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That for the fault's love, is the offender friended.- say, it was the desire of the penltent to be so bared Now, sir, what news ?

before his death: You know, the course is comProv. I told you: Lord Angelo, be-like, thinking mon., If any thing fall to you upon this, moro me remiss in mine office, awakens me with this un than thanks and good fortune, by the saint whom I wonted putting on:' methinks, strangely; for he profess, I will plead against it with my life. hath not used it before.

Prov. Pardon me, good father, it is against my Duke. Pray you, let's hear.

oath. Prov. (Reads.) Whatever you may hear to the Duke. Were you sworn to the duke, or to the contrary, let Claudio be erecuted by four of the clock; deputy ? and, in the afternoon, Barnardine ; for my better sa Prov. To him, and to his substitutes. tisfaction, let me have Claudio's head sent me by five. Duke. You will think you have made no offence, Let this be duly performed; with a thought, that more if the duke avouch the justice of your dealing ? depends on it ihan we must yet deliver. Thus fail not Prov. But what likelihood is in that? to do your office, as you will answer it at your peril. Duke. Not a resemblance, but a certainty. Yet What say you to this, sir ?

since I see you fearful, that neither my coat, inDuke. What is that Barnardine, who is to be ex- tegrity, nor my persuasion, can with ease attempt ecuted in the afternoon?

you, I will go further than I meant, to pluck all Prov. A Bohemian born; but here nursed up and fears out of you. Look you, sir, here is the hand bred; one that is a prisoner nine

years old.?

and seal of the duke. You know the character, I Duke. How came it that the absent duke had not doubt not; and the signet is not strange to you. either deliver'd him to his liberty, or executed him ? Prov. I know them both. I have heard, it was ever his manner to do so. Duke. The contents of this is the return of the

Prov. His friends still wrought reprieves for him: duke; you shall anon overread it at your pleasure ; And, indeed, his fact, till now in the government of where you shall find, within these two days he will Lord Angelo, came not to an undoubiful proof. be here. This is a thing that Angelo knows not : Duke. Is it now apparent ?

for he this very day receives letters of strange teProv. Most manifest, and not denied by himself. nor; perchance, of the duke's death; perchance,

Duke. Hath he borne himself penitently in pri- entering into some monastery; but, by chance, noson? How seems he to be touched ?

thing of what is writ.' Look, the unfolding star Prov. A man that apprehends death no more calls up the shepherd.. Put not yourself into dreadfully, but as a drunken sleep: careless, reck- amazement, how these things should be: all diffi-. less, and fearless of what's past, present, or to come; culties are but easy when they are known. Call insensible of mortality, and desperately mortal.3 your executioner, and off with Barnardine's head: Duke. He wants advice.

I will give him a present shrift, and advise him for a Prov. He will hear none : he hath evermore had better place. Yet you are amazed; but this shall the liberty of the prison; give him leave to escape absolutely resolve you. Come away ; it is almost hence, he would not: drunk many times a day, if clear dawn.

(Ereunt. not many days entirely drunk. We have very often SCENE III. Another Room in the same. Enter awaked him, as if to carry him to execution, and

Clown. show'd him a seeming warrant for it: it hath not moved him at all.

Clo. I am as well acquainted here, as I was in Duke. More of him anon. There is written in our house of profession: one would think it were your brow, Provos, honesty and constancy: if I mistress Overdone's own house, for here be many read it not truly, my ancient skill beguiles me : but of her old customers. First, here's young master in the boldness of my cunning, I will lay myself Rash;." he's in for a commodity of brown paper in hazard. Claudio, whom here you have a war- and old ginger, ninescore and seventeen pounds; of rant to execute, is no greater forfeit to the law than which he made five marks, ready money" marry, Angelo who hath sentenced him: To make you then, ginger was not much in request, for the old understand this in a manifested effect, I crave but

women were all dead. Then is there here one masfour days' respite; for the which you are to do me

ter Caper, at the suit of master Three-pile the merboth a present and a dangerous courtesy.

cer, for some four suits of peach-colour'd satin, Prov. Pray, sir, in what ?

which now peaches him a beggar. Then have we Duke. In the delaying death.

here young Dizy, and young master Deep-row, and Prov. Alack ! how may I do it? having the hour master Copper-spur, and master Starve-lackey the limited ; and an express command, under penalty, rapier and dagger man, and young Drop-heir that to deliver his head in the view of Angelo? I may kill'd lusty Pudding, and master Forthright the

tilmake my case as Claudio's, to cross this in the ter, and brave master Shoe-tie the great traveller, smallest.

and wild Half-can that stabb d Pots, and, I think, Duke. By the row of mine order, I warrant you, forty more; all great doers in our trade, and aro if my instructions may be your guide. Let this now for the Lord's sake. 12 Barnardine be this morning executed, and his head

Enter ABHORSON. borne to Angelo.

