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DOLPH

1

Why, Harry, do , tell them of my foos,

Shall march through Glostershire ; hy which acWhich art my near'st and dearest' enemy?

count, Thou that art like enough,-through vassal fear, Our business valued, some twelve days hence Base inclination, and the start of spleen

Our general forces at Bridgnorth shall meet.
To fight against me under Percy's pay,

Our hands are full of business : let's away;
To dog his heels, and court'sy at his frowns, Advantage ferds him' fat, while men delay.
To show how much degenerate thou art.

|Exeunt.
P. Hen. Do not think so, you shall not find it $o; SCENE III. Eastcheap. A Room in the Boar's
And God forgive them, that have so much sway'd
Your majesty's good thoughts away from me!

Head Tavern. Enter Falstaff and BAR.
I will redeem all this on Percy's head,
And, in the closing of some glorious day,

Fal. Bardolph, am I not fallen away vilely since
Be bold to tell you, that I am your son;

this last action? do I not bate? do I not dwindle? When I will wear a garment all of blood,

Why, my skin hangs about me like an old lady's And stain my favours? in a bloody mask,

loose gown; I am wither'd like an old apple-John. Which, wash'd away, shall scoor my shame with it. Well, I'll repent, and that suddenly, while I am in And that shall be the day, whene'er it lights, somne liking ;* I shall be out of heart shortly, and That this same child of honour and renown, then I shall have no strength to repent. An I have This gallant Hotspur, this all-praised knight, not forgotten what the inside of a church is made of, And your unthought-of Harry, chance to meet : I am a pepper-corn, a brewer's horse :' the inside For every honour sitting on his helm,

of a church! Company, villanous company, hath 'Would they were multitudes; and on my head been the spoil of me. My shames redoubled ! for the time will come, Bard. Sir John, you are so fretsal, you cannot That I shall make this northern youth exchange

live long. His glorious deeds for my indignities.

Fal. Why, there is it :-come, sing me a bawdy Percy is but my factor, good my lord,

song; make me merry. I was as virtirously given, To engross up glorious deeds on my behalf; as a gentleman need to be ; virtuous enough: swore And I will call him to so strict account,

little ; diced, not above seven times a week; went That he shall render every glory ur,

to a bawdy-house, not above once in a quarter of Yea, even the slightest worship of his time, an hour ; paid money that I borrowed, three or foar Or I will tear the reckoning from his heart. times; lived well, and in good compass : and now) This, in the name of God, I promise here:

live out of all order, out of all compass. The which if he be pleas'd I shall perform,

Bard. Why, you are so fat, Sir John, that you I do beseech your majesty, may salve

must needs be out of all compass; out of all reasonThe long-grown wounds of my intemperance : able compass, Sir John. If not, the end of life cancels all bands ;'

Fal. Do thou amend thy face, and I'll amend my And I will die a hundred thousand deaths,

life : Thou art our admiral," thou bearest the lantera Ere break the smallest parcels of this vow. in the poop, but 'tis in the nose of thee: thou art · K. Hen. A hundred thousand rebels die in this : the knight of the burning lamp. 'Thou shalt have charge, and sovereign trust, herein. Bard. Why, Sir John, my face does you no harm.

Fal. No, I'll be sworn; I make as good use of Enter Blunt.

it as many a man doth of a death's head, or a good Blunt ? thy looks are full of speed. memento mori : I never see thy face, but I think Blunt. 'So hath the business that I come to npon hell-fire, and Dives that lived in purple; for

there he is in his robes, burning, burning. 'I thou Lord Mortimer of Scotland' hath sent word, wert any way given to virtue, I would swear by thy That Douglas, and the English rebels, met, face ; my baik should be, By this fire : but thog art The eleventh of this month, at Shrewsbury : altogether given over; and wert indeed, but for the A mighty and a fearful head they are,

lighi in thy face, the son of utter darkness. When If promises be kept on every hand,

thou ran'st up Gads-hill in the night to catch my As ever offer'd foul play in a state.

