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“ To meet at Ninus' tomb, there, there to woo. This. “I kiss the wall's hole, not your lips at all.” “ This grisly beast, which by name lion hight,' Pyr. “Wilt thou at Ninny's iomb meet me “ The trusty Thisby, coming first by night,

straightway?" “ Did scare away, or rather did affrighi;

This. “Tide life, tide death, I come without And, as she fled, her mantle she did fall;

delay." “Which lion vile with bloody mouth did stain : Wall. Thus have I, wall, my part discharged so; “ Anon comes Pyramus, swee youth, and tall, “ And, being done, thus wall away doth go." “ And finds his trusty Thisby's mantle slain :

(Ereuné Wall, Pyramus, and ThisBE. “ Whereat with blade, with bloody blameful blade, The. Now is the mural down between the two

He bravely broach'd his boiling bloody breast; neighbours. “ And, Thisby, tarrying in mulberry shade,

Dem. No remedy, my lord, when walls are so His dagger drew, and died. For all the rest, wilful to hear without warning." “Let lion, moon-shine, wall, and lovers twain, Hip. This is the silliest stuff that ever I heard. At large discourse, while here they do remain.” The. The best in this kind are but shadows : and

[Ereunt Prol. Tusse, Lion, and Moonshine. the worst are no worse, if imagination amend them. The. I wonder, if the lion be to speak.

Hip. It must be your imagination then, and not Dem. No wonder, my lord: ono lion may, when theirs. many asses do.

The. If we imagine no worse of them, than they Wall.In this same interlude, it doth befall, of themselves, they may pass for excellent men. That I, one Snout by name, present a wall: Here come two noble beasts in, a moona and lion. “ And such a wall, as I would have you think,

Enter Lion and Moonshine. “ That had in it a cranny'd hole, or chink, Through which the lovers, Pyramus and Thisby,

Lion. “You, ladies, you, whose gentle hearis do

fear * Did whisper often very secretly:

“ The smallest monstrous mouse that creeps on “ This loam, this rough-cast, and this stone, doth show

floor, " That I am that same wall; the truth is so :

“May now, perchance, both quake and tremble " And this the cranny is, right and sinister,

here, u Through which the fearful lovers are to whisper.” “Then know, that I, one Snug the joiner, am

« When lion rough in wildest rage doth roar, The. Would you desire lime and hair to speak “No lion fell, nor else no lion's dam: better?

« For if I should as lion come in strife Dem. It is the wittiest partition that ever I heard discourse, my lord.

“Into this place, 'twere pity on my life." The. Pyramus draws near the wall: silence !

The. A very gentle beast, and of a good con

science Enter PYRAMUS.

Dem. The very best at a beast, my lord, that e'er Pyr. “O grim-look'd night! 0 night with hue I saw. so black;

Lys. This lion is a very fox for his valour. “O night, which ever art, when day is not ! The. True ; and a goose for his discretion. “O nighi, Ó night, alack, alack, alack,

Dem. Not 'so, my lord: for his valour cannot “I fear my Thisby's promise is forgot! carry his discretion; and the fox carries the gooso. " And thou, 6 wall, 0 sweet, O lovely wall,

T'he. His discretion, I am sure, cannot carry his “ That stand'st between her father's ground and valour; for the goose carries not the fox. It is mine;

well: leave it to his discretion, and let us listen to " Thou wall, o wall, O sweet, and lovely wall,

the moon. “ Show me thy chink, to blink through with mine Moon. “This lantern doth the horned moon pre eyne. (Wall holds up his Fingers:

sent :" * Thanks, courteous wall: Jove shield thee well Dem. He should have worn the horns on his head. for this!

The. He is no crescent, and his horns are invi“ But what see I? No Thisby do I see.

sible within the circumference. “ O wicked wall, through whom I see no bliss :

Moon. “ This lantern doth the horned moon “ Curst be thy stones for thus deceiving me!”

present : The. The wall, methinks, being sensible, should "Myself the man i'the'moon do seem to be." curse again.

