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left me.


THE SPECTATOR: clining to depart from home; and will to give talents suitable to them were it not doubt but, as your motive in desire fo, the noble Pharamond would reward ing my attendance was to make me an the zeal of my youth with abilities to happier man, when you think that will do him service in my age, not be effected by my remove, you will Those who accept of favour without permit me to stay where I am. Those merit, fupport themselves in it at the who have an ambition to appear in expence

of your Majesty. Give me courts, have either an opinion that their leave to tell you, Sir, this is the reason perions or their talents are particularly that we in the country hear so often reformed for the service or ornament of peated the word Prerogative. That part that place; or else are hurried by down. of your law which is reserved in your. right defire of gain, or what they cail felf for the readier service and good of honour, to take upon themselves what the public, light men are eternally ever the generosity of their master can buzzing in our ears to cover their own give them opportunities to grasp at. follies and miscarriages. It would be But your goodnets shall not be thus an addition to the high favour you have imposed upon by me: I will therefore done me, if you would let Eucrate send contess to you; that frequent solitude, me word how often, and in what cases and long conversation with such who you allow a constable to infilt upon the know no arts which polith life, have prerogative. From the higheit to the made me the plainest creature in your lowest officer in your dominions, foinedominions. Those less capacities of thing of their own carriage they would moving with a good grace, bearing a exempt from examination under the ready affability to all around me, and shelter of the word Prerogative. I would acting with ease before many, have quite fain, most noble Pharamond, see one of

I am come to that, with re- your officers assert your prerogative by
gard to my person, that I consider it good and gracious actions. When is
only as a machine I am obliged to take it used to help the afflicted, to rescue
care of, in order to enjoy my soul in it's the innocent, to comfort the stranger?
faculties with alacrity; well remember. . Uncommon methods, apparentiy ur.der.
ing, that this habitation of clay will in taken to attain worthy ends, would
a few years be a meaner piece of earth never make power invidious. You see,
than any utensil about my house. When Sir, I talk to you with the freedom your
this is, as it really is, the most frequent noble nature approves in all whom you
reflection I have, you will easily ima- admit to your converfation.'
gine how well I should become a draw- But, to return to your Majesty's let.
ing-room! add to this, what ihall a ter, I humbly corceive, that all dil-
man without desires do about the gene- tinctions are useful to men, only as they
rous Pharamond ? Monsieur Eucrate

are to act in pulslic; and it would be a
has hinted to me, that you have thoughts romantic mariness, for a man to be a
of distinguishing me with titles. As lord in his closet. Nothing can be ho-
for myselt, in the temper of my present nourable to a man apart from the world,
mind, appellations of honour would but but the reflection upon worthy actions ;
embarrafs discourle, and new behavi: ur and he that places honour in a conscious.
towards me perplex me in every habi. ness of well-doing, will have but little
tude of life. I ain also to acknowledge relish for any outward homage that is
to you, that my children, of whom your paid him, fince what gives him diftinc-
Majefty condescended to inquire, are tion to himself, cannot come within the
all of them inean, both in their persons obfervation of his beholders. Thus all
and genius. The estate my eldest fon the 'words of LordMip, Honour; and
is heir to, is more than he can enjoy Grace, are only repetitions to a man that
with a good grace. My self love will - the King has ordered him to be called
not carry me so far as to impose upon fo; but no evidences that there is any
mankind the advancement of perfons thing in himself that would give the
(merely for their being related to me) man, who applies to him, those ideas,
into high diftinctions, who ought for without the creation of his master.
their own Takes, as well as that of the I have, most noble Pharamond, all ho-
public, to affe&t obscurity. I wish, my hours and all titles in your own approba.
generous prince, as it is in your power tion; I triumph in them as they are your
to give honours and offices, it were also gift, I refuse them as they are to give

me the observation of others. Indulge profession of the politer fort has protectme, my noble master, in this chattity ed me against infamy and want. I am of renown ; 'let me know myself in the now clerk to a lawyer, and in times of favour of Pharamond, and look down vacancy and recess from business, have upon the applause of the people. I am, made myself matter of Italian and French; in all duty and loyalty, your Majesty's and though the progress I have made in most obedient subject and servant, my bulinels has gained me reputation JEAN CHEZlUY. enough for one of my standing, yet my

