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tian, that whatever happens to herfelf other. We are not therefore to expect is a trial, and whatever happens to her that fire should fall from heaven in the neighbours is a judgment.

ordinary course of Providence; nor when The very defcription of this folly, in we fee triumphant guilt or depressed brdinary life, is fufficient to expose it; virtue in particular persons, that Omni. but when it appears in a pomp and dig. potence will make bare it's holy arm in nity of Itile, it is very apt to amule and the defence of the one, or punishment of terrify the mind of the reader. Hero- the other. It is sufficient that there is a dotus and Plutarch very often apply day set apart for the hearing and requittheir judgments as impertinently as the ing of both according to their respecs old won an I have before mentioned, tive merits. though their manner of relating them The folly of ascribing temporal judge makes the folly itself appear venerable.' ments to any particular crimes, may ap. Indeed, most historians, as well Chris- pear from several considerations. I thall rian as Pagan, have fallen into this idle only mention two: Firit, that, generally superstition, and spoken of ill success, speaking, there is no calamity or afllicunftsreleen disasters, and terrible events, tion, which is supposed to have happenas if they had been let into the secrets of ed as a judgment to a vicious man, Providence, and made atquainted with which does not sometimes happen to men that private conduct by which the world of approved religion and virtue. When is governed. One would think several Diagoras the atheist was on board one of our own historians in particular had of the Athenian Ships, there arose a very many revelations of this kind made to violent tempest: upon which the marithem. Our old English monks seļdom ners told him, that it was a juit judge let any of their kings depart in peace, ment upon them for having taken lo who had endeavoured to diminish the impious a man on board. Diagoras power or wealth of which the ecclefiaftics begged them to look upon the rest of the were in those times poilesed. Wil. Thips that were in the fame distress, and liam the Conqueror's race generally asked them whether or no Diagoras was found their judgments in the New Fo- on board every vessel in the fleet. We relt, where their father had pulled down are all involved in the same calamities, churches and monasteries. In thort, and subject to the same accidents: and read one of the chronicles written by an when we see any one of the species unauthor of this frame of wind; and you der any particular oppression, we should would think you were reading an littory look upon it as arising froin the comof the kings of Israel and Judah, where moa lot of human nature, rather than the hiftorians were actually inspired, and from the guilt of the person who suffers. where, by a particular scheme of Pro- Another consideration, that may check vidence, the kings were distinguished our presumption in putting fuch'a conby judginents or blessings, according as Atruction upon a misfortune, is this, they promoted idolatry or the worship of that it is impossible for us to know what the true God.

are calamities and what are blesings. I cannot but look upon this manner How many accidents have passed for of judging upon misfortunes, not only misfortunes, which have turned to the to be very uncharitable in regard to the welfare and prosperity of the persons to person on whom they fall, but very pre- whole lot they have fallen? How many sumptuous in regard to him who is lup- disappointments have, in their conteposed to inflict them. It is a ftrong ar- quences, fayed a man from ruin? If we gument for a state of retribution here. could look into the effects of every thing, after, that in this world virtuous per. we might be allowed to pronounce bold. fons are very often unfortunate, and Jy upon blessings and judgments; but vicious persons prosperous; which is for a man to give his opinion of what wholly repugnant to the nature of a Be. he fees but in part, and in it's begin. ing who appears infinitely wise and good nings, is an unjustifiable piece of raih. in all his works, unless we may fuppofe ness and folly. The itory of Biton and that such a promiscuous and undiltin- Clitobus, which was in great reputation guiling distribution of good and evil, among the heathens, (for we fee it quoi. which was necessary for carrying on the ed by all the ancient authors, both designs of Providence in this life, will Greek and Latin, who have written upon be rectified and made amepds fos in an- the immortality of the foul) may teach