horse, if I did not think thou hadst been an ignis K. Hen. The earl of Westmoreland set forth to- | faluus, or a ball of wildfire, there's no purchase in

money. O, thou art a perpetual triumph, an ever. With him my son, Lord John of Lancaster; lasting bonfire-light! Thou hast saved me a thousand For this advertisement is five days old :

marks in links and torches, walking with thee in the On Wednesdav next, Harry, you shall set

night betwixt tavern and taver :" but the sack Forward; on Thursday, we ourselves will march: that thou hast drunk me, would have bought me Our meeting is Bridgnorth : and, Harry, you lights as good cheap,'' at the dearest chandler's in I See p. 119, note 5.

liquor on his back, and the other in his belly.' Mall 2 Favours is probably here used for colours ; the horse, which is the same thing, was a common term of scarf by which a knight of rauk was distinguished. reproach, and is used elsewhere by Shakspeare, and by 3 Bonds.

4 Part.

Ben Jonson. 5 There was no such person as Lord Mortimer of 10 So Decker, in his Wonderful Year, 1605:-- An an. Scotland; but there was a Lord March of Scotland, Liquary might have pickt rare matter out of his nose. George Dunbar,) who having quiued his own country The Hamburghers offered I know not how many dollars in disgust, attached himself so warmly to the English, for his company in an East Indian voyage, to have stood and did them such signal services in their wars with a nights in the poope of their admiral, only to save the Scotland, that the parliament petitioned the king to be charges of candles. That it was an old joke appears stow some reward on him. He fought on the side of from a passage in Bullein's Dialogue against the Fever King Henry in this rebellion, and was the means of Pestilence, 1578, cited by Malone. saving his life at the battle of Shrewsbury. The poet 11 Steevens has taken occasion here to mention that recollected that there was a Scottish lord on the king's candles and lanterns to let were then eried about Lon. wide, who bore the same title with the English family on don, the streets not being then lighted. the rebels' side, (one being earl of March in England, 12 Cheap being derived from KAVPON, Gothic, is the the other earl of March in Scotland,) but his memory past participle of cypan, Sox. to traffic, to bargain, to deceived him as to the particular name which was com: buy and sell. Good cheap was therefore a gond bar. mon to both. He took it to be Morliner instead of gain.' Our ancestors not only used good cheap, but March.

better cheap, in the sense which we now use cheap and 6 Intelligence.

7 Feeds himself sal. cheaper. Tooke thinks that bud.cheap was also used, 8 Liking is condition, plight of body. If one be in but has adduced no example. Baret translates the ora better plight of body, or beuer liking."

vilia of Horace by good cheap eggs; and the minoris 9 Thai Falstaff was unlike a brewer's horse may be rendere aliquid, of Plau!us, by to sell better-cheap. collected from a conundrum in The Devil's Cabinet Cheap and cheaping therefore came to siguily a market, Opened :- What is the difference between a drunkard which led Johnson to suppose that good-cheap was de and a braider's horse ?--Because one carries all his rived from a bon marche. All the northern dialects

How now,

speak of.

day:

vou,

Europa. I have maintained that salainander of Fal. The other night I fell asleep here behind the yours with fire, any timo this two and thirty years ; arras, and had my pocket picked : this house is curred Heaven reward me for it!

bawdy-house, they pick pockels. Bard. 'Sblood, I would my face were in your P. Hen. What didst thou lose, Jack ? belly!

Fal. Wilt thou believe me, Hal? three or four Fal. God-a-mercy! so should I be sure to be bonds of forly pound a-piece, and a seal-ring of my heart-burned.

grandfather's.

P. Hen. A trille, some eight-penny matter. Enter Hostess.

Host. So I told him, my lord; and I said I beard How now, dame Partlet the hen ? have you inquired your grace say so: And, my lord, he speaks must yet, who picked my pocket?

vilely of

like a foul-inouihed man as he is; and Host. Why, Sir John! what do you think, Sir said, he would cudgel you. John? Do you think I keep thieves in my house? P. Hen. What! he did not ? I have searched, I have inquired, so has my hus Host. There's neither faith, cruth, nor womanhood band, man by man, boy by boy, servant by ser- in me else. vant: the tithe of a hair was never lost in my house Fal. There's no more faith in thee than in a before.

stewed prune ;* por no more truth in thee, than in Fal. You lie, hostess ; Bardolph was shaved and a drawn fox; and for womanhood, maid Marian lost many a hair: and I'll be sworn, my pocket was may be the deputy's wife of the ward to thee. Go, picked: Go to, you are a woman, go.

you thing, go. Host. Who I 1 I defy thee: I was never called so Host. Say, what thing? what thing? in mine own house before.

