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and undertaken by us at our first justification ; holding SERM. faft the profesion of our hope without wavering; keep- viii. ing faith, and a good conscience ; so long as we do not Heb. x. 23. forfeit the benefit of that grace by making shipwreck of Tim. i. faith and a good conscience, relapsing into infidelity, or Pet. ti. profaneness of life. Our case is plainly like to that 20, &c. of a subject, who having rebelled against his prince, 38. vi. 1. and thence incurred his displeasure, but having afterward upon his submission, by the clemency of his prince, obtained an act of pardon, restoring him to favour and enjoyment of the protection and privileges suitable to a loyal subject, doth continue in this ftate, until by forsaking his allegiance, and running again into rebellion, he so loseth the benefit of that pardon, that his offence is aggravated thereby: so if we do persevere firm in faith and obedience, we shall (according to the purport of the evangelical covenant) continue in a state of grace and favour with God, and in effect remain justified ; otherwise the virtue of our justification ceaseth, and we in regard thereto are more deeply involved in guilt.

3. Although justification chiefly signifieth the first act of grace toward a Christian at his baptism, yet (according to analogy of reason, and affinity in the nature of things) every dispensation of pardon granted upon repentance may be styled justification ; for as particular acts of repentance, upon the commission of any particular fins, do not fo much differ in nature, as in measure or degree, from that general conversion practised in embracing the Gospel ; fo the grace vouchsafed upon these penitential acts, is pænitentia only in largeness of extent, and solemnity of admi-imitatur

Baptifmatis niftration, diversified from that ; especially confider- gratiam. ing that repentance after baptism is but a reviving Pelag. 1. 1o. of that first great resolution and engagement we made in baptism; that remission of fin upon it is only the renovation of the grace then exhibited ; that the whole transaction in this case is but a reinstating the covenant then made and afterward by

tranf

VIII.

SER M. transgression infringed) upon the same terms, which

were then agreed upon; that consequently, by congruous analogy, this remission of fins, and restoring to favour, granted to a penitent, are only the former justification reinforced; whence they may bear its name: but whether St. Paul ever meaneth the word to signify thus, I cannot affirm.

Now according to each of these notions all good Christians may be said to have been justified ; they have been justified by a general abolition of their fins, and reception into God's favour in baptism; they so far have enjoyed the virtue of that gracious dispensation, and continued in a justified state, as they have persisted in faith and obedience ; they have, upon falling into fin, and rising thence by repentance, been justified by particular remissions. So that having been justified by faith, they have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Chrif.

SERMON

SERMON IX.

The Pleasantness of Religion.

Prov. ii. 17.

Her ways are ways of pleasantness, and all her paths

are peace.

IX.

The meaning of these words seems plain and S ER M. obvious, and to need little explication. Her ways, that is, the ways of Wisdom. * What this Wisdom is, I shall not undertake accurately to describe. Briefly, I understand by it, an habitual skill or faculty of judging aright about matters of practice, and choosing according to that right judgment, and conforming the actions to such good choice. Ways and paths in Scripture-dialect are the courses and manner of action. For doing there is commonly called walking; and the methods of doing are the ways in which we walk. By pleasantness may be meant the joy and delight accompanying, and by peace the content and satisfaction ensuing such a course of actions. So that, in short, the sense of these words seems simply to be this ; that a course of life directed by wisdom and good judgment is delightful in the practice, and brings content after it.

The

SER M. The truth of which propofition it shall be my enIX. _deavour at this time to confirm by divers reasons,

and illustrate by several instances.

I. Then, Wisdom of itself is delectable and satiffactory, as it implies a revelation of truth, and a detection of error to us. It is like light, pleasant to beholda, casting a sprightly lustre, and diffusing a benign influence all about ; presenting a goodly prospect of things to the eyes of our mind; displaying objects in their due shapes, postures, magnitudes, and colours ; quickening our spirits with a comfortable warmth, and disposing our minds to a cheerful activity ; dispelling the darkness of ignorance, scattering the mists of doubt, driving away the spectres of delusive fancy; mitigating the cold of sullen melancholy; discovering obstacles, securing progress, and making the passages of life clear, open, and pleasant. We are all naturally endowed with a strong appetite to know, to see, to pursue truth : and with a bashful abhorrency from being deceived, and entangled in mistake. And as success in inquiry after truth affords matter of joy and triumph ; so being conscious of error and miscarriage therein, is attended with shame and forrow. Thefe defires Wildom in the most perfect manner satisfies, not by entertaining us with dry, empty, fruitlefs theories, upon mean and vulgar subjects ; but by enriching our minds with excellent and useful knowledge, directed to the noblest objects, and serviceable to the highest ends. Nor in its own nature only, but,

II. Much more in its worthy consequences is Wif. dom exceedingly pleasant and peaceable : in general, by disposing us to acquire and to enjoy all the good, delight, and happiness we are capable of; and by freeing us from all the inconveniences, mischiefs, and infelicities our condition is subject to. For whatever good from clear understanding, deliberate ad

· Veritatis luce menti hominis nihil dulcius. Cic. Acad. 2.

IX.

vice, fagacious foresight, stable resolution, dexterous S ERM. address, right intention, and orderly proceeding doth naturally result, Wisdom confers : whatever evil blind ignorance, false presumption, unwary credulity, precipitate rashness, unsteady purpose, ill contrivance, backwardness, inability, unwieldiness and confusion of thought, beget, Wisdom prevents. From a thoufand snares and treacherous allurements, from innumerable rocks and dangerous surprises, from exceedingly many needless incumbrances and vexatious toils of fruitless endeavour, she redeems and secures us. More particularly,

III. Wisdom assures us we take the best course, and proceed as we ought. For by the fame means we judge aright, and reflecting upon that judgment are assured we do so : as the fame arguments by which we demonstrate a theorem convince us we have demonstrated it, and the same light by which we see an object makes us know we fee it. And this afsurance in the progress of the action exceedingly pleases, and in the sequel of it infinitely contents us. He that judges amiss, not perceiving clearly the rectitude of his process, proceeds usually with a dubious solicitude ; and at length, discovering his error, condemns his own choice, and receives no other fatiffaction but of repentance. Like a traveller, who, being uncertain whether he goes in the right way, wanders in continual perplexity, till he be informed, and then too late, understanding his mistake, with regret seeks to recover hiinself into it. But he that knows his way, and is fatisfied that it is the true one, makes on merrily and carelessly, not doubting he Thall in good time arrive to his designed journey's end. Two troublesome mischiefs therefore Wisdom frees us from, the company of anxious doubt in our actions, and the consequence of bitter repentance ; for no man can doubt of what he is sure, nor repent of what he knows good. IV. Wisdom begets in us a hope of success in our

actions,

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