Abhor. Sirrah, bring Barnardine hither. Prov. Angelo hath seen them both, and will dis

Clo. Master Barnardine! you must rise and be cover the favour.'

hang’d, master Barnardine! Duke. O, death's a great disguiser: and you may add to it. Shave the head, and tie the beard; and

10 This enumeration of the inhabitants of the prison, afforils a very striking view of the practices predomi.

nant in Shakspeare's age. Besides those whose follies 1 Putting on is spur, incitement.

are common to all times, we have four fighting men and 2 i. e. nine years in prison.

a traveller. It is not unlikely that the originals of the 3 Perhaps we should read mortal!y dreporata. As pictures were then known. Rash was a silken stuff forwe have harmonious charmingly for charmingly har. merly worn in coats: all the names are characteristic. monious, in the Tempest.

11 It was the practice of money lenders in Shak. 4 i. e. in confidence of my sagacity.

speare's time, as well as more recently, to make advan. 5 Countenance.

ces partly in goods and partly in cash. The goods were 6 Shave the head and tie the beard-the course is to be resold generally at an enormous loss upon the cost common.- This probably alludes in a practice among price, and of these commodities it appears that brown Roman Catholics of desiring to roceive the lonsure of paper and ginger often formed a pari. the monks before they died.

12 It appears from Davies's Epigrams, 1611, that this 7. What is writ;" we should read here writ;' the was the language in which prisoners who were conDuke pointing to the letter in his hand,

fined for debe addressed passengers 9 So Milon in Comus:-

"Good gentle writers, for the Lord's sake, for the The star that bids the shepherd fold

Lord's sake, Now the top of heaven doth hold,

Like Ludgale prisoners, lo, I, begging, make 9 i e. convince you.

My mond

you, comfort

you, and

Abhor. What, ho, Barnardine !

The under generation, you shall find Barnar. (Within.] A pox o' your throats! Who Your safety manifested. makes that noise there? What are you?

Prov. I am your free dependant. Clo. Your friends, sir ; the hangman: You must Duke.

Quick, despatch, be so good, sir, to rise and be put to death. And send the head to Angelo. (Erit Provost.

Barnar. '[Within.) Away, you rogue, away; I Now will I write letters to Angelo, am sleepy.

The provost he shall bear them,—whose contents Abhor. Tell him, he must awake, and that quickly Shall witness to him I am near at home; too.

And that by great injunctions, I am bound Clo. Pray, master Barnardine, awake till you are To enter publicly: him I'll désire executed, and sleep afterwards.

To meet me at the consecrated fount, Abhor. Go in to him, and fetch him out. A league below the city; and from thence,

Clo. He is coming, sir, he is coming; I hear his By cold gradation and weal-balanced form, straw rustle.

We shall proceed with Angelo.
Enter BARNARDINE.

Re-enter Provost.
Abhor. Is the axe upon the block, sirrah? Prov. Here is the head; I'll carry it myself.
Clo. Very ready, sir.

Duke. Convenient is it: Make a swift return; Barnar. How now, Abhorson? what's the news For I would commune with you of such things, with you?

That want no ear but yours. Abhor. Truly, sir, I would desire you to clap into Prov.

P'll make all speed. your prayers; for, look you, the warrant's come.

(Exit. Barnar. You rogue, I have been drinking all Isab. [Within] Peace, ho, be here! night, I am not fitted for't.

Duke. The tongue of Isabel ;-She's come to Clo. O, the better, sir; for he that drinks all

know, night, and is hanged betimes in the morning, may If yet her brother's pardon be come hither; sleep the sounder all the next day.

But I will keep her ignorant of her good,

To make her heavenly comforts of despair,
Enter Duke.

When it is least expected.
Abhor. Look you, sir, here comes your ghostly
father; Do we jest now,
think you?

