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13th instant in the evening met te I only day, that it is impossible for me Spectator within a mile and an half of to say how much I am, yours, this town, and flying in the face of jur

ROBIN SHORTER. tice, pulled off her hat, in which there P.S. I mall think it a little hard, if was a feather, with the mien and air of you do not take as much notice of this a young officer, faving at the same tiine epiftle, as you have of the ingenious

Your fervant, Mr. Spec.' or words Mr. Short's. I am not afraid to let the to that purpose: this is to give notice, world see which is the deeper man of the

that if any person can discover the name, two.

and place of abode of the said offender, ADVERTISEMENT. 1 so as the can be hrought to justice, the

informant shall have all fitting encouLONDON, SEPTEMCER 15. WHEREAS a young woman on horie.

ragement, back, in an equestrian habit, on the




Hor.SAT.II. L.J. VIR.38.



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hure been witness hoth to the ill usage THERE are many of my acquairit. he has received from her, and his inabi.

ance followers of Socrates, with lity to resilt her tyranny, heitill pretends more particular regard to that part of to make a jeft of me for a little more his philosophy which we, among our- than ordinary obliquioufrets to my felves, call his domeftics; under which spouse. No longer than Tuesday last denomination, or title, we include all the he took me with hini to visit his mistress; conjugal joys and lufferings. We have and he having, it seems, been a little in indeed, with very great pleafure, ob disgrace before, thought by bringing me ferved the honour you do the whole fra- with him the would conitrain herself, ternity of the hen-pecked, in placing and intensibly fall into general discourfe That illuftrious man at our head, and it with him; and so he might break the does in a very great meature baffle the ice, and lave liimself all the ordinary taillery of pert rogues who have no ad- compunctions and mortifications she used vantage above us, but in that they are to make him surfer before Die would be single. But when you look about into reconciled, after any act of rebellion on the crowd of mankind, you will find his part. When we came into the room, the fair-fex reigns with greater tyranny we were received with the utmost cold. over lovers than husbands. You shall ness; and when he presented me as Mr. hardiy meet one in a thousand who is Such-a-one, his very good friend, the wholly exempt from their dominion, just had patience to tuffer my salutation ; and those that are lo are capable of no but when he himseif, with a very gay laite of life, and breathe and walk about air, offered to follow me, she gave him the earth as insignificants. But I am a thundering box on the ear, called him going to delire your further favour in a pitiful poor-Spirited wretch, how durtt behalf of our harınless brotherhood, and he see her face? His wig and hat fell on hope you will thew in a true light the different parts of the floor. She frized uninarried hen-pecked, as well as you the wig too toon for him to recover it, have done justice to us, who submit to and kicking it down stairs, threw herfelf the conduct of our wives. I am very into an opposite room, pulling the door particularly acquainted with one who afier her with a force, that you would is under intire submission to a kind girl, have thought the hinges would have as he calls her; and though he knows I given way. We went down, you must

think, with no very grod countenances; there fo common as to hear a fellow curse and as we sneaked off, and were driv- his fate that he cannot get rid of a paling home together, he confessed to me, fion to a jilt, and quote a half line out that her anger was thus highly raised, of a miscellany poem to prove his weak. because he did not think fit to fight a ness is natural ? If they will go on thus, gentieman who had said, she was what I have nothing to say to it: but then the was; ' But,' says he, a kind let let them not pretend to be free all this

