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with me;

Enter FALSTAFF.

Fal. I would all the world might be cozened ; Fal. There was, mino hosi, an old fat woman for I have been cozen'd and beaten 100. If it should even now with me; but she's gone.

come to the ear of the court, how I have been transSim. Pray you, sir, was't not the wise, woman formed, and how my transformation hath been of Brentford?

washed and cudgeled, they would melt me out of Fal. Ay, marry, was it, muscle-shell ;' What my fat, drop by drop, and liquor fishermen's bours would you with her ?

I warrant they would whip me with their Sim. My master, sir, my master Slender, sent fine wits, till I were as crest-fallen as a dried pear. to her, seeing her go through the streets, to know, I never prospered since I for vore myself at Pria sir, whether une Nym, sir, that beguiled him of a

mero. Well, if my wind were but long enough to chain, had the chain, or no.

say my prayers, I would repent.-Fal. I spake with the old woman about it.

Enter Mrs. QUICKLY. Sim. And what says she, I pray, sir ?

Now! whence come you ? Fal. Marry, she says, that the very same man Quick. From the two parties, forsooth. that beguiled master Slender of his chain, cozened Fal. The devil take one party, and his dam the him of il.

other, and so they shall be both bestowed! I have Sim. I would I could have spoken with the wo- suffered more for their sakes, more than the villaman herself; I had other things to have spoken nous inconstancy of man's disposition is able to bear. with her too, from him.

Quick. And have not they suffered ? Yes, I warFal. What are they ? let us know,

rant, speciously one of them; mistress Ford, good Host. Ay, come ; quick.

heari, is beaien black and blue, that you cannot see Sim. I may not conceal them, sir.

a white spot about her. Fal. Conceal them, or thou diest.

Fal. What tell'st thou me of black and blue! I Sim. Why, sir, they were nothing but about was beaten myself into all the colours of the rainmistress Anne Page; to know if it were my mas bow, and I was like to be apprehended for the witch ter's fortune to have her, or no.

of Brentford ; but that my admirable dexterity of Fal. 'Tis, 'lis his fortune.

wit, my counterfeiting the action of an old woman Sim. What, sir?

deliver'd

me,

the knave constable bad set me i' the Fal. To have her,-or no: Go; say, the woman stocks, i' the common stocks, for a witch. told me so.

Quick. Sir, let ine speak with you in your chamSim. May I be so bold to say so, sir ?

ber; you shall hear how things go; and, I warrant, Fal. Ay, Sir Tike; who more bold ?

to your content. Here is a letter will Sim. I thank your worship : I shall make my Good hearts, what ado here is to bring you 10

say somewhat, master glad with these tidings. (Exit SIMPLE. gether! Sure, one of you does not serve heaven

Host. Thou art clerkly, thou art clerkly, Sir John : well, that you are so crossed.
Was there a wise woman with thee?

Fal. Come up into my chamber. (Eseunt Fal. Ay, that there was, mine host; one that

SCENE VI hath taught me more wit than ever I learned before

Another Roon, in the Garter Inn.

Enter FENTON and Host. in

my life: and I paid nothing for it neither, but was paid for my learning

Hosl. Master Fenton, talk not to ine; my mind

is heavy, I will give over all. Enter BARDOLPH.

Fent. 'Yet hear me speak : Assist me in my purBurd. Out, alas, sir! cozenage! mere cozenage ! pose,

Host. Where be my horses ? speak well of thein, And, as I am a gentleman, I'll give thee varletto.

A hundred pound in gold, more than your loss. Bard. Run away with the cozeners: for so soon Hosl. I will hear you, master Fenton; and I as I came beyond Eton, they threw me off, from will, at the least, keep your counsel. behind one of them, in a slough of mire ; and set Fent. From time to time I have acquainted you spurs,

like three German devils, three With the dear love I bear to fair Anne Page; Doctor Faustuses.

Who, mutually, hath answer'd my affection Host. They are gone but to meet the duke, vil- (So far forth as herself might be her chooser,) lain: do not say, they be fled; Germans are honest Even to my wish: I have a letter from her

Of such contents as you will wonder at;
Enter Sir Hugh Evans.

