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Comprising all that may be sworn or said, - Within the earth; and, therein laid,-There lies His coming hither hath no further scope,

Two kinsmen, digg?d their graves with weeping eyes ? Than for his lineal royalties, and to beg

Would not this ill do well ?-Well, well, I see Enfranchisement immediate on his knees : I talk but idly, and you mock at ine.Which on the royal party granted once,

Most mighty prince, my Lord Northumberland, His glittering arms he will commend' to rust, What says King Bólinybroke? will his majesty His barbed steeds to stables, and his heart

Give Richard leave to live till Richard die To faithful service of your majesty:

You make a leg, and Bolingbroke says—ay. This swears he, as he is a prince, is just;

North. My lord, in the base' court he doth attend And, as I am a gentleman, I credit him.

To speak with you; may't please you to come down? K. Rich. Northumberland, say,—thus the king K. Rich. Down, down, I conne; like glistering returns ;

His noble cousin is right welcome hither ; Wanting the manage of unruly jades.
And all the number of his fair demands

(Noktu. retires to Boling. Shall be accomplish'd without contradiction : In the base court? Base court, where kings grow With all the gracious utterance thou hast,

base, Speak to his gentle hearing kind commends. To come at traitors' calls, and do them grace. We do debase ourself, cousin, do we not,

In the base court? Come down ? Down, court! [T, AUMERLE.

down, king! To look so poorly, and to speak so fair ?

For night-owls shriek, where mounting larks should Shall we call back Northumberland, and send


(Exeunt from above. Defiance to the traitor, and so die?

Boling. What says


majesty ? Aum. No, good my lord ; let's fight with gentle


Sorrow and grief of heart words,

Makes him speak fondly, like a frantic man: Till time lend 'friends, and friends their helpful Yet he is come. swords.

Enter King RICHARD, and his Attendants, below. K. Rich. O God! O God! that e'er this tongue

Boling. Stand all apart,
of mine,
That laid the sentence of dread banishment

And show fair duty to his majesty.-
My gracious lord, -

[Kneeling. On yon proud man, should take it off again With words of sooth ! O, that I were as great

K. Rich. Fair cousin, you debase your princely

knee, As is my grief, or lesser than my name!

To make the base earth proud with kissing it: Or that I could forget what I have been ! Or not remember what I must be now!

Me rather had, my heart' might feel your love, Swell'st thou, proud heart? I'll give thee scope to Up, cousin, up; your heart is up, I know;

Than my unpleas'd eye see your courtesy. beat,

Thus high at least (touching his own head,) although Since foes have scope to beat both thee and me. Aum. Northumberland comes back from Boling

your knee be low.

Boling. My gracious lord, I come but for mine broke. K. Rich. What must the king do now? Must he K. Rich. Your own is yours, and I am yours, submit?

and all. The king shall do it. Must he be depos'd ?

Boling. So far be mine, my most redoubted lord, The king shall be contented: Must he lose

As my true service shall deserve your love. The name of king? o'God's name, let it go ;

K. 'Rich. Well you deserve :—They well deserve I'll give my jewels, for a set of beads;

to have, My gorgeous palace, for a hermitage;

That know the strong'st and surest way to get. My gay apparel," for an alms-man's gown;

Uncle, give me your hand : nay, dry your eyes; My figur'd goblets, for a dish of wood;

Tears show their love, but want their remedies.My sceptre, for a palmer's walking-staff';

Cousin, I am too young to be your father,
My subjects, for a pair of carved saints ;
And large kingdom for a little grave,

Though you are old enough to be my heir

What you will have, I'll give, and willing too ; A little, little grave, an obscure grave :Or I'll be buried in the king's highway,

For do we must, what force will have us do.

Set on towards London :--Cousin, is it so?
Some way of common trade, 4 where subjects' feet
May hourly trample on their sovereign's' head:

Boling. Yea, my good lord.
K. Rich.