ter or two, or fifty pieces, will put while, and laugh at us as poor married her in humour again. I asked-him patients. why he did not part with her ; he an- I have known one wench in this town fwered, he loved her with all the ten. carry a haughty dominion over her lovers derness imaginable, and he had too so well, that the has at the same time many charms to be abandoned for a been kept by a sea-captain in the Straits, lietle quickness of spirit. Thus does a merchant in the city, a country gen. this illegitimate hen-pecked overlook the therman in Hampshire, and had all her huffy's having no regard to his very life correspondences inanaged by one she kept and fame, in putting him upon an in- for her own uses. This happy man (as famous dispute about her reputation; the phrase is) used to write very punc, yet has he the confidence to laugh at me, tually, every post, letters for the mistress because I obey my poor dear in keeping to transcribe. He would sit in his nightout of harm's way, and not staying too gown and flippers, and be as grave givlate from my own family, to pass through ing an account, only changing nanes, the hazards of a town full of ranters and that there was nothing in thole idle redebauchees. You that are a philofo- ports they had heard of such a scoundrel pler should urge in our behalf, that when as one of the other lovers was; and how we bear with a froward woman, cur could he think the could condereend so patience is preserved, in consideration low, after such a fine gentleman as each that a breach with her might be a dile of them? For the same epistie laid the honour to children who are descended same thing to and of every one of them. from us, and whole concern makes lis And fo Mr. Secretary and his lady went tolerate a thousand frailties, for fear to bed with great order. shey hould redound dishonour upon the To be short, Mr. Spectator, we hurinnocent. This and the like circum- bands thall never make the figure we ftances, which carry with them the most ought in the imaginations of young raluable regards of human life, may be men growing up in the world, except mentioned for our long-sufferings; but you can bring it about that a man of the in the case of gallants, they swallow ill town shall be as infamous a character as usage from one to whom they have no a woman of the town. But of all that obligation, but froni a base passion, I have met in my time, commend me which it is mean to indulge, and which to Betty Duall; she is the wife of a it would be glorious to overcome. failor, and the kept mistress of a man of

These fort of fellows are very nume. quality; the dweils with the latter durrous, and some have been conspicuously ing the sea-faring of the former. The fuch, without shame; nay, they have husband asks no questions, sees his apartcarried on the jest in the very article of ments furnished with riches not his, when death, and, to the diminution of the he comes into port, and the lover is as wealth and happiness of their families, joyful as a man arrived at his haven in bar of those honourably near to them, when the other puts to sea. Betty is have left immense wealth to their para- the most eminently victorious of any of mours. What is this but being a cully her sex, and ought to Itand recorded the in the grave! Sure this is being hen- only woman of the age in which the pecked with a vengeance! But without lives, who has possessed at the same dwelling upon these less frequent in- tiine two abused, and two contented fances of eminent cuilyism, what is



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HOUGH there are many authors, than invention ; yet in dreams it works

who have written on dreams, they with that ease and activity that we are have generally considered thein only as not fenfible when the faculty is employ. revelations of what has already happen. ed. For instance, I believe every one, ed in diftant parts of the world, or as fome time or other, dreams that he is présages of what is to happen in future reading papers, books, or letters; in periods of time.

which case the invention prompts fo I fall consider this fubject in another readily, that the mind is imposed upon, light, as dreams may give us fome idea and mistakes it's own fuggestions for of the great excellency of a human soul, the compositions of another. and some intimation of it's independency I shall, under this head, quote a par: on matter.

fage out of the Religio-Metici, in which In the first place, our dreams are great the ingenious author gives an account instances of t'iat activity which is natu- of himself in his dreaming and his wakral to the human foul, and which it is iny thoughts. "We are some what not in the power of sleep to deaden or more than ourselves in our fleeps, and abate. When the man appears tired • the flumber of the body seems to be and 'worn out with the labours of the " but the waking of the soul. It is the day, 'this active part in his composition ligation of sense, but the liberty of is still bufied and unwearied. When reason; and our waking conceptions the organs of sense want their due repose do not match the fancies of our deeps. and necefiary reparations, and the body • At my nativity iny ascendant was the is no longer able to keep pace with that watery sign of Scorpio : I was born fpiritual substance to which it is united, s in the planetary hour of Saturn, and I the soul exerts herself in several facul. " think I have a piece of that leaden ties, and continues in action und her s planet in me. I am no way facetious, partner is again qualified to bear her

nor difpoted for the mirth and galliarcompany. In this case dreams look like

o dize of company; yet in one dream ! the relaxations and amusements of the can compose a whole comedy, behold foul, when she is dilincumbered of her the action, apprehend the jefts, and machine; her sports and recreations, slaugh myself awake at the conceits when she has laid her charge atleep. thereof. Were my memory as faith