The mirth whereuf so larded with my matter,

That neither, singly, can be manifested,
Eva. Where is mine host ?
Host. What is the matter, sir ?

Without the show of both ;-wherein fat Falstaff Eva. Have a care of your entertainments: there Hath a great scene : the image of the jest is a friend of mine come to town, tells me, there is r'u show you here at large. Hark, good mine host :

(Showing the letter. three cousin germans, that has cozened all the hosts To-night at Herne's oak, just 'twixt twelve and one, of Readings, of Maidenhead, of Colebrook, of horses Must my sweet Nan present the fairy queen; and money. I tell you for good-will, look you: you The purpose why, is here ;' in which disguise, are wise, and full of gibes and vlouting-stogs; and while other justs are something rank on foot, it is not convenient you should be cozened: Fare Her father hath commanded her to slip

[Exit. Away with Slender, and with him at Éton Enter Doctor Caius.

Immediately to marry: she hath consented: Caius. Vere is mine Host de Jarterre.

Now, sir, Host, Here, master doctor, in perplexity, and Her mother, evon strong against that match, doubtful dilemma.

And firm for doctor Caius, hath appointed Caius. I cannot tell vat is dat: but it is tell-a me, That he shall likewise shuffle her away, dat you make grand preparations for a duke de Jar- While other sports are tasking of their minds, many : by my trot, dere is no duke, dat the court is And at the deanery, where a priest attends, know to come; I tell you for good vill : adieu. Straight marry her: to this her mother's plot

(Erit. She, seemingly obedient, likewise bath Host. Hue and cry, villain, go :-assist me, Made promise to the doctor ;-Now, thus it reste : knight; I am undone : -Ay, run, hue and cry, villain! Her faiher means she shall be all in white; I am undone! (Exeunt Host and BARDOLPA. And in that habit, when Slender sees his time

i He calls, poor Simple muscle-shell, because he guage : Seven of the eleven I paid,' says Falstaff, in stands with his mouth open.

Henry IV. Part 1. 2 i, e. Scholar-like.

4 Primero was the fashionable game at carda in 3. To pay, in Shakspeare's time, signified to beat ; in Shakspeare's time. which sense it is still not uncommon in familiar lan. 5 In the letter

and away,

men.

you well.

To take her by the hand, and bid her go,

Shal. That's good too: But what needs either She shall go with him :-her mother hath intended, your mum, or her builget; the white will decipher The beiter to denote her to the doctor

her well enough. It halh struck ten o'clock. (For they must all be mask'd and vizarded,) Page. The night is dark; light and spirits will That, quaint' in green she shall be loose enrob'd, become it well. Heaven prosper our sport! No With ribands pendant, flaring 'bout her head; man means evil but the devil,' and we shall know And when the doctor spies his vantage ripe, him by his horns. Let's away; follow me. (Exeunt. To pinch her by the hand, and, on that token,

SCENE JII. The Street in Windsor. Enter Mrs. The maid hath give consent to go with him.

Page, Mrs. FORD, and Dr. Caius.. Host. Which means she to deceive ? father or mother?

Mirs. Page. Master doctor, my daughter is in Fent. Both, my good host, to go along with me : green; when you see your time, take her by the And here it rests,—that you'll procure the vicar hand, away with her to the deanery, and despatch To stay for me at church, 'twixi twelve and one, it quickly: Go before into the park ; we two must And, in the lawful name of marrying,

go together. To give our hearts united ceremony.

Caius. I know vat I have to do ; Adieu. Host. Well, husband your device; I'll to the

Mrs. Page. Fare you well, sir. (Exit Caius.) vicar:

My husband will not rejoice so much at the abuso Bring you the maid, you shall not lack a priest.

of Falstaff, as he will chafe at the doctor's marry Feni. So shall I ever more be bound to thee; ing my daughter: but 'tis no matter ; better a litile Besides, I'll make a present recompense. (Exeunt. chiding, than a great deal of heart-break.