Then I must not say, no.''
For on my heart they tread, now whilst I live;
And, buried once, why not upon my head ?-

(Flourish. Exeunt. Aumerle, thou weep’st ; My tender-hearted cou- SCENE IV. Langley. Duke of York's Garden, sin !-

Enter the Queen, and two Ladies. We'll make foul weather with despised tears; Queen. What sport shall we devise here in this Our sighs, and they, shall lodge the summer corn,

garden, And make a dearth in this revolting land.

To drive away the heavy thought of care? Or shall we play the wantons with our woes,

1 Lady. Madam, we'll play at bowls. And make some pretty match with shedding tears? Queen.

Twill make me think, As thus :-To drop them still upon one place,

The world is full of rubs, and that my fortune
Till they have fretied us a pair of graves

Runs 'gainst the bias."
1 Lady.

Madam, we will dance. 1 Commend for commit.

2 Sooth is sweel, as well as true. In this place sooth being advertised that the duke way coming, even at means spretness or softness. Thus to soothe still hand, he caused all his gentlemení to wait upon him means to calm and sweeten the mind.

down through the hall into the base court.'—Edition 3 Richard's expense in regard to dress was very ex. 1925, p. 211. traordinary: 'He had one coate which he caused to be 9 Foolishly. made for him of gold and stone, valued at 3000 marks.' 10. The duke, with a sharpe high voyce bade bring forth -Holínshed.

the king's horses; and then two little nagges, not worth 4. “Some way of common trade' is some way of fre forty franks, were brought forth : the king was set on quent resort, a common course ; as, at present, 'a road one, and the earle of Salisburie on the other; and thus of much traffic,' i. e. frequent resort.

the duke brought the king from Flint to Chester, where 5 A bow.

he was delivered to the duke of Gloucester's sonne (that 6 It should be remembered that the affirmative parti. loved him but liule, for he had put their father to death,) cle ay was formerly wriuen and sounded I, which who led him straight to the casile.–Stowe (p. 521. edit. rhy med well with die.

1605,) from a manuscript account written by a person 7 Lower

who was present. 9 That is the loiner court of the castle ; basse cour, 11 The bias was a weight inserted in one side of a Fr. Thus in Cavendish's Life of Wolsey :-My lord (bowl, which gave it a particular inclination in bowling

Queen. My legs can keep no measure in delight, 1 Serv. What, think you then, the king shall be When my poor heart no measure keeps in grief';

depos’d? Therefore, no dancing, girl; some other sport. Gard. Depress'd he is already; and deposid, I Lady. Madam, we'll tell tales.

'Tis doubt, he will be: Letters came last night Queen.

Of sorrow, or of joy ?! To a dear friend of the good duke of York's, i Larly. Of either, madam.

That tell black udings.
Of neither, girl : Queen.

0, I am press'd to death, For if of joy, being altogether wanting,

Through want of speaking !-- Thou, old Avlarn's It doth remember me the more of sorrow;

likeness, (Coming from her concealment. Or if of grief, being altogether had,

Set to dress this garden, how dares It adds more sorrow to my want of joy:

Thy harsh rude tongue sound this unpleasing news? For what I have, I need not to repeat;

What Eve, what serpent hath suggested thee And what I want, it boots? not to complain." To make a second fall of cursed man? Lady. Madam, I'll sing:

Why dost thou say, King Richard is depos'd ? Queen. "Tis well, that thou hast cause ; Dar'st thou, thou little better thing than earth, But thou should'st please me better, would'st thou Divine his downfal? Say, where, when, and how, weep

Cam'st thou by these ill zidings ? speak, thou wretch. 1 Lady. I could weep, madam, would it do you Gard. Pardon me, madam : little joy have I, good,

To breathe this news; yet, what I say is true, Queen. And I could weep,* would weeping do me King Richard, he is in the mighty hold good,

Of Bolingbroke: their fortunes both are weigli’d: And never borrow any tear of thee.