Enter ISABELLA. Duke. Sir, induced by my charity, and hearing Isab. Ho, by your leave. how hastily you are to depart, I am come to advise Duke. Good morning to you fair and gracious pray with you.

daughter. Barnar. Friar, not I; I have been drinking hard Isab. The better given me by so holy a man. all night, and I will have more time to prepare me; Hath yet the deputy sent my brother's pardon?.. or they shall beat out my brains with billets : I will Duke. He hath releas'd him, Isabel, from the not consent to die this day, that's certain.

world; Duke. O, sir, you must: and therefore, I beseech His head is off,'and sent to Angelo you,

Isah. Nay, but it is not so. Look forward on the journey you shall go.

Duke.

It is no other : Barnar. I swear, I will not die to-day for any Show your wisdom, daughter, in your close patience. man's persuasion.

Isab. O, I will to him, and pluck out his eyes. Duke. But hear you.

Duke. You shall not be admitted to his sight. Barnar. Not a word ; if you have any thing to

Isah. Unhappy Claudio! Wretched Isabel ! say to me, come to my ward ; for thence will not I Injurious world! Most damned Angelo! to-day.

[Exil. Duke. This nor hurts him, nor profits you a jot : Enter Provost,

Forbear it therefore ; give your cause to heaven.

Mark what I say, which you shall fiv1 Duke. Unfit to live, or die: 0, gravel heart!

By every syllable a faithful verity : After him, fellows; bring him to the block.

The duke comes home to-morror; -nay, dry your (Exeunt ABHORson and Clown. Prov. Now, sir, how do you find the prisoner ?

eyes; Duke. A creature unprepard, unmeet for death; Gives me this instance : Already 'e hath carried

One of our convent and his corsessor,
And, to transport' him in the mind he is,

Notice to Escalus and Angelo ;
Were damnable.
Prov.
Here in the prison, father,

Who do prepare to meet him at the gates,

There to give up their power. If you can, paco There died this morning of a cruel fever One Ragozine, a most notorious pirate,

your wisdom A man of Claudio's years; his beard and head,

In that good path that I would wish to go; Just of his colour: What if we do omit

And you shall have your bosom on this wretch,

Grace of the duke, revenges to your heart, This reprobate, till he were well inelined;

And general honour. And satisfy the deputy with the visage

Isab.

I am directed by you. Of Ragozine, more like to Claudio ?"

Duke. This letter then to friar Peter give; Duke. O, kis an accident that heaven provides !

'Tis that he sent me of the duke's return; Despatch it presently; the hour draws on

Say, by this token, I desire his company Prefix'd by Angelo; Sec, this be done,

At Mariana's house to-night. Her cause and yours, And sent according to command whiles I Persuade this rude wretch willingly to die.

I'll perfect him withal; and he shall bring you Prov. This shall be donc, good father, presently. Accuse him home, and home. For my poor self,

Before the duke; and to the head of Angelo
But Barnardine must die this afternoon:
And how shall we continue Claudio,

I am combined" by a sacred vow, s'o save me from the danger that might come,

And shall be absent. Wends you with this letter he were known alive?

Command these fretting waters from your eyes Duke. Let this be done :-Put them in secret holds, if I pervert your course.—Who's here?

With a light heart; trust not my holy order,
Both Barnardine and Claudio ; Ere twice
The sun hath made his journal greeting to

Enter Lucio.
Lucio.

Good evens 1 i. e. to remove him from one world to another. The Friar, where is the Provost ? French trepar affords a kindred sense. - The under generation, the antipodes.

agreement; so he calls Angelo the combinate husband 3 Your bosom, is your heart's desire, your wish. ol Mariana. 4 Shakspeare uses combine for to bind by a pact or 6 j. e, Go.

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ye well.

Drike.

Not within, sir. For my authority bears a credent bulk, Lacio. O, pretty Isabella, I am pale at mine heart, That no particulars scandal once can touch, to see thine eyes so red: thou must be patient: 1 But it confounds the breather.' He should have liv'd, am fain to dine and sup with water and bran; Save that his riotous youth, with dangerous sense dare not for my head till my belly; one fruitful Might in the times to come, have ta’en revenge, meal would set me to't: But they say the duke By so receiving a dishonour'd life, will be here to-morrow. By my iroth, Isabel, With ransom of such shame. 'Would yet he had lov'd thy brother: if the old fantastical duke of dark

liv'd! corners had been at home, he had lived.