The. This is the greatest error of all the rest : the Pyr. No, in truth, sir, he should not. Deceiving man should be put into the lantem : How is it else me, is Thisby's cue: she is to enter now, and I am the man i'the moon? to spy her through the wall. You shall see, it will Dem. He dares not come there for the candle ; fall pat as I told you :-Yonder she comes, for, you see, it is already in snuff.” Enter Thiste,

Hip. I am aweary of this moon: Would he

would change! This. " wall, full often hast thou heard my The. It appears, by his small light of discretion, moans,

that he is in the wane: but yot, in courtesy, in all " For parting my fair Pyramus and me :

reason, we must stay the time. “My cherry lips have often kiss'd thy stones; Lys. Proceed, moon.

“Thy stones with lime and hair knit up in thee." Moon. All that I have to say, is, to tell you, that Pyr."" I see a voice : now will I to the chink, the lantern is the moon; I, the man in the moon;

"To spy an I can hear my Thisby's face. this thorn bush, my thorn bush; and this dog my “ Thisby!"

dog. This." My love! thou art my love, I think.” Dem. Why, all these should be in the lantern; Pyr. “ Think what thou wilt, I am thy lover's for they are in the moon. But silence; here comes grace;

Thisbe. “ And like Limander? am I trusty still."

Enter TAISBE. This. “And I like Helen, till the fates me kill.” Pyr. “Not Shafalus to Procrus was so true." This. " This is old Ninny's tomb: Where is my This. “As Shafalus to Procrus, I to you.”

love ?" Pyr. “0, kiss me through the hole of this vile

Lion. “ Oh-." wall."

[The Lion roars.—THISBE runs off. 1 Called.

doron, were it to exercise this faculty without previous 2 Limander and Helen, blunderingly for Leander and warning. Hero, as Shafalus and Procrus for Cephalua and Pro. 4 The old copies read, a man, &c. The emendation cris.

is by Theobald. 3 This alludes to the proverb, Walls have ears. A 5 An equivoque. Smuff signifies both the cinder of a wall between almost any two neighbours would soon be 'candle and hasty anger.

&

Dem. Well roared, lion.

Dem. And thus she moans,' videlicet. The. Well run, Thisbe.

This. “ Asleep, my love ? Hip. Well shone moon.-Truly, the moon shines “What, dead, my dove ? with a good grace.

“O Pyramus, arise, The. Well moused,' lion.

“Speak, speak. Quite dumb ? (The Lion tears Thisbe's Mantle, and exit. “Dead, dead ? A tomb Dem. And so comes Pyramus.

6. Must cover thy sweet eyes. Lys. And then the moon vanishes.

“ These lily brows,

“ This cherry nose, Enter PYRAMUS.

" These yellow cowslíp cheeks, Pyr. “ Sweet moon, I thank thee for thy sunny Are gone, are gone : beams :

“Lovers, make moan! “I thank thee, moon, for shining now so bright.

“ His eyes were green as leeks. " For, by thy gracious, golden, glittering streams, “ o sisters three, “I trust to taste of truest Thisby's sight.

“Come, come, to me, “But stay;-0 spite !

“With hands as pale as milk 3 “ But mark;-Poor knight,

“ Lay them in gore, What dreadful dole is here

“ Since you have shore Eyes do you see?

“With shears his thread of silk. “How can it be?

Tongue, not a word :") dainty duck! O dear!

“Come, trusty sword; “ Thy mantle good,

“Come, blade, my breast imbrue : “What, stain'd with blood ?

“ And farewell, friends ;“ Approach, ye furies fell !

“ Thus Thisby ends : «' fates! come, come ;

“ Adieu, adieu, adieu."

(Dres. “ Cut thread and thrum ;'

The. Moonshine and lion are left to bury the dead “Quail, crush, conclude, and quell !"4

Dem. Ay, and wall too. The. This passion, and the death of a dear friend, Bot. No, I assure you; the wall is down that would go near to make a man look sad.

parted their fathers. Will it please you to see the Hip. Beshrew my heart, but I pity the man. epilogue, or to hear a Burgomask dance,' between Pyr. “0, wherefore, nature, didst thou lions two of our company? frame?