In your lord's scale is nothing but himself, But stay, here come the gardeners :

And some few vanities that make him light; Let's step into the shadow of these trees. But in the balance of great Bolingbroke, Enter a Gardener, and two Servants,

Besides himself, are all the English peers, My wretchedness unto a row of pins,

And with that odds he weighs King Richard down. They'll talk of state ; for every one doth so

Post you to London, and you'll find it so; Against a change: Woe is forerun with woe.5

I speak no more than every one doth know. (Queen and Ladies retire. Doch not thy embassage belong to me,

Queen. Nimble mischance, that art so light of foot, Gard. Go, bind thou up yon' dangling apricocks, And am I last that knows it? O, thou think'st Which, like unruly children, make their sire Stoop with oppression of their prodigal weight:

To serve me last, that I may longest keep Give some supportance to the bending twigs.

Thy sorrow in my breast.–Come, ladies, go, Go thou, and, like an executioner,

To meet at London London's king in woe.Cut off the heads of too fast growing sprays,

What, was I born to this! that my sad look That look too lofty in our commonwealth :

Should grace the triumph of great Bolingbroke ?All must be even in our government.

Gardener, for telling me this news of woe, You thus employ'd, I will go root away

I would, the plants thou graft'st, may never grow. The noisome weeds, that without profit suck

(Exeunt Queen and Ladies. The soil's fertility from wholesome flowers.

Gard. Poor queen! so that thy state might be no 1 Serv. Why should we, in the compass of a pale, I would, my skill were subject to thy curse...

worse, Keep law, and form, and due proportion,

Here did she drop' a tear; here, in this place, Showing, as in a model, our firm estate?

I'll set a bank of rue, sour herb of When our sea-walled garden, the whole land,

grace: Is full of weeds; her fairest flowers chok'd up,

Rue, even for ruth, here shortly shall be seen, Her fruit-trees all unprun'd, her hedges ruin'd,

In the remembrance of a weeping queen. (Ereunt Her knots' disorder'd, and her wholesome herbs Swarming with caterpillars?

ACT IV. Gard.

Hold thy peace :-He that hath suffer'd this disorder'd spring,

SCENE I. London. Westminster Hall.10 The Hath now himself met with the fall of leaf:

Lords spiritual on the right side of the Throne; the The weeds, that his broad-spreading leaves did Lords temporal on the left; the Commons beloro. shelter,

Enter BOLINGBROKE, AUMERLE, SURREY,!' That seem'd in eating him to hold him up,

NORTHUMBERLAND, Percy, FITZWATER, ano. Are pluck'd up, root and all, by Bolingbroke ; ther Lord, Bishop of Carlisle, Abbot of WestI mean, the earl of Wiltshire, Bushy, Green. minster, and. Attendants. Officers behind, with 1 Serv. What, are they dead ?


They are ; and Bolingbroke
Hath seiz’d the wasteful king. -Oh! what pity is it, Now, Bagot, freely speak thy mind;

Boling. Call forth Bagot:-
That he had not so trimm'd and dress'd his land, What thou dost know of noble Gloster's death ;
As we this garden! We at time of year
Do wound the bark, the skin of our fruit trees;

Who wrought it with the king, and who performn'd

The bloody office of his timeless!? end. Lest, being over-proud with sap and blood,

Bagot. Then set before my face the Lord Aumerle. With too much riches it confound itself: Had he done so to great and growing men,

Boling. Cousin, stand forth, and look upon that They might have liv'd to bear, and he to taste Their fruits of duty. All superfluous branches

Bagot. My Lord Aumerle, I know, your daring

tongue We lop away, thai bearing boughs may live: Had he done so, himself had borne the crown, 8. This uncommon phraseology has already occurred Which waste of idle hours hath quite thrown down in the presene play :

He is our cousin, cousin ; but 'tis doubt | All the old copies read of sorrow or of grief.' Pope When time shall call him home,' &c. made the necessary alteration.

