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ally affect its power and interests ; purpose no less than four forts,
and which lying open, as it still which seemed, at least, fully fuf-
does, may posibly be productiveficient to cover the settlement
of very material consequences from the irruptions of the fava-
with refpect to the future state of ges.

But neither the happiness of
The settlement of Wyoming climate, the fertility of foil, nor
consisted of eight townships, each the remoteness of situation, could
containing a square of five miles, prevent the evils of party and pó-
beautifully situated on both sides litical discord 'from "springing up
of the Susquehanna. In such a amongst them. It might indeed
country, fituation, and climate as appear from the supply of men
we have described, and bleft with which they had sent to the army,
a foil luxuriantly fertile ; where that only one political principle
every man possessed an abundance, pervaded the settlement; a sup-
which was, however, the fruit of ply so ill suited to the Itate and
moderate labour and induftry ; ftrength of an infant colony, that
where no man was very rich, nor it seems difficult whether to ad.
very great ; the inhabitants exhi. mire more, the excess of zeal
the whole, such a

from which it proceeded, or the pi&ture of primeval happiness, as total want of prudence, policy, has seldom been equalled ; and and wisdom, under which it was such, indeed, as 'humanity in its directed. But notwithstanding present state seems scarcely capa- this appearance, they had no inble of exceeding

considerable mixture of loyalifts The settlement increased and among themselves, and the two throve accordingly.


not parties were actuated by sentia withstanding its infant state, and ments of the most violent animothe opposition they met from Phi- fity. Nor were these animofities ladelphia, population was already confined to particular families or become so vigorous amongst them, places, or marked by any line of that they had sent a thousand men distinction ; but creeping within to serve in the Continental army. the roofs, and to the hearths and Yet, with this excessive drain boards where they were least exfrom the cultivation of a new Co- pected, served, as it afterwards lony, their farms were still so fatally appeared, equally to poi.. loaded with plentiful crops of fon the sources of domestic secuevery kind, and their pastures fority and happiness, and to cancel abundantly covered with cattle, the laws of nature and humanity. that their supplies to the army in It would seem extraordinary, if those respects, were at least in such instances had not occurred full proportion to that which they upon other occasions, that this deafforded in men, Nor had they voted people had frequent and been deficient in providing againit timely warnings of the danger to those dangers, to which, from which they were exposed by sendtheir remote situation, they were ing all their best men to so great particularly exposed ; and had a distance, without their taking accordingly constructed for that any timely measures for their re


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call, or even for procuring a sub- under a strong guard to. Con.
ftitute of defence or protection. necticut, in order to be there im-
Their quiet had been interrupted prisoned and tried for their lives.
by the savages, joined with ma- The remainder of these strange
rauding parties of their own coun- Tories, against whom no sufficient
trymen, in the preceding year; evidence could be procured, were
and it was only by a vigorous op- only expelled. It was soon well
position, in a course of success known, that this measure of fend.
fol skirmishes, that they had been ing their fellows to Connecticut,
driven off or dispersed. Several had excited the rage of those call-
of those whom they called Tories, ed Tories, in general, whether
and others who had not before in arms on the frontiers, or other-
been fuspected, had at that time wise, in the most extreme de-
and since abandoned the settle- gree; and that all the threais
ment, and along with a perfect, which had ever been denounced
and consequently dangerous know- again this people, were now
ledge of all the particulars of their renewed with aggravated ven-
Gituation and circumstances, were geance.
well ki.own to have carried along As the time approached for the
with them such a stock of private final catastrophe, the Indians
resentment, from the abasement practised a more refined diflimu,
and insults they had suffered from lation, if not greater treachery,
the prevailing party, as could not than had been customary with
fail to give a direction to the fu- them. For several weeks previ-
ry, and even a new edge to the ous to the intended attack, they
cruelty, of their favage and in repeatedly sent, small parties to
veterate enemies.

