Imágenes de páginas

And these ungeasond hours, perforce, must add | and fourteen and a half, that it would have done a Unto your sickness.

man's heart good to see.-How a score of ewes K. Hen.

I will take your counsel: now? And, were these inward wars once out of hand, Sil. Thereafter as they be: a score of good ewes We would, dear lords, unto the Holy Land. may be worth ten pounds.

(Exeunt. Shal. And is old Double dead! SCENE II. Court before Justice Shallow's House Enter BARDOLPH, and one with him.

m Gloucestershire, Enter SHALLOW and Si Sil. Here come two of Sir John Falstaff's men, LENCE, meeting; Mouldy, Sundow, WART, as I think. FEEBLE, BULL-CALF, and Servants, behind. Bard. Good morrow, honest gentlemen: I beo

Shal. Come on, come on, come on; give me your seech you, which is Justice Shallow ? hand, sir, give me your hand, sir: an early stirrer, Shal. I'am Robert Shallow, sir; a poor esquire by the rood.' And how doth my good cousin Silence of this county, and one of the king's justices of the Sil. Good morrow, good cousin Shallow. peace : What is your good pleasure with me?

Shul. And how doth my cousin, your bedfellow? Bard. My captain, sir, commends him to you ; and your fairest daughter, and mine, my god-daugh- my captain, Sir John Falstaff'; a tall gentleman, ter Ellen?

by heaven, and a most gallant leader. Sil. Alas, a black orzel, cousin Shallow.

Shal. He greets me well, sir; I knew him a good Shal. By yea and nay, sir, I dare say, my cousin backsword-man: How doth the good knight ? may William is become a good scholar: He is at Oxford, I ask, how my lady his wife doib? still, is he not ?

Bard. Sir, pardon; a soldier is better accommoSil. Indeed, sir ; to my cost.

dated, than with a wife. Shal. He must then to the inns of court shortly : Shal. It is well said, in faith, sir ; and it is well I was once of Clement's inn, where, I think, they said indeed 100. Better accommodated Sit is will talk of mad Shallow yet.

good: yea, indeed, it is: good phrases are surely, Si. You were called-lusty Shallow, then, cousin. and ever were, very commendable. Accommo

Shal. By the mass, I was called any thing; and Jated !-it comes from accommodo : very good; a I would have done any thing, indeed, and roundly good phrase.8 too. There was I, and little John Doit of Stafforija Bard. Pardon me, sir ; I have heard the word. shire, and black George Bare, and Francis Pick- Phrase, call you is? By this good day, I know not bone, and Will Squele a Cotswold man,?-you had the phrase; but I will maintain the word with my Bot four such swinge-bucklers) in all the inns of sword, to be a soldierlike word, and a word of excourt again : and, I may say to you, we knew where ceeding good command. Accommodated : That is, the bona-robas* were ; and had the best of them all when a man is, as they say, accommodated; or, at commandment. Then was Jack Falstafl, now when a man is,-being, -whereby,-he may be Sir John, a boy: and page to Thomas Mowbray, thought to be accommodated; which is an exceiduke of Norfolk.

lent thing. Si. This Sir John, cousin, that comes hither

Enter FALSTAFF. anon about soldiers ?

Shal. It is very just :-Look, here comes good Shal. The same Sir John, the very same. I saw Sir John.-Give me your good hand, give me your him break Skogan's head at the court gate, when worship’s good hand: By my troth, you look well, ho was a crack, not thus high: and the very same and bear your years very well : welcome, good day did I fight with one Sampson Stockfish, a Sir John. fruiterer, behind Gray's Inn. O, the mad days that I have spent! and to see how many of mine old bert Shallow :--Master Sure-card, as I think.

Fal. I am glad to see you well, good master Roacquaintance are dead!

Shal. No, Sir John; it is my cousin Silence, in Sil. We shall all follow, cousin.

commission with me. Shal. Certain, 'tís certain ; very sure, very sure: Fal. Good master Silence, it well befits you death, as the Psalmist saith, is certain to all: all should be of the peace. shall die. How a good yoke of bullocks at Stam

Sil. Your good worship is welcome. ford fair ?