9 The quarto of 1597 reads fall. The quarto of 1598 2 Profits.

3 See note on Act i. Sc. 2. and the folio read drop. 4. The old copies read and I could sing.' The emen 10 The rebuilding of Westminster Hall, which Richard dasion is Pope's.

had begun in 1397, being finished in 1399, the first meet. 5 The poet, according to the common doctrine of ing of parliament in the new edifice was for the purpose prognostication, supposes dejection to forerun calamity, of deposing him. and a kingdom to be filled with rumours of sorrow when Il Thomas Holland, earl of Kent, brother to John any great disaster is impending.

Holland, earl of Exeter, was created duke of Surrey in & Knots are figures planted in box, the lines of which 1597. He was half br«cher to the king, by his mother 'requently intersected each other in the old fashion of Joan, who married Edward the Black Prince after the gardening.

death of her second husband Thomas Lord Holland. 7 We is not in the old copy. It was added bv Malone. 12 i. e. untimely.


Scorns to unsay what once it hath deliver’d. That it shall render vengeance and revenge
In that dead time when Gloster's death was plotted, Till thou the lie-giver, and that lie, do lie
I heard you say,_Is not my arm of length,

In earth as quiet as thy father's scull.
That reucheth from the restful English court

In proof whereof, there is my honour's pawn; As far as Calais, to my uncle's head ?

Engage it to the trial, if thou dar'st. Amongst much other talk, that very time,

Fitz. How fondly dost thou spur a forward horse ! I heard you say, that you had rather refuse If I dare cat, or drink, or breathe, or live, The offer of a hundred thousand crowns,

I dare meet Surrey in a wilderness, Than Bolingbroke's return to England;

And spit upon him, whilst I say, he lies, Adding withal, how blest this land would be, And lies, and lies: there is my bond of faith, In this your cousin's death.

To tie thee to my strong correction.Aum.

Princes, and noble lords, As I intend to thrive in this new world, What answer shall I make to this base man? Aumerle is guilty of my true appeal : Shall I so much dishonour my fair stars,'

Besides, I heard the banish'd Norfolk say, On equal terms to give him chastisement ?

That thou, Aumerle, didst send two of thy men Either I must, or have mine honour soild To execute the nobló duke at Calais, With the attainder of his sland'rous lips.

Aum. Some honest Christian trust me with : There is my gage, the manual seal of death, .

That marks thee out for hell; I say, thou liest, That Norfolk lies: here do I throw down this,'
And will maintai.,, what thou hast said, is false, If he may be repeal'd to try his honour.
In thy heart-blood, though being all too base, Boling. These differences shall all rest under gage,
To stain the temper of my knightly sword. Till Norfolk be repeald: repeald he shall be,

Boling. Bagot, forbear, thou shalt not take it up. And, though mine enemy, restor'd again
Aum. Excepting one,

I would he were the best To all his land and signories; when he's return'd, In all this presence, that hath mov'd me so. Against Aumerle we will enforce his trial.

Fitz. If that thy valour stand on sympathies, 2 Car. That honourable day shall ne'er be seen.There is my gage, Aumerle, in gage to thine : Many a time hath banish'd Norfolk fought By that fair sun that shows me where thou stand'st, For Jesu Christ; in glorious Christian field I heard thee say, and vauntingly thou spak'st it, Streaming the ensign of the Christian cross, That thou wert cause of noble Gloster's death. Against black pagans, Turks, and Saracens: If thou deny'st it, twenty times thou liest; And, toil'd with works of war, retir'd himself And I will turn thy falsehood to thy heart, To Italy; and there, at Venice, gave Where it was forgod, with my rapier's point. His body to that pleasant country's earth, Aum. Thou dar'si not, coward, live to see that And his pure soul unto his captain Christ, day.

Under whose colours he had fought so long. Fitz. Now, by my soul, I would it were this hour. Boling. Why, bishop, is Norfolk dead ? Aum. Fitzwater, thou art damn'd to hell for this. Car. As sure as I live, my lord.