Fal. What thing? why a thing to thank God on. Fal. Go to, I know you well enough.

Host. I am nothing to thank God on, I would Host. No, Sir Johnyou do not know me, Sir thou should't know it ; I am an honest man's wife : John : I know you, Sir John : you owe me money, and, setting thy knighthood aside, thou art a knave Sir John, and now you pick a quarrel to beguile me to call me so. of it: I bought you a dozen of shirts to your back. Fal. Selling thy womanhood aside, thou art a

Fol. Dowlas, filthy dowlas: I have given them beast to say otherwise. away to bakers' wives, and they have made bolters Host. Say, what beast, thou knave thou ? of them.

Fal. What beast ? why an otter. Host. Now, as I am a true woman, holland of P. Hen. An otter, Sir John! why an otter? cight shillings an ell.' You owe money here be Fal. Why? she's neither fish, nor flesh; a man sides, Sir John, for your diet, and by-drinkings, and knows not where to have her. money lent you, four and twenty pound.

Host. Thou art an unjust man in saying so; thou Fal. He had his part of it; let him pay. or any man knows where to have me, thou knare Host. He ? alas, he is poor ; he hath nothing. thou.

Fal. How! poor? look upon his face ; What call P. Hen. Thou sayest true, hostess; and he slanyou rich? let them coin his nose, let them coin his ders thee most grossly. cheeks; I'll not pay a denier.' What, will you Host. So he doth you, my lord ; and said this make a younker” of me? shall I not take mine ease other day, you ought him a thousand pound. in mine inn," but I shall have my pocket picked? I P. Hen. Sirrah, do I owe you a thousand pound. have lost a seal-ring of my grandfather's worth forty Fal. A thousand pound, Hal ? a million: thy love mark.

is worth a million; thou owest me thy love. Host. O Jesu! I have heard the prince tell him, Host. Nay, my lord, he called you Jack, and I know not how oft, that that ring was copper. said, he would cudgel you.

Fal. How! the prince is a Jack, a sncak-cup ; Fal. Did I, Bardolph ? and, if he were here, I would cudgel-him like a dog, Bard. Indeed, Sir John, you said so. if he would say so.

Fal. Yea; if he said, my ring was copper. Enter Prince Henry and Poins, marching: good as thy word now ?

P. Hen. I say, 'us copper : Darest thou be as FALSTAFF meets the Prince, playing on his truncheon like a fife.

Fal. Why, Hal, thou knowest, as thou art but

man, I dare : but, as thou art prince, I fear thee, as Ful. How now, lad ? is the wind in that door, I fear the roaring of the lion's whelp. i'faith? must we all march 3

P. Hen. And why not, as the lion ? Bard. Yea, two and two, Newgate-fashion ? Fal. The king himself is to be feared as the lion: Host. My lord, I pray you, hear me.

Dost thou think, I'll fear thee as I fear thy father? P. Hen. What sayest thou, mistress Quickly? nay, an I do, I pray God, my girdle break ? How does thy husband ? I love him well, he is an P. Hen. O, if it should, how would thy guts fall honest man.

about thy knees! But, sirrah, there's no room for Host. Good my lord, hear me,

faith, truth, nor honesty, in this bosom of thine; it Fal. Pr'ythee, let her alone, and list to mo. is filled up with guts, and midriff. Charge an honest P. Hen. 'What sayest thou, Jack ?

woman with picking thy pocket! Why, ihou whorehave the same form of speech that our ancestors used; the wrong done him the more strongly. Old Heywood thus godt kop, betre kop, in Swedish; got kiob, better has one or two epigrams which turn upon this phrase. kioh, in Danish, &c. Florio has 'buon-mercato, good.