Fal. Fye! this is hot weather.-Gentlemen, have Sil. Truly, cousin, I was not there.

you provided me here half a dozen sufficient men ? Shal. Death is certain.-Is old Double of

your Shal. Marry, have we, sir. Will you sit? town living yet?

Fal. Let me see them, I beseech you. Sil. Dead, sir.

Shal. Where's the roll? where's the roll? where's Shal. Dead !-See, see !-he drew a good bow;--| the roll ?-Let me see, let me see. So, so, so, so: And dead !-he shot a fine shoot :-John of Gaunt Yea, marry, sir :-Ralph Mouldy :- let them aploved him well, and betted much money on his head. pear as I call; let them do so, let them do so.— Dead !-he would have clapped i'the clout at twelve Let me see ; Where is Mouldy? score ;' and carried you a forehand shaft a fourteen

saunt paxtime, he plajed many sporting parts, althoughe 1 The rood is the cross or crucifix. Rode, Sax. not in such uncivil manner as hath bene of hym re.

2 The Cotswold Hills in Gloucestershire were famous ported. The uncivil reports have relation to the above for rural sports of all kinds ; by distinguishing Will jests. Ben Jonson introduces Scogan with Skelton in Squele as a Cotswold man, Shallow meant to have it his Masque of The Fortunate Isles, and describes hiw understood that he was well versed in manly exercises, thus :and consequently of a daring spirit and athletic cousti.

Skogan, what was he? tution.

o, a fine gentleman, and master of arts 3 Sroinge-bucklers and suash-bucklers were terms of Henry the Fourth's time, that made disguises implying rakes and rioters in the time of Shakspeare. For the king's sons, and writ in ballad royal See a note on sword and buckler men in the First Part Daintily well.of King Henry IV. Acı i. Sc. 3.

In rhyme, fine tinkling rhyme, and flowing verse, 4 Buona-roba as we say, good stuff; a good whole. With now and then some sense! and he was paid for the some plump-cheeked wench: Florio.

Regarded, and rewarded; which few poets 5 There has been a doughty dispute between Mes. Are nowadays." sieurs Ritson and Malone whether there were two Sco. 6 A crack is a boy. gang, Henry and John, or only one. Shakspeare pro. 7 Hit the white mark at twelve score yards. By the bably got his idea of Scogan from his jesis, which were statute 33 Hen. VIII. c. 9, every person turned of sevenpublished by Andrew Borde in the reign of King Henry teen years of age, who shoots at a less distance than VIII. Holinshed, speaking of the distinguished persons twelve score, is to forfeit six shillings and eight pence. of King Edward the Fourth's time, mentions Scogan, 8 It appears that it was fashionable in the poet's time 8 learned gentleman, and student for a time in Oxford, of to introduce this word accommodate upon all occasions á pleasaunte witte, and bent to mery devises, in respecte Ben Jonson, in his Discoveries, calls it one of the perwhereof he was called into the courte, where giving fumed terins of the time. The indefinite use of it is well himself to his natural inclination of mirthe and plea- ridiculed by Bardolph's vain attempt to define it.

done now,

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Moul. Here, an't please you.

Fal. 'Fore God, a likely fellow -Come, prick
Shal. What think you, Sir John ? a good limbed me Bull-calf till he roar again.
fellow : Joung, strong, and of good friends.

Bull. O lord ! good my lord captain,
Fu. Is thy name Mouldy ?

Fal. What, dost thou roar before thou art pricked?
Moul. Yea, an't please you.

Bull. O lord, sir! I am a diseased man.
Fal. "Tis the more time thou wert used.

Ful. What disease hast thou?
Shal. Ha, ha, ha! most excellent, i' faith! things, Bull

. A whoreson cold, sir ; a cough, sir ; which
that are mouldy, lack use : Very singular good! I caught with ringing in the king's affairs, upon his
In faith, well said, Sir John ; very well said. coronation-day, sir.
Fal. Prick him.

{To Shallow. Fal. Come, thou shalt go to the wars in a gown; Moul. I was pricked well enough before, an you we will have away thy cold, and I will take such could have let me alone : my old dame will be un- order, that thy friends shall ring for thee.—Is here

for one to do her husbandry, and her all ? drudgery: you need not to have pricked me; there Shal. Here is two more called than your numare other men fitter to go out than I.

ber; you must have but four here, sir ;--and so, I Fal. Go to; peace, Mouldy, you shall go, pray you, go in with me to dinner. Mouldy, it is time you were spent.