Percy. Aumerle, thou liest; his honour is as true, Boling. Sweet peace conduct his sweet soul to In this appeal, as thou art all unjust :

the bosom And, that thou art so, there I throw my, gage, or good old Abraham !-Lords appellants, To prove it on thee to the extremest point

Your differences shall all rest under gage, or mortal breathing ; seize it, if thou dar'st. Till we assign you to your days of trial.

Aum. And if I do not, may my hands rot off, And never brandish more revengeful steel

Enter YORK, attended. Over the glittering helmet of my foe!

York. Great duke of Lancaster, I come to thee Lord. | task the earth to the like, forsworn From plume-pluck'd Richard ; who with willing soul Aumerle ;

Adopts thee heir, and his high sceptre yields And spur thee on with full as many lies

To the possession of thy royal hand: As may be holla'd in thy treacherous ear

Ascend his throne, descending now from him,From sun to sun :: there is my honour's pawn; And long live Henry, of that name the fourth! Engage it to the trial, if thou dar’st.

Boling. In God's name, I'll ascend the regal Aum. Who sets me else? by heaven, I'll throw

throne.' at all:

Car. Marry, God forbid !I have a thousand spirits in one breast,

Worst in this royal presence, may I speak, To answer twenty thousand such as you.

Yet best beseeming me to speak the truth. Surrey. My Lord Fitzwater, I do remember well 'Would God, that any in this noble presenco The very time Aumerle and you did talk.

Were enough noble to be upright judge Fitz. 'Tis very true : you were in presence then; or noble Richard ; then true noblessio would And you can witness with me, this is true. Learn him forbearance from so foul a wrong. Surrey. As false, by heaven, as heaven itself What subject can give sentence on his king? is true.

And who sits here, that is not Richard's subject ? Fitz. Surrey, thou liest.

Thieves are not judg'd, but they are by to hear, Surrey. Dishonourable boy! Although apparent guilt

be seen in them : That lie shall lie so heavy on my sword,

And shall the figure of God's majesty," I The birth is supposed to be influenced by stars ;

6 I. e. in this world, where I have just begun to be an therefore the poet, with his allowed licence, takes stars actor. Surrey has just called him boy. for birth. We learn from Pliny's Nat. Hist. that the 7 Holinshed says that on this occasion he threw down vulgar error assigned the brightest and fairest stars to a hood that he had borrowed. the rich and great : Sidera singulis auributa nobis, et 8 This is not historically true. The duke of Norfolk'o clara divitibus, minora pauperibus,' &c. lib. i. c. viii. death did not take place till after Richard's murder.

2 This is a translated sense much harsher than that of 9 Hume gives the words that Henry actually spoke stars, explained in the preceding note. Fitzwater throws on this occasion, which he copied from Knyghton, and down his gage as a pledge of baule, and tells Aumerle accompanies them by a very ingenious commentary, that if he stands upon sympathies, that is upon equality Hist. of Eng. 410 ed. vol. ix. p. 50. of blood, the combat is now offered him by a manofrank 10 i. e. nobleness; a word now obsoleto, but common not inferior to his own. Sympathy is an affection inci- in Shakspeare's time. dent at once to iwo subjects. This community of affec 11 This speech, which contains in the most expres tion implies a likeness or equality of nature ; and hence sive terms the doctrine of passive obedience, is founded the poei transferred the term to equality of blood. upon Holinshed's account. The sentiments would not 8 l. e. from sunrise to sunset.

in the reign of Elizabeth or James have been regarded 4 'A thousand hearts are great within my bosom.' as novel or unconstitutional. It is observable that

King Richard III. usurpers are as ready to avail themselves of divine 5 I dare meet him where no help can be had by me righi as lawful sovereigns; to dwell upon the sacred. against him

ness of their persons, and the sanctity of their charac.


