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With the poor
prominent enough for our taste, the nose somewhat too rounded, and the lips too thick, it is impossible to deny that there is a beauty stamped upon the countenance. material at the disposal of the sculptor it was next to impossible to free the limbs from the body, and this was rarely attempted.
It is from the paintings and sculpture of the Egyptians that we learn most of their civilization. On the bas-reliefs we find representations of a long series of historical events and numberless pictures of domestic and industrial life, which if rightly interpreted give evidence of habits of social life more developed than those of Greece even. From them we get a good idea of the manner of dress and personal appearance; the character of the food and manner of eating ; social customs; religious ceremonies ; industrial pursuits and amusements.
We ought not to leave this subject without a consideration of architecture, for the scientific skill dispayed in this direction has always been a matter of great surprise and admiration to travellers in Egypt. The obelisks, pyramids, temples, palaces, tombs, and other structures with which that country abounds are on a colossal scale, and such as can have been constructed only by a people far advanced in architectural art and profoundly versed in the science of mechanics.
The earliest works are the hypogea or spea, wherein the dead were interred. In these excavations or caves in the sides of mountains, square piers were reserved in order to support the weight. They were covered internally with hieroglyphics and bas-reliefs enriched with color. Subsequently, temples were erected in the open air. They were generally approached by an avenue, between rows of sphinxes, leading to the propylon, before which stood the obelisks, thus forming an entrance into an open quadrilateral court surrounded by porticos. Opposite this entrance was another, leading into a spacious hall the ceiling of which was supported by columns. The walls, ceilings, and columns were decorated with figures in bas-relief and richly colored hieroglyphics. The colors are generally yellow, green, red, and blue. Their palaces were constructed on much the same plan, but of the structure of the habitations of the masses we know but little. According to some, houses were constructed in stories, while others assume that their temporary abodes were mere huts, while their wealth was lavished upon their eternal homes, their tombs.
Beside these wonderful cities of the dead, the Egyptians reared their massive pyramids, the most gigantic monuments in existence. Granite, breccia, sandstone, and brick constituted their building-material, which was adjusted with much precision. A vain search has been made for the mechanical appliances which this ancient people must have had to quarry and transport these massive blocks of stone. The only light we get upon this subject is from the occasional representations which picture the granite blocks being dragged along on rollers to which are attached ropes in the hands of long lines of men. Diodorus tells us that machines were not invented at that time and that the stone was raised by the means of mounds or inclined planes ; but we may be excused from accepting this assertion and being thus forced to imagine an inclined plane five hundred feet in height with a base in proportion. It is more reasonable to suppose that they had some mechanical appliances which have escaped preservation.
Taken altogether, it can be safely asserted that the Egyptians were the most essentially a building people of all those with whom we are acquainted, and the most generally successful in all they attempted in this line. The Greeks, it is true, surpassed them in refined beauty of detail and in the class of sculpture with which they ornamented their buildings, and the Goths far excelled them in constructive cleverness; but besides these, no other style can compare with theirs. At the same time neither Greek nor Goth understood more perfectly the gradations of art and the exact character that should be given to every detail. Legal restraint and poor materials prevented their genius from finding its perfect expression.
The most flourishing period of Egyptian art was from 1400 B. C. to the Persian conquest, in 525 B. C. At this time increased wealth and luxury caused a decline in religion, science, and politics, and art shared in the general demoralization, simple and dignified forms being supplanted by highly ornamental but less substantial styles. A revival was promised by the introduction of Greek influence, but the shock of the Persian invasion was so severe that the effort was only spasmodic and soon died out, and darkness settled over the Nile valley.
E. R. SAMPSON.
(AN INCIDENT OF THE ARMENIAN MASSACRE.)
D. L. M.
DR. ORVILLE W. Owen, of Detroit, claims that Francis Bacon was
not only the author of the works universally ascribed to him, but also Discoveries. of the plays generally credited to George Peele, Christopher Marlowe, and
Robert Greene, as well as of the works of Robert Burton and Edmund Spenser. By means of his cipher code Dr. Owen has made discoveries of many startling events which are not set down by Froude and other historians of the Elizabethan era.—Boston Herald.
Certainly, why not? It is not a whit more wonderful than another miraculous discovery which he has just made, nor will it prove half as astounding to the American people as to learn that S. F. Smith, the so-called author of "America” never wrote a word of it. By an undisputable cipher the truth has at last been determined. And, as Dr. O— is rich and has no need of money, it is here freely given to the world.
