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left me.

clining to depart from home; and will to give talents suitable to them: were it not doubt but, as your motive in desir- fo, the noble Pharamond would reward ing my attendance was to make me an the zeal of my youth with abilities to happier man, when you think that will do him service in my age. not be effected by my remove, you will Those who accept of favour witbout permit me to stay where I ain. Those merit, fupport themselves in it at the who have an ambition to appear in expence of your Majetty. Give me courts, have vither an opinion that their leave to tell you, Sir, this is the reason perions or their talents are particularly that we in the country hear fo ofren reformed for the service of ornament of peated the word Prerogative. That part that place; or else are hurried by down. of your law which is reserved in your. right defire of gain, or what they cail self for the readier service and good of honour, to take upon themselves what the public, flight men are eternally ever the generosity of their master can buzzing in our ears to cover their own give them opportunities to grasp at. follies and miscarriages. It would be But your goodnels thall not be thus an addition to the high favour you have

imposed upon by me: I will therefore done me, if you would let Eucrate send contess to you; that frequent solitude, me word how often, and in what cafes and long conversation with such who you allow a constable to infilt upon the know no arts which polith life, have prerogative. From the highest to the made me the plaieft creature in your lowest officer in your dominions, fomedominions.

Those less capacities of thing of their own carriage they would moving with a good grace, bearing a exempt from examination 'under the ready affability to all around me, and shelter of the word Prerogative. I would acting with ease before many, have quite fain, most noble Pharamond, see one of I am come to that, with re


officers assert your prerogative by 1 gard to my person, that I consider it good and gracious actions. When is only as a machine I am obliged to take it used to help the afflicted, to rescue care of, in order to enjoy my soul in it's the innocent, to comfort the stranger? faculties with alacrity; well remember. Uncommon methods, apparently ur.der. ing, that this habitation of clay will in taken to attain worthy ends, would a few years be a meaner piece of earth never make power invidious. You see, than any utenfil about my house. When Sir, I talk to you with the freedom your this is, as it really is, the most frequent noble nature approves in all whom you reflection I have, you will easily ima- admit to your conversation.' gine how well I should become a draw But, to return to your Majesty's let. ing-room: add to this, what shall a ter, I humbly conceive, that all difman withont desires do about the gene. tinctions are useful to men, only as they rous Phafamond ? Monsieur Eucrate

are to act in purolicy and it would be a has hinted to me, that you have thoughts romantic mariness, for a man to be a of distinguishing me with titles. As lord in his clolet. Nothing can be hofor myself, in the temper of my prelent nourable to a man apart tioin the world, mind, appellations of honour would but but the reflection upon worthy actions ; embarrass discourle, and new behavi ur and he that places honour in a confcious. towards me perplex me in every habi. ness of well-doing, will have but little tude of life. I am also to acknowledge relish for any outward homage that is to you, that my children, of whoin your paid him, fince what gives him diftincMajesty condescended to inquire, are tion to himself, cannot come within the all of them inean, both in their persons obfervation of his beholders. Thus all and genius. The estate my eldest fon the words of Lordship, Honour, and is heir to, is more than he can enjoy Grace, are only repetitions to a man that with a good grace. My self love will · the King has ordered him to be called not carry me so far as to impose upon fo; but no evidences that there is any mankind the advancement of perfons thing in himself that would give the (merely for their being related to me) man, who applies to him, those ideas, into high diftinctions, who ought for · without the creation of his master. their own Takes, as well as that of the I have, moft noble Pharamond, all hopublic, to afle&t obscurity. I wills, my 'nours and all titles in your own approbagenerous prince, as it is in your power tion; I triumph in them as they are your to give honours and offices, it were also gift, I refufe them as they are to give


me the observation of others. Indulge profession of the politer fort has protect me, my noble master, in this chattity ed me against infamy and want. I am of renown ; let me know myself in the now clerk to a lawyer, and in times of favour of Pharamond ; and look down vacancy and recess from business, have upon the applause of the people. I am, made myself matter of Italian and French; in all duiy and loyalty, your Majesty's and though the progress I bave made in moft obedient subject and servant, my business has gained me reputation JEAN CHEZLUY. enough for one of my ftanding, yet my

mind suggests to me every day, that it SIR,

is pot upon that foundation I am to I Need not tell with what disadvantages build my fortune.

men of low fortunes and great mo. The person I have my present dedeity come into the world; what wrong pendence upon, has it in bis nature, as mealures their diffidence of themselves, well as in his power, to advance me, by and fear of offending, often obliges recompending me to a gentleman that them to take; and what a pity it is going beyond sea in a public employis that their greatest virtues and qua- ment. I know the printing this letter