Mrs. Ford. Where is Nan now, and her troop of fairies? and the Welsh devil, Hugh?

Mrs. Page. They are all couched in a pit hard ACT V.

by Herne's oak, with obscured lights; which at the

very instant of Falstaff's and our meeting, they will SCENE I. A Room in the Garler Inn. Enter at once display to the night. FALSTAFF and Mrs. QUICKLY.

Mrs. Ford. That cannot choose but amaze him.

Mrs. Page. If he be not amazed, he will be Fal. Pr’ythee, no more prattling ;-go.

I'll hold:2 This is the third time; I hope, good luck mocked; if he be amazed, he will every way be

. lies in odd numbers. Away, go; they say, there is Mrs. Ford. We'll betray him finely. divinity in odd numbers, cither in nativity, chance, or death.-Away.

Mrs. Page. Against such lewdsters, and their Quick. I'll provide you a chain ; and I'll do what those that betray them do no treachery,

lechery, I can to get you a pair of horns.

Mrs. Ford. The hour draws on; To the oak, to Fal. Away, I say; time wears: hold up your the oak ! head and mince.” (Exit Mrs. Quickly.

[Ereuni. Enter FORD.

SCENE IV. Windsor Park. Enter Sir Hugh How now, master Brook? Master Brook, the mat

Evans and Fairies. ter will be known to-night, or never. Be you in

Eva. Trih, trib, fairies; come ; and remember the Park about midnight, at Herne's oak, and you your parts : be pold, I pray you; follow me into shall see wonders.

ihe pii; and when I give the watch-'ords, do as I Ford. Went you not to her yesterday, sır, as you pid you; Come, come; trib, trib. (Ereunt. told me you had appointed ? Fal. I went to her, master Brook, as you see,

SCENE V. Another part of the Park. Enter like a poor old man: but I came from her, master

FALSTAFF disguised, with a buck's head on. Brook, like a poor old woman. That same knave, Fal. The Windsor bell hath struck twelve; the Ford, her husband, hath the finest mad devil of jea- minute draws on: Now, the hot-blooded gods assist lousy in him, master Brook, that ever governed me :-Remember, Jove, thou wast a bull for thy frenzy.. I will tell you.—He beat me grievously, Europa ; love set on thy horns- powerful love! in the shape of a woman; for in the shape of man, that, in some respects, makes a beast a man; in master Brook, I fear not Goliath with a weaver's some other, a man a beast.-You were also, Jupibeam; because I know also, life is a shutile. Iter, a swan, for the love of Leda ;-0, cmnipoam in haste; go along with me; I'll tell you all, rent love ! how near the god drew to the complexe master Brook. Since I plucked geese," played ion of a goose ?-A fault done first in the form of a truant, and whipped top, I knew not what it was to beast ;-0 Jove, a beastly fault! and then another be beaten, till lately. Follow me: I'll tell you strange fault in the semblance of a fowl; think on't, Jove; things of this knave Ford : on whom to-night I will a foul fault.-Wheu gods have hot backs, whai be revenged, and I will deliver his wife into your shall poor men do? For me, I am here a Windsor hand.-Follow: Strange things in hand, master stag; and the fattest, I think, i' the forest : send Brook! follow.

(Ereunt. me a cool rut-time, Jove, or who can blame me lo piss my tallow?

Who comes here ? my doe ? SCENE II. Windsor Park. Enter PAGE, Shallow, and SLENDER.

Enter Mrs. FORD and Mrs. Page.

Mrs. Ford. Sir John ? art thou there, my deer? Page. Come, come ; we'll couch i'the castle-ditch, till we see the light of our fairius.-Remember, son

mv male deer? Slender, my daughter.

Fal. My doe with the black scut?-Let the sky Slen. 'Ay, forsooth ; I have spoke with her, and Sleeves; hail kissing-comfits, and snow eringoes;

rain potatoes ; let it thunder to the tune of Green we have a nay-word 'how to know one another. I let there come a tempest of provocation, will come to her in white, and cry, mum; she cries, shelter me here. budget; and by that we know one another.