A close study of the song “America” through many years, has revealed numberless facts of history and prophecies for the future which, however, will not be made public under any consideration, because of the unavertable dangers to the Republic therein foretold. The letters of the cipher are numbered from the end of each line in sequence, unless otherwise specified. It is an added cipher. On examining the first stanza we find 8i, 5b, 6e, 2on, 13), 39 (the word “ ring being properly spelt in the quarto, “ringque "), the addition giving 55. In stanza second, 16a, 3r, 9n, 120, 31, 19t, 4b, total 66. In stanza third, e12, gi (in third line), and a 15 (in second line as ordinarily printed; in the quarto these two lines are transposed), ti, t19, h12, 113, total 77. In stanza first, 87, e4, v10 (the word “of” in the quarto being spelt“ uv”), e2, r4, S4, e13, total 44. In the second stanza, fourth line from the end, occurs the remarkably plain whole word “and,"total 4. Same stanza (line 5) si, tio, total 11. Stanza third, a15, r3, 54, p6, i4, n2, gi, total 35. In first stanza, b5, a 12, nun, nii, e4, r2, total 45. In the second, cil, o10, 118, u2, m7, b4, 14, total 55. In the second, from beginning, a4, total 4. In same, 17 (count comma), 14, total 11. In third, t4, h12, e5, nio, ani, t2 (count comma), total 44. In first, 87, s18, total 25. H8, e2, r4, e17, fr (from beginning) 4, total 35. In second, 010, r3, hu, r5, 15, 17, total 45. . Second stanza,
line 4,"and,” total 4. First stanza, mry (ending on) 11. Same stanza, 113 (line 2), a12, m13, p6 (count comma), total 44. Third stanza, sio, 16, 45, 18m, 20i, 16t, 15 (from beginning) n. g., total 99. Surely nothing more evident has ever been discovered :—“ Ī, Beny Q. Arnolt, begat these verse, and Star Sping Banner, Columbi, all the nat ss [national songs, no doubt] herefr or hrat [heretofore or hereafter ?] and Mry lamp (Mary's Lamb?] S. F. Smit, n. g.
Who would have believed without this positive proof that the archtraitor, Arnold (or Arnolt, as we find his name must have been), could have written this song breathing ardent patriotism from every line! One remarkable thing is especially noticeable, — the Aippancy of the man's character, not only shown in his spelling and the slang, “n. g.,” but in the strange recurrence of the 4-11-44. Our land owes much to the discoverer of this cipher!
C. H, P.
It was a day for the downtrodden people of France, the four
teenth of July, 1789, the dawn of a new era. This people so of the Bastille. patient and long-suffering at last roused themselves and overthrew
the tyrants who for more than three centuries had taxed and oppressed them. The Bastille was to the lower classes the symbol and very watchword of oppression. Though it is said few of their number were ever imprisoned there, they hated it and regarded it as the tool of the tyrants. And when they came to rise in arms it was against this first that they directed their attack. A noted French writer says that the air itself on this memorable day seemed full of portent. The streets literally burned under the heat of the sun. People moved to and fro restlessly, as if feeling that something dreadful was about to take place. All at once from the direction of the wharves the cry arose, “ To the Bastille," and the multitudes, as if awaiting this word of command, started with one impulse toward the stronghold. Seizing what arms they came upon, and gathering strength at every corner, they continue on their way. They arrive at the fortress, cut the chains of the drawbridge, and rush into the court under the very muzzles of the cannon; and standing all exposed to the fire of the defenders, they discharge their ineffective weapons at the wall. Through all the long afternoon they surged defenceless against the citadel, and while hundreds of the common people were killed and wounded, in all that day's fighting only one soldier of the garrison fell.
About sunset the Bastille surrendered, “ Not,” says Michelet, “ because it was forced to, but because its own guilty conscience troubled it,” and Paris, with its foot upon the neck of this monster of oppression, with one voice shouted, “La Bastille est prise."
S. P. c.
Sweet shrine that crowns the summit of the Hill,
What varied scenes e'er keep thy memory bright!
Of rapturous love for thy far-reaching Light,
Within thy sheltering walls the song we hear,
The funeral chant, the marriage strains, the cheer,
THE SUNSET HOUR.
The sunset colors tint the western sky,
The Canadian Owl contains the following
Remember that you hold two lives as one, poem, which is of unusual meter for college
When you smile, I smile; you cry, I; and so
Let us go on until the scene is done.
In my weak hand would I'd discovered you,
Fair card of fortune, that some other drew.
This last clipping ought to be appreciated by respite from toil, The lads and lasses of the vale flock out in merry file;
Waking one morn,
"I find that if I would
Be up with the sun,
I must n't sit up with the daughter."
The Brown Magazine for April contains a Across the starry spangled sky slow steals the silvery timely article entitled “The Value of the Cap moon,
and Gown.” The author declares that one of The fiddler rasps his resined bow and plays a merry the most grievous defects in modern educational tune;
life is the lack of common spirit and the feeling “ The Wind that Shakes the Barley" makes a fit strain for Irish feet,
of loyalty, and he argues that fraternities and When by “ The Keelrow" followed fast we think literary societies create the spirit of patriotism the " set complete.
merely among small groups of men.
