Imágenes de páginas


notions respecting the Bermudas. Mr. Malone confesses | merely the metathesis of Cannibal. Of the Cannibals that the hints furnished by Green are so slight as not to a long account is given by Eden, ubi supra. detract from the merit of Shakspeare, and I have there. “ The Tempest,” says the judicious Schlegel, "has fore not thought it necessary to follow him in his ana little action and progressive movement; the union of lysis. The late Dr. Vincent, the highly respected Dean Ferdinand and Miranda is fixed at their first meeting, of Westminster, printed out a passage in Magellan's and Prospero merely throws apparent obstacles in their Voyage to the South Pole, which is to be found in way; the shipwrecked band go leisurely about the "Eden's History of Travaile," printed in 1577, that island; the attempts of Sebastian and Antonin on the may have furnished the first idea of Calihan, and as it life of the King of Naples, and of Caliban and his is curious in itsell, I shall venture to transcribe it. "De drunken companions against Prospero, are nothing but partyng from bence,” says Eden, “they sayled in the a feint, as we foresee that they will be completely frus. 49 degre and a halfe under the pole antartike; where trated by the magical skill of the latter ; nothing remains oeing wyntered, they were inforced to remayne there therefore but the punishment of the guilty, by dreadful for the space of two monethes, all which tvme they saw sights which harrow up their consciences, the discovery, no man: except that one day by chance they e pyed a and final reconciliation. Yet this want is so admirably man of the stature of a gyant, who came tá the haven concealed by the most varied display of the fascinations duuncing and singing, and shortly after seemed in of poetry and the exhilaration of mirth; the details of cast dust over his head. The captavne sent one of his the execution are so very atractive that it requires no men to the shore with the shippe boate, wno made the small degree of attention to perceive that the denonement lyke signe of peace. The which thyng the giant seeing, is, in some ineasure, already contained in the exposition. was out of feare, and came with the captayne's servant, The history of the love of Ferdinand and Miranda, de. to his presence, into a litle islande. When he sawe the veloped in a few short scenes, is enchantingly beautiful: captayne with certayne of his company about him, he an affecting union of chivalrous magnanimity on the was greatly amazed; and made signes, holding up his one part, and, on the other, of the virgin openness of a hande to hearen, signifying thereby that our men came heart which, brought up far from the world on an unin. from thence. This giant was so byg that the head of habited island, has never learned to disguise its innocent one of our men of a meane stature came bill to his movements. The wisdom of the princely hermit Pros. waste. He was of good corporation and well made in pro has a magical and mysterious air ; the impression all partes of his bodie, with a large visage painted with of the black falsehood of the two usurpers is mitigated divers colours, but for the most parte yelow. Uppon his by the honest gossiping of the old and faithful Gonzalo; cheekes were paynted two hartes, anil rei circles about Trinculo and Stephano, two good-for-nothing drunk his eyes.

The heare of his head was coloured white, ards, find a worthy associate in Caliban; and Ariel and his apparell was the skynne of a beast sowed to hovers sweetly over the whole as the personified genius gether. This beast (as seemed unto us) had a large of the wonderful fable. head, and great eares lyke into a mule, with the herly “Caliban has become a bye-word, as the strange of a cammell and tayle of a horse. The feet of llie creation of a poetical imagination. A mixture of the gyant were folded in the sayde skynne, after the manner unome and the savage, hall demon, half brute; in his of shooes. He had in his hande a brage and shorte behaviour we perceive at once the traces of his native

the sleyng whereof was made of a sinewc of that disposition, and the infiuence of Prosprero's cducation. beaste. He had also a bundle of long arrowes madle of the latter could only unfold his understanding, without, reedes, feathered after the manner of ours, typle with in the slightest degree, taming his rooted malignity: it