[Embracing her. 1 Quant, here, may mean neutly, or elegantly,

7 Page indirectly alludes to Falstaff, who was to have which were ancient acceptations of the word, and not horns on his head. Jantastically: but either sense will suit.

8 This is technical. “During the time of their rut the 2 keep to the time.

harts live with small sustenance. The red mushroomo 3 i. e. ralk: to mince signitied to walk with affected helpcih well to make them pysse their greace they are delicacy.

then in so vehement heal."- Turberville's Book of & An'allusion to the Book of Job, c. vii. v. 6. Hunting, 1515. My days are swifter than a weaver's shulle.'

9 The sweet potato was used in England as a delica. 6 To strip a wild goose of its feathers was formerly cy long before the introduction of the common polalo by an act of puerile barbarity.

Sir Walter Raleigh in 1386. It was imported in con6 Watchword.

siderable uantities from Spain and the Canaries, and

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Mrs. Ford. Mistress Page is come with me, And, Hony soit qui mal y pense, write, sweetheart.

In emerald tutis, Howers purple, blue and white's Ful. Divide me like a bride-buck,' each a haunch: Like sapphire, pearl, and rich embroidery, I will keep my sides to myself, my shoulders for the Buckled below fair knighthood's bending knee ; fellow? or this walk, and my horns I bequeath your Fairies use flowers for their charactery: husbands. m I a woodman ?3 ha! Speak I like Away; disperse: But, 'till 'tis one o'clock, Here the hunter ?-Why, now is Cupid a child of Our dance of custom, round about the oak conscience ; he makes restitution. As I am a true Of Herne the hunter, let us not forget. spirit, welcome!

(Noise within.

Eva. Pray you, lock hand in hand ; yourselves Mrs. Page. Alas! What noise ?

in order set: Mrs. Furd. Heaven forgive our sins !

And twenty glow-worms shall our lanterns bo, Fal. What should this be ?

To guide our measure round about the tree.
Mrs. Ford.
Mrs. Page.
Away, away.

But, stay; I smell a man of middle earth.'
[They run eff.

Fal. Heaven defend me from that Welsh fairy ! Fal. I think, the devil will not have me damned, lest he transform me to a piece of cheese ! lest the oil that is in me should set hell on fire; he Pist. Vile worm, thou wast o'erlook'd' even in would never else cross me thus.

thy birth. Enter Sir Hugh Evans, like a satyr; MRS.

Quick. With trial fire touch me his finger-end : QUICKLY, and PISTOL ; ANNE PAGE, as the If he be chaste, the flame will back descend, Fairy Queen, attended by her brother and others, And turn him to no pain; but if he start, dressed like fairies, with waren tapers on their heads! It is the flesh of a corrupted heart. Quick. Fairies, black, grey, green, and white,

Pist. A trial, come. You moon-shine revellers, and shades of night,

Eva. Come, will this wood take fire ? You orphan-heirs of fixed destiny,

[They burn him with their fapers. Attend your office, and your quality."

Fal. Oh, oh, oh! Crier Hobgoblin, make the fairy o-yes.

Quick. Corrupt, corrupt, and tainted in desire ! Pist. Elves, list your names; silence, you airy toys. And, as you

trip, still pinch him to your time.

About him fairies ; sing a scornful rhyme :
Crickel, to Windsor chimneys shalt thou leap :
Where fires thou find'st unrak’d, and hearths un-

Eva. It is right; indeed he is full of lecheries swept,

and iniquity. There pinch the maids as blue as bilberry : Our radiant queen hates sluts, and sluttery.

SONG. Fal. They are fairies; he, that speaks to them,

Fye on sinful fantasy! shall dic:

Fye on lust and luxury! I'll wink and couch : No man their works must eye.

Lus is but a bloody fire, (Lies down upon his face.