The object The girls — the rogues! — in tiny brogues
of the article is to call attention to the cap and An anchorite would lure, If haply he their charms might see
gown as one of the means that might be While dancing by the Suir.
employed in bringing about more esprit de corps
in colleges. He suggests that the cap and gown This selection is clipped from the Harvard be universally worn whenever college exercises Advocate, the last line containing a clever pun :- are held and not be used for only one or two TO MAUDE ADAMS, IN “THE BAUBLE occasions. In addition, a plea is made for the SHOP."
common garb, in that it would keep men on
their dignity at all times and never permit them If gay, thy girlish laughter uncontained Seizes my willing hands and carries me
to forget that they are students and responsible To boyhood — where, in triumph gained,
for the reputation of the college. As the tenYou bind my eyes in wanton jollity.
dency of the use of uniforms among soldiers is If sad, thy woman's sorrow lays her arm
to cement the feelings of the men, so the cap Upon my own, and, flying days and years,
and gown would be a strong means of creating Leads me to manhood, shows at once the charm And bitterness that flow in woman's tears.
a greater bond of sympathy among college stuPlay on, and in this bauble shop you show,
dents, a conclusion based on the fundamental possibilities near at hand.
law of human nature. The article is certainly judgment, particularly the lines from “ Queen worthy of consideration, for all colleges are Mab” in which Shelley hurls rebuke after occasionally troubled on account of the apathy rebuke, comparing power to a desolating pestiof students in regard to their alma mater. lence, and pleading the cause of the widow and
the fatherless. The author also cited the many The Wellesley Magazine is always welcome, notable instances of the socialistic question in and the last number has for the leading article “ Aurora Leigh,” an almost boundless source a thoughtful essay on “ Traces of Socialistic to draw from in connection with such a theme. Thought in Nineteenth Century English Poetry.” The only criticism one could make of this A large number of citations are given, among number of the Wellesley Magazine is the fact them being selections from Shelley's “ Queen that there is another long article freely interMab,” Browning's “ Paracelsus,” Mrs. Brown- spersed with poetry, which renders the general ing's “ Aurora Leigh,” and Tennyson's“ Locks- effect rather monotonous. A single contribuley Hall.” These selections are chosen with tion of this nature is enough for one edition.
Mrs. Curtis is at her home in Michigan. At the oratorical contest of the Tufts Pro
hibition Association, Merrill C. Ward, '96, Professor Harmon has been suffering with his
Others in the contest, Olive J. Amies, old enemy, the gout.
'98, Lucy A. Miliun, '98, Marcia M. Selman, Thomas Butler, special, is at his home in special, and James D. Tillinghast, '95. Mr. Philadelphia at present.
Ward should be well backed at the State con
test in Boston on May 9. A. Eugene Bartlett, '97, will preach next summer at Lyndonville, Vermont.
The last in the series of Divinity School George A. Bennett, '98, recently paid a brief receptions was held in Miner Hall reception
room on the evening of April 25. There was visit to the Hill. He looks much better.
a very good attendance; cocoa, ice-cream, and Mrs. James D. Tillinghast is at her home in cake were served. Miss Mariette Powers Cicero, New York, where she will remain poured. The entertainment was of an unusually until about June 1.
high order and was warmly
Thanks are due to Mr. Arthur Curry, teacher At Ninety-five's banquet on May 7, Dr.
of violin, Mr. John Orth, pianist, Miss Jean Roscoe will preside as toastmaster, and Mr. Bergland, reader, Miss Meacham, pianist, all of Tillinghast is down for a response.
Boston, and Mr. Willard S. Small, '97. On May 5, M. C. Ward, '96, will begin
Considerable pleasure was afforded on April holding services regularly for the summer at South Buxton and Bar Mills, Maine. On 26, when the Divinity School experienced its
annual baseball game.
After five innings, May 1, Mr. Ward represented Tufts in an intercollegiate prohibition oratorical contest at
occupying nearly two hours, the score stood 24 Allston, Massachusetts.
to 8 in favor of '95 and '97 as against '96 and
'98. On the winning side played Leavitt C., The members of the Senior class will be Smith p., Walker 1 b., Cardall 2 b., Tillingexamined for ordination on May 13 and 20, at hast 3 b., Benton s.s., Jones 1.f., Fortier c.f., and Ballou Hall, 30 West Street, Boston. In the Cobb r.f. On the other side were Dickerson c., next issue more will be announced as to the Fischer p., Blackford i b. and p., Boivin 2 b., ordination service on June 17. At present it Ball 3b., Eddy s.s. and p., Ward 1.f., Wilson c.f., may be noted that the Rev. Dr. Chas. H. and Rouillard r.f. A baseball game with the Eaton has been secured to preach the ordination Boston University theologues is among the