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His captain, steward, deputy elect,

That owes® two buckets filling one another ; Anointed, crowned, planted many years,

The emptier ever dancing in the air, Be judgd by subjeci and inferior breath, The other down, unseen, and full of water : And he himself not present ? O, forbid' it, God, That bucket down, and full of tears am I, That, in a Christian climate, souls refin'd Drinking my griefs, whilst you mount up on high. Should show so heinous, black, obscene a deed ! Boling. I thought, you had been willing to resign. I speak to subjects, and a subject speaks,

K. Rich. My crown, I am; but still my griefs Stirr'd up by heaven, thus boldly for his king. My lord of Hereford here, whom you call king, You may my glories and my state depose, Is a foul traitor to proud Hereford's king : But not my_griefs; still am I king of those. And if you crown him, let me prophecy,

Boling. Part of your cares you give me with your The blood of English shall manure the ground, And future ages groan for this foul act;

K. Rich. Your cares set up, do not pluck my Peace shall go sleep with Turks and infidels,

cares down. And, in this seat of peace, tumultuous wars My care is--loss of care, by old care done;' Shalí kin with kin, and kind with kind confound : Your care is-gain of care, by new care won : Disorder, horror, fear, and mutiny

The cares I give, I have, though given away; Shall here inhabit, and this land be call'd

They tend to the crown, yet still with me they stay, The field of Golgotha, and dead men's sculls. Boling. Are you contented to resign the crown? O, if you rear this house against this house, K. Rich. Ay, no ;-10, ay ;--for I must nothIt will the wofullest division prove,

ing be ; That ever fell upon this cursed earth:

Therefore no no, for I resign to thee. Prevent, resist it, let it not be so,

Now mark me how I will undo myself: Lest child's child's childrencry against you-woe! I give this heavy weight from off“ my head, North. Well have you argu'd, sir; and, for your And this unwieldy sceptre from my hand, pains,

The pride of kingly sway from out my heart Of capital treason we arrest you here :

With mine own tears I wash away my balm, My lord of Westminster, be it your charge

With mine own hands give away my crown, To keep him safely till his day of trial.-

With mine own tongue deny my sacred state, May't please you, lords, to grant the commons' With mine own breath release all duteous oaths :' suit.

All pomp and majesty I do forswear ; Boling. Fetch hither Richard, that in common My manors, rents, revenues, I forego ; view

My acts, decrees, and statutes, I deny : He may surrender; so we shall proceed

God pardon all oaths, that are broke to me! Without suspicion.

God keep all vows unbroke, are made to thee! York.

I will be his conduct.” (Erit. Make me, that nothing have, with nothing griev'd ; Solo Boling. Lords, you that are here under our ar- And thou with all pleas'd, that hast all achiev'd! rest,

Long mayst thou live in Richard's seat to sit, Procure your sureties for your days of answer : And soon lie Richard in an earthly pit! Little are we beholden to your love, [To Car. God save King Henry, unking'd Richard says, And little look'd for at your helping hands. And send him many years of sunshine days!

What more remains ? Re-enter York, with King RICHARD, and Officers


No more, but that you read bearing the Crown, foc.

.( Offering a Paper. K. Rich. Alack, why am I sent for to a king, These accusations, and these grievous crimes, Before I have shook of the regal thoughts Committed by your person, and your followers, Wherewith I reign'd? I hardly yet have learn'd Against the state and profit of this land; To insinuate, Alaiter, bow, and bend my knee:- That, by confessing them, the souls of men Give sorrow leave a while to tutor me

May deem that you are worthily depos’d. To this submission. Yet I well remember

Ř. Rich. Must I do so? and must I ravel out The favours of these men: Wcro they not mine? My weav'd up follies ? Gentle Northumberland, Did they not sometime cry, all hail! to me? If thy offences were upon record, So Judas did to Christ : but he, in twelve,

Would it not shame thee in so fair a troop, Found truth in all but one; I, in twelve thousand, To read a lecture of them? If thou would'st,'* none.

There should'st thou find one heinous article, God save the king !-Will no man say, amen? Containing the deposing of a king, Am I both priest and clerk ? well then, amen. And cracking the strong warrant of an oath, God save the king! although I be not he: Mark'd with a blot, damn'd in the book of heaven :And yet, amen, if heaven do think him me. Nay, all of you, that stand and look upon me, To do what service am I sent for hither?