Kindled with unchaste desire. Eva. Where's Pede ?--Go you, and where you

Fed in heart; whose flames aspire, find a maid,

As thoughts do blou them, higher and higher. That, ere she sleep, has thrice her prayers said,

Pinch him, fairies, niulually ; Raise up the organs of her fantasy,

Pinch him for his villany; Sleep, she as sound as careless infancy;

Pinch him, and burn him, and turn him about, But those as sleep, and think not on their sins, Till candles, and star-light, and moonshine be out. Pinch them, arms, legs, backs, shoulders, sides, During this song, the fuiries pinch Falstaff. Doctor

and shins. Quick. About, about ;

Caius comes one way, and stcals away a fairy

in Search Windsor castle, elves, within and out :

Slender another green ;

way, and takes of a Strew good luck, ouphes, on every sacred room ;

fairy in white; and Fenton comes, and steals away That it may stand till the perpetual doom,

Mrs. Anne Page. A noise of hunting is made

within. All the fairies run away. Falstaff pulls In state as wholesome, as in state 'tis fit; Worthy the owner, and the owner it.

off his buck's head, and riser. The several chairs of order look you scour Enter PAGE, FORD, Mrs. PACE, and Mrs. FORD. With juice of balm, and every precious flower :'

They lay hold on him.
Each fair instalment, coat, and several crest,
With loyal blazon, evermore be blest !

Page. Nay, do not fly: I think, we have watch'd And nightly, meadow-fairies, look, you sing,

you now; Like to the Garter's compass, in a ring:

Will noné but Herne the hunter serve your turn ? The expressure that it bears, green let it be,

Mra. Page. I pray you, come; hold up the jest More fertile-fresh than all the field to sce;

no higher :Now, good Sir

John, how like you Windsor wives ? was supposed to possess the power of restoring decayed See you these, husband ? do not these fair yokesti vigour. The kissing.comfils were principally made of Become the forest better than the town? these and eringo rools, and were perfumed to make the brenth sweet. Gerarde attributes the same virtues to Pliny informs us that the Romans did so to drive away the common polato which he distinguishes as the Vir. evil spirits. ginian sort.

8" Charactery, is a writing by characters, or by 1 i. e. like a buck sent as a bribe.

strange marks."- Bullokar's English Espositor, 12 2 The keeper. The shoulders of the buck were mo. 1656. among his perquisites.

9 By this term is merely meant a mortal man, in 3 The woodman was an attendant on the forester. It contradistinction to a spirit of the earth or of the air, is here however used in a wanton sense, for one who such as a fairy or gnome. It was in use in the north of chooses female game for the object of his pursuit. Scotland a century since, and appears borrowed from

4 The old copy reads orphan-heirs. Warburton reads the Saxon Middan Eard. ouphen, and not without plausibility; miphes being 10 By o'er-looked is here meant bewitched by an evil mentioned before and afterward. Malone thinks it eye, the word is used in that sense in Glanvillí Saddu. means mortals by birth, but adopted by the fairies : or cismi Triumphalus, p. 95. Steevens erroneously intor. phans in respect of their real parents, and now only de. prets it. Slighted as soon as born. See note on the pendent on destiny hersell.

Merchant of Venice, Act iji. Sc. 2. á Profession.

Beshrew your eyes, 6 i. e. elevate her fancy, and amuse her tranquil mind They have o'er-looked me, with some delightful vision, though she sieep as sound. 11 The extremities of yohes for oxen, as still need in ly as an infant.

geveral counties of England bent upwards, and rising 7 It was an article of ancient luxury to rub tables, &c. very high, in shape resemble horns. In Coigrave' with aromatic herbs. So, in the Baucis and Philemon Dictionary, voce Jonelles, we have Arched or yoked of Ovid, Met. viii.

vines ; vines so under propped or fashioned that one

may go under the middle of them.' See also Hution's -aequatam Mentha abstersere virenti. Latin, Greek, and English Lexicon, 1865, in poce

-mensam

Ford. Now, sir, who's a cuckold now ?-Master

Enter SLENDER. Brook, Falstaff's a knave, a cuckoldy knave; here are his horns, master Brook : And, master Brook,

Slen. Whoo! ho! ho! father Page. he hath enjoyed nothing of Ford's but his buck Puge. Son! how now? how now, son ? havo basket, his cudgel, and twenty pounds of money, you despatched ? which must be paid to inaster Brook; his horses Slen. Despatched !-I'll make the best in Glouare arrested for it, master Brook.

cestershire know on't; would I were banged, they Mrs. Ford. Sir John, we have had ill luck, we else. could never meet. I will never take you for my

Page. Of what, son ? love again, but I will always count you my deer.