Fal. Come, I will go drink with you, but I cannot Moul. Spent !

tarry dinner. I am glad to see you, in good troth, Shal. Peace, fellow, peace; stand aside; Know moaster Shallow. you where you are?-For the other, Sir John : Shal. O, Sir John, do you remember since we let me see ;-Simon Shadow!

lay all night in the windmill in Saint George's Fal. Ay marry, let me have him to sit under: Fields. he's like to be a cold soldier.

Fal. No more of that, good master Shallow, no Shal. Where's Shadow ?

more of that. Shad. Here, sir.

Shal. Ha, it was a merry night. And is Jane
Fal. Shadow, whose son art thou ?

Night-work alive?
Shad. My mother's son, sir?.

Ful. She lives, master Shallow.
Fal. Thy mother's son! like enough; and thy Shal. She never could away with me.?
father's shadow: so the son of the female is the Fal. Never, never: she would always say, she
shadow of the male : It is often so, indeed; but not could not abide master Shallow.
much of the father's substance.

Shal. By the mass, I could anger her to the Shal. Do you like him, Sir John?

heart. She was then a bona-roba. Doth she hold Fal. Shadow will serve for summer,-prick him; her own well ? -for we have a number of shadows to fill up


Fal. Old, old, master Shallow. muster book.

Shal. Nay, she must be old; she cannot choose Shre. Thomas Wart!

but be old; certain, she's old; and had Robin Fal. Where's he?

Night-work by old Night-work, before I came to
Wart. Here, sir.

Clement's Inn.
Fal. Is thy name Wart?

Sil. That's fifty-five years ago.
Wart. Yea, sir.

Shal. IIa, cousin Silence, that thou hadst scen
Fal. Thou art a very ragged wart.

that that this knight and I have seen!-Ha, Sir Shal. Shall I prick him, Sir John ?

John, said I well? Fal. It were superfluous; for his apparel is built Fal. We have heard the chimes at midnight, upon his back, and the whole frame stands upon master Shallow. pins: prick him no more,

Shal. That we have, that we have, that we have ; Shal. Ha, ha, ha!-you can do it, sir ; you can in faith, Sir John, we have ; our watch-word was, do it: I commend you well.-Francis Feeble ! Hem, boys !-Come, let's to dinner ; come, let's to Fee. Here, sir.

dinner :-0, the days that we have seen!-Core, Fal. Whai trade art thou, Feeble ?

(Ercunt Fal. SHAL. and SILENCE. Fee. A womån's tailor, sir.

Bull. Good master corporate Bardolph, stand Shal. Shall I prick him , sir?

my friend ; and here is four Harry ten shillings) in Fal. You may : but if he had been a man's tailor, French crowns for you. In very truth, sir, I had he would have pricked you.--Wilt thou make as as lief be hanged, sir, as go : and yet, for mine own many holes in an enemy's battle, as thou hast done part, sir, I do not care; but rather, because I am in a woman's petticoat?

unwilling, and, for mine own part, have a desire to Fee. I will do my good will, sir ; you can have stay with my friends ; else, sir, I did not care, fur

mine own part, so much. Fal. Well said, good woman's tailor! well said, Bard. Go to; stand aside. courageous Feeble! Thou wilt be as valiant as the Moul. And, good master corporal captain, for my wrathful dove, or most magnanimous mouse.-old dame's sake, stand my friend : she has nobody Prick the woman's tailor well, master Shallow; deep, to do any thing about her, when I am gone: and master Shallow.

she is old, and cannot help herself: you shall have Fee. I would, Wart might have gone, sir. forty, sir. Fal. I would, thou wert a man's lailor ; that thou Bard. Go to; stand aside. might'st mend him, and make him fit to go.

I can

Fee. By my troth, I care not;-a man can die not put him to a private soldier, that is the leader of but once;-we owe God a death ;-I'll ne'er bear so many thousands: Let that suffice, most forcible a base mind :-an't be my destiny, so; an't be not, Feeble.

so : No man's too good to serve his prince; and Fee. It shall suffice, sir.

let it go which way it will, he that dies this year
Fal. I am bound to thee, reverend Feeble.-Who is quit for the next.
is next?