In the second place, dreams are an ful as my reason is then fruitful, I inftance of that agility and perfection would never study but in my dreams; which is natural to the faculties of the "and this time also would I chuse for mind, when they are disengaged from my devotions; but our groffer memothe body. The soul is clogged and re- • ries have then so litrle hold of our abe tarded in her operations, when the act's • ftracted understandings, that they forin conjunction with a companion that is get the itory, and can only relate to so heavy and unwieldy in it's motions. hour awakened fouls' a confused and But in dreams it is wonderful to ob- • broken tale of that that has paffed. serve with what sprightliness and alacrity "Thus it is observed that men sometimes, the exerts herself. The flow of fpeech upon the hour of their departure, do make unpremeditated harangues, or fpeak and reason above themfelves; converse readily in languages that they • for then the soul beginning to be freed are but little acquainted with. The " from the ligaments of the body, begrave abound in pleasantries, the dull gins to reason like herself, and to dir. in repartees and points of wil. There « course in a strain above mortality.' is not a more painful action of the inind, We may likewile observe in the third



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place, that the passions affect the mind This puts me in mind of a saying which with greater strength when we are alleep I am infinitely pleased with, and which than when we are awake. Joy and for- Plutarch ascribes to Heraclitus, " That row give us more vigorous sensations of all men whilst they are awake are in pain or pleasure at this time, than any one common world; but that each of other. Devotion likewise, as the excel "them, when he is alleep, is in a world lent author above-mentioned has hinted, of his own.' The waking man is is in a very particular manner heightenet converfant in the world of nature; when and inflamed, when it rises in the soul he Aeeps he retires to a private world at a time that the body is thus laid at that is particular to himself. There reit. Every man's experience will in- seems something in this consideration form him in this matter, though it is that intimates to us a natural grandeur very probable, that this may happen and perfection in the soul, which is ra. differently in different conftitutions. I ther to be admired than explained, Thall conclude this head with the two I must not omit that argument for the following problems, which I shall leave excellency of the foul, which I have to the solution of my reader. Suppos. seen quoted out of Tertullian, namely, ing a inan always happy in his dreams, it's power of divining in dreams. That and miserable in his waking thoughts, several such divinations have been made, and that his life was equally

divided be. none can question, who believes the tween them, whether would he be more holy writings, or who has but the least happy or miserable? Were a man a king degree of a common historical faith; in his dreams, and a beggar awake, there being innumerable instances of this and dreamed as consequentially, and in nature in several authors, both ancient as continued unbroken schemes as he and modern, facred and profane. Whethinks when awake, whether he would ther such dark presages, such visions of be in reality a king or a beggar, or ra- the night, proceed from any latent power ther whether he would not be both ? in the soul, during this her state of ab.

There is another circumstance, which straction, or from any communication methinks gives us a very high idea of with the Supreme Being, or from any the nature of the soul, in regard to what operation of subordinate fpirits, has been passes in dreams: I mean that innumer- a great dispute among the learned; the able multitude and variety of ideas matter of fact is, I think, incontestable, which then arise in her. Were that and has been looked upon as such by active and watchful being only conscious the greatest writers, who have been never of her own existence at such a time, what fufpected either of superstition or enthua painful solitude would her hours of falin. sleep be! Were the soul sensible of her I do not suppose, that the soul in these being alone in her fleeping moments, instances is intirely loose and unfertered after the same manner that the is sensible from the body; it is sufficient, if she is of it while awake, the time would hang not so far sunk and immersed in matter, very heavy on her, as it often actually not intangled and perplexed in her opedoes when the dreams that she is in such rations, with such motions of blood and solitude.

spirits, as when the actuates the machine Semperque relinqui

in it's waking hours. The corporeal Sola fibi, femper longam incomitala videtur union is flackened enough to give the

mind more play. The foul seems gaVIRG. Æn. IV. VER.466. thered within herself, and recovers that

She seems alone spring which is broke and weakened, To wander in her Deep thro’ ways unknown, when the operates more in concert with Guideless and dark.