narp stones, in the stead of iron heades. T captayne is as if the use of reason and human spe should be caused him to eate and drinke, and gave him many communicated to a stupid ape. Caliban is malicious, thinges, and among other a great looking glasse, in the cowardly, false, and base in his inclinations; and yet he which as soon as he sawe his owne likeness, was so is essentially different from the vulgar kuaves of a cividaynly afrayde, and started backe with suche violence, lized world, as they are occasionally portrayed by that he overthrewe two that stood nearest about lim. Shakspeare. He is rude, but noe vulgar; he never falls When the captayne had thus gyven him certayne haukes into the prosaical and low familiarity of his drunken as. belles, with also a lookyng glasse, a combe, and a sociales, for he is a poetical being in his way; he always payre of beades of glasse, he sent him to lande with speaks too in verse.* He has picked up every thing foure of his owne men well armed. Shortly after, they diesonant and thorny in language, out of which he has sawe another gyant of somewhat greater stature with composed his vocabulary, and of the whole variety of his bowe and arrowes in his hande. As he drew nearer nature, the hateful, repulsive, and petrily deformed have unto our men hee laide his hande on his head, and alone been impressed on his imagination. The magical pointed up towards heaven, and our men did the lykc. world of spirits, which the staff of Prospero has asserThe caplayne sent his shippe boate to bring him to a little bled on the island, casts merely a faint reflection into Islande, beyng in the haven. This giant was very his mind, as a ray of light which falls into a dark cave, tractable and pleasaunt. He soong and counsed, and incapable of communicating to it either heat or illumina. in his daunsing left the print of his feete on the ground. Lion, merely serves to put in motion the poisonous vaAfter other xv. dayes were past, there came roure pours. The whole delineation of this monster is incon. other giauntes without any weapons, but had hid their ceivably consistent and profound, and notwithstanding bowes and arrowes in certaine bushes. The captayne its hatefulness, by no mears hurtful to our feelings, as retayned two of these, which were youngest and best the honour of human nature is left untouched. made. He tooke them by a deceite, in this manner; In the zephyr-like Ariel the image of air is not to be that giving them knyves, sheares, looking.glasses, mistaken, his name even bears an allusion to it ; on the belles, beades of chrystall, and such other trilles, he so other hand, Caliban signifies the heavy element of fylled their handes, that they could holde no more; then earth. Yet they are neither of them allegorical personi. causad two paire of shackels of iron to he putt on their fications, but beings individually determined. In gene. legges, making signes that he would also give them ral we find, in the Midsummer Night's Dream, in the "hose chaynes, which they liked very well because they Tempest, in the magical part of Macbeth, and wherever were made of bright and shining metall. And whereas Shakspeare avails himself of the popular belief in the they could not carry them bycause theyr hands were füll, invisible presence of spirits, and the possibility of coming the other giants would have carryed them, but the in contact with them, a profound view of the inward lilo captayne would not suffer them. When they felt the of Nature and her mysterious springs; which, it is true, shackels fast about theyr legges, they began to doubt; ought never to be altogether unknown to the genuine but the captayne did put them in comfort and bade them poet, as poetry is altogether incompatible with mechani. stand stille. In fine, when they sawe how they were cal physics, but which few have possessed in an equal deceived, they roared lyke bulles, and crved upon theyr degree with Dante and himself.”+ great devill Setebos, to help them. They say that It seems probable that this play was written in 1611. when any of them dye, there appeare x or xi devils at all events between the years 1609 and 1614. It appears leaping and daunsing about the bordje of the dead, and from the MSS. of Vertue that the Tempest was acted, seeme to have theyr bodies paynted with divers colours, by John Heminge and the rest of the King's Company, and that among other there is one seene bigver than the before Prince Charles, the Lady Elizabeth, and the residue, who maketh great mirth with rejoysing. This Prince Palatine Elector, in the beginning of the year 1613 great devyll they call Setebos, and call the lesse Cheleule. One of these giantes which they tooke, declared * Schlegel is not quite correct in asserting that Caliban by signes that he had seen devylles with two hornes “always speaks in terse.". Mr. Steevens, it is true, above theyr heades, with long hare doren to theyr endeavoured to give a metrical form to some of his feele, and that they caste forth fyre at theyr throates speeches, which were evidently intended for prose, and both before and behind. The captayne named these they are therefore in the present edition so printed. people Patagoni. The moste parie of them weare the Shakspeare, throughout his plays, frequently introduces skynnes of such beastes whereof I have spoken before. short prose speeches in the midst of blank verse. They lyve of raw fleshe, and a certaine swee

+ Lectures on Dramatic Literature by Aug. Will. which they call capar.”