Bard. Well said ; thou’rt a good fellow,
Shal, Peter Bull-calf of the green!

Fre. 'Faith, I'll bear no base mind.
Fal. Yea, marry, let us sec Bull-calf.
Bull. Here, sir.

Re-enter FALSTAFF, and Justices.

Fal. Come, sir, which men shall I have ? I There is in fact but one more called than Falstaff required, perhaps we might with Mr. Capel omil the tidis connubia vitat. I cannot away to be guilty of dis. word troo.

sembling : Non sustineo esse conscius mihi dissimu. 2 This was a common expression of dislike; which lanti.?. is even used at a later period by Locke in his Conduct 3 There were no coins of ten shillinge value in Henry of the Understanding. It is of some artiquity also; for the Fourth's time. Shakspeare's Harry ten shillings I find it frequently in Horman's Vulgaria, 1519 - He were those of Henry VII. or Vin. He thought that cannot away to marry Thetis, or to lie with her : The-those mighe do for any other Henry.


no more.


you well.

Shal. Four, of which you please.

Fal. These fellows will do well, master Shallow Bard. Sir,' a word with you :-I have three -God keep you, master Silence; I will not use pound: 10 free Mouldy and Búll-calf.

many words with you :-Fare you well, gentlemen Fal. Go to; well.

both: thank


I must a dozen mile to-night.Shal. Come, Sir John, which four will you have? Bardolph, give the soldiers coats. Fal. Do you choose for me.

Shal. Sir John, heaven bless you, and prosper Shal. Marry then, Mouldy, Bull-calf, Feeble, your affairs, and send us peace! As you return, and Shadow

visit my house; let our old acquaintance be renews Fal. Moulay, and Bull-calf:-For you, Mouldy, ed : peradventure, I will with you to the court. stay at home till you are past service :-and, for Fal. I would you would, master Shallow. your part, Bull-calf,-grow till you come unto it; Shal. Go to; I have spoke, at a word. Fare I will none of you.

[Ereunt Shallow and SILENCE. Shal. Sir John, Sir John, do not yourself wrong: Fal. Fare you well, gentle gentlemen. On, Barthey are your likeliest men, and I would have you dolph; lead the men away. (Excunt BARDOLPH, served with the best.

Recruits, &.c.) As I return, I will fetch off these Fal. Will you tell me, master Shallow, how to justices : I do see the bottom of Justice Shallow. choose a man? Care I for the limb, the thewes, Lord, lord, how subject we old men are to this vice the stature, bulk, and big assemblance of a man of lying! This same starved justice hath done noGive me the spirit, master Shallow. Here's Wart; thing but prate to me of the wildness of his youth, ---you see what a ragged appearance it is: he shall and the fears he had done about Turnbull Sireet ! charge you, and discharge you, with the motion of and every third wordd a lie, duer paid to the hearer a pewterer's hammer; come off, and on, swifter than the Turk's tribute. '1 do remember him at than he that gibbets-on the brewer's bucket. And Clement's Inn, like a man made after supper of a this same half-fac'd fellow, Shadow, give me this cheese-paring: when he was naked, he was, for all man; he presents no mark to the enemy : the foe- the world like a forked radish, with a head fantasman may with as great aim level at the edge of a tically carved upon it with a knife : he was so fora penknife : And, for a retreat,-how swifily will this lorn, that his dimensions to any thick sight were Feeble, the woman's tailor, run off? O, give me the invincible :10 he was the very Genius of famine; spare men, and spare me the great ones.-Put me yet lecherous as a monkey, and the whores called a calivere into Wart's hand, Bardolph.

him mandrake :11 he came ever in the rear-ward Bard. Hold, Wart, traverse:* thus, thus, thus. of the fashion; and sung thuse tunes to the over

Fal. Come, manage me your caliver.' So :- scutched"2 huswives that he heard the carmen whisvery well :-go to :-very good :-exceeding good. tle, and swear-they were his fancies, or his good-0, give me always a litile, lean, old, chapped, bald nights.13 And now is this Vice's dagger14 become shot. _Well said, i' faith' Wart; thou'rt a good a squire, and talks as familiarly of . of Gaunt, scab: hold, there's a tester for thee.