mind suggets to me every day, that it SIR,

is not upon that foundation I am to I Need not tell with what disadvantages build my

fortune; men of low fortunes and great mo. The person I have my present dedelty come into the world; what wrong pendence upon, has it in his nature, as measures their diffidence of themselves, well as in his power, to advance me, by and fear of offending, often obliges recompending me to a gentleman that them to take; and what a pity it is going beyond sea in a public employis that their greatest virtues and qua- ment. I know the printing this letter lities, that thould foonett recommend would point me out to those I want them, are the main obftacle in the way confidence to speak to, and I hope it of their preferment.

is not in your power to refuse making This, Sir, is my case; I was bred at any body happy. Yours, &c. 9, 10 a country school, where I learned Latin

M. D. and Greeka . The misfortunes of my SEPTEMBER 9, family forced me up to town, where a 1712.



HOK. SAT. VII. L. 1. VER. 19.


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have been dead, returning to his house consider the different notions which after a long absence, raises a noble perdifferent persons have of the same thing. plexity for the tragic part of the plitr If men of low condition very often fet a In the mean while, the nurse and the value on things, which are not prized porter conferring upon the difficultie's by those who are in a higher station of that would ensue in such a case, honelt life, there are many things these esteem Samson thinks the matter may be eafly which are in no value among persons of decided, and solves it very judiciously, an inferior rank. Common people are, by the old proverb, that if his first main particular,' very much astonished, fter be still living, The man must have when they hear of those folemn contests ... his mare again. There is nothing in and debates, which are made among the my time which has so much surprised great upon the pun&tilios of a public and confounded the greatest part of my ceremony and wonder to hear that any honest countrymen, as the present con

business of confequence should be re- troversy between Count Rechtern and tarded by those little circumstances, Monsieur Mesnager, which employs the which they represent to themselves as wife heads of so many nations, and trifling and insignificant. I am mighti- holds all the affairs of Europe in tuly pleased with a porter's decision in one Spence. of Mr. Southern's plays, which is i Upon my going into a coffee-house founded upon that fine diítrefs of a vir - yesterday, and lending an ear to the tuous woman's marrying a second hur- next table, which was encompassed, with band, while her firit was yet living. a circle of inferior, politicians, one of The firt bulband, who was supposed to them, after having read over the news




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very attentively, broke out into the fol.

upon a new foot, and seemed to he very lowing remarks. 'I am afraid,' says well approved by most that heard it, un he, this unhappy rupture between the til a little warm fellow, who declared • footmen at Uirecht will retard the himself a friend to the house of Austria, peace

of Chiistendom. I wish the fell most unmercifully upon his Gallic Pope may not be at the bottom of it. Majesty, as encouraging his fubices to • His Holiness has a very good hand at make inuuths at their betters, and after. • fomenting a division, as the poor Swiss wards skreening them from the punish• Cantons have lately experienced to ment that was due to their intolence. • their cost. If Monsieur What d'ye To which he added, that the French & call him's domestics will not come to nation was fo add lied to grimace, that • an accommodation, I do not know if there was not a stop put to it at the • how the quarrel can be ended, but general congress, there would be no by a religious war.

walking the Itreets for thein in a time of Why truly,' says a wiseacre that peace, especially if they continued ma. fat by him, • were 1 as the King of iters of the West Indies. The little • France, I would scorn to take part man proceeded with a great deal of i with the footmen of either fide: here's warmth, declaring, that if the ailies • all the businefs of Europe stands ftill, were of his mind, he would oblige the • because Monsieur Mefi ager's man has French King to burn his ga lies, and * had his head broke. If Count Rec. tolerate the Protestant religion in his do• trum had given them a pot of ale after minions, before he would neath his • it, all would have been well, without fword. He concluded with calling • any of this bustle; but they say he's a Monsieur Metnager an insignificant warin man, and does not care to be

prig. made mouths ar.'