the settlement, charged with the A sort of public act which had trongest professions of friendship, taken place in the settlement fince declarations, of the fullest defire the last invafion, was preceded and intention to preserve the peace with, and productive of circum- inviolate on their side, and reítances, which afforded cause for quefts, that the fame favourable the greatest alarm, and for every and pacific difpofition might be posible defensive precaution. An entertained and cultivated on the unusual number of strangers had, other. These parties, besides lul, under various pretences, and the ling the people in their present sanction of that universal hospitality deceitful security, answered the which once fo much diftinguished purposes, of communicating with America from the old world, come their friends, and of oblerving into the Colony, where their be- the immediate state of affairs in the haviour became so suspicious, that Colony. Some alarm, or sense they were ac length taken up and of their danger, began, however, examined, when such evidence to spread among the people, and appeared against several of them, letters were sent to General Washof their acting in direct concert ington, and to others in authori. with the enemy, on a scheme for ty, representing their situation, the destruction of the fettlements, and demanding immediate afliftthat about twenty were sent off ance. As the time more nearly


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approached, some small parties of have the defence of Wyoming, ei. the enemy, more impatient than ther committed to his charge, or the rest, or more eager and cove. by fome means fall to his lot. tous to come in for the first fruits This man, with nearly the whole of the fpoil, made fudden irrup- force of the settlement, was ftations into the settlement, and tioned in the principal fort, called committed several robberies and Kingston ; whither also, the wemurders ; in the course of which, men, children, and defenceless whether through ignorance, or of all forts, as the only place of whether from a total contempt of common refuge, crowded for fhel. all ties and obligations, they maffa- ter and protection. It would cred the unhappy wife and five feem, from his situation and force children of one of those men, who in that place, that he might there had been sent for trial, in their have waited, and fuccefsfully reowộ cause, to Connecticut. fifted, all the attempts of the At length, in the beginning of enemy. But this man

was fo July, 1778, the enemy appeared wretchedly weak, that he suffered luddenly, but in full force, on himself to be enticed by his namethe Susquehanpa. They were led fake and kinsman, to abandon the by Batler, that diftinguished par- advantage and security afforded by tizan, whose name we have alrea- his fortrefs, and to devote thote dy mentioned; who was aflisted under his charge to certain de. by most of those leaders, who, like ftruction, by exposing them naked him, had rendered themselves ter to so severe an enemy, Under the rible in the prefent frontier war. colour of holding a parley for the Their force was estimated at about conclufion of a treaty, he was led 1,600 men, of whom, something into an agreement, that upon the less than one fourth were Indians, enemy withdrawing their force, led by their own chiefs; the o. he should march out to hold a thers, were disguised and painted conference with them in the open in fuch a manner, as not to be field, and that at. fo great a disdistinguished from the savages, tance from the fort, as fhut out excepting only their officers, who every possibility of the protection being dressed in regimentals, car which it ocherwise afforded. To ried the appearance of regulars. render this measure ftill more un One of the smaller forts, which accountable, he, at the same time, was mostly garrisoned by those thewed fo great a distrust of the called Tories, was by them given enemy, and feemed to thoroughly up, or as it was faid, betrayed. apprehenfive of their designs, that Another was taken by storm, he marched 400 men well armed, where, although they massacred being nearly the whole strength of the men in the most inhuman his garrison, to guard his perfon manner, they spared the women to the place of parley. and children,

Upon his arrival there, he was It seems odd enoqgh, if not fin- greatly surprized at finding nogular, that another Colonel But- body to treat with; but not being ler, and said to be a near relation willing to return without finishing to the invader, hould chance to his business, he advanced towards


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the foot of the neighbouring nefs of the whole, together with
mountains, ftill: hoping that he the manner in which the van-
might hear or see lomething of those quished had been originally fur-
he wanted. As the country began rounded, it affords 'no smati room
to grow dark and woody, a Hag for. astonishment, that the com-
at length appeared, at a confide. mander of the garrison, with a.
rable distance among the bushes, bout seventy of his party, should
the holders of which seemed so have been able to effect their ef-
much afraid of treachery and dan. cape, and to make their way good
ger, from his fide, that they re to a small fort on the other side
tired as, he advanced; whill he, of the river.
endeavouring to remove this ilí The conquerors immediately
impression, Atill pursued the flag. invested Fort Kingston, and to