Whilst that my wretchedness doth bait myself, York. To do that office, of thine own good will, Though some of you, with Pilate, wash your hands, Which tired majesty did make thee offer,

Showing an outward pity; yet you Pilates The resignation of ihy state and crown

Have here deliver'd me to my sour cross, To Henry Bolingbroke.

And water cannot wash away your sin. K. Rich. Give me the crown ;-Here, cousin, North. My lord, despatch; read o'er these artiscize the crown;

cles. On this side, my hand; and on that side, yours. K. Rich. Mine eyes are full of tears, I cannot Now is this golden crown like a deep well,

And yet salt water blinds them not so much, ter. Even that. cut-purse of the empire,' Claudius, in Hamlet, affects to believe that

5 i. e. conductor. such divinity doth hedge a king'

6 The quarto reads limhe. 1 The quarto reads forfend.

7 Countenances, features. 8 Owne. 2 The quarto reads raise.

9 Shakspeare often obscures his meaning by playing 3 i. e. grandchildren. Pope altered it to children's with sounds. Richard seems to say here that his cares children, and was followed by others. The old copies are not made less by the increase of Bolingbroke's read, Lest child, childs children.'

cares ;'-—' his grief is, that his regal cares are at an end, 4 What follows, almost to the end of the act, is not by the cessation of care to which he had been accus found in the first two quartos. The addition was made tomed.' in the quarto of 1608. In the quarto, 1597, after the 10 Attend.

11 Oil of consecration. words his day of trial,' the scene thus closes :

12 The first quarto reads duty's rites. Bol. Let it be só : and lo! on Wednesday next 13 Thus the folio. The quarto reads that suear. We solemnly proclaim our coronation.

14 That is, if thou wouldist read over a list of the own Lools, be ready all.



you all,


But they can see a sort of traitors here.

And then be gone, and trouble you no more. Nay, if I turn mine eyes upon myself,

Shall I obtain it ? I find myself a trailor with the rest:

Doling. Name it, fair cousin. For I have given here my soul's consent,

K. Rich. Fair cousin! I am greater than a king : To undeck ihe pompous body of a king;

For, when I was a king, my flatterers Make glory base; and sovereignty, a slave; Were then but subjects : being now a subject, Proud majesty, a subject; state, a peasant. I have a king here to my flatterer. North. My lord,

Being so great, I have no need to beg.
K. Rich. No lord of thine, thou haught,a insult Boling. Yet ask.
ing man;

K. Rich. And shall I have ?
Nor no man's lord; I have no name, no title, Boling. You shall.
No, not that name was given me at the font, K. Rich. Then give me leave to go.
Bui'uis usurp'd :-Alack the heavy day,

Boling. Whither?
That I have woru so many winters out,

K. Rich. Whither you will, so I were from your And know not now what name to call myself!

sights. 0, that I were a mockery king of snow,

Boling. Go, some of you, convey him to the Standing before the sun of Boliogbruke,

Tower. To melt myself away in water-drops!

K. Rich. O, good! Convey ?-Conveyers' are Good king,-great 'king,-(and yet not greatly good,).

That rise thus nimbly by a true king's fall." An if my word be sterling yet in England,

(Eseunt K. Rich. some Lords, and a Guard. Let it command a mirror hither straight;

Boing. On Wednesday next we solemnly set That it may show me what a face I have,

down Since it is bankrupt of his majesty:

Our coronation : lords, prepare yourselves. Boling. Go some of you, and fetch a looking (Exeunt all but the Abbot, Bishop of Carlisle, glass. [Erit an Attendani.

and AUMERLE. North. Read o'er this paper, while the glass doth Abbot. A woful pageant have we here beheld.

Car. The woe's to come : the children yet unK. Rich. Fiend! thou torment'st me ere I come

born to hell.

Shall feel this day as sharp to them as thorn. Boling. Urge it no more, my Lord Northumber Aum. You holy clergymen, is there no plot lard.