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us a caution in this matter. These two greatest gift that could be given to menti brothers, being the sons of a lady who upon which they were both cait into a was priettess to Juno, diew their mo- deep fleep, and the next morning found ther's chariot to the temple at the time dead in the temple. This was such an of a great folemnity, the persons being event, as would have been construed absent who by their office were to have into a judgment, had it happened to the drawn her chariot on this occasion. The two brothers after an act of disobedience, mother was fo transported with that in. and would doubtless have been represtance of filial duty, that the petitioned sented as such by any ancient historias her goddess to beitow upon them the who had given us an account of it. O








could in no wise detra&t from the merit O

their progress through any profef- for the advancing his own. I have of. fion, none seem to have so good a title ten feen one of these not only molested to the protection of the men of eminence in his utterance of something very perin it as the modest man; not so much tinent, but even plundered of his ques. because his modelty is a certain indica- tion, and hy a strong ferjeadt shouldertion of his ment, as because it is a cer. ed out of his rank, which he has reco. tain obitacle to the producing of it. vered with much difficulty and confu. Now, as of all profesiions this virtue is fion. Now as great part of the bufiness thought to be more particularly unne- of this profession might be dispatched by ceffary in that of the law than in any one that perhaps other, I shall only apply myself to the relief of such who follow this profeffion

-abeft virtute diserti with this disadvantage. What aggravates

Mellale, nec jeit quantum Couselles Aulus; the matter is, that those persons, who,

Hor. ARS POET. VER. 370. the better to prepare themielves for this

-wants Messala's powerful eloquence, Audiy, have made some progrets in others, And is less read than deep Causellius: have, by addicting themselves to letters,

ROSCOMMON. increased their natural modesty, and consequently heightened the obstruction so I cannot conceive the injustice done to this fort of preferment; so that every to the public, if the men of reputation one of these may emphatically be said to in this calling would introduce such of be such a one as ' laboureth and taketh the young ones into business, whose ap• pains, and is ftill the more behind,' plication in this Audy will let them into It may be a matter worth discussing the secrets of it, as much as their mo. then, why that which made a youth to defty will hinder them from the practice: amiable to the ancients, thould make I say, it would be laying an everlasting himn appear fo ridiculous to the moderns? obligation upon a young man, to be inand, why in our days there should be troduced at first only as a mute, till by neglect, and even oppression of young his countenance, and a resolution to begimers, instead of that protection support the good opinion conceived of which was the pride of theirs? In the him in his bettes, his complexion thall profesion spoken of, is obvious to be so well fettled, that the litigious of every one whole attendance is required this island may be secure of this obftre. ut Westminster Hall

, with what difti- perons aid. if I might be indulged to culty a youth of any modely has been speak in the stile of a lawyer, I would permitted to make an oblervation, that fay, that any one about thirty years of


age inight make a common motion to a real increase of their fortune; and fully the court with as much elegance and to believe, that one day this imaginary propriety as the most aged advocates in gain will certainly he made out by one the hall.

more substantial. I will you would I cannot advance the merit of mo. talk to us a little on this head; you would desty by any argument of my own so oblige, Sir, your humble servant. powerfully as by inquiring into the sentiments the greatest among the ancients The author of this letter is certainly of different ages entertained upon this a man of good sense; but I am perhaps virtue. If we go back to the days of particular in my opinion on this occaSolomon, we shall find favour a necef- fion; for I have oblerved that under the sary consequence to a shame-faced man. notion of modesty, men have indulged Pliny, the greatest lawyer and most ele. themselves in spiritless Nieepishness, and gant writer of the age he lived in, in fe- been for ever loft to themselves, their veral of his epiftles is very solicitous in families, their friends, and their counrecommending to the public fome young try. When a man has taken care to men, of his own profeslion, and very pretend to nothing but what he may just. often undertakes to become an advocate, , ly aim at, and can execute as well as upon condition that some one of these any other, without injustice to any other; his favourites might be joined with him, it is ever want of breeding or courage to in order to produce the merit of such, be brow-beaten or elbowed out of his whose modesty otherwise would have honest ambition. I have said often, mosuppressed it. It may seem very mar- desty must be an act of the will, and yet it vellous to a saucy modern, that mul always implies felf-denial; for if a man

tum sanguinis, multum verecundia, has an ardent defire to do what is laud' multum sollicitudinis in ore;-to have able for him to perforin, and, from an • the face first full of blood, then the unmanly bashfulness, shrinks away, and • countenance dashed with modelty, and lets his merit languish in filence, he ' then the whole aspect as of one dying ought not to be angry at the world that (with fear, when a man begins to speak;' a more unskilful actor sucereds in his should be esteemed by Pliny the neces. part, because he has not confidence to sary qualifications of a fine speaker. come upon the stage himself. The geShakespeare also has expressed himself nerosity my correspondent mentions of in the fame favourable Itrain of mo- Pliny, cannot be enough applauded. defty, when he lays,