4 Steevens has been too abundantly copious on the cheape, a good bargaine."

subject of stered prunes. They were a refection par. \ Eighi shillings an ell, for holland linen, appears a ticularly common in brothels in Shakspeare's time, perhigh price for the time, but hear Stubbes in his Anatomie haps from mistaken notions of their antisyphilitic pro. of Abuses : In so much as I have heard of shirtes that perties. It is not easy to understand Falstaff's similes, have cost some ten shillinges, some twentie, some fortie, perhaps he means as faithless as a strumpet or a bawed. some five pound, some twentie nobles, and (which is A drawn for is surely neither an erenterated for! nor horrible to heare) some ten pound a peece, yea the a fox drawn over the grounds to exercise the hounds; meanest shirte that commonly is worn of any dnest cost but a hunted for, a fox drain from his corot, whose a crowne or a noble at the least; and yet that is scarsely cunning in doubling and deceiving the hounds makes thought fine enough for the simplest person.' 2 Younker is here used for a novice, a dupe, or a per

the simile perfectly appropriate. son thoughtless through inexperience.

5 One of the characters in the ancient morris dance,

generally a man dressed like a woman, sometimes a 3 This was a common phrase for enjoying one's self strumpet ; and therefore forms an allusion to describe in quiel, as if at home ; not very different in its applica. women of a masculine character. A curious traci, ention from that maxim, Every man's house is his casile. titled Old Meg of Herefordshire for a Mayd Marian, Inne originally signiñed a house or habitation. When and Hereford Town for a Morris-dance, 1609,' was the word began to change its meaning, and to be used reprinted by Mr. Triphook in 1816. for a house of public entertainment, the proverb still continuing in force, was applied in the latter sense.

6 This imprecation is supposed to have reference to Falstaff puno upon the word inn in order to represent been also proverbial.

the old adage, Ungirt, unblest.' It appears to have

son, impudent, embossed' rascal, if there were any (In my heart's love, hath no man than yourself; thing in thy pocket but tavern-reckonings, memoran-Nay, task me to the word; approve me, lord. 70 dums of bawdy-houses, and one poor penny-worth Doug. Thou art the king of honour : of sugar-candy to make thee long-winded; if thy No man so polent breathes upon the ground, pocket were enriched with any other injuries but But I will beards him. these, I am a villain. And yet you will stand to Hot.

Do so, and 'tis well:it; you will not pocket up wrong; Art thou not

Enter a Messenger, with Letters. ashamed?

Fal. Dost thou hear, Hal ? thou knowest, in the What letters hast thou there?-I can but thank you. state of innoceney, Adam fell; and what should

Mess. These letters come from your father, poor Jack Falstaff do, in the days of villany? Thou

Hot. Letters from him! why comes he not himself? seest I have more flesh than another man; and

Mess. He cannot come, my lord; he's grievous therefore more frailty.--You confess then, you

sick. picked my pocket?

Hot. 'Zounds ! how has he the leisure to be sick, P. Hen. It appears so by the story.

In such a justling time? Who leads his power ? Fa. Hostess, I forgive thee : Go, make ready Under whose government come they along? breakfast; love thy husband, look to thy servants,

Mess. His letters bear his mind, not I, my lord." cherish thy guests: thou shalt find me tractable to Wor. I prythee, tell me, doth he keep his bed ? any honest reason: thou seest, I am pacified.

Mess. He did, my lord, four days ere I set forth? Still ?-Nay, pr’ythee, be gone. [Erit Hostess.] And at the time of my departure thence, Now, Hal, to the news at court: for the robbery, He

was much fear'd by his physicians.

Wor. I would, the state of time had first been 2. Hen. O, my sweet beef, I must still be good Ere he by sickness had been visited ; angel to thee :-The money is paid back again.

Fal. O, I do not like that paying back, 'tis a dou- His health was never better worth thân now. hle labour.

Hot. Sick now! droop now! this sickness doth P. Hen, I am good friends with my father, and

infect may do any thing

The very life-blood of our enterprise ; Pul. Rob me the exchequer the first thing thou 'Tis catching hither, even to our camp.doest, and do it with unwashed hands too.

He writes me here, -that inward sicknessBar:1. Do, my lord.

And that his friends by deputation could not P. Hen. I have procured thee, Jack, a charge of So soon be drawn; nor did he think it meet, foot. The

To lay so dangerous and dear a trust Fal. I would, it had been of horse. Where shall On any soul remov'd, but on his own. I find one that can steal well? O for a fine thief, of Yet doth he give us bold advertisement, the age of two and twenty, or thereabouts! I'am That with our small conjunction, we should on, heinously unprovided. Well, God be thanked for To see how fortune is dispos’d to us: these rebels, they offend none but the virtuous; 1 For, as he writes, there is no quailingo now; laud them, I praise them.