Slen. I came yonder at Eton to marry mistress Fal. I do begin to perceive that I am made an ass. Anne Page, and she's a great lubberly boy. If it

Ford, Ay, and an ox too; both the proofs are had not been i'the church, I would have swinged extant.

him, or he should have swinged me. If I did not Fal. And these are not fairies ? I was three or think it had been Anne Page, would I might never four times in the thought, they were not farries : stir, and 'uis a post-master's boy. and yet the guiltiness of my mind, the sudden sur Page. Upon my life then you took the wrong. prise of my powers, drove the grossness of the fop Slen. What need you tell me that? I think so, pery into a received belief, in despite of the teeth when I took a boy for a girl: If I had been married of all rhyme and reason, that they were fairies. to him, for all he was in woman's apparel, I would See now, how wit may be made a Jack-a-lent, when not have had him. 'ris upon ill employment !

Page. Why this is your own folly. Did not I Eva. Sir John Falstafi, serve Got, and leave your tell you, how you should know my daughter by her desires, and fairies will not pinse you.

garments ? Ford. Well said, fairy lugh.

Slen. I went to her in white, and cry'd mum, and Eva. And leave you your jealousies too, I pray and yet it was dot Anne, but a post-master's boy.

she cry'd budget, as Anne and I had appointed; you. Ford. I will never mistrust my wife again, till

Eva. Jeshu! Master Slender, cannot you see thou art able to woo her in good English.

but marry boys ? Fal. Have I laid my brain in the sun, and dried

Page. O, I am vexed at heart: What shall I do? it, that it wants matter to prevent so gross o'er

Mrs. Page. Good George, be not angry: I knew reaching as this ? Am I ridden with a Welsh goat of your purpose; turned my daughter into green; too ? Shall I have a coxcomb of frize ?! 'tis time I and, indeed, she is now with the doctor at the deanwere choked with a piece of toasted cheese. ery, and there married.

Eva. Seese is not good to give putter; your pelly is all putter.

Enter CAIUs. Fal. Seese and putter! Have I lived to stand at the taunt of one that makes fritters of English? cozened: I ha' married un garcon, a boy; un pai

Caius. Vere is mistress Page? By gar, I am This is enough to be the decay of lust and late walk- san, by gar, a boy; it is not Anne Page : by gar, ing through the realın.

I am cozened. Mrs. Page. Why, Sir John, do you think, though

Mrs. Page. Why, did you take her in green? we would have thrust virtue out of our hearts by the head and shoulders, and have given ourselves raise all Windsor.

Caius. Ay, be gar, and 'tis a boy; be gar, I'N

(Exit CATUS. without scruple to hell, that ever the devil could have made you our delight?

Ford. This is strange! Who hath got the right

Anne?
Ford. What, a hodge-pudding? a bag of flax ?
Mrs. Page. A puffed man?

Page. My heart misgives me : Here comes mase

ter Fenton.
Page. Old, cold, withered, and of intolerable en-
trails?

Enter Fenton and Anne PAGE.
Ford. And one that is as slanderous as Satan?
Page. And as poor as Job?

How now, master Fenton ?
Ford. And as wicked as his wife ?

Anne. Pardon, good father ! good my mother, Eva. And given to fornifications and to taverns, pardon! and sack and wine, and metheglins, and to drink

Page. Now, mistress ? how chance you went not ings, and swearings and starings, pribbles and prab- with master Slender ? bles ?

Mrs. Page. Why went you not with master doc Fal. Well, I am your theme; you have the start tor, maid ? of me; I am dejected; I am not able to answer the

Fent. You do amazes her: Hear the truth of it. Welsh flannel ;* ignorance itself is a plummet o'er You would have married her most shamefully, me: use me as you will.