Alack, when once our grace we have forgot,

(Erit ISABELLA. Nothing goes right; we would and we would not. Duke. Sir, the duke is marvellous little beholden

(Exit. 10 to your reports ; but the best is he lives not in them." SCENE V. Fields without the Town. Enter Duko

Lucio. Friar, thou knowest not the duke so well as I do: he's a better woodman? than thou takest

in his own habit, and Friar Peter. him for.

Drike. These letters at fit time deliver me. Duke. Well, you'll answer this one day. Fare

(Giving letters.

The Provost knows our purpose, and our plot. Lucio. Nay, tarry; I'll go along with thee; 1 The matter being afoot, keep your instruction, can tell thee pretty tales of the duke.

And hold you ever to our special drift; Duke. You have told me too many of him already, | Though sometimes you do blench"' from this to that, sir, if they be true ; if not true, none were enough. As cause doth minister. Go, call at Flavius' house,

Lucio. I was once before him for getting a wench And tell him where I stay: give the like notice with child.

To Valentinus, Rowland, and to Crassus, Duke. Did you such a thing?

And bid them bring the trumpets to the gates; Lucio. Yes, marry, did I; but was fain to for- But send me Flavius first. swear it; they would else have married me to the F. Peter.

It shall be speeded well. rotten meddlar.

(Exit. Friar Duke. Sir, your company is fairer than honest : Rest you well.

Enter VARRIUS. Lucio. By my troth, I'll go with thee to the lane's Duke. I thank thee, Varrius; thou hast made end: If bawdy talk offend you, we'll have very little

good haste: of it: Nay, friar I am a kind of burr, I shall stick. Come we will walk : There's other of our friends

(Exeunt. Will greet us here anon, my gentle Varrius. SCENE IV. A Room in Angelo's House. Enter

(Exeunt. ANGELO and ESCALUS.

SCENE VI. Street near the City Gate. Enter Escal. Every letter he hath writ hath disvouch'd3

ISABELLA and MARIANA. other.

Isab. To speak so indirectly, I am loath; Ang. In most uneven and distracted manner. I would say the truth; but to accuse him so, His actions show much like to madness: pray hea- That is your part: Yet I'm advis'd to do it; yen, his wisdom be not tainted! And why moet him He says, to 'vailfulla purpose. at the gates, and redeliver our authorities there? Mari.

Be rul'd by him. Escal. I guess not.

Isab. Besides, he tells me, that, if peradventure Ang. And why should we proclaim it in an hour He speak against me on the adverse side, before his entering, that, if any crave redress of I should not think it strange ; for 'tis a physic, injustice, they should exhibit their petitions in the That's bitter to sweet end. street ?

Mari. I would, friar PeterEscal. He shows his reason for that: to have a Isab.

0, peace; the friar is come. despatch of complaints; and to deliver us from de

Enter Friar PETER.13 vices hereafter, which shall then have no power to F. Peter. Come, I have found you out a stand stand against us.

most fit, Ang. Well, I bescech you, let it be proclaim'd: Where you may have such vantage on the duke, Betimes i' the morn, l'll call you at your house : He shall not pass you; Twice have the trumpets Give notice to such men of sort and suit,*

sounded; As are to meet him.

The generous!" and the gravest citizens,
Escal.
I shall, sir : fare you well. Have hent's the gates, and very near upon

[Erit. The Duke is ent'ring; therefore, hence, away. Ang. Good night.

(Eseunt, This deed unshapes me quite, makes me unpreg

nant, And dull to all proceeding. A deflower'd maid !

ACT V. And by an eminent body, that enforc'd

SCENE I. A public Place near the City Gate. The law against it!—But that her tender shame

MARIANA (veild,) ISABELLA, and PETER, at a Will not proclaim against her maiden loss,

distance. Enter at opposite doors,. Duke, VARHow might she tongue me? Yet reason daress her?-no:

RIUS, Lords ; ANGELO, Escalus, Lucio, Pro

vost, Officers, and Citizens, 1 i. e. he depends not on them.

2 A woodman was an attendant on the forester; his This passage will therefore bear two interpretations, great employment was hunting. It is here used in a between which the reader must choose. wanton sense for a hunter of a different sort of game. 7 Credent, creditable, not questionable. So, Falstaff asks his mistresses in the Merry Wives of 8 Particular is private: a French sense of the word. Windsor - Am I a woodman? Ha!