DRYDEN. the body.

The speculations I have here made, But this observation I only make by if they are not argumen:s, they are at the way. What I would here remark, least ítrung intimations, not only of the is that wonderful power in the soul, of excellency of a human soul, but of it's producing her own company on these independence on the body; and if they occasions. She converses with number: do not prove, do at least confirin these less beings of her own creation, and is two great points, which are established transported into ten thousand scenes of by many other reasons that are altogether her own raising. She is herself the unanswerable. theatre, the actor, and the beholder. O

6 G

Ire viam

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Hor. SAT. ill. 1. 2. VER. 136.

ERLECK. Find, by several letters which I re. Spectator might be served up to them

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would be better plealed to pay three- old gentleman being pleased, it feems, halfpence for my paper, than two pence. with their desire of improving themThe ingenious T. W. tells me, that I felves, has granted then the continuance have deprived him of the beít part of both of the Spectator and bread and his breakfast, for that since the rise of butter, having given particular orders my paper, he is forced every morning that the tea-table thall be set forth every to drink his dish of coffee by itself, morning with it's customary bill of fare, without the addition of the Spectator, and without any manner of defalcation : that used to be better than lace to it. I thought mylelf obliged to mention Eugenius informs me very obligingly, this particular, as it does honour to this that he never thought he should have worthy gentleman ; and if the young diliked any passage in my paper, but lady Lætitia, who sent me this account, that of laté there have been two words will acquaint me with his name, I will in every one of them, which he could insert it at length in one of my papers, heartily with left out, viz. Price Two- if he delires it. pevce. I have a letter from a soap- I should be very glad to find out any boiler, who condoles with me very af- expedient that might alleviate the ex. fectionately, upon the necessity we both pence which this my paper brings to lie under of letting an high price on any of my readers; and, in order to it, our commodities, since the late tax has must propose two points to their confi. been laid upon thein, and desiring nie deration. First, that if they retrench when I write next on that subject, to any the smallest particular in their orspeak a word or two upon the present dinary expence, it will easily make up duties on Cartile soap. But there is the halfpenny a day which we have nowy none of these my correspondents, who under confideration. Let a lady facriwrites with a greater turn of good sense fice but a single ribbon to her morning and elegance of expression, than the ge- ftudies, and it will be sufficient: let å nerous Philomedes, who advises me to family burn but a candle a night less value every Spectator at Six pence, and than their usual number, and they may promises that he himself will engage for take in the Spectator without detriment above a hundred of his acquaintance, to their private affairs. who fall take it in at that price.

In the next place, if the readers will Letters from the female world are not go to the price of buying my papers likewise come to me, in great quantities, by retail, let them have patience, and upon the same occation; and as I na- they may buy them in the lump, with turally bear a great deference to this out the burthen of a tax upon them. part of our species, I am very glad to My speculations, when they are fold find that those who approve my conduct fingle, like cherries upon the stick, are in this particular, are much more due delights for the rich and wealthy; after merous than those who condemn it. A fome time they come to market in great large family of daughters have drawn quantities, and are every ordinary man's me up a very handsome remonftrance, money. The truth of it is, they have in which they set forth, that their father a certain flavour at their first appearance, having refused to take in the Spectator, from several accidental circumftances of since the additional price was fet upon time, place, and perfon, which they it, they offered him uran mously to bate may lose if they are not taken early; him the article of bread and butter in but in this case every reader is to confithe-tea- table account, provided the des, whether it is not better for him to


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