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JAMES BLACK LIBRARY.
DUTY OF A CHRISTIAN GOVERNMENT
WITH RESPECT TO
MORAL AND RELIGIOUS EDUCATION,
AND THE MANNER IN WHICH ITS
BENEFICIAL EFFECTS ARE COUNTERACTED
INORDINATE COMPETITION IN TRADE,
INHUMANITY AND INTEMPERANCE.
ROBERT WHYTEHEAD, BA
ROBERT WHYTEHEAD, B. A.,
LATE INCUMBENT OF ST. PETER'S, IPSWICH.
“Latiùs regges avidum domando
Spiritum, quàm si Libyam remotis
HORAT. od. ii. lib. ii. 9.
1 THE NEW YORK
ASTOR, LENOX AND TILDEN FCUNDATIONS 198
PRINTED BY THE PHILANTHROPIC SOCIETY, ST. GEORGE'S FIELDS.
ON THE PERNICIOUS EFFECTS OF
INTEM PER ANCE,
THE PROGRESS, OF
(To be comprised in Four Sections.) SECTION I. To represent the very serious and imperative duty, which
attaches to the Government of a nation in exercising its functions, towards promoting a sound, religious, and moral education amongst all classes of the community; and on the other hand to suppress, or at least to discourage, whatever may impede it, or be prejudicial thereto.
SECTION II. To depict the painful effects produced by inordinate
Competition, in regard to the unwarrantable and cruel treatment of the dumb and defenceless Animal Creation, and to urge the necessity of a rational and merciful limitation being affixed to the exertions exacted of them by mankind.*
Section III, To illustrate the baneful effects, both upon the mental
and physical energies of a densely-crowded and thoughtless population, produced by competition in the unrestricted sale of intoxicating liquors; when, to aid the above demoralizing and pestiferous traffic, every alluring enticement is adopted.
* To shew the necessity of some beneyolent interference on this subject, coaches on some roads are now actually about to compete in rapidity with carriages impelled by the mighty power of steam!
Section IV. To argue how powerfully the above evils must, sepa
rately and collectively, tend to neutralize the beneficial effects which Christianity has at so much cost, and with so much labour and talent, striven to dispense, and the characteristic features of which are Humanity, Temperance, and, the most comprehensive of its doctrines—Charity.
It is to be observed, that the Essay is to be framed on General Principles, and not with the view of entering into the political disputations or religious opinions of any separate party or sect whatever.
Should any pecuniary benefit arise from its publication, it is to be applied in aid of the funds of the Philanthropic Society, St. George's Fields.
AS A GUIDE TO AUTHORS, OBSERVEThe Adjudicators of the Prizes (three in number) to be appointed by the Committee of the said PailANTHROPIC Society.
The manuscripts, which may be successful, are to become the unreserved and absolute property of the said Society.
The several manuscripts are to be delivered at the Superintendent's Office of the above Society, near the Obelisk, St. George's Fields, on or before the 23rd June, 1838, after which time none can be received, and a sealed letter, containing the Names and Address of the respective Candidates, is to accompany each manuscript.
The seals of the letters accompanying those two Essays only, to which the Prizes may be awarded, will be broken-the others will be returned to the respective Authors.
The Prizes will be awarded on the 20th day of December, 1838.
SEVENTY POUNDS to be awarded for the best Essay-THIRTY POUNDS for the second best.
By Order of the Committee,
J. 0. KETTLE, Superintendent.
2nd Jan. 1838.