10 Dr. Johnson thought the fourth Act should end here, 3 Disrouched is contradicted.

' for here is properly a cessation of action, a night inter 4 Figure and rank.

venes, and the place is changed between the passages 6 Unready, unprepared; the contrary to pregnant in of this scene and those of the next. The fifth Act, be. its sense of ready, apprehensive.

ginning with the following scene, would proceed with6 To dare has two significations; to terrify, as in out any interruption of time or place.' The Maid's Tragedy ;

11 To blench, to start off, to ily off. -those mad mischiefs

12 Availtul. Would dare a woman.'

13 He is called friar Thomas in the first Act. And to challenge or call forth, as in K. Henry IV. p. 1. 14 Generous, for most noble, or those of rank. Gen«Unless a brother should a brother dare

erosi, Lat. To gentle exercise,' &c.

15 i. e. seized, laid hold on.

9 i. e. utterer.

Duke. My very worthy cousin, fairly met: As Angelo ; even so may Angelo,
Our old and faithful friend, we are glad to see you. In all his dressings, characts, titles, forms,
Ang. and Escal. Happy return be to your royal Be an arch villain: believe it, royal prince,
grace!

If he be less, he's nothing; but he's more,
Duke. Many and hearty thankings to you both. Had I more name for badness.
We have made inquiry of you; and we hear

Duke.

By mine honesty Such goodness of your justice, that our soul If she be mad (as I believe no other,) Cannot but yield you forth to public thanks,

Her madness hath the oddest frame of sense, Forerunning more requital.

Such a dependency of thing on thing,
You make my bonds still greater. As e'er I heard in madness.
Duke. O, your desert speaks loud; and I should Isab.

0, gracious duke, wrong it,

Harp not on that; nor do not banish reason To lock it in the wards of covert bosom,

For inequality :* but let your reason serve When it deserves of characters of brass

To make the truth appear, where it seems hid ; A forted residence, 'gainst the tooth of time, And hide the false, seems true." And razure of oblivion : Give me your hand,

Duke.

Many that are not mad, And let the subjoct see, to make them know

Have, sure, more lack of reason.-What would That outward courtesies would fain proclaim

you say? Favours that keep within.—Come, Escalus ;

Isab. I am the sister of one Claudio, You must walk by us on our other hand ;

Condemn'd upon the act of fornication And good supporters are you.

To lose his head; condemn'd by Angelo :

I, in probation of a sisterhood,
PETER and ISABELLA come forward. Was sent to by my brother: One Lucio

As then the messenger ;-
F. Peter. Now is your time; speak loud, and Lucio.

That's I, an't like your grace! kneel before him.

I came to her from Claudio, and desir'd her Isab. Justice, O royal duke! Vail' your regard, To try her gracious fortune with Lord Angelo. Upon a wrong'd, I'd fain have said, a maid ! For her poor brother's pardon. o'worthy prince, dishonour not your eye

Isab.

That's he, indeed By throwing it on any other object,

Duke. You were not bid to speak. Till you have heard me in my true complaint, Lucio.

No, my good lord ; And given me, justice, justice, justice, justice ! Nor wish'd to hold my peace. Duke. Relate your wrongs: In whai ? by whom ? Duke.

I wish you now thon Be brief:

Pray you, take note of it: and when you have Here is Lord Angelo shall give you justice ! A business for yourself, pray heaven you then Reveal yourself to him.

Be perfect, Isab. 0, worthy duke,

Lucio. I warrant your honour. You bid me seek redemption of the devil:

Duke. The warrant's for yourself; take heed to it. Hear me yourself; for that which I must speak Isab. This gentleman told somewhat of my tale. Must either punish me, not being believ'd,

Lucio. Right. Or wring redress from you; hear me, o, hear me, Duke. It may be right; but you are in the wrong here.

To speak before your time.-Proceed. Ang. My lord, her wits, I fear me, are not firm: Isab.

I went
She hath been a suitor to me for her brother, To this perniciqus caitiff deputy.
Cut off by course of justice.

Duke. That's somewhat madly spoken.
Isab,
By course of justice ! Isab.

Pardon it. Ang. And she will speak most bitterly and The phrase is to the matter. strange.