To cherish the dawn of merit, and

haften it's maturity, was a work worthy In the modesty of fearful duty a noble Roman and a liberal scholar. I read as much as from the rattling tongue That concern which is described in the Of saucy and audacious eloquence

leiter, is to all the world the greatest

charm imaginable; but then the modest Now fince these authors have profef- man must proceed, and thew a latent fed themselves for the modelt man, even resolution in himfelf;, for the admirain the utmost confusions of speech and tion of his molefty ariles from the maCountenance, why should an intrepid nifestation of his merit. i mult confess utterance and a resolute vociferation we live in an age wherein a few empty thunder so fuccessfully in our courts of blulierers carry away the praise of fpeak. jultice? And why should that confidence ing, while a crowd of fellows over. of speech and behaviour, which seems to ftocked with knowledge are run down acknowledge no superior, and to defy by them: I try, over-Itocked, because all contradiction, prevail over that de- they certainly are fo as to their service ference and resignation with which the of mankind, if from their very store modelt man implores that favourable they raise to themelves ideas of refpe&t, opinion which the other seems to com- and greatness of the occasion, and I mand?

know not what, to ditable themfelves As the case at present stands, the bet from explaining their thoughts. I must confolation that I can adininiiter to those confess, when I have, feen Charles who cannot get into that ttroke of busin Frankair rise up with a coinmanding ness (as the phrase is) which they de- mien, and torrent of handsome words, ferve, is to reckon every particular ac- talk a mile off the purpoie, and drive quisition of knowledge in this study as down twenty bashful boobies of ten times

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his fense, who at the same time were qualify a man to make his belt appears envying his impudence and defpiling his ance before the greatest man and the understanding, it has been matter of finest woman to whom he can addreds great mirth to me; but it soon ended in himself. Were this judicially corrected a secret lamentation, that the fountains in the nurseries of learning, pert coxof every thing praise-worthy in thele combs would know their distance: but realms, the universities, lhould be so we must bear with this false modesty in muddled with a false tense of this virtue, our young nobility and gentry, till they as to produce men capable of being fo cease at Oxford and Cambridge to grow abused. I will be bold to say, that it dunib in the study of eloquence. is a ridiculous education which does not




QUINT, CURT. 1. vii. c. S.




prodigious machinations. My frontil. Y Lord Clarendon has observed, piece, I believe, may be extended to

That few men have done more imply, that feveral of our misfortunes harin than those who have been thought arise from things as well as perfons, that to be able to do lealt; and there cannot seem of very little consequence. Into be a greater error, than to believe a what tragicalextravagancies does Shakeman whom we see qualified with too fpeare hurry Othello upon the loss of an mean parts to do good, to be therefore handkerchief only? and what barbarities incapable of doing hurt. There is a does Desdemona suffer from a light in

supply of malice, of pride, of industry, advertency in regard 10 this fatal trifle? . and even of folly, in ire weakest, when If the schemes of all enterprizing spirits

he fets his heart upo: it, that makes were to be carefully examined, lome in. • a frange progrels in mischief.' What tervening accident, not considerable may seem to the reader the greatest para. enough to occasion any debate upor., or dos in the reflection of the bistorian, is, give them any apprehension of il confeI suppost, that folly, which is generally quence from it, will be found to be the thought incapable of contriving or exe- occasion of their ill fuccess, rather than cuting any design, should be lo formi- any error in points of moment and difda!Je to those whom it exerts itself to ficulty, which naturally engaged their moleft. But this will appear very plain, matureft deliberations. If you go to if we remember that Solomon says, “It the levee of any great man, you will • is sport to a fool to do mischief;' observe him exceeding gracious to feveand eat he might the more emphatically ral very insignificant fellows; and this expre's the calamitous circumitances of upon ihis maxim, that the negled of him who falls under the displeasure of any person muft arise from the mean this wanton person, the fame author opinion you have of his capacity to do adds further, that 'a stone is heavy, you any service or prejudice; and that