The. No epilogue, I pray you: for your play " Since lion vile hath here deflour'd my dear : needs no excuse. Never 'excuse ; for when the " Which is-no, no—which was the fairest dame, players are all dead, there need none to be blamed. “That liv'd, that lov'd, that lik’d, that look'd Marry, if he that writ it, had play'd Pyramus, and with cheer."

hanged himself with Thisbe's garier, it would have “Come, tears, confound :

been a fine tragedy: and so it is, truly; and very “Out, sword, and wound

notably discharged. But come, your Bergomask: ". The pap of Pyramus :

let your epilogue alone. (Here a dance of Clowns, “Ay, that left рар,

The iron iongue of midnight hath told twelve :“Where heart doth hop :

Lovers, to bed; 'uis almost fairy time. « Thus die I, thus, thus, thus.

I fear we shall outsleep the coming morn, “ Now am I dead,

As much as we this night have overwatch'd. “ Now am I fed ;

This palpable-gross play hath well beguild “My soul is in the sky:

The heavy gaitlo of night.--Sweet friends, to bed. "Tongue, lose thy light!

A fortnight hold we this solemnity “Moon take thy flight!

In nightly revels, and new jollity. [Ereunio “Now die, die, die, die, die."

SCENE II. Enter Puck. (Dies.-Exit Moonshine.

Puck. Now the hungry lion roars, Dem. No die, but an ace, for him; for he is but

And the wolf behowls the moon ; Lys. Less than an ace, man; for he is dead; he

Whilst the heavy ploughman snores, is nothing.

All with weary iask fordone." The. With the help of a surgeon, ho might yet

Now the wasted brands do glow, recover, and prove an ass.

Whilst the scritch-owl, scritching loud, Hip. How chance moonshine is gone, before

Puts the wretch that lies in woe, Thishe comes back and finds her lover?

In remembrance of a shroud. The. She will find him by star-light.-Hero she

Now it is the time of night, comes; and her passion ends the play.

That the graves all gaping wide,
Enter ThisBE.

Every one lets forth his sprite,

In the church-way paths to glido : Hip. Methinks, she should not use a long one, And we fairies, that do run, for such a Pyramus : I hope, she will be brief.

By the triple Hecat's team, Dem. A mote will turn the balance, which Py From the presence of the sun, ramus, which Thisbe, is the better.

Following darkness like a dream, Lys. She hath spied him already with those sweet Now are frolic; not a mouso eyes.

Shall disturb this hallow'd house: I To mouse, according to Malone, signified to mam. You shall taste him more as a goldier than as a wit, mock, to tear in pieces, as a cat tears a mouse. which is a distinction he is here striving to deserve,

2 Dr. Farmer thought this was written in ridicule of a though with little success; as in support of his preten passage in Damon and Pythias, by Richard Edwards, sions he never rises higher than a pun, and frequently 1582;

sinks as low as a quibble. Ye furies, all at onco

7 The old copies read means, which had anciently On me your torments tiro.

the same signification as moans. Theobald made the Gripe me, you greedy griefs

alteration. And present pangues of death ;

8 The old copies read lips instead of brows. The You sisters three, with cruel hands, alteration was made for the sake of the rhyme by Theo. With speed come stop my breath.'

bald. 3 Thrum is the end or extremity of a weaver's warp. 9 A rustic dance framed in imitation of the people of It is used for any collection or tute of short thread. Bergamasco (a province in the state of Venice,) who 4 Destroy. 5 Countenance.

are ridiculed as being more clownish in their manners 6 The character of Thescus throughout this play is and dialect than any other people of Italy. The lingua more exalted in its humanity than in its greatness. rustica of the buffoons, in the old Italian comedies, is Though some sensible observations on life and anima- an imitation of their jargon. led descriptions fall from him, as it is said of lago, 10 i. e. slow passage, progress. 11 Overcome.

one.

I am sent, with broom, before,

Trip away; 'To sweep the dust behind the door.'