as if he had been sworn brother to him: and I'll be Shal. He is not his craft's-master, he doth not do sworn he never saw him but once in the Tilt-yard ; it right. I remember at Mile-end green (when I and then he burst's his head, for crowding among lay at Clement's Inn, was then Sir Dagonet in the marshal's men. I saw it; and told John of Arthur's show,)' there was a little quiver fellow, Gaunt, he beat his own name

me;le for you might and 'a would manage you his piece thus : and 'a have truss'd him, and all his apparel, into ani eelwould about, and about, and come you in, and skin; the case of a treble haut-boy was a mansion come you in : rah, lah, tah, would ’a say; bounce, for him, a court; and now has he land and beeves. would''a say; and away again would 'a go, and Well; I will be acquainted with him, if I return : again would'a come :-I shall never see such a fel- and it shall go hard, but I will make him a philolow.

sopher's two stones' to me: If the young dace be

1 Bardolph was to have four pound : perhaps hc | adinirably heightened the rilicule of Shallow's vanity means to conceal part of his profit.

and folly, by making him boast in this parenthesis that 2 Shakspeare uses themes in a sense almost pecu. he was Sir Daganel, who, though one of the knights, is liar to himself, for muscular strength or sineus. also represented in the romance as King Arthur's fool.

3 A calirer was less and lighter than a musket; and This society is also noticed by Richard Mulcaster (who was fired without a rest. Falstaff's meaning is that was a member) in his book Concerning the Training up though Wart is unfit for a musqueteer, yet, is armed of Children, 1581. in a passage communicated to Malone with a lighter piece, he may do good service.

by the Rev. Mr. Bowle. 4 Trarerse was an ancient military term for march ! 8 Quirer is nimible, actire. 5 Shot, for shooter.

9 Turnbull-strerl, or Turuball-street, is a corruption 6 Mile' End Green was the place for public sports and of Turumill-streel, near Clerkenwell; anciently the exercises. Stowe mentions that, in 1585, 1000 citizens resort of bullies, rogules, and other dissolute persons, were trained and exercised there. And again, that The reader will remoinherits vicinity in Ruffians Hall, 30,000 citizens chewed on the 27th August, 1599, on the now Smithfield Market. Picki Haich, a celebrated Miles-end; where they trained all that day and other brothelry, is supposed to have been situate in or near dayes under their captaines (also citizens) until the 4th Turnbull.street. of September. The pupils of this military school were 10 Steevens has adopted Rowe's alteration of this word, thought but slightly of. Shakspeare has already re. inrincible to inrisille, withoul necessity. The word is ferred to Mile End and its military exercises rather con metaphorically used for not to be mastered or taken in. lemptuously io All's Well that Ends Well, Act iv. Sc. 3. di See Sir Thomas Brown's Volmar Errors, 1686, p

7. Arthur's show was not, as some have supposed, a 72; and note on Art i. Sc.2, of this play. mas sue or pageanl, in which an exact representation 19 i. e. rshippel, carled, savs Pope ; and notwith. of Arthur and his kuights was made, but an exhibition standing Jobinson's doubte, Perper is rirhl. A srutcher of Toxopholites, styling themselves "The Auncient Or. was a whip or riling rod, according to Cotarure. And der, Society, and Unitie laudable of Prince Arthure for a further illustration of this passie the reader, curi. and his Knightly Armory of the Round Table.' The nus in such maltls, may turn to Torciano's Italian Dic. associates of which were fifty-eight in number, taking towary, 1699, in v. Trentino, the names of the knights in the romantic hitory of that 13 Titles of little poems. chivalric worthy. According to their historian and poet, 14 For some account of the Fire and his dngger oj Richard Robinson, this Society was established by Hihiho praver may see Twelfth Night, Act iv. Sc. 3 charter under King Henry the Eighth, who, when he There is something excessively ludicrous in the compa. sawe a good archer indeede, he chose him and ordain. rison of Shallow to this powerless weapon of that urol! ed such a one for a knight of this order.' Robinson's personage the Ol Vice or fool. book was printed in 1583, and in a MS. list of his own 15 Burs!, bras! anu broken, were formerly synony. works, now in the British Museum, he says, "Mr. mous; as may be seen under the words break and Thomas Smith, her majestie's customer, representing hroksen, in Baret. himself Prince Arthure, gave me for his booke vs. His 16 Gannt is thin, slender. 66 knightes gave me every one for his xvijd. and every 17 This is only a humorous exaggerative way of ex. Esqre for his booke viijd, when they sholt under the same pressing · He shall be more than the philosopher's stona Prince Arthure at Myles end green.' Shakspeare has lio me, or twice as good. I will make gold out of him.'