Schlegel, translated by John Black, 1815. Vol. ii. D Callban, as was loog since observed by Dr. Farmer, is 178.



PERSONS REPRESENTED." duonso, King of Naples.

MIRANDA, Daughter to Prospero. SEBASTIAN, his Brother.

ARIEL, an airy Spirit. Prospero, the rightful Duke of Milan.

Iris, Antonio, his Brother, the usurping Duke of Milan.

CERES, FERDINAND, Son to the King of Naples,


Gonzalo, un honest old Counsellor of Naples.


CALIBAN, a savage and deformed Slave.

Other Spirits attending on Prospero.
TRINCULO, a Jester.
STEPHANO, a drunken Butler.

SCENE, the Sea, with a Ship; afterwards an Master of a Ship, Boatswain, and Mariners.

uninhabited Island.


Re-enter Boatswain. SCENE I. - On a Ship at Sea. A Storm, with Boats. Down with the top-mast; yare ; lower,

Thunder and Lightning. Enter a Ship-master lower; bring her to try with main course. [4 and a Boatswain,

cry within.] A plague upon this howling! they are Master,

louder than the weather, or our office.BOATSWAIN, Boats. Here, master : what cheer?

Re-enter SebastiaX, Antonio, and Gonzalo. Mast. Good': speak to the mariners: fall to't Yet again! what do you hear? Shall we give o'er, yarely, or we run ourselves aground : bestir, ber and drown ? Have you a mind to sink ? stir.

[Erit. Seb. A pox o? your throat ! you bawling, blas. Enter Mariners,

phemous, uncharitable dog! Boats, Heigh, my hearts; cheerly, cheerly, my

Boats. Work


then. hearts ; yare, yare: Take in the top-sail; Tend Ant. Hang, cur, hang! you whoreson, insolent to the master's whistle.-- Blow till thou burst thy noise-maker, we are less afraid to be drowned than wind, if room enough!

thou art.

Gon. I'll warrant him from drowning; though Enter Alonso, SEBASTIAN, ANTONIO, FERDI- the ship were no stronger than a nut-shell, and is NAND, Gonzalo, and others.

leaky as an unstanched wench. Alon. Good Boatswaiv, have care. Where's Boats. Lay her a-hold, a-hold; set her two the master ? Play the men.

courses;' off" to sea again, say her off. Boats. I pray now, keep below. Ant. Where is the master, boatswain ?

Enter Mariners, wet. Boats. Do you not hear him? You mar our la

Mar. All lost! to prayers, to prayers ! all lost! bour! keep your cabins : you do assist the storm. Gon. Nay, good, be patient.


Boats. What, must our mouths be cold? Boats. When the sea is. Hence! What care Gon. The king and prince at prayers ! let us these roarers for the name of king? To cabin :

assist them, silence ; trouble us not.

For our case is as theirs, Gon. Good; yet remember whom thou hast

Seb. I am out of patience. aboard.

Ant. We are merelys cheated of our lives by Boals. None that I more love than myself. You

drunkards.are a counsellor ; if you can command these ele- This wide-chapped rascal ;-'Would, thou might'st ments to silence, and work the

peace of the

lie drowning, sent, we will not hand a rope more; use your The washing of ten tides ! authority. If you cannot, give thanks yoti


He'll be hanged yet; lived so long, and make yourself ready in your cabin Though every drop of water swear against it, for the mischance of ihe hour, if it so hap. And gape at wid'st to gluto him, Cheerly, good hearts.-Out of our way,

I say.

