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VII.-1. Zwei politiken Satiren des alten Rom. Von Theodor

Birt. Marburg, 1888.
2. Claudii Claudiani Carmina. Recensuit Theodorus

Birt. Berolini, 1892.
3. Claudii Claudiani Carmina. Recognovit Julius

Koch. Lipsie, 1893.
4. Latin Literature. By J. W. Mackail. London,

139 VIII.-1. Sir Robert Sandeman; a Memoir. By T. H. Thorn

ton. London, 1895.
2. Lights and Shades of Indian Hill Life. By F. St.

J. Gore. London, 1895.
3. The Heart of a Continent, By F. E. Younghus-

band. London, 1896.
4. Correspondence relating to Chitral. London, 1895,

161 IX.-1. Dante Gabriel Rossetti: his Family-Letters. With

a Memoir by William Michael Rossetti. Two Vols.

London, 1895.
2. Autobiographical Notes by William Bell Scott.

Edited by W. Minto. Two Vols. London, 1892.
3. Dante Gabriel Rossetti: a Record and a Study. By

William Sharp. London, 1892.
4. Recollections of Dante Gabriel Rossetti. By T. Hall
Caine. London, 1882 -

185 And other Works. X. - The Philosophy of Belief; or, Law in Christian Theo

logy. By the Duke of Argyll, K.G., K.T. London,

215 XI.-1. Madagascar before the Conquest. By the Rev.

James Sibree. London, 1896.
2. Madagascar in War Time. The Times' Special

Correspondent's Experiences amongst the Hovas
during the French Invasion of 1895. By E. F.

Ķnight. London, 1896.
3. Étude de Politique Contemporaine : Madagascar en
1894. Par A. Martineau. Paris, 1894 -

245 And other Works. XII.—1. Sybil; or, The Two Nations. By Benjamin Dis

raeli. First Edition, 1845. New Edition, with an

Introduction by H. D. Traill. London, 1865.
2. Democracy and Liberty. By William Edward Hart-

pole Lecky. London, 1896.
3. The Poor in Great Cities. London, 1896.
4. The Universities and the Social Problem. London,


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IV.-1. The Correspondence of Cicero during the years

46-44 B.c.

2. Der Briefwechsel des M. Tullius Cicero. Von Otto

Eduard Schmidt. Leipzig, 1893.

3. M. Tulli Ciceronis Epistularum libri sedecim.

Elidit Ludovicus Mendelssohn. Lipsiæ, 1893.

4. Cicéron et ses Amis. Par Gaston Boissier. Paris,



And other Works.

V.-Queen Elizabeth. By Mandell Creighton, D.D., Bishop

of Peterborough. London, 1896


VI.-1. The Venetian Painters of the Renaissance. With

an Index to their Works. By Bernhard Berenson.

London, 1894,

2. The Florentine Painters of the Renaissance. With

an Index to their Works. By Bernhard Berenson.

London, 1896.

3. Lorenzo Lotto, an Essay in constructive Art-

Criticism. By Bernhard Berenson. London, 1895.

4. Antonio Allegri da Correggio: his Lifu, his Friends,

and his Time. By Corrado Ricci, Director of the

Royal Gallery, Parma. From the Italian, by

Florence Simmonds. London, 1896


VII.— The Onslow Papers. Historical MSS. Commission.



VIII.-1. La Elezione del Papa, Storia e Documenti. Per G.

Berthelet. Roma, 1891.

2. Le Conclave : Origines, Histoire-Organisation-

Législation, ancienne et moderne. Par Lucius

Lector. Paris, 1894.

3. Papal Conclaves. By W. C. Cartwright. Edin-

burgh, 1868 -


And other Works.

IX.–The Transvaal Trouble; how it arose. Being an Extract

from the Biography of the late Sir Bartle Frere.

By John Martineau. London, 1896


X.-1. One of the People. Life and Speeches of William

McKinley. By Byron Andrews. Chicago, 1896.