a bait for the old pike, I see no reason, in the law | Had not been here, to dress the ugly form
of nature, but I may snap at him. Let lime shape, or base and bloody insurrection
and there an end.

[Erit. With your fair honours. You, lord archbishop,

Whose see is by a civil peace maintain'ú;

Whose beard the silver hand of peace bath touch'd : ACT IV.

Whose learning and good letiers peace hath tutord; SCENE I. A Forest in Yorkshire. Enter the Whose white invesi mentse figure innocence,

Archbishop of York, Mowbray, Hastings, and The dove and very blessed spirit of peace, others.

Wherefore do you so ill translate yourself,

Out of the speech of peace, that bears such grace, Arch. What is this forest called ? Hast. 'Tis Gualtree forest, an't shall please your Turning your books to graves, your ink to blood,

Into the harsh and boist'rous tongue of war? grace. Arch. Here stand, my lords; and send discoveries To a loud trumpet, and a point of war?

Your pens to lances; and your tongue divine forth,

Arch. Wherefore do I'this ?--so the question To know the numbers of our enemies.

stands. Hast. We have sent forth already. Arch.

Briefly to this end :-We are all diseas'd; "Tis well done.

And, with our surfeiting, and wanton hours, My friends, and brethren in these great affairs,

Have brought ourselves into a burning fever, I must acquaint you that I have receiv'd

And we must bleed for it: of which disease'
New-dated letters from Northumberland ;

Our late king, Richard, being infected, died.
Their cold intent, tenour, and substance, thus :-
Here doth he wish his person, with such powers

But, my most noble lord of Westmoreland,

I take not on me here as a physician ;
As might hold sortauce' with his quality,

Nor do I, as an enemy to peace,
The which he could not levy ; whereupon
He is retir’d, lo ripe his growing fortunes,

Troop in the throngs of military men:
To Scotland': and concludes in hearty prayers,

But, rather, show a while like fearful war,

To diet rank minds, sick of happiness ;
That your attempts may overlive the hazard,
And learful meeting of their opposite.

And purge the obstructions, which begin to stop Moub. Thus do the hopes we have in him touch I have in equal balance justly weigh'd

Our very veins of life. Hear me more plainly. ground, And dash themselves to pieces.

What wrongs our arms may do, what wrongs we

suffer. Enter a Messenger.

And find our griefs heavier than our offences. Hast.

Now, what news? We see which way the stream of time doth run, Mess. West of this forest, scarcely off a mile,

And are enforc'd from our most quiet sphere
In goodly form comes on the enemy:

By the rough torrent of occasion :
And, by the ground they hide, I judge their number And have the summary of all our griefs,
Upon, or near, the rate of thirty thousand. When time shall serve, to show in articles,

Mowb. Thu just proportion that we gave them out. Which, long ere this, we offer'd to the king,
Let us sway? on, and face them in the field. And might by no suit gain our audience:

When we are wrong'd, and would unfold our griefs

We are denied access unto his personu Arch. What well-appointed leader fronts us Even by those men that most have done us wrong here?

The dangers of the days but newly gone, Mowb. I think, it is my lord of Westmoreland. (Whose memory is written on the earth West. Health and fair greeting from our general, With yet-appearing blood,) and the examples The prince, Lord John and duke of Lancaster. Of every minute's instance!' (present now,) Arch. Say on, my lord of Westmoreland, in Have put us in these ill-beseeming arms : peace;

Not to break peace, or any branch of it; What doth concern your coming ?

But to establish here a peace indeed, West.