(A confused noise within.] Mercy on us!-W. (Erit

. split, we split !-Farewell my wife and children ! Gon. I have great comfort from this fellow : Farewell, brother !–We split, we split, we split.methinks, he hath no drowning mark upon him; his

Ant. Let's all sink with the king. Erit. complexion is perfect gallows. Stand fast, good Seb. Let's take leave of him.

Erit. fate, to his hanging! make the rope of his destiny Gon. Now would I give a thousand furlongs of our cable, for our own doth little advantage ! if he be

sea for an acre of barren ground; longło heath, not born to be hanged, our case is miserable. (Exeunt.

6 Mr. Steevens says incontinent, but the meaning is 1 From the Folio Edition of 1623.

evident. In Beaumont and Fletcher's Mad Lover ? That is, readily, nimbly.

Chilas says to the frightened priestess ; 8 That is, act with spirit, behave like men. Thus Baret in his Alvearie : “ To play the man, or to show

Down, you dog, then ; himself a valiant man in any matter.

Se virum præ

Be quiet and be staunch too, no inundations. bere." P. 399.

7 The courses are the main sail and fore sail. “ Viceroys and peers of Turkey play the men.a ship a-hold, is to bring her to lie as near the wind as

Tamberlaine, 1590. she can, in order to keep clear of the land and get her 4 The present instant,

5 In Smith's Sea Grammar, 1627, 410. under the arti. 8 Merely, absolutely, entirely; Mere, Lat, cle How to handle a Ship in a Storme :-“Let us lie as 9 To englul, to swallow him. Trie with our main course ; that is, to hale the tacke 10 Instead of-long heath, brown furzo, &c. Sir Tho aboord, the sheet close aft, the boling set up, and the mas Hanmer reads--ling, heath, broom, furze, &c. and Holm tieu close aboord."

I have no doubt rightly.

To lay

out to sea,

brown furze, any thing : The wills above be done! That my remembrance warrants: Had I not but I would fain die a dry death.

[Exit. Four or five women once, that tended me ? SCENE II. The Island : before the Cell of Pros

Pro. Thou had'st, and more, Miranda : But pero. Enter PROSPERO and MIRANDA.

how is it,

That this lives in thy mind? What seest thou else Mira. If by your art, my dearest father, you have in the dark backward and abysm' of time ? Put the wild waters in this roar, allay them : If thou remember'st aught, ere thou cam'st here, The sky, it seems, would pour down stinking pitch, How cam’st thou here, thou may'st. But that the sea, mounting to the welkin's cheek, Mira.

But that I do not. Dashes the fire out. O, I have suffer'd

Pro. Twelve years since, Miranda, twelve With those that I saw suffer! a brave vessel,

years since, Who had no doubt some noble creature in her,

Thy father was the duke of Milan, and
Dash'd all to pieces. O, the cry did knock A prince of power.
Against my very heart! Poor souls ! they porish'd, Mira.

Sir, are not you my father? Had I been any god of power, I would

Pro. Thy mother was a piece of virtue, and Have sunk the sea within the earth, or e'er?

She said thou wast my daughter; and thy father It should the good ship so have swallowed, and Was duke of Milan; and his only heir The freighting souls within her.

A princess ;-no worse issued.

Be collected :

0, the heavens! No more amazement: tell your piteous heart,

What foul play had we, that we came from thence ? There's no harm done,

Or blessed was't we did ?
O, woe the day!


Both, both, my girl : Pro.

No harm.

By foul play, as thou say'st, where we heav'd thence ; I have done nothing but in care of thee,

But blessedly holp hither. (of thee, my dear one! thee, my daughter!) who


O, my heart bleeds Art ignorant of what thou art, nought knowing To think of the teen that I have turned you to, Of whence I am ; nor that I am more better3

Which is from my remembrance ! Please you Than Prospero, master of a full poor cell,

further. And thy no greater father.

Pro. My brother, and thy uncle, call'd Antonian Mira.

More to know

I pray thee, mark me,--that a brother should Did never moddle' with my thoughts.

Be so perfidious !-he whom, next thyself, Pro.