Make no stay,

Meet me all by break of day. Enter OBERON and TITANIA, with their Train.

[Exeunt 'OPERON, TITANIA, and Train. Obe. Through this house give glimmering light, Puck. If we shadows have offended, By the dead and drowsy fire :

Think but this (and all is mended,) Every elf, and fairy sprite,

That you have but slumber'd here, Hop as light as bird from brier ;

While these visions did appear, And this dirty after me,

And this weak and idle theme,
Sing and dance it trippingly.

No more yielding but a dream,
Tita. First, rehearse this song by rote:
To each word a warbling note,

Gentles, do not reprehend :
Hand in hand, with fairy grace,

If you pardon, we will mend.

And, as I'm an honest Puck,
Will we sing, and bless this place,

If we have unearned luck,
SONG AND DANCE.

Now to 'scape the serpent's tongue,

We will make amends, ere long :
Obe. Now, until the break of day,

Else the Puck a liar call.
Through this house each fairy stray.

So, good night unto To the best bride-bed will we,

all.

you

Give me your hands, if we be friends, Which by us shall blessed be ;)

And Robin shall restore amends. [Exit. And the issue, there create, Ever shall be fortunate. So shall all the couples three

WILD and fantastical as this play is, all the parts in Ever true in loving be :

their various modes are well written, and give the kind And the blots of nature's hand

of pleasure which the author designed. Fairies in his Shall not in their issue stand;

time were much in fashion; common tradition had Never mole, hare-lip, nor scar,

made them familiar, and Spenser's poem had made them great.

JOHNSON Nor mark prodigious, * such as are

JOHNSON'S concluding observations on this play are Despised in nativity,

not conceived with his usual judginent. There is no Shall upon their children be.

analogy or resemblance between the Fairies of Spen. With this field-dew consecrate,

ser and those of Shakspeare. The Fairies of Spenser, Every fairy take his gate;'

as appears from his description of them in the second And each several chamber bless,

book of the Faerie Queenie, canto x. were a race of Through this palace with sweet peace:

mortals created by Prometheus, of the human size, E'er shall it in safety rest,

shape, and affections, and subject to death. But those

of Shakspeare, and of common tradition, as Johnson And the owner of it blest.

calls them, were a diminutive race of sportful beings,

endowed with immortality and supernatural powers, 1 Cleanliness is always necessary to invite the resi. totally different from those of Spenser. M. MASON. dence or favour of the Fairies. 2 Milton perhaps had this picture in his thoughts : married couple would no doubt rejoice when the beneAnd glowing embers through the room

diction was ended. Teach night lo counterfeit a gloom.'.

4 Portentous.

5 Way, course. 3 This ceremony was in old times used at all mar. 6 The same superstitious kind of benediction occurs riages. Mr. Douce has given the formula from the in Chaucer's Millere's Tale, vol. i. p. 105, I. 22. Whic. Manual for the use of Salisbury. We may observe on tingham's Edit. this strange ceremony, that the purity of modern times 7 i.e. if we have better fortune than we have deserved. stands not in need of these holy aspersions to lull

the 8j. e. hisses. senses and dissipate the illusions of the devil. The 9 Clap your hands, give us your applause.

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THE novel upon which this comedy was founded has The grotesque characters, Don Adrian de Armado, hitherto eluded the research of the commentators. Mr. Nathaniel the curate, and Holofernes, that prince of peDouce thinks it will prove to be of French extraction. dants, with the humours of Costard the clown, are well • The Dramatis Personæ in a great measure demons. contrasted with the sprightly wit of the principal cha. trate this, as well as a palpable Gallicism in Act iv. Sc. racters in the play. It has been observed thai 'Biron 1: viz. the terming a letter a capon.'

and Rosaline suffer much in comparison with Benedick This is one of Shakspeare's early plays, and the and Beatrice,' and it must be confessed that there is author's youth is certainly perceivable, not only in the some justice in the observation. Yet Biron, that merry style and manner of the versification, but in the lavish mad-cap Lord,' is not overrated in Rosaline's admira. supertiuity displayed in the execution: the uninterrupt. ble character of himed succession of quibbles, equivoques, and sallies of