Then, my lord, Concurring both in name and quality. Unto your grace do I in chief address

West. When ever yet was your appeal denied ? The substance of my speech. If that rebellion Wherein have you been galled by the king ? Came like itself, in base and abject routs, What peer hath been suborn'd to grate on you ? Led on by bloody* youth, guarded with rage, That you should seal this lawless bloody book, And countenanc'd by boys, and beggary ;

Of forg'd rebellion with a seal divine, I say, if damn'd commotion so appear'd

And consecrate commotion's bitter edge ?12 In his true, native, and most proper shape,

Arch. My brother general, the commonwealth, You, reverend father, and these noble lords To brother born an household cruelty,

I make my quarrel in particular, 13 I Be suitable.

2 That is, let us pass on with our armameni. To sway was sometimes used for a rushing hasty move 11 Examples of every minute's instance,' are ' Ex

amples which prery minute instances of supplies,' 3 Completely accoutred.

Which even the present minute presses on their notice. Barei carefully distinguishes between bloody, full 12 Commotion's bitter edge that is, the edge of bitler of blood, sanguineous, and bloody, desirous of blood, strife and commotion; the sword of rebellion. This line sanguinarius. In this speech Shakspeare uses the is omitted in the folio. word in both senses.

13 The second line of this very obscure speerh is omnit. 5 Guarded is a metaphor taken from dress; lo guard|ted in the folio. As the passage stands I can make being to oriament with yuar is or facings.

nothing of it ; nor do any of the explanations which have 6 Furrerly all bishops wore white, even when they been offered appear to me satisfactory. I think with travelled.'-Hody's History of Condorations, p. 141. Malone that a line has been lost, though I do not agree This white investment was the episcopal rochet. with him in the sense he would give to it. It is with all

7 Warburton very plausibly reads glaires ; Steevens proper humility I offer the following reading :proposed greares; and this emendation has my full « My quarrel general, the commonwealth, concurrence. It should be remarked that grearcs, or Whose rorongs do loudly call out for redress ; eg-armour, is sometimes spelt graves.

To brother born an household cruelty, S Grievances.

I make my quarrel in particular.' 9 The old copies read from our most quiet there.' i. e. my general cause of discontent is public wrongs, Warburton made the alteration; I am not quite per- my particular cause the death of my own brother, suaded that it was necessary.

who was beheaded by the king's order. This circum. 10 In Holinshed the Archbishop says, "Where he and stance is referred to in the first part of this play :his companie were in armes, it was for feare of the "The archbishop--who bears hard king, to whom he could have no free accesse, by reason His brother's death at Bristol, the Lord Scroop.: of such a multitudo of flatterers as were about him.' The answer of Westinoreland makes it obvious that

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West. There is no need of any such redress ; Mowb. Well, by my will, we shall admit no Or, if there were, it not belongs to you.

parley. Mob. Why not to him, in part ; and to us all, West. That agues but the shame of

your offence : That feel the bruises of the days before ;

A rotten case abides no handling. And suffer the condition of these times

Hast. Hath the Prince John a full commission, To lay a heavy and unequal hand

In very ample virtue of his father, Upon our honours ?

To hear, and absolutely to determine West.

() my good lord Mowbray,' Of whal conditions we shall stand upon ? Construe the times to their necessities,

West. That is intended in the general's name : And you shall say indeed, -it is the time,

I muse, you make so slight a question. And not the king, that doth you injuries.

Arch. Then take, my lord of Westmoreland, this Yet, for your part, it not appears to me,

schedule ; Either from the king, or in the present time,

For this contains our general grievances ;That you should have an inch of any ground Each several article herein redress'd; To build a grief on: Were you not restor's All members of our cause, both here and hence, To all the duke of Norfolk's signiories,

That are insinew'd to this action,
Your noble and right well remember'd father's ? Acquitted by a true substantial form;

Mowb. What thing in honour had my father lost, And present execution of our wills
That need to be reviv'd and breath'd in me? To us, and to our purposes, consign'd ;*
The king, that lov'd him, as the state stood then, We come within our awfuló banks again,
Was, force perforce, compell’d to banish him : And knit our powers to the arm of peace.
And then, when Harry Bolingbroke, and he, West. This will I show the general. Please you,
Being mounted, and both roused in their seats,

lords, Their neighing coursers daring of the spur,

In sight of both our battles we may meet : Their armed staves? in charge, their beavers down, And either end in peace, which heaven so frame; Their eyes of fire sparkling through sights* of steel, Or to the place of difference call the swords And the loud trumpet blowing them together; Which must decide it. Then, then, when there was nothing could have Arch.