Because the king is certainly possess'do P. Hen. Bardolph

Of all our purposes. What say you to it? Bard. My lord.

Wor. Your father's sickness is a maim to us. P. Hen. Go bear this letter to Lord John of Lan Hot. A perilous gash, a very limb lopp'd off :caster,-my brother John ;--this to my lord of And yet, in faith, 'tis not ; his present want Westmoreland.—Go, Poins, to horse, to horse ; for Seems more than we shall find it :-Were it good thou, and I have thirty miles to ride yet ere dinner To set the exact wealth of all our states time.-Jack, meet me to-morrow i'the Temple- All at one cast? to set so rich a main hinne at two seio ek i'the afternoon: there shalt thou ontbrenice good; for therein should we read know thy charge, and there receive money, and I were not order for their furniture.2

The very bottom and the soul of hope : The land is burning; Percy stands on high;

The very list, the very utmost bound
And either they, or we, must lower lie.

Of all our fortunes.
[Exeunt Prince, Poins, and BARDOLPH: Where now remains a sweet reversion;

Doug.

'Faith, and so we should ; Fal. Rare words! brave world'Hostess, my We may boldly spend upon the hope of what

breakfast; come :O, I could wish, this tavern were my drum. [Exit. Is to come in:

A comfort of retirement12 lives in this.

Hot. A rendezvous, a home to fly unto,
ACT IV.

If that the devil and mischance look big
SCENE I. The rebel Camp near Shrewsbury.

Upon the maidenhead of our affairs.

Wor. But yet, I would your father had been here. Enter Hotspur, WORCESTER, and Douglas.

The quality and hair13 of our attempt Hot. Well said, my noble Scot: If speaking truth, Brooks no division : It will be thought In this fine age, were not thought flattery,

By some, that know not why he is away, Such attribution should the Douglas have, That wisdom, loyalty, and mere dislike As not a soldier of this season's stamp

of our proceedings, kept the earl from hence ; Should go so general current through the world. And think, how such an apprehension By heaven, I cannot flatter; I defy

May turn the tide of fearful faction, The tongues of soothers; but a braver place And breed a kind of question in our cause : 1 Swoln, puffy, blown up.

7 The foljo reads

"not I his mind. The quarto, 1598, 2 I have followed Mr. Douce's suggestion in printing 'not I my mind. The emendation is Capell's. thus much of this speech in prose. No correct ear will 8 That is, on any less near to himself, or whose inever receive it as blank verse, notwithstanding the terest is remote. efforts by omission, &c. to convert it into metre.

9 Quailing is fainting, slackening, flagging; or fail 3 This expression is frequent in Holinshed, and is ap- ing in vigour or resolution; going back. Cotgrave plied by way of preeminence to the head of the Douglas renders it by alachissement. family

10 Informed, 4 Disdain.

11 Where, for whereas. 5 To beard is to oppose face to face, in a daring and 12 i, e. ' a support to which we may have recourse. hostile manner, to threaten even to his beard.

13. Hair was anciently used metaphorically for the 6 Epaminondas being told, on the evening before the colour, complexion, er nature of a thing. Pelo (in battle of Leuctra, that an officer of distinction ha Italian) is used for the colour of a horse, also for the in his tent, exclaimed, "Good gods! how could any countenance of a man' and poil, in French, has the body find time to die in such a conjuncture.'--Xeno- same significations, esser d'un pelo, estre d'un poil phon Hellenic, 1. vi.

To be of the same hair, quality, or condition.

[graphic]

For, well you know, we of the offering' sido This praise doth nourish agues. Let them come; Must keep aloof from strict arbitrement;

They come like sacrifices in their trim, And stop all sight-holes, every loop, from whence And to the fire-ey'd maid of smoky war, The eye of reason may pry, in upon us :

All hot, and bleeding, will we offer them: This absence of your father's draws a curtain, The mailed Mars shall on his altar sit, Chat shows the ignorant a kind of fear

Up to the ears in blood. I am on fire,
Before not dreamt of.

To hear this rich reprisal is so nigh,
Hot.
You strain too far.