-A merrier man, every description. The sparks of wit fly about in Within the limit of becoming mirth, such profusion that they form complete fireworks, and I never spent an hour's talk withal: the dialogue for the most part resembles the bustling His eye begets occasion for his wit; collision and banter of passing masks at a carnival."* For every object that the one doth catch, The scene in which the king and his companions detect The other turns to a mirth-moving jest ;each other's breach of their mutual vow, is capitally So sweet and voluble is his discourse.' contrived. The discovery of Biron's love-letter while Shakspeare has only shown the inexhaustible powers rallying his friends, and the manner in which he extri- of his mind in improving on the admirable originals of cates himself, by ridiculing the folly of the vow, are his own creation in a more mature age. admirable.

Malone placed the composition of this play first in 1591, afterwards in 1594. "Dr. Drake thinks we may

safely assign it to the earlier period. The first edition * Schlegel.

was printed in 1598.

PERSONS REPRESENTED. FERDINAND, King of Navarre.

Princess of France. Birox,

RosALINE, LONGAVILLE, Lords, atter:ding on the King. MARIA, Ladies, attending on the Princess. DUMAIN,

KATAARINE,
BoYET, , Lords, attending on the Princess of JAQUENETTA, a country Wench.
MERCADE, France.
Don ADRIANO DE ARMADO, a fantastical Spaniard. Oficers and others, attendants on the King and
SIR NATHANIEL, a Curate.

Princess.
HOLOFERNES, a Schoolmaster.
Dull, a Constable.

SCENE, Navarre.
Costarp, a Clown,
Moth, Page to Armado.

This enumeration of Persons was made by Rowe A Forester.

ACT I.

King. Your oath is pass'd to pass away from

these. SCENE I. Navarre. A Park with a Palace in it. -Enter the King, Biron, LONGAVILLE, and I only swore, to study with your grace,

Biron. Let me say no, my liege, an if you please, Dumain.

And stay here in your court for three years' space. King.

Long. You swore to that, Biron, and to the rest. Let fame, that all hunt after in their lives,

Biron. By yea and nay, sir, then I swore in jest. Live register'd upon our brazen tombs,

What is the end of study ? let me know. And then grace us in the disgrace of death;

King. Why, that to know, which else we should When, spite of cormorant devouring time,

not know. The endeavour of this present breath may buy Biron. Things hid and barr’d, you mean, from That honour, which shall bate his scythe's keen edge, common sense ? And make us heirs of all eternity.

King. Ay, that is study's god-like recompense. Therefore, brave conquerors !—for so you are, Biron. Come on then, I will swear to study so, That war against your own affections,

To know the thing I am forbid to know : And the huge army of the world's desires, As thus-To study where I well may dine, Our late ediet shall strongly stand in force:

When I to feast expressly am forbid; Navarre shall be the wonder of the world; Or, study where to meet some mistress five, Our court shall be a little Academe,

When mistresses from common sense are hid: Still and contemplative in living art.

Or, having sworn too hard-a-keeping oath, You three, Biron, Dumain, and Longaville, Study to break it, and not break my troth. Have sworn for three years' term to live with me, If study's gain be thus, and this be so, My fellow-scholars, and to keep those statutes, Study knows that, which yet it doth not know: That are recorded in this schedule here:

Swear me to this, and I will ne'er say, no. Your oaths are pasi, and now subscribe your names; King. These be the stops that hinder study quite, That his own hand may strike his honour down, And train our intellects to vain delight. That violates the smallest branch herein:

biron. Why, all delights are vain; but that most If you are arm’d to do, as sworn to do,, Subscribe to your deep oath, and keep it too. Which, with pain purchas'd, doth inherit pain:

Long. I am resolv’d: 'tis but a three years' fast; As, painfully to pore upon a book,
The mind shall banquet, though the body pine : To seek the light of truth: while truth the whilo
Fat paunches have lean pates; and dainty bits Doth falsely: blind the eyesight of his look:
Make rich the ribs, but bank'rout quite the wits. Light, seeking light, doth light of light beguile:

Dum. My loving lord, Dumain is mortified; So, ere you find where light in darkness lies,
The grosser manner of these world's delights Your light grows dark by losing of your eyes.
He throws upon the gross world's baser slaves : Study me how to please the eye indeed,
To love, to wealth, to pomp, I pine and die ; By fixing it upon a fairer eye;
With all these? living in philosophy.