"Tis time

Of all the world I lov'd, and to him put I should inform thee further. Lend thy hand,

The manage of my state ; as, at that time, And pluck my magick garment from me.-So :

Through all the signiories it was the first, (Lays down his mantle.

And Prospero the prime duke ; being so reputed Lie there, my art.-Wipe thou thine eyes; have In dignity, and, for the liberal arts, comfort.

Without a parallel; those being all my study, The direful spectacle of the wreck, which touch'd | The government I cast upon my brother, The very virtue of compassion in thee,

And to my state grew stranger, being transported, I have with such provision in mine art

And wrapped in secret studies. Thy false uncleSo safely order'd, that there is no soul

Dost thou attend me? No, not so much perdition as an hair,


Sir, most heedfully, Betid to any creature in the vessel

Pro. Being once perfected how to grant suits, Which thou heard'st cry, which thou saw'st sink. How to deny them; whom to advance, and whom Sit down;

To trash' for overtopping ; new created For thou must now know further.

The creatures that were mine ; I say, or chang'd Mira.

You have often

them, Begun to tell me what I am ; but stopp'd

Or else new form'd them: having both the key And left me to a bootless inquisition;

Of officer and office, set all hearts i' th’ state Concluding, Stay, not yet.

To what tuno pleas'd his ear; that now he was Pro.

The hour's now come; The ivy, which had hid my princely trunk, The very minute bids thee ope thine ear;

And suck'd my verdure out on't.-Thou attend'st not. Obey, and be attentive. Can'st thou remember

Mira. O good sir, I do. A time before we came unto this cell ?


I pray theo mark me.
I do not think thou can’st; for then thou wast not I thus neglecting worldly ends, all dedicato
Out three years old.

To closeness, and the bettering of my mind
Certainly, sir, I can.

With that, which, but by being so retir'd,
Pro. By what? by any other house, or person? O'er-priz'd all popular rate, in my false brother
Of any thing the image tell me, that

Awak'd an evil nature: and my trust, Hath kept with thy remembrance.

Like a good parent, 1° did begei of him Mira.

'Tis far off; A falsehood, in its contrary as great And rather like a dream than an assurance

cumber and trash"_" to trash or overslow "--and 1 i. e. or ever, ere ever; signifying, in modern Eng." foreslowed and trashed.lish, sooner than at any time.

There was another word of the same kind used in 2 Instead of freighting the first folio reads fraughting. Falconry (from whence Shakspeare very frequently

3 The double superlative is in frequent use among draws his similies ;). Trassing is when a hawk our elder writers.

raises aloft any fowl, and soaring with it, at length 4 To meddle, is to mir, or to interfere with.

descends therewith to the ground."- Dictionarium 5 Lord Burleigh, when he put off his gown at night, Rusticum, 1704. used to say “Lie there, Lord Treasurer.”--Fuller's Probably this term is used by Chapman in his ad Holy State, p. 257.

dress to the reader prefixed to his translation of Homer 6 Out is used for entirely, quite. Thus in Act iv: “That whosesoever muse dares use her wing, "And be a boy right out."

When his muse flies she will be tras:'t by his, 7 Abysm was the old mode of spelling abyss; from And show as if a Bernacle should spring its French original abisme.

Beneath an Eagle." 9 Teen is grief, sorrow.

There is also a passage in the Bonduca of Beaumon 9 To trash means to check the pace or progress of and Fletcher, wherein Caratach says: any one. The term is said to be still in use among sportsmen in the North, and signifies to correct a dog But not so fast ; your jewel had been lost then, for misbehaviour in pursuing the game ; or overtopping Young Hengo there, he trasht me, Nennius." or outrunning the rest of the pack. Trashes are clogs i. e. checked or stopped my flight. strapped round the neck of a dog to prevent his over. I rather think it will be found that the Editors havo speed.

been very precipitate in changing trace to trash in Todd has given four instances from Hammond's works Othello, Act ii. Scene 1. See note on that passage. or the word in this sense. “ Clog and trash"_"en Alluding to the observation that a father above the

"1 Aed too,


tell me,

As my trust was ; which had, indeed, no limit, Nor tackle, sail, nor masts the very rats
A confidence sans bound. He being thus lorded, Instinctively had quito it; there they hoist us,
Not only with what my revenue yielded, To cry to the sea that roar'd to us; to sigh
But what my power might else exact,- like one, To the winds, whose pity, sighing back again,
Who having, unto truth, by telling of it,

Did us but loving wrong.
Made such a sinner of his memory,


Alack! what trouble
To credit his own lie,'-he did believe

Was I then to you!
He was indeed the duke ; out of the substitution, Pro.