And yet not ours:--Come, let me take my horse, 1, rather, of his absence make this use ;

Who is 10 bear me, like a thunderbolt, It lends á lustre, and more great opinion,

Against the bosom of the prince of Wales : A larger dare to our great enterprise,

Harry to Harry shall, hot horse to horse, Than if the earl were here: for men must think, Meei, and ne'er part, till one drop down a corse.If we, without his help can make a head,

O, that Glendower were come! To push against the kingdom; with his help, Ver.

There is more news: We shall o'erturn it topsy-turvy down.

I learn'd in Worcester, as I rode along, Yet all goes well, yet all our joints are whole. He cannot draw his power this fourteen days. Doug. As heart can think : there is not such a Dmig. That's the worst tidings that I hear of yet. word

Wor. Ay, by my faith, that bears a frosty sound. Spoke of in Scotland, as this term of fear.

Hot. What may the king's whole battle reach

unto? Enter Sır RicHARD VERNON.

Ver. To thirty thousand. Hot. My cousin Vernon! welcome, by my soul.

Hot.

Forty let it be ; Ver. 'Pray God, my news be worth a welcome, My father and Glendower being both away, lord.

The powers of us may serve so great a day.
The earl of Westmorland, seven thousand strong, Come, let us make a muster speedily:
Is marching hitherwards; with him, Prince John. Doomsday is near; die all, die merrily.
Hot. No harm: What more?

Doug. Talk not of dying; I am out of fear Ver.

And further, I have learn'd, Of death, or death's hand, for this one half year. The king himself in person is set forth,

(Ercuni. Or hitherwards intended speedily,

SCENE II. A Public Rnal near Coventry. EnWith strong and mighty preparation. Hot. He shall be welcome too. Where is his son,

ter FALSTAFF and BARDOLPH. The nimble-footed* mad-cap prince of Wales, Fal. Bardolph, get thee before to Coventry; fill And his comrades, that daff”d the world aside, me a bottle of sack; our soldiers sball march And bid it pass ?

through; we'll to Sutton-Colfield to-night. Ver.

All furnish'd, all in arms, Bard. Will you give me money, captain ?
All plum'd: like estridges that with the wind Fal. Lay out, lay out.
Bated, like eagles having lately bath'd ;)

Bard. This boule makes an angel:
Glittering in golden coats, like images ;

Fal. And if it do, take it for thy labour; and if it As full of spirit as the month of May,

make twenty, take them all, I'll answer the coinage. And gorgeous as the sun at midsummer;

Bid my lieutenant Peto meet me at the town's end Wanton as youthful goats, wild as young bulls. Bard. I will, captain: farewell.

(Erit. I saw young Harry, --with his beavers on,

Fal. If I be not ashamed of my soldiers, I am a His cuisses on his thighs, gallantly arm'd, - soused gurnet. I have misused the king's press Rise from the ground like feather'd Mercury, damnably. I have got, in exchange of a hundred And vaulted with such ease into his seat,

and fifty soldiers, three hundred and odd pounds. As if an angel dropp'd down from the clouds, I press me none but good householders, yeomen's To turn and wind a fiery Pegasus,

sons : inquire me out contracted bachelors, such as And witch the world with noble horsemanship. had been asked twice on the bans; such a commor Hot. No more, no more; worse than the sun in lies of all elliptical construction are noe avoided by it. March,

Malone's notion, that a line had been omitted, has noc 1 The offering side is the assailing side. Barety concurrence. Nor do I think with Mr. Douce, that renders Ältentare pudicitiam puellæ, to assaile aby estridges, estridge falcons are here meant, though maydens chastitie : to offer.'

the word may be used in that sense in Antor:y and 2 To draw a curtain had anciently the same meaning Cleopatra. The ostridge's plumaye would be more as to undraro one at present. Thus in the Second part likely to occur to the poet, from the circumstance of its of King Henry VI. quarto, 1600 :- Then the curtaines being the cognizance of the prince of Wales. So in being drawné, Duke Humphrey is discovered in his Drayton's Polyolbion, Song 22:bed.

Prince Edward all in gold, as he great Jove had been, The folio reads ' dream of fear.'