This commander of a garri- cheer the drooping spirits of the son did not once perceive his dan- weak remaining garrison, fent in ger, until his party was thorough- for their contemplation, the blooly enclosed, and he was suddenly dy scalps of 200 of their laté reawakened from his dream, by lations, friends, and comrades. finding it attacked at once on Colonel Dennison, the prefent every side. His behaviour in this commander of the fort, feeing the wretched fituation, could fcarcely impossibility of any effectual dehave been expected from the con- fence, not having force sufficient duct which led him into it. He even to mæn the works for one and his party, notwithstanding effort, went with a flag to Butler, those circumstances of surprize to know what terms he would and danger which might have grant on a surrender; to this apdisconcerted the most veteran plication of weakness and misery, troops, fought with resolution and Butler, with all the phlegm of a bravery, and kept up so continual real favage, answered in two short and heavy a fire for three quar- words, the hatchet.” In these ters of an hour, that they seemed dreadful circumstances, the unforto gain a marked fuperiority over tunate governor having defended their numerous enemy.

his fort, until most of the garrison In this critical moment of dan. were killed or disabled, was at ger, some sudden impulse of fear, length compelled to surrender at or, premeditated treachery in a difcretion. Some of the unhappy soldier, which induced him to cry persons in the fort were carried out aloud that the colonel had or. away alive; but the barbarous dered a retreat, determined at conquerors, to fave the trouble of once the fate of the party, and murder in detail, shut up

the poslibly that of the final author of greater part promiscuously in the their ruin. In the state of con houses and barracks, which hayfusion that ensued, the enemy ing then set on fire, they enjoyed breaking in on all sides without the favage pleasure of beholding obstruction, commenced an un- the whole consumed in one gerefifted Naughter. Considering the neral blaze. great superiority of numbers on They then pruceeded to the onthe side of the victors, the fleet- ly remaining fort, called Wilkesness of the favages, and the fierce. borough, which, in hopes of ob


taining mercy, was Surrendered regard to all others. Thus, these without resistance, or without even merciless ravagers, when the main demanding any conditions. Here objects of their cruelty were exthe tragedy was renewed with aghaụfted, seemed to direct their gravated borrors. They found animosity to every part of living here about seventy of that sort of nature; and, as if it were a relax. militia, who are engaged by the ation or amusement, cut out the different provinces, merely for the tongues of the horses and cattle, guard and defence of their respec- leaving them ftill alive only to tive frontiers, and who are not prolong their agonies. called to any other service. With The following are a few of the these, as objects of particular en more singular or detached circummicy, the daughter was begun; stances of barbarity, which are reand they were butchered with lated as parts of this mafsacre. A every possible circumstance of the Captain Bedlock, who had been most deliberate, wanton, and fa- taken prisoner, being stripped vage cruelty. The remainder of naked, had his body stuck full of the men, with the women and Sharp pine : splinters, and then a children, not demanding so much heap of knots of the same wood particular attention, were fhut up being piled round him, the whole as before in the houses, which was fet on fire, and his two combeing set on fire, they perished all panions, the Captains Ranfon and together in the flames.

Durgee, thrown alive into the A general scene of devaftation flames. It is said, that the rewas now spread through all the turned Tories, who had at different townships. Fire, sword, and the times abandoned the settlement in other different instruments of de- order to join in those savage expeIruction alternately triumphed. ditions, were the most distinguished The corn fields were set on fire, and for their cruelty. Among these, the landing corn, now almost one, whose mother had married a ready for the fickle, burnt as it second husband, butchered with grew. The houses, furniture, his own hands, both her, his valuables of every kind, together father-in-law, his own fifters, and with all those improvements which their infant children. Another, owed their rise to the persevering who, during his absence, had sent toil, and patient industry of man, home several threats against the life were as completely destroyed, as of his father, now not only realized their nature, or the industry of them in person, but was himself, of the spoilers would adinit. with his own hands, the extermi. The settlements of the Tories nator of his whole family; mo. alone, generally escaped, and ther, brothers, and fifters, mingled appeared as islands in the midst of their blood in one common car. the surrounding ruin. It has been nage, with that of the ancient husoften observed, that the practice band and father. and habit of cruelty with respect However painful the task of re. to any particular object, begets a citing fuch horrible barbarities, facility in its execution, and a (many of the worst circumstances disposition to its commiffion, with of which are spared) it may not


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