2. Congressional Record. 51st Congress. 1889-90.

3. The Life and Speeches of William J. Bryan. Edited

by J. S. Ogilvie. New York, August 1896.

4. Political Discussions. By James G. Blaine. Nor-

wich, Conn., 1867 -


And other Works.

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Art. 1.- The Life of General Sir Edward Bruce Hamley,

K.C.B., K.C.M.G. By Alexander Innes Shand. Second
Edition. Edinburgh and London, 1896.

THE sword,' observed Don Quixote, hath never blunted
saying is evidently indisputable. The literary faculty is not
the monopoly of any one class; nor is its cultivation forbidden
by an active military career. From the days of Xenophon and
of Cæsar to those of Napier and of von Moltke, there have been
frequent instances of distinguished soldiers who have wielded
the pen with power. Nevertheless, it must be admitted that the
habit of mind which tends towards literary excellence is not
easily attained by the conscientious performer of military duties,
and that the intellectual atmosphere of a garrison is not well
calculated to stimulate the imagination. To lead a twofold
life, with aims and interests often painfully incongruous, requires
a rare mental balance, and the pen of the soldier and the sailor
has generally achieved its best results when the burden of
official routine ceased to oppress. To hindrances of many kinds,
direct discouragement must frequently be added. At the begin-
ning of this century, military opinion was stifled in the Prussian
Army, and, as Bulow pointed out, a general poverty of ideas
was the natural result. Jena followed, and the blind worship
of an effete system stood hopelessly condemned. The regene-

which arose from the wreck of 1806 was largely the creation of Scharnhorst, whose warnings had fallen unheeded before the catastrophe. It was natural therefore that thinking, and writing its necessary complement, should not merely come into favour, but receive a marked impetus. Of late years authorship has been recognised as conferring claims to distinction in Germany, and no army has produced so wide and Vol. 184.-No. 367.



rich a military literature. In France, where capable military writers have succeeded each other for fully two centuries, the growth, since the disasters of 1870, of thoughtful publications dealing with every branch of the science of war, has been phenomenal. In England, the soldier who is known to possess literary gifts is still regarded with a certain measure of suspicion, and the astute aspirant to high position will restrain or severely regulate his pen until his rank is assured. Time will, however, change all this, and it will come to be understood here as elsewhere, that power of expression and of analysis, together with originality of opinion, even when forthcoming in the comparatively junior ranks, are not incompatible with military efficiency.

The Life of Sir Edward Hamley derives peculiar interest from its dual aspect. On the one hand, Hamley was unquestionably the most brilliant writer that the British Army has produced. On the other hand, he was a keen soldier, whose record in the field, both as a young Staff-officer and as a General of Division, clearly showed that he possessed in a marked degree the qualities of a military commander. The literary and the military instincts existing side by side, with points of contact yet sometimes mutually repellent, supply the clue to the right understanding of a complex nature and a notable


Of the four sons of Vice-Admiral Hamley, the three who entered the service all gave evidence of great literary gifts. All became valued contributors to Blackwood's Magazine' in its prime; and at the very time when Edward, the youngest, was writing the masterly Letters from the Crimea, Charles was forwarding admirable papers from the Baltic. Their mother, states Mr. Shand, ‘was a woman of intellectual ability as well as of high education; and ... they always considered they derived their literary faculty from her.' The Hamley family, on the other hand, had produced a succession of soldiers and sailors. Admiral Hamley rendered excellent service during the French war, and distinguished himself on several occasions by great personal gallantry. Thus the twofold bias of the genius of the brothers seems to have been directly inherited.

Edward Bruce Hamley, born in 1824, entered the Royal Artillery before he was nineteen. Joining his first battery in Ireland, he accompanied it a year later to Canada, where he served for nearly four years, returning home to be quartered successively at Tynemouth and Carlisle. Promoted to be captain in 1851, he was ordered to Gibraltar, where he remained till the outbreak of the Crimean war. For twelve


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