The dispute was now growing very Upon this, one, that had held his

warm, and one does not know where it tongie hitherto, began to exert himself; would have ended, had not a young declaring, that he was very well pleased man of about one and twenty, who the plenipotentiaries of our Christian seems to have been brought up with an princes took this matter into their serious eye to the law, taken the debate into his confideration ; for 'that lackeys were hand, and given it as his opinion, that never so saucy and pragmatical as they neither Count Rechteren nor Monsieur are now a days; and that he should be Melnager had behaved them telres right glad to see them taken down in the treaty in this affair. Count Rechteren,' says of peace, if it might be done without he, “ Thouid have made afñidavit that prejudice to the public affairs.

• his servants had been affronted, and One who fat at the other end of the • then Monheur Mesnager would have table, and seemed to be in the interests • done hin juttice, by taking away their of the French King, told them, that ' liveries from them, or fome other way they did not take the matter right, for ' that he might have thought the most that his Moft Chriftian Majesty did not proper; for, let me tell you, if a maa refent this matter hecause it was an in- • inakes a mouth at me, I am not to Jury done to Monsieur Mesnager's foot- • knock the teeth out of it for his pains. men; For,' says he, 'what are Mon. • Then again, as for Monsieur Mela « fieur Mesnager's footmen to him?

nager, upon his servants being beaten, • bur because it was done to his sub. ' why, he might have had his action of • jects. Now,' says he,' let me tell 'affault and battery, but as the case

you, it would look very odd for a sub- now stands, if you will have my opi • jeet of France to have a bloody nose, • nion, I think they ought to bring it « and his sovereign not to take notice of " to referees.' • is. He is obliged in honour to defend I heard a great deal more of this con. • kis people againit hoftilities; and if ference, but I must confels with little * the Dutch will be so infolent to a edification ; for all I could learn at lat • crowned hea i, as, in any wise, to from these honest gentlemen, was, that * cuff or kick those who are under his

the matter in debate was of too high a. • protection, I think he is in the right na:ure for such heads as theirs, or mine,

to call them to an account for it.' to comprehend. This distinction fet the controversy


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Lucr. L. III. VER. 11.




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HEN I have published any me with their reflections upon the same the popular taft, and pleases more than Euterpe, and seems a woman of letters, Erdinary, it always brings me in a great asks me whether I am for establishing return of letters. My Tuesday's dif- the Salic law in every family, and why carte, wherein I gave several admo. it is not fit that a woman who has dib. 1000s to the fraternity of the Hen- cretion and learning lhould sit at the perked, has alreaily produced me very helm, when the husband is weak and many coriefponde is; the reason I can.

illiterate ? Another, of a quite contrary not guess, unless it be that fuch a dir- character, lubientes herrelf Xantippe, coui fe is of general use, and every mar

and tells me, that the follows the cxried man's money. An honeft trader. ample of her namesake; for heing marman, who dates his letter fron Cheap. ried to a bookith man, who has no » fide, Tends me thanks in the name of a knowledge of the world, the is forced club, who, he tells me, meet as often to take their affairs into her own hands, as their wives will give them leave, and and to spirit him up now and then, that kay together till they are fent for home. he may not grow muity, and unfit for He informs me, that my paper has ad-' conversation. ministered great consolation to their After this abridgment of some letters'; whole club, and desires me to give some which are come to my hands upon this e further account of Socrates, and to ac- occasion, I shall publish one of chem at quaint them in whose reign he lived, large. whether he was a citizen or a courtier, whether he buried Xantippe, with many MR. SPECTATOR, or her particulars : for that by his fay. You have given us a lively picture ings he appears to have been a very