(speak : Duke. Mended again: the matter ;--Proceed. Isab. Most strange, but yet most truly, will I Isab. In brief,—to set the needless process by, That Angelo's forsworn, is it not strange ? How I persuaded, how I pray'd, and kneeld, That Angelo's a murderer ; is't not strange ? How he refelld me, and how I reply'd; That Angelo is an adulterous thief,

(For this was of much length,) the vile conclusion An hypocrite, a virgin-violator;

I now begin with grief and shame to utter; Is it not strange, and strange ?'

He would not, but by gift of my chaste body Duke.

Nay, ten times strange. To his concupiscible intemperate lust, Isab. It is not truer he is Angelo,

Release my brother; and, after much debatement, Than this is all as true as it is strange :

My sisterly remorses confutes mine honour, Nay, it is ten times true; for truth is truth And I did yield to him. But the next morn betimes. To the end of reckoning.

His purpose surfeiting, he sends a warrant Duke.

Away with her :-Poor soul. For my poor brother's head. She speaks this in the infirmity of sense.

Duke.

This is most likely ! Isab. O prince, I conjure thee, as thou believ'st Isab. O, that it were as like as it is true !" There is another comfort than this world,

Duke. By heaven, fondio wretch, thou know'st That thou neglect me not, with that opinion

not what thou speak'st; That I am touch'd with madness : make not im- Or else thou art suborn'd against his honour, possible

In hateful practice :!, First, his integrity That which but seems unlike : 'tis not impossible Stands without blemish:-next, it imports no reason But one the wicked'st catiff on the ground, That with such vehemency he should pursue May seem as shy, as grave, as just, as absolute, Faults proper to himself : if he had so offended,

He would have weigh'd thy brother by himself,

And not have cut him off: Some one hath set you on; To vail is to lower, to let fall, lo cast down. 2-1. 6. habiliments of office.

3 Characts are distinctive marks or characters. A statute of Edward VI. directs the seals of office of every 6 i.e. suited to the matter ; as in Hamlet : 'the phrase bishop to have certain characts under the king's arms would be more german to the matter.' for the knowledge of the diocess.'

7 Refelld is refuted. 4 The meaning appears to be 'do not suppose me

8 Remorse is pity. mad because I speak inconsistently or unequally.' 9 The meaning appears to be 'O, that it had as much

5 I must say with Mr. Steevens that I do not profess of the likeness or appearance, as it has of the reality of to understand these words.' Mr. Phelps proposes to truth.' • read And hid, the false seems true.' 1. e. "The truth 10 i. e. foolish.

being hid, not discovered or made known, what is false 11 Practice was used by the old writers for any inar seems true,

dious stratagem or treachery.

cause

Confess the truth, and say by whose advice Mari. Pardon, my lord; I will not show my face
Thou cam'st here to complain.

Until my husband bid me.
Isab.

And is this all ? Duke. What, are you married ? Then, oh, you blessed ministers above,

Mori. No, my lord. Keep me in patience; and, with ripend time, Duke.

Are you a maid ? Unfold the evil which is here wrapt up

Mari.

No, my lord. In countenance ! -Heaven shield your grace from Drike. A widow then ? woe,

Mari,

Neither, my lord ? As 1; thus wrong?d, hence unbelieved go!

Duke.

Why, you
Duke. I know, you'd fain be gone :-An officer! Are nothing then :-Neither maid, widow, nor wife ?
To prison with her :-Shall we thus permit Lucio. My lord, she may be a punk ; for many
A blasting and a scandalous breath to fall

of them are neither maid, widow, nor wise.
On him so near us? This needs must be a practice. Duke. Silence that fellow; I would he had some
-Who knew of your intent, and coming hither?
Isab. One that'I would were here, friar Lodowick. To prattle

for himself. Duke. A ghostly father, belike :-Who knows Lucio. Well, my lord. that Lodowick?

Mari. My lord, I do confess I ne'er was married ;
Lucio. My lord, I know him; 'tis a meddling friar; And, I confess, besides, I am no maid:
I do not like the man: had hé been lay, my lord, I have known my husband; yet my husband knows
For certain words he spake against your grace

not,
In your retirement, I had swing'd him soundly. That ever he knew me.
Duke. Words against me? This a good friar be Lucio. He was drunk then, my lord; it can bo
like!

no better. And to set on this wretched woman here

Duke. For the benefit of silence, 'would thou wert Against our substitute!-Let this friar be found. so too.