O! a cherubim
And executing the outward face of royalty, Thou wast, that did preserve me! Thou didst smile,
With all prerogative :-Hence his ambition Infuse with a fortitude from heaven,
Growing, -Dost hear ?

When I have deck’de the sea with drops full salt;
Mira. Your tale, sir, would cure deafness. Under my burden groan'd; which rais'd in me
Pro. To have no screen between this part he an undergoing stomach,' 'to bear up

Against what should ensue.
And him he play'd it for, he needs will be


How came we ashore ?
Absolute Milan: Me, poor man!-my library Pro. By Providence divine,
Was dukedom large enough ; of temporal royalties Some food we had, and some fresh water, that
He thinks me now incapable : confederates A noble Neapolitan, Gonzalo,
(So dry he was for sway) with the king of Naples, Out of his charity, (who being then appointed
To give him annual tribute, do him homage; Master of this design,) did give us ; with
Subject his coronet to his crown, and bend Rich garments, linens, stuffs, and necessaries,
The dukedom, yet unbow'd, (alas, poor Milan !) Which since have steaded much ; so, of his gm.
To most ignoble stooping.


O the heavens. Knowing I lov'd my books, he furnish'd me,
Pro. Mark his condition, and the event; then From my own library, with volumes that

I prize above my dukedom.
If this might be a brother.


'Would I miglit
I should sin

But ever see that man !
To think but’ nobly of my grandmother:


Now I arise :-
Good wombs have borne bad sons.

Sit still, and hear the last our sea-sorrow,

Now the condition. Here in this island we arriv'd; and here
This king of Naples, being an enemy

Have I, thy school-master, made thee more puoit
To me inveterate, hearkens my brother's suit; Than other princes can, that have more time
Which was, that he in lieu o' the premises, For vainer hours, and tutors not so careful.
Of homage, and I know not how much tribute, - Mira. Heavens thank you for't! And now I
Should presently extirpate me and mine

pray you, sir,
Out of the dukedom; and confer fair Milan, (For still''uis beating in my mind,) your reason
With all the honours, on my brother: Whereon, For raising this sea-storm?
A treacherous army levicd, one midnight


Know thus far forth.-
Fated to the purpose, did Antonio open

By accident most strange, bountiful fortune,
The gates of Milan; and, i' the dead of darkness, Now my dear lady, hath mine enemies
The ministers for the purpose hurried thence Brought to this shore: and by my prescience
Me, and thy crying solf.

I find my zenith doth depend upon

Alack, for pity! A most auspicious star; whose influence
I, not rememb'ring how I cried out then,

If now I court not, but omit, my fortunes,
Will cry it o'er again ; it is a hint, *

Will ever after droop.-Here cease mora questions ;
That wrings mine eyes to't.

Thou art inclin'd to sleep ; 'tis a good dulness, Pro.

Hear a little further, And give it way ;-I know thou can'st not choose. And then I'll bring theo to the present business

(MIRANDA sleeps. Which now's upon us ; without ihe which, this story Come away, servant, come: I am ready now; Were most impertinent.

Approach, my Ariel ; come.
Wherefore did they not

Enter ARIEL.
That hour destroy us ?

Ari. All hail, great master! grave sir, hail! I

Well demanded, wench;
My tale provokes that question. Dear, they durst To answer thy best pleasure ; be't to fly,

To swim, to dive into the fire, to ride
(So dear the love my people bore me) nor set On the curld clouds": to thy strong bidding, task
A mark so bloody on the business; but

Ariel, and all his quality".
With colours fairer painted their foul ends.