of man and a good Christian. Another, under the denomination of the Henwho writes finfeff Benjamin Bamboo, pecked; but I do not remember that you tells me, that being couple with a have ever touched upon one that is of.. threw, he had endeavoured to tame her the quite different character, and who, is by such lawful means as those which I in several places of England, goes by, mentioned in my last Tuesday's paper, the name of a Cot Quean, I have the and that in his wrath he had often gone misfortune to be joined for life with one further than Braétor allows in those of this character, wlio in reality is more cases; but that for the future he was a woman than I am. He was bred up resolved to bear it like a man of ternper under the tuition of a tender mother, and learning, and confider her only as till she had made him as good a houseone who lives in his house to teach him wite as herlelf. He could preserve apriphitosophy. Tom Dapperwit says, that cots, and make jellies, before he had be agrees with me in that whole dir- been two years out of the nursery. He course, excepting only the last fentence, was never suffered to go abroad, for where I affirm the married state to be fear of catching cold: when he thould either a heaven or a hell. Tom has have been hunting down a buck, he was been at the charge of a penny upon this by his mother's fide learning how to occafion, to tell me, that by his expe- season it, or put it in crust; and, was rience it is neither one nor the other, but making paper boais with his fifters, at rather the middle kind of itate, com: an age when other young genclernen sie monly known by the name of Purga. crossing the seas, or travelling into for tory.

reign countries. He has the whiteit The fair fex have likewife obliged hand that you ever saw in your life, and


raises paste better than any woman in but once, upon the over-roasting of a England. These qualifications make dish of wild fowl : at the same time I him a fad husband: he is perpetually in mutt own, I would rather he was a man the kitchen, and has a thousand squab. of a rongh temper, that would treat me bles with the cook-maid. He is better harshly sometimes, than of such an efacquainted with the milk score than feminate buiy nature in a province that his Iteward's accounts. I fret to death does not belong to him. Since you have when I hear him find fault with a dith given us the character of a wife who that is not dressed to his liking, and in- wears the breeches, pray say something (tructing his friends that dine with him of a husband that wears the petticoat. in the best pickle for a walnut or fauce Why should not a female character he as for an haunch of venison. With all , ridiculous in a man, as a male character sbis, he is a very good-natured husband, in one of our lex? I am, &c. and neves fell uut with me in his life 0



Hor. Ars POIT. VIR. 191.


ROSCOMMON. TE cannot be guilty of a greater An old muiden gentlewoman, whom to interpret the afilictions wh cb befal mesis, is the greatest discoverer of judge our neighbours, as punishments and ments that I have met with. She can judyments. It aggravates the evil to tell you what sin it was that set such a hini who suffers, when he looks upon man's house on fire, or blew down his bim! If as the mark of Divine vengeance, barns. Talk to her of an unfortunate and abates the coinpallion of thote to. young lady that loft her beauty by the wards hiin, who regard in in lo dread. finall pox, the fetches a deep figh, and ful a light. This humour of turning tells you, that when the had a fine face, every misfortune into a judginent, pro- she was always looking on it in her glass. ceeds from wrong notions of religion, Tell her of a piece of good fortune that which, in it's own nature, produces has befallen one of her acquaintance ; good will towards men, and puts the and ihe wilhes it may prosper with her ; mildett confiru&tion upon every accident but her mother used one of her nieces that befals them. In this case, there. very barbarously. Her usual remarks fore, it is not religion that lours a man's turn upon people who had great eitates, Temper, but it is his temper that fours but never enjoyed them by reason of his religion: people of gloomy unchear- fome flaw in their own or their father's ful imaginations, or of envious malig- behaviour. She can give you the readant tempers, whatever kind of life they ton why such an one died childless : why are engaged in, will discover their na- such an one was cut off in the flower of tural tincture of mind in all their his youth: why such an one was unthoughts, words, and actions. As the happy in her marriage: why one broke finest wines have often the taste of the his leg on such a particular spot of Loil, so even the most religious thoughts ground; and why another was killed often draw something that is particular with a back-fword, rather than with any from the conftitution of the mind in other kind of weapon. She has a crime which they arise. When folly or super- for every misfortune that can befal any Kition strike in with this natural depra. of her acquaintance; and when she hears vity of temper, it is not in the power, of a robbery that has been made, or a even of religion itself, to preserve the murder that has been committed, en. character of the person who is poflefied larges more on the guilt of the suffering with it, froin appearing highly absurd perion, than on that of the thief or af. and ridiculous.

Lallin. In short, she is so good a Chrif.

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