Who dazzling so, that eye shall be his heed,
Biron. I can but say their protestation over, And give him light that it was blinded by.3
So much, dear liege, I have already sworn, Saudy is like the heaven's glorious sun,
That is, to live and study here three years. That will not be deep-search'd with saucy looks ;
But there are other strict observances :

Small have continual plodders ever won, As, not to see a woman in that term;

Save base authority from others' books. Which, I hope well, is not enrolled there:

These earthly godfathers of heaven's lights, And, one day in a week to touch no food;

That give a name to every fixed star, And but one meal on every day beside;

Have no more profit of their shining nights, The which, I hope, is not enrolled there:

Than those that walk, and wot not what they are. And then, to sleep but three hours in the night, Too much to know, is, to know nought but fame; And not be seen to wink of all the day;

And every godfather can give a name. (When I was wont to think no harm all night, King. How well he's read, to reason against and make a dark night too of half the day ;)

reading! Which, I hope well, is not enrolled there:

Dum. Proceeded well, to stop all good proceed0, those are barren tasks, too hard to keep ;

ing! Not to see ladies-study-fast-not sleep.

vain,

I Beroune in all the old editinns.

5 The meaning is : that when he dazzles, that is, hae 2 i. e. with all these companions. He may be sup- his eye made weak, by fixing bis eye upon a fairer eye, posed to point to the king, Bíron, &c.

that fairer eye shall be his heed or guide, his lode-star, 3 Dishonestly, treacherously.

and give light tha was blinded by it. 4 The whole sense of this gingling declamation is 6 That is, too much knowledge gives no real solution only this, that a man by too close study may read him- of doubts, but merely fame, or a name, a thing which self bliod.

every godfather can give.

with you:

Long. He weeds the con, and suill lets grow the If I break faith, this word shall speak for me, weeding

I am forsworn on mere necessityBiron. The spring is near, when green geese are So to the laws at large I write my name: (Subscribes, a breeding.

And he, that breaks them in the least degree, Dum. How follows that?

Stands in attainder of eternal shame; Biron.

Fit in his place and time. Suggestions are to others, as to me; Dum. In reason nothing.

But, I believe, although I seem so loath, Biron.

Something then in rhyme. I am the last that will last keep his oath. Long. Biron is like an envious sneaping' frost, But, is there no quick recreation granted ?

That bites the first-born infants of the spring. King. Ay, thai there is : our court, you know, Biron. Well, say I am; why should proud sum

is haunted
mer boast,

With a refined traveller of Spain;
Before the birds have any cause to sing ? A man in all the world's new fashion planted,
Why should I joy in an abortive birth ?

That hath a mint of phrases in his brain : At Christmas I no more desire a rose

One, whom the music of his own vain tongue Than wish a snow in May's new-fangled shows; Doth ravish, like enchanting harmony; But like of each thing that in season grows.

A man of complements," whom right and wrong So you, to study now it is too late,

Have chose as umpire of their mutiny: Climb o'er the house to unlock the little gate. This child of fancy, thai Armado hight,

King. Well, sit you out: go home, Biron, adieu! For interim to our studies, shall relate, Biron. No, my good lord; I have sworn to stay in high-born words, the worth of many a knight

From tawny Spain, lost in the world's debato. And, though I have for barbarism spoke more, How you delighi, my lords, I know not, I; Than for that angel knowledge you can say,

But, I protest, I love to hear him lie, Yet confident I'll keep what I have swore,

And I will use him for my minstrelsy.' And bide the penance of each three years' day. Biron. Armado is a most illustrious wight, Give me the paper, let me read the same; A man of fire-newlo words, fashion's own knight. And to the strict'st decrees I'll write my name. Long. Costard the swain, and he, shall be our King. How well this yielding rescues thee from sport; shame!