Hast thou, spirit,
In few, they hurried us aboard a bark;

Perform’d to point?" the tempest that I bade thee?
Bore us some leagues to sea; where they prepar'd
A rotten carcass of a boat, not rigg'd,

4 Hint is here for cause or subject. Thus in a future passage we have :-“ Our hint of woo."

5 Quit was commonly used for quitted. common rate of men has generally a son below it. He. 6 To deck, or deg, is still used in the northern coun. * roum filii noro.

ties for to sprinkle. 1 "Who having made his memory such a sinner to 7 An undergoing stomach is a stubborn resolution truth as to credit his own lie by telling of it."

a temper or frame of mind to bear. 2 Tooke, in his Diversions of Purley, has clearly 8 This is imitated in Fletcher's Faithful Shepherdess ; wn that we use one word, But, in modern English,

tell me, sweetest,
or two words Bot and But, originally in the Anglo

What new service now is meetest
Saxon) very different in signification, though (by re-

For the satyre; shall I stray
peated' abbreviation and corruption) approaching in In the middle air, and stay
sound. Bot is the imperative of the A. s. Botan, to bool.

The sailing racke, or nimbly take
But is the imperative of the A. S. Be-utan, lo be out.

Hold by the moon, and gently mako
By this means all the seemingly anomalous uses of But Suit to the pale queen of night,
may be explained ; I must however content myself with

For a beame to give thee light?
referring the reader to the Diversions of Purley, vol. i.

Shall I dive into the sea, p. 190. Merely remarking that but (as distinguished

And bring thee coral, making way from Bot) and be-out have exactly the same meaning,

Through the rising waves, &c." viz in modern English, without.

9 Ariel's quality is not his confederates, but the powers 3 In lieu of the premises; that is, “in consideration of his nature as a spirit, his qualification in sprighting of the premises,-&c.” This seems to us a strange use 10 i. e. to the minutest article, literally from the French of this French word, yet it was not then unusual. a point; so in the Chances, " But takes their oaths in lieu of her assistance.”

are you all fit? Beaumont and Fletcher's Prophetess.

To point, Ship"



An. To every article.


Dost thou forget I boarded the king's ship; now on the beak', From what a torment I did free theo ? Now in the waist, the deck, in every cabin,


No. I fam'd amazement : Sometimes, I'd divide, Pro. Thou dost; and think'st it much, to tread And burn in many places; on the top-mast,

the ooze
The yards, and bowsprit, would I fiame distinctly, of the salt deep ;-
Then meet, and join : Jove's lightnings, the pre- To run upon the sharp wind of the north ;

To do me business in the veins o' the earth,
O'the dreadful thunder-claps, more momentary When it is bak'd with frost.
And sight-out running were not: The tire, and Ari,

I do not, sir.

Pro. Thou liest, malignant thing! Hast thou Of sulphurous roaring, the most mighty Neptune

forgot Seem'd to besiege, and make his bold wavos tremble, The foul witch, Sycorax, who, with age and envy, Yea, his dread trident shake.

Was grown into a hoop? hast thou forgot her ? Pro.

My brave spirit ! Ari. No, sir. Who was so firm, so constant, that this coil


Thou hast : where was she boru ? Would not infect his reason ?

speak; tell me. Ari.

Not a soul

Ari. Sir, in Argier. But felt a fever of the mad", and play'd


0, was she so? I must, Some tricks of desperation : All, but mariners, Once in a month, recount what thou hast been, Plung'd in the foaming brine, and quit the vessel, Which thou forget'st. This damn’d witch, Sycorax, Then all a-fire with me : the king's son, Ferdinand, For mischiefs manifold, and sorceries terrible With hair up-staring (then like reeds, not hair,) To enter human hearing, from Argier, Was the first man that leap'd; cried, Hell is empty, Thou know'st, was banish'd; for one thing she did, And all the devils are here.

They would not take her life': Is not this true ? Pro.

Why, that's my spirit ! Ari. Ay, sir. But was not this nigh zhore ?