and the sand weighty, but a fool's this calling his fufficiency in question, • wrath is heavier than them both.' It must give him inclination, and where is impossible to suppress my own iilur- this is, there never wants strength or tration upon this matter, which is, That opportunity to annoy you. There is as the man of sagacity bełirs himself to no body so weak of invention, that can. diftreis his enemy by methods probable not aggravate or make some little stories and reducible to reason, fo the same yea- to vility his enemy; and there are very son will fortify his enemy to elude these few but have good inciinations to hear his regular efforts; but your fool pro- them, and it is infinite pleasure to the jects, acts, and concludes with such no- majority of mankind to level a person table inconfiitence, that no regular course superior to his neighbours. Besides, in of thought can evade or counterplot his all matter of controversy, that party

which has the greatest abilities labours of May, dil this merciless youth resolve under this prejudice, that he will cer- upon the business of captivating. At tainly be fupposed, upon account of his first he confined himself to his room abilities, to have done an injury, when only, now and then appearing at luis perhaps he has received one. It would window in his night-gown, and price he tedious to enumerate the itrokes that tising that easy posture which expresses nations and particular friends have suf- ` the very top and dignity of lang ihfered frora perfons very contemptible. ment. It was pleasant to see him diver

I think Henry IV. of France, fo for- fify his loveliness, sometimes obiiging .. midable to his neighbours, could 110 the passengers only with a fide face, more be secured against the resolute vil. with a book in his hand; formetimes belainy of Raviliac, than Villiers, Duke ing so generous as to expose the whole of Buckingham, could be against that in the fulness of it's beauty; at other of Felton. And there is no incensed times by a judicious throwing back his perfon fo deftitute, but can provide him- periwig, he would throw in his ears. self with a knife or a pistol, if he finds You know he is that sort of person which ftomach to apply thein. That things the mob call a handsome jolly man; an i persons of no moment should give , which appearance cannot miss of capduch powerful revolutions to the pro- tives in this part of the town. Being gress of those of the greatest, seems a embollened by daily luccels, he leaves providential disposition to baffle and his room with a resolution to extend his abute the pride of human fufficiency; conquests; and I have apprehended him as also to engage the humanity and be in his night-gown (miting in all parts nevolence of 1uperiors to all below them, of this neighbourhood. by letting them into this secret, that the This I, being of an amorous comftronger depends upon the weaker. I plexion, saw with indignation, and had am, Sir, your very humble servant. thoughts of purchaling a wig in these

parts; into which, being at a greater

distance from the earth, I might have TIMPLE, PAPER BUILDINGS.

thrown a very liberal mixture of white

horse hair, which would make a fairer, I

Received a letter from you some time and consequently a handsomer appear

ago, which I should have answered ance, while my situation would secure sooner, had you informed me in yours me against any discuveries. But the to what part of this island I might have passion to the handsome gentleman seems directed my impertinence; but having to be fo fixed to that part of the buildbeen let into the knowledge of that mat. ing, that it may be extremely difficult ter, this handsome excuse is no longer to divert it to mine; so that I am resolved serviceable. My neighbour Prettyman to stand boldly to the complexion of my hall be the subject of this letter; who own eye-brow, and prepare me an imfalling in with the Spectator's doctrine mense black wig of the same fort of concerning the month of May, began itructure with that of my rival. Now, from that leason to delicate himself to though by this I shall not, perhaps, the fervice of the fair in the following lefen the number of the admirers of his manner. I observed at the beginning of complexion, I shall have a fair chance the month he bought him a new night. to divide the passengers by the irresistiçown, either side to be worn outwards, ble force of mine. bo h equally gorgeous and attractive; I expect sudden dispatches from you, but till the end of the month I did not with advice of the family you are in enter fo fully into the knowledge of his now, how to deport myself upon this to contrivance, as the use of that garment delicate a conjuncture; with some com. has since suggested to me. Now you fortable resolutions in favour of the muit know, that all new clothes raise handsome black man against the hand.. and warm the wearer's imagination into some fair-one. I am, Sir, your most a conceit of his being a much finer gen. humble servant, tleman than he was before, banishing

C. all fobriety and reflection, and giving N. B. He who writ this, is a black him

up to gallantry-and amour. In- man, two pair of stairs; the gentleman of Mamed therefore with this way of think, whom he writes, is fair, and one pair ing, and full of the spirit of the month of Itairs,



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