The Mountford's all in plumes like estridges were seen Shakspeare rarely bestows his epithets at random. Bating, or to bare, in falconry, is the unquiet flutteril. Stowe says of the prince :- He was passing swift in of a hawk. To beat the ring, batter l' ale, Ital. All running, insomuch that he, with two other of his lords, birds baie, i. e. Autler, beat, or flap their wings to dry without hounds, bow, or other engine, would take a cheir feathers after bathing; and the mode in which tho wilde bucke, or doe, in a large parke.'

ostrich uses its wings, to assist itself in running with the 5 This is the reading of all the old copies, which wind, is of this character ; it is a fluttering or a flapHanmer not understanding, altered to

ping, not a flight. The fluttering motion and flapping * All plum'd like estridges, and with the wind of ihre plumed crests of the prince and his associates Bating like eagles, &c.'

naturally excited these images. Bated refers both to Then came Johnson, who supposed that thero must be the flapping of the plumes, and of the wings of the necessity for emendation, as it had already been al. ostrich; the plumage of that bird is displayed to moro tempted: he changed it thus

advantage when its wings are in motion, than when af All plum'd like estridges, that ring the wind; rest ; and hence the propriety of representing the fea. Bated like eagles, &c.'

thers of the helmets routing the air io the plumage of This reading has been adopted by Malone, and by the ostrich when its wings were in motion, or when it Steevens, with a voluminous commentary to show its 'bated the air, like eagles lately bathed.' necessity. But surely, if a elear sense can be deduced 6 The bearer of a helmet 'wag a moveable piece, from the passage as it stands, no eonjeetural alteration which lifted up or down to cnable the wearer to drink of the text should be admitted. The meaning of the or take breath more freely. It is frequently, thougla passage is obviously this:- The prince and his com- improperly, used to express the helmet itself. rades were all furnish'd, all in arms, all plumed: like 7 Armour for the thighs. estridges (ostriches) that bated (1. e. fluter or beat) 9 The quartos of 1599 and 1399 read taste. the wind with their wings; like eagles having lately 9 The gurnel, or gurnard, was a fish of the piper bathed.' Johnson's reading is exceptionable, if it was kind. It was probably deemed a vulgar dish when not an unwarrantable innovation, because to wing the soused or pickled, hence soused gurnet was a common sind and to bale are the same thing, and the difficul. I term of reproach.

Ver.

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dity of warm slaves, as had as lief hear the devil as | SCENE III. The Rebel Camp near Shrewsbury. a drum ; such as fear the report of a caliver,' worse Enter HoTSPUR, WORCESTER, Douglas, and than a struck fowl, or a hurt wild-Juck. I pressed VERNON. me none but such toasts and butter, with hearts in

Hot. We'll fight with him to-night. their bellies no bigger than pins' heads, and they Wor.

It may not be. have bought out their services; and now my whole

Doug. You give him then advantage. charge consists of ancients, corporals, lieutenants,

Ver.

Not a whit. gentlemen of companies, slaves as ragged as Laza Hol. Why say you so ? looks he not for supply ? rus in the painted cloth, where the glutton's dogs Ver. So do we. licked his sores: and such as, indeed, were never Hot.

His is certain, ours is doubtful. soldiers; but discarded unjust serving-men, younger Wor. Good cousin, be advis'd; stir not to-night. sons to younger brothers, revolted tapsters, and

Ver. Do not, my lord. ostlers trade-fallen; the cankers of a calm world,

Doug

You do not counsel well; and a long peace; ten times more dishonourable You speak it out of fear, and cold heari. ragged than an old faced ancient:' and such have

Ver. Do me no slander, Douglas : by my life I, 10 fill up the rooms of them that have bought out (And I dare well maintain it with my lífo,) their services, that you would think, that I had a If well-respected honour bid me on, hundred and fifty tattered prodigals, lately come I hold as little counsel with weak fear, from swine keeping, from eating draff and husks. A nad fellow met me on the way, and told me, !|Let it be seen tó-morrow in the battle,

As you, my lord, or any Scot that lives : 6.
had unloaded all the gibbets, and pressed the dead Which of us fears.
bodies. No eye hath seen such scare-crows.

I'll
Doug.

Yea, or to-night. not march through Coventry with them, that's flat :

Content. -Nay, and the villains march wide betwixt the Hot. To-night, say I. legs, as if they had gives on ; for indeed, I had the

Ver.