Pro. This blue-ey'd hag was hither brought with Ari. Close by, my master.

child, Pro. But are they, Ariel, safe ?

And here was left by the sailors : Thou, my slave, Ari,

Not a hair perishd; As thou report'st thyself, was then her servant : On their sustaining garments not a blemish, And, for thou wast a spirit too delicate But fresher than be vre : and as thou bad'st me, To act her earthly and abhorr'd commands, In troops I have dispers’d them 'bout the isle : Refusing her grand hests,' she did confine thee, The king's son have I landed by himself;

By help of her more potent ministers, Whom I left cooling of the air with sighs,

And in her most unmitigable rage, In an odd angle of the isle, and sitting,

Into a cloven pine; within which 'rift His arms in this sad knot.

Imprison'd, thou didst painfully remain Pro.

of the king's ship, A dozen years; within which space she died, The mariners, say, how thou hast dispos'd, And left thee there; where thou didst vent tay And all the rest of the feet ?

groans, Ari,

Safely in harbour As fast as mill-wheels strike: Then was this island, Is the king's ship ; in the deep nook, where once (Save for the son that she did litter here, Thou call'st me up at midnight to feich dew A freckled whelp, hag-born) not honoured with From the still-vex'd Bermoothes, 4 there she's hid : A human shape. The mariners all under hatches stow'd ;


Yes; Caliban her son. Whom, with a charm join'd to their suffer'd labour, Pro. Dull thing, I say so; he, that Caliban, I have left asleep: and for the rest o' the fleet, Whom now I keep in service. Thou best know'st Which I dispera's, they all have met again ;

What torment I did find thee in : thy groans And are upon do Mediterranean e' ste,

Did make wolves howl, and penetrate the breasts Bound sadly home for Naples;

Of ever-angry bears : it was a torment Supposing that they saw the king's ship vreck’d,

damn'd, which Sycorax And his great person perish.

Could not again undo; it was mine art, Pro..

Ariel, ty charge When I arriv'd, and heard thee, that made gape Exactly is performed; but there's more work: The pine, and let thee out. What is the time o' the day?


I thank thee, master, Ari.

Past the mid season. Pro. If thou more murmur'st, I will rend an oak, Pro. At least two glasses: the time 'twixt six And peg thee in his knotty entrails, till and now

Thou hast howl'd away twelve winters. Must by us both be spent most preciously.


Pardon, master: Ari. Is there more toil? since thou must give me I will be correspondent to command, pains,

And do my sprighting gently. Let me remember thee what thou hast promis'd, Pro.

Do so; and after two days Which is not yet perform’d me.

I will discharge thee.
How now? moody? Ari.

That's my noble master! What is't thou can'st demand ?

What shall I do? say what? what shall I do? Ari.

My liberty. Pro. Go, make thyself like a nymph o' the sea; Pro. Before the time be out? no more.

be subject Ari.

I pray thee To no sight but thine and mine ; invisible Remember, I have done thee worthy service; To every eyeball else. Go, take this shape, Told thee no lies, made no mistakings, serv'd And hither come in't: go hence, with diligence. Without or grudge or grumblings: thou didst pro

(Exit ARIEL, mise

Awake, dear heart, awake ! thou hast slept well; To bate me a full year.


To lay upon

1 The beak was a strong pointed body at the head of the sea over the rugged rocks by which they are sur. ancient galleys ; it is used here for the forecastle or boll-rounded, and which renders access to them so ditficult. sprit. The waist is the part between the quarter-deck It was then the current opinion that Bermudas was in. and the forecastle,

habited by monsters and derils. Setebos, the god of 2 Coil is tuelle, lumull.

Caliban's dam, was an American devil, worshipped by 3 That is such a sever as madmen feel when the the giants of Patagonia. frantic fiin on them.

6 i. e. waves, or the sea. Flor, Fr. 4 The epithet here applied to the Bermudas will be 6 The old English name of Algiers best understood by those who have seen the chafing of 7 Beheats, coinmands

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