to excite no submission could procure no mer- great degree of present attention, cy, nor was age, sex, or condi The Colony of Connecticut obtion, in too many instances, ca tained by their grant, all the lands pable of allaying the fury of their westward, within their

proper

de enemy.

grees of latitude, to the South In this course of havock, the Seas, which were not already ocdestruction of the fine, new, and cupied by other powers. New flourishing settlement of Wyom- York, and New Jersey, were then ing, was particularly calamitous within that exception, being both to the Americans. That district, foreign, and they stretched direct. fituated on the eastern branch of ly across, in the way of that grant. the Susquehanna, in a most beau. Pensylvania was afterwards granttiful country, and delightful cli- ed to its proprietors, lying on the mate, although claimed by, and farther fide, and in a parallel in the natural order of things line, with these two provinces, seeming properly to appertain to The Connecticut men acknowPensylvania, was notwithstanding, ledged the validity of the excepsince the last war, settled and cul. tion with respect to New York tivated with great ardour, by 2 and Jersey; but infifted, that their numerous swarm from the popu. right emerged on the western lous hive of Conne&icut. This boundary of those provinces, in measure was, however, so much the course of the supposed line, opposed and resented by Pensyl. and could not in any degree be vana, and so obstinately fupport. affected by a later grant made to ed by its antagonist, that after Pensylvania. A claim, which, if much altercation, it became at established, would narrow the lileagth the foundation of an ac. mits of the last province to a detual war between the two Colo- gree, which would most . materi

ally

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