My lord, we will do so. staid

(Erit WEST. My father from the breast of Bolingbroke,

Mowb. There is a thing within my bosom, tells me, o, when the king did throw his warders down, That no conditions of our peace can stand. His own life hung upon the staff he threw :

Hast. Fear you not that: if we can make our Then threw he down himself; and all their lives,

peace. That by indictment, and by dint of sword, Upon such large terms, and so absolute, Have since miscarried under Bolingbroke.

As our conditions shall consisti" upon, West. You speak, Lord Mowbray, now you know Our peace shall stand as firm as rocky mountains not what:

Mowb. Ay, but our valuation shall be such, The earl of Herefords was reputed then

That every slight and false-derived cause, In England the most valiant gentleman;

Yea, every idle, nice," and wanton reason, Who knows, on whom fortune would then have Shalí

, to the king, taste of this action: smil'd ?

That, were our royal faith312 martyrs in love, But, if your father had been victor there,

We shall be winnow'd with so rough a wind, He ne'er had borne it out of Coventry :

That even our corn shall seem as light as chaff, For all the country, in a general voice,

And good from bad find no partition. Cried hate upon him; and all their prayers, and Arch. No, no, my lord; Note this, the king is love,

weary Were søt on Hereford, whom they doted on, Or dainty and such picking! grievances : And bless’d, and grac'd indeed, more than the king. For he hath found,--to end one doubt by death, But this is mere disgression from my purpose.“

Revives two greater in the heirs of life. Here come I from our princely general,

And therefore will he wipe his tables14 clean; To know your griefs; to tell you from his grace,

And keep no tell-tale to his memory, That he will give you audience : and wherein That may repeat and history his loss It shall appear that your demands are just, To new-remembrance : For full well he knows You shall cnjoy them; every thing set off, He cannot so precisely weed this land, That might so much as think you enemies. As his misdoubts present occasion :

Mowb. But he hath forc'd us to compel this offer; His foes are so enrooted with his friends,
And it proceeds from policy, not love.

That, plucking to unfix an enemy,
West. Mowbray, you overwoen, to take it so; He doth unfasten so, and shake a friend.
This offer comes from mercy, not from fear; So that this land, like an offensive wife,
For, lo! within a ken our army lies;

That hath enrag'd him on to offer strokes ;
Upon mine honour, all too confident

As he is striking, holds his infant up,
To give admittance to a thought of fear.

And hangs resolv'd correction in the arm
Our battle is more full of names than yours, That was upreard to execution.
Our men more perfect in the use of arms,

Hast. Besides, the king hath wasted all his rods
Our armour all as strong, our cause the best ; On late offenders, that he now doth lack
Then reason wills, our hearts should be as good :-
Say you not then, our offer is compellid.

6 This is a mistake : he was duke of Hereford.

7 Intended is understood, i. e. meant without expres

sing it. Entendu, Fr. ; subauditur, Lat. something about redress of public wrongs should have S The old copy reads confind. Johnson proposed on fallen from the archbishop. Johnson proposed to read read consignd; which must be understood in the Latin quarrel instead of brother in the first line, and explain. sense, consignatus, signed, sealed, ratified, confirm. ed the passage much as I have done. I have merely ed; which was indeed the old meaning nccording in the superadded the line, which seems to me necessary to dictionaries. Shakspeare uses consign and consigning complete the sense, and make Westmoreland's reply in other places in this sense. intelligible.

9 Awful for lawful; or under the due awe of au í The thirty-seven following lines are not in the thority. quarto.

10 To consist, to rest; consisto.-Baret. 2 i. e. their lances fixed in the rest for the encounter. 11 Trivial.

3 It has been already observed that the bearer was a 12 The faith due to a king. So in King Henry VII. : moveable piece of the helmet, which lifted up or down, 1-The citizens have shown at full their royal minds,' to enable the bearer to drink or breathe more freely: i. e. their minds well affected to the king.

4 The perforated part of the helmets, through which 13 Piddling, insignificant. they could see to direct their aim, Visiere, Fr.

14 Alluding to the table books of plate, ivory, &c. used 5 Truncheon.

by our ancestors.

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