Lucio. But yesternight, my lord, she and that friar Lucio. Well, my lord. I saw them at the prison : a saucy friar,

Duke. This is no witness for lord Angelo.
A very scurvy fellow.

Mari. Now I come toʻs, my lord :
F. Peter. Blessed be your royal grace! She, that accuses him of fornication,
I have stood by, my lord, and I have heard In selfsame manner doth accuse my husband;
Your royal ear abusid : First, hath this woman, And charges him, my lord, with such a time,
Most wrongfully accus'd your substitute;

When I'll depose I had him in mine arms,
Who is as free from touch or soil with her, With all the effect of love.
As she from one ungot.

Ang.

Charges she more than me? Drike.

We did believe no less. Mari, Not that I know. Know you that friar Lodowick that she speaks of ! Duke.

No? you say, your husband. F. Peter. I know him for a man divine and holy; Mari. Why, just, my lord, and that is Angelo, Not scurvy nor a temporary meddler, a

Who thinks, he knows, that he ne'er knew mv As he's reported by this gentleman :

body, And, on my trust, a man that never yet

But knows, he thinks, that he knew Isabel's. Did, as he vouches, misreport your grace.

Ang. This is a strange abuse :'-Let's see thy Lucio. My lord, most villanously; believe it.

face. F. Peter. Well, he in time may come to clear Mari. My husband bids me; now I will unmask. himself;

(Unveiling. But at this instant he is sick, my lord,

This is that face, thou cruel Angelo,
Of a strange fever: Upon his mere request Which, once thou swor'st, was worth the looking on:
(Being come to knowledge that there was complaint This is the hand, which, with a vow'd contract,
Intended 'gainst lord Angelo) came I hither, Was fast belock'd in thine : this is the body
To speak, as from his mouth, what he doth know That took away the match from Isabel,
Is true, and false ; and what he with his oath, And did supply thee at thy garden-house,
And all probation, will make up full clear, In her imagin'd person.
Whensoever he's convented.“ First, for this woman Duke.

Know you this woman? (To justify this worthy nobleman,

Lucio. Carnally, she says. So vulgarlys and personally accused ;)

Duke.

Sirrah, no more. Her shall you hear disproved to her eyes,

Lucio. Enough, my lord. Till she herself confess it.

Ang. My lord, 'I must confess, I know this wo-
Duke.

Good friar, let's hear it.
[ISABELLA is carried off, guarded; and And, five years since, there was some speech of
MARIANA comes forward.

marriage Do you not smile at this, lord Angelo!

Betwixt myself and her; which was broke off,
O heaven! the vanity of wretched fools ! - Partly, for that her promised proportions
Give us some seats.-Come, cousin Angelo;

Came short of composition ;\ bui, in chief,
In this I'll be impartial ;' be you judge

For that her reputation was disvalued
of your own cause.- Is this the witness, friar? In levity: since which time of five years,
First, let her show her face; and, after, speak.

I never spake with her, saw her, nor heard from her,
Upon my faith and honour.
Mari.

Noble prince, 1 i. e. false appearance.

As there comes light from heaven, and words from 2 It is hard to know what is meant hy a temporary

breath, meddler, perhaps it was intended to sigpily one irho ini. Sroduced himself as often as he could find opportunity 7 Abuse stands in this place for deception or puzzle. into other men's concerns.'

So in Macbeth: 3 Mere here means absolute.

-My strange and self abuse,' 4 Convented, ciied, summoned. 5 i. c. publicly. means this strangé dreption of myself.

6 Impartial was used sometimes in the sense of par 9 Garden houses were formerly much in fashion, and tial; and that appears to be the sense here. In the often used as places of clandestine meeting and intrigue. language of the time, im was frequently used as an in. They were chiefly such buildings as we should now tensive or augmentative particle. Unpartial was some. call summer houses, standing in a walled or enclosed times used in the modery sense of impartial. Yet garden in the suburbs of London. See Stubb's Anato. Shakspeare uses the word in its proper sense in Richard mie of Abuses, p. 57. 410. 1597, or Reed's On Playe, II. Act i. Sc. 2.

Vol. V. p. 84. • Mowbray, impartial are our eyes and ears,' &c. 9 Her fortune which was promised proportionate to

mine feil short of the composition, i. e. convract or bar should nothing privilege him nor partialize.' gain.

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