Come, corne, it may not bo. most of them out of prison. There's but a shirt and I wonder much, being men of such great leading,' a half in all my company: and the half-shirt is two That you foresee not what impediments napkins, tacked together, and thrown over the Drag back our expedition : Certain horse shoulders like a herald's coat without sleeves ;. Of my cousin Vernon's are not yet come up : and the shirt, to say the truth, stolen from my host Your uncle Worcester's horse came but to-day; at Saint Albans, or the red-nose inn-keeper of And now their pride and mettle is asleep, Daintry. But that's all one; they'll find linen Their courage with hard labour

tame and dull, enough on every hedge.

That not a horse is half the half of himself.

Hot. So are the horses of the enemy
Enter PRINCE HENRY and WESTMORELAND.

In general, journey-bated, and brought low;
P. Hen. How now, blown Jack ? how now, quilt ? | The better part of ours is full of resi.
Fal. What, Hal? How now, mad wag? what a

Wor. The number of the king exceedeth ours : devil dost thou in Warwickshire ?-My good lord For God's sake, cousin, stay till all come in. of Westmoreland, I cry you mercy; I thought, your

[The irumpet sounds a parley. honour had already been at Shrewsbury.

Enter SIR WALTER Blunt.
West. 'Faith, Sir John, 'tis more than time that
I were there, and you loo; but my powers are there

Blunt. I come with gracious offers from the king, already: The king, I can tell you, looks for us all : If you vouchsafe me hearing, and respect. we must away all night.

Hot. Welcome, Sir Walter Blunt; And 'would Fal. Tui, never fear me; I am as vigilant as a

to God, cat to steal cream.

You were of our determination ! thefi hath already made thee butter. But tell me, Because you are not of our quality, P. Hen. I think, to steal cream indeed; for thy Some of us love you well: and even those some

Envy your great deserving, and good name; Jack; Whose follows are these that come after ?

But stand against us like an enemy.. Fal. Mine, Hal, mine.

Blunt. And God defend, but still I should stand so, P. Hen. I did never see such pitiful rascals. Fal. Tu, tut; good enough to toss; food for so long as, out of limit, and true rule, powder, food for powder; they'll fill a pit, as well You stand against anointed majesty! as better: tush, man, mortal men, mortal men.

But, to my charge.--The king hath sent to know West. Ay, but, Sir John, methinks they are er

The nature of your griefs ;' and whereupon ceeding poor and bare; too beggarly.

You conjure from the breast of civil peace they had that: and for their hareness, --I am sure, Have any way

your good deserts forgot, -Fal. ?Faith, for their poverty, -I know not where Such bold hostility, teaching his duteous land

Audacious cruelty: If that the king they never learned that of me. P. Hen. No, I'll be sworn ; unless you call three He bids you name your griefs; and, with all speed,

Which he confesseth to be manifold, fingers on the ribs, bare. But

, sirrah, make haste ; You shall have your desires, with interest ; Percy is already in the field. Fal. What, is the king encamped ?

And pardon absolute for yourself, and these, lest. He is, Sir John ; 1 fear, we shall stay too Herein misled by your suggestion. long.

Hol. The king is kind; and, well we know, tho Pal. Well,

king To the latter end of a fray, and the beginning of a Knows at what time to promise, when to pay. feast,

My father, and my uncle, and myself,
Fits a dull fighter, and a keen guest. [Exeunt.

Díd give him that same royalty he wears :
And, when he was not şix and twenty strong,

Sick in the world's regard, wretched and low, 1 Agun.

A poor unminded outlaw sneaking home, 2. Londoners, and all within the sound of Bow hell, My father gave him welcome to the shore: are in reproach calleal cockneys, and eaters of buttered Aud, -when he heard him swear, and vow to God, toasts.-Moryson's Itin, 1617.

3 An old faced ancient is an old patched standard, To face a garment was to line or trim it. Thus in the 7 Leading is experience in the conduct of armies. present play :

The old copies have such leading as you are ;' but the To face the garment of rebellion

superfluous words serve only to destroy the metre. With some fine colour.'

& Quality, in its general sense, anciently signified

5 Daventry. profession, occupation. Shakspeare here gives it me. 6 The old copies read that this day lives ;' but the iaphorically for one of the same fraternity or fellorpe words, as Mason observes, weaken the sense and de. ship.

g Grievances, stroy the measure.

4 Fetters.

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