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The Doctrine of Universal Redemption asserted

and explained.

1 Tim. iv. 10.

The living God; who is the Saviour of all men,

especially of those that believe. THAT our Lord Jesus is the Saviour of all men, SERM. . we have before from plain testimonies of holy Scrip- iv. ture, and from some arguments grounded there, affayed to fhew. The same will be made farther apparent by considering the respects according to which he is such; and those we may first consider generally and in the gross, then survey them more particularly and distinctly.

In general we may say, that our Lord is the Saviour of all men, for that he hath rendered all men salvabiles, capable of salvation ; and salvandos, defigned to salvation. For that he hath removed all obstacles peremptorily debarring men from access to salvation, and hath procured competent furtherances to their attainment of it. For that he hath rescued mankind out of that dead and desperate condition, wherein it lay involved; being the bread of God, who John vi. 33. hath descended from heaven, that he might give life to the



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SER, as he faith of himself

. For that he hath performed whatever on his part is necessary or fit in order to salvation, antecedently to the acceptance and compliance with those reasonable conditions, which by God's wisdom are required toward the instating men into a full and immediate right to falvation, or to a complete and actual fruition thereof. He made

the way to happiness plain and passable: levelling Luke iii. 5. the insuperable cliffs, and filling up the chasms, and

rectifying the obliquities, and smoothing the asperi-
ties thereof, as the Prophet foretold ; so that all men,
who would, might conveniently walk therein. He

set the doors of paradise wide open, so that who
Luke iv. 18. pleased might enter in ; all the bonds and restraints
τους άφι-

under which men lay, he so far loosed, that any man
might be free, who would concur to his own liberty
and enlargement. All the protection and encourage-
ment which was needful toward obtaining salvation,
he afforded and exhibited to every one, that would
embrace and make use of them. In respect to which
performances he might be justly esteemed and truly
called a Saviour, although all men do not in effect
become saved. For the estimation and denomina-
tion of performances are to be grounded upon their
own nature and design, not upon events depending
upon the contingent and arbitrary behaviour of men.
As he that freely offers a rich boon'is no less to be
accounted a benefactor and liberal, although his gift
be refused, than if it were accepted ; as he that
opens the prison is to be styled a deliverer, although
the captive will not go forth ; as he that ministers
an effectual remedy, although the patient will not
use it, deserves the honour and thanks due to a phy-
fician; so is our Lord in regard to what he hath per-
formed for men, and offered to them, (being suffi-
cient to prevent their misery, and promote

their hap

“Η γη αντί κατάρας ευλόγηται, και παράδεισος ήνοίγη, &c. Athan. in pal



son odoy

1 Pet. ii. 21.

piness,) to be worthily deemed, and thankfully ac-SERM. knowledged, their Saviour, although not all men, yea although not one man should receive the designed benefit. Accordingly we may observe, that in the Aas xvi. Scripture-style, those persons are said to be saved, 17,

Kalygiao who are only in a way toward salvation, although they do not arrive thither ; and the means conduc-cologías... ing to salvation are said to save, although their effect Aas ii. 47. may be defeated ; owjóuevou and osowouévou are terms Apoc. xxi. applied to all Christians, and Christ is ó ouoas, he that Eph. ii. 5. hath faved theni; and faith is said to have saved Cor. 21.2: them, although some of them cixñ étiseurav, have be- Tit. iii. 8. lieved in vain, or to no effect, forsaking and renouncing their faith ; and baptism saves them who partake 2 Pet. ii. 2z. it, although being washed, they return to their wallowing in the mire. And as our Lord is so termed a Sa. viour in respect to them, who are, by faith and admiffion into the Church, put into a more near capacity of salvation, as St. Paul speaketh: égútépor nueñv owongía jŐTE ÉTISEUoQusy, (Now is our salvation nearer than when Rom. xiii. we believed ;) so is he in respect of all those, who are in any capacity thereof, although a more remote one.

But let us now view more nearly and distinctly the respects in which he is a Saviour of all men, or the particular benefits and advantages conducing to falvation, which by his performances accrue to mankind; for πάμπολυ την σωτηρίαν απάση χαρίζεται τη αν- Clem. Αlex. 9pwtórnti, In very many ways he bestoweth salvation Pædag. upon all mankind, as Clemens Alexandrinus speaks.

1. Our Lord is the Saviour of all men, as having effected that Almighty God (who upon great provocations was justly displeased and angry with man, who had averted his face, and withdrawn his favour from mankind, whom our apostasy and rebellion had rendered a stranger and an enemy to us) hath deposed his wrath toward mankind, hath conceived a kind affection to it, doth cast a favourable aspect upon it; being throughly reconciled and made a friend thereto by our Saviour's mediation. This is my beloved Matt. iii.



17. xii. 18.



Col. i. 20.


SER M. Son, iv súdóxnoa, in whom I have been well pleased,

was the attestation given from God to our Lord; the meaning whereof in regard to men, the holy choir of

angels did interpret, when after the gladsome report Luke ii. 10, of his birth, (that great joy, which should be to all peo

ple,) they sang, Glory be to God on high, on earth peace,

good-will toward men. Which St. Paul farther deEph. i. 10. clareth, when he faith, that by him sudoxnce, God

pleased to reconcile unto himself all things, upon 2 Cor. v. earth, and in heaven ; and when he faith, That God was in Chrift reconciling the world unto himself

, not imRom. v. 10. puting their fins. And, When we were enemies, (faith

he again,) we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son: When we were enemies, that implies God antecedently to any man's conversion to have been appealed, and become favourably disposed toward all men, or toward those whom St. Paul speaketh unto, as men ; so the reason of the case doth import, and so the analogy which St. Paul immediately after propounds between the results of Adam's transgreffion and our Saviour's obedience (as to provocation and reconciliation, to condemnation and absolution, to the intents of bringing death and life upon all men) doth enforce. Whence it is, that God declareth himself now to bear an universal good-will to mankind, that he doth earnestly desire the welfare of all men,

and is displeased with the ruin of any man ; that he 1 Tim. ii. would have all men to be saved, and to come to the 3 Pet. iii. 9. knowledge of the truth, because there is one Mediator

between God and man; that he would not have any peHeb. vi 16, rish, but that all should come to repentance; this he af

firms, yea (for the confirmation of our faith and our consolation therein) he in the Evangelical Prophet fwears it, As I live, faith the Lord, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way and live. So far toward our falvation is done, God meets us half way; he is reconciled unto us, it re

mains only that we be reconciled to him; that we a Cos. V.20. hearken to the embassy from him: Be reconciled to God.


Ezek. xxxiii. 11.

2. Jesus

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