To rid the realm of this pernicious blot? North. The commons will not then be satisfied. Abbot. Before I freely speak my mind herein, K. Rich. They shall be satisfied: I'll read enough, You shall not only take the sacrament When I do see the very book indeed

To bury mine intents, but also to effect Where all my sins are writ, and that's—myself. Whatever I shall happen to devise :Re-enter Attendant, with a Glass.

I see your brows are full of discontent,

Your hearts of sorrow, and your eyes of lears; Give me that glass, and therein will I read.

Come home with me to supper; I will lay, No deeper wrinkles yet ? Hath sorrow struck

A plot, shall show us all a merry day. (Eseunt. So many blows upon this face of mine, And made no deeper wounds ?—0, flattering glass,

ACT V. Like to my followers in prosperity,

SCENE I. London. A Street leading to the Tower. Thou dosť beguile mne! Was this face the face, That every day under his household roof

Enter Queen, and Ladies. Did keep ien thousand men ?: Was this the face, Queen. This way the king will come; this is the That, like the sun, did make beholders wink :5

way Was this the face, that fac'd so many follies,

To Julius Caesar's ill-erected tower, And was at last out-fac'd by Bolingbroke?

To whose flint bosom my condemned lord A brittle glory shineth in this face :

Is doom'd a prisoner, by proud Bolingbroke:
As brittle as the glory is the face;

Here let us rest, if this rebellious earth
(Dashes the Glass against the ground. Have any resting for her true king's queen.
For there it is, crack'd in a hundred shivers.--
Mark, silent king, the moral of this sport,-

Enter King RICHARD, and Guards.
How soon my sorrow hath destroy'd my face.

But soft, but see, or rather do not see, Boling. The shadow of your sorrow hath de- My fair rose wither: Yet look up; behold; stroy'd

That you in pity may dissolve to dew, The shadow of

And wash bin fresh again with true-love tears.-K. Rich. Say that again.

Ah, thou, the model where old Troy did stand; The shadow of my sorrow ? Ha! let's sce: Thou map?" of honour; thou King Richard's tomb, "Tis very true, my grief lies all within ;*

And not King Richard; thou most beauteous inn, And these external manners of lament

Why should hard-favour'd grief be lodg'd in thee, Are merely shadowy to the unseen grief,

When triumph is become an ale-house guest ? That swells with silence in the tortur'd soul;

K. Rich. Join not with grief, fair woman, do There lies the substance : and I thank thee, king, For thy great bounty, that not only giv’st

To make my end too sudden: learn, good soul Me cause to wail, but teachest me the way

To think our former state a happy dream; How to lament the cause. I'll beg one boon,

From which awak'd, the truth of what we are

Shows us but this; I am sworn brother," sweet, 1 A sort is a set or company. 2 i. e. haughty.

8 This is the last of the additional lines first printed 3 His for its. It was common in the poet's time to in the quarto of 1603. In the first editions there is no use the personal for the neutral pronoun.

personal appearance of King Richard. 4 To his household came every day to meate ten 9 By ill-erected is probably meant erected for evil purthousand men.'- Chronicle History.

poses. 5 The quarto omits this line and the four preceding 10 Model anciently signified, according to the dictiona. words.

ries, the platform or form of any thing.' And map is 6. But I have that within which passeth show.' used for picture resemblance. In the Rape of Lucrece These but the wrappings and the suits of woe.'— Shakspeare calls sleep the map of death." Hamlel.

il Inn does not probably here mean a house of public 7 To convey was formerly often used in an ill sense. entertainment, but a dwelling or lodging generally. In Pistol says of stealing, 'convey the wise it call ;' and which sense the word was aliciently used. * to convey is the word for slight of hand or juggling. 12 Sworn brother alludes to the fratres jurati, who Richard means that it is a term of contempi, jugglers in the age of adventure, hound themselves by mulut are you all."

oaths to share fortunes together.

your face.

not so,

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