Where there was no proportion held in love. Ford, Marry, sir, we'll bring you to Windsor, to The truth is, she and I, long since contracted, one master Brook, that you have cozened of money, Are now so sure that nothing can dissolve us. lo whom you should have been a pander: over and The offence is holy that she hath committed: above that you have suffered, I think, to repay that And this deceit loses the name of craft, money will be a biting affliction.

or disobedience, or undutious title; Mrs. Ford Nay, husband, let that go to make Since therein she doth evitate and shun amends;

A thousand irreligious cursed hours, Forgive that sum, and so we'll all be friends. Which forced marriage would have brought upon Ford. Well, here's my hand; all's forgiven at last.

her. Page. Yet be cheerful, knight: thou shalt cat a

Ford. Stand not amaz'd: here is no remedy: posset to-night at my house; where I will desire In love, the heavens themselves do guide the state ; thee to laugh at my wife, that now laughs at thee:* Money buys lands, and wives are sold by fate. Tell her, master Slender hath married her daughter.

Fal. I am glad, though you have ta'en a special Mrs. Page. Doctors doubt that: If Anne Page stand to strike at me, that your arrow hath glanced, be my daughter, she is, by this, doctor Caius' wife. Page. Well, what remedy ? Fenton, heaven give

(Aside.

thee joy!

What cannot be eschew'd, must be embrac'd. gum ; 'a thing made with forkes, like a gallowes, a Erame whercon vines are joyned.'

3 Ignorance itself weighs me down, and oppresses me 11. e. a fool's cap made out of Welsh materials. 4 Dr. Johnson remarks, that the two plots are excel Wales was famous for this cloth.

lently connected, and the transition very artfully made - 2 The very word flannel is derived from a Welsh one, in this speech. and it is almost unnecessary to add that it was original. 5 Confound her by your questions. by the manufacture of Walos.

0 Avoid

Fal. When night-dogs run, all sorts of deer are culous characters can confer praise only on him who chas'd.

originally discovered it, for it requires not much of either Eva. I will dance and eat plums at your wed-wit or judgment; its success inust be derived almost ding.

wholly from the player, but its power in a skilful moub

even he that dispises it is unable to resist. Mrs. Page. Well, I will muse no further :-mas The conduct of this drama is deficient; the action beter Fenton,

gins and ends often, before the conclusion, and the dirHeaven give you many, many merry days ! ferent parts might change places without inconvenience; Good husband, let us every one go home,

but its general power, that power by which all works And laugh this sport o'er by a country fire;

of genius shall finally be tried, is such, that perhaps it Sir John and all.

never yet had reader or spectator who did not think it

too soon at the end. Ford. Let it be so :-Sir John,

JOHNSON.) To master Brook you yet shall hold your word; For he to-night shall lie with mistress Ford.

[Exeunt. THE PASTORAL BY CH. MARLOWE.

Referred to Aci iii. Sc. I, of the foregoing Play for this play there is a tradition preserved by Mr. Come, live with me, and be my love, Rowe, that it was written at the command of Queen And we will all the pleasures prove, Elizabeth, who was so delighted with the character of That hills and valleya, dales and field, Falstaff, that she wished it to be diffused through more And all the craggy mountains yield. plays; but suspecting that it might pall by continued There will we sit upon the rocks, uniformity, directed the poet to diversily his manner, by And see the shepherds feed their flocks, showing him in love. No task is harder than that of

By shallow rivers, by whose falls writing to the ideas of another. Shakspeare knew what Melodious birds sing madrigals: the queen, if the story be true, seemna not to have knowil,

There will I make thee bed, of roses that by any real passion of tenderness, the selfish craft, With a thousand fragrant posies, the careless jollity, and the lazy luxury of Falstaff must A cap of flowers and a kirtle have suffered so much abatement, that little of his for. Embroider'd all with leaves of myrtle ; mer cast would have remained. Falstaff could not A gown made of the finest wool, love, but by ceasing to be Falstaff. He could only Which from the pretty lambs we pull; counterfeit love, and his professions could be prompted, Fair lined slippers for the cold, not by the hope of pleasure, but of money. Thus the With buckles of the purest gold; poet approached as near as he could to ihe work en. A belt of straw, and ivy buds, joined him; yet, having perhaps in the former plays

With coral clasps and amber studs: completed his own idea, seems not to have been able to And if these pleasures may thee inova, give Falstaff all his former power of entertainment.