And, so to study, three years is but short. Biron. (Reads.) Item, That no woman shall come within a mile of my court.--Hath this been pro

Enter Dull, with a Letter, and CostaRD. claim'd ?

Dull. Which is the duke's own person ? Long. Four days ago.

Biron. This, fellow; What would'st ? Biron. Let's see the penalty. (Reads.] On pain

Dull. I myself reprehend his own person, for I of losing her tongue.-Who devis'd this penalty? am his grace's tharborough :'' but I would see his Long. Marry, that did I.

own person in flesh and blood. Biron. Sweet lord, and why?

Biron. This is he. Long. To fright them hence with that dread pe- There's villany abroad ; this letter will tell you more.

Dull. Signior Arme-Arme-commends you. nalty. Biron. A dangerous law against gentility." Cost. Sir, the contempts thereof are as touching

[Reads.] Item, If any man be seen in talk with a tooman within the term of three years, he shall endure King. A letter from the magnificent Armado. such public shame as the rest of the court can possibly

Biron. How low soever the matter, I hope in God devise.

for high words. This article, my liege, yourself must break;

Long. A high hope for a low having: God grant For, well you know, here comes in embassy us patience! The French king's daughter, with yourself to speak,

Biron. To hear? or forbear hearing ?12 A maid of grace, and complete majesty,

Long. To hear meekly, sir, and to laugh modeAbout surrender-up of Aquitain

rately; or to forbear both. To her decrepit, sick, and bed-rid father : Biron. Well, sir, be it as the style13 shall give us Therefore this article is made in vain,

cause to climb in the merriness. Or vainly comes the admired princess hither. Cost. The

matter is to me, sir, as concerning JaKing. What say you, lords ? why, this was quite quenetta. The manner of it is, I was taken with forgot.

the manner. 14 Biron. So study evermore is overshot ;

Biron. In what manner ? While it doth study to have what it would,

Cost. In manner and form following, sir ; all those It doth forget to do the thing it should :

three : I was seen with her in the manor house, sitAnd when it hath the thing it hunteth most, ting with her upon the form, and taken following her "Tis won, as towns with fire; so won, so lost. into the park ; which, put together, is, in manner King. We must, of force, dispense with this de- and form following. Now, sir, for the manner, it cree;

is the manner of a man to speak to a woman : for She must liet here on mere necessity.

the form,-in some form. Biron. Necessity will make us all forsworn

Biron. For the following, sir ? Three thousand times within this three years' Cost. As it shall follow in my correction; And space :

God defend the right! For every man with his affects is born ;

King. Will you hear this letter with attention? Not by might master'd, but by special grace:

Biron. As we would hear an oracle. 1 i. e, nipping:

Si. e. who is called Armado. 2 By these shorts the poet means May-games, at 9 I will make use of him instead of a minstrel, whose which a snou would be very unwelcome and unexpect- occupation was to relate fabulous stories. ed. It is only a periphrasis for May.

10 i. e. new from the forge; we have still retained a 3 The woril gentility here does not signify that rank similar mode of speech in the colloquial phrase brandof people called gentry; but what the French express | netd. by gentilesse, i. e. elegantia, urbanitas.

11 i. e. third-borough, a peace-officer. 4 That is, reside here. So in Sir Henry Wotton's 12 - To hear? or forbear laughing.” is possibly the equivocal definition: 'An ambassador is an honest man true reading. sent to lie (i. e. reside) abroad for the good of his coun 13 A quibble is here intended between a stile and style.

14 That is, in the fact. A thief is said to be taken with 5 Temptations.

6 Lively, sprightly. the manner (mainour) when he is taken with the thing 7 Complements is here used in its ancient sense of stolen about him. The thing stolen was called mainow accomplishments. Vide Nole on K. Henry V. Act ii. manour, or meinour, from the French manier, madu SC 2.

tractare.

me.

try.'

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