Come, live with me, and be my love. This coniedy is remarkable for the variety and num. Thy silver dishes for thy meat, ber of the personages, who exhibit more characters, As precious as the gods do eat, appropriated and discriminated, than perhaps can be Shall on thy ivory table be found in any other play.

Prepared each day for thee and me. Whether' Shakspeare was the first that produced

The shepberd swains shall dance and sing upon the English stage the effect of language distorted For thy delight, each May morning : and depraved by provincial or foreign pronunciation, If these delights thy mind may move, I cannot certainly decide. This mode of forming ridi. Then live with me, and be my love.

1 Young and old, does as well as bucks. He alludes of Windsor. The hero of it speaks such another jargon to Fenton's having run down Anne Page.

as the antagonist of Sir Hugh, and like him is cheated 2 In The Three Ladies of London. 1584, is the cha- of his mistress. In several other pieces, more ancient racter of an kalian Merchant very strongly marked by than the earliest of Shakspeare's, provincial characters foreign pronunciation. Dr. Dodypoll, in the comedy are introduced. In the old play of Henry V. French of that name, is, like Caius, a French physician. This soldiers are introduced speaking broken English. piece appeared at least a year before The Merry Wives i

STEEVENS

TWELFTH NIGHT; OR, WHAT YOU WILL.

PRELIMINARY REMARKS. THE plot of this admirable Comedy appears to havel by exposing their absurdity." How are his weaknesses

been taken from the second tale in a collection by nursed and dandled by Sir Toby into something high Barnabe Riche, entitled, “Rich his Farewell to the fantastiral' when, on Sir Andrew's commendation of Militarie Profession,” which was first printed in 1533. himself for dancing and fencing, Sir Toby answers-It is probably borrowed from Les Histoires Tragiques Wherefore are these things lid? Wherefore have de Belleforest, vol. iv. Hist. viime. Belle forest, as usual, these gitis a curtain before them? Are they like to take copied Bandello. In the fifth eglog or Barnaby Gooye, dust like Mistress Mall's picture? Why dost thou noc published with his poems in 1363, an incident some- go to church in a golliard, and come home in a coranto? what similar to that of the duke sending his page to My very walk should be a jig! I would not so much as plead his cause with the lady, and the lady falling in make water in a cinque a pace. What dost thou mean? love with the page, may be found. But Rich'y narra- Is this a world to hide virtues in? I did think by the ex. tion is the more probable source, and resembles the plot cellent constitution of thy leg, it was framed under the inore completely. It is too long for insertion here, but står of a galliard! How Sir Toby, Sir Andrew, and may be found in the late edition of Malone's Shak. the clown chirp over their cups; how they'rouse the speare, by Mr. Boswell.

night-owl in a catch able to draw three souls out of ono The comic scenes appear to have been entirely the weaver !?-What can be better than Sir Toby's unan. creation of the poet, and they are worthy of his tran: swerable answer to Malvolio: Dost thou think, be. scendent genius. ^ It is indeed one of the most delightful cause thou art virtuous, there shall be no more cakes of Shakspeare's comedies. Dr. Johnson thought the and ale??-We have a friendship for Sir Toby; we pa. natural fatuity of Ague-cheek hardly fair game, but the ironize Sir Andrew; we have an understanding with good-nature with which his folly and his pretensions the clown, a sneaking kindness for Maria and her ro. are brought forwa or our amusement, by humouring gueries; we feel a regard for Malvolio, and sympa. • his whims, are almost without a spice or 'satire. It is thize with his gravity, his smiley, his cross.garters, rather an attempt to give pleasure by exhibiting an ex. his yellow stockings, and imprisonment in the stocks nggorated picture of his foibles, than a wish to give pain. But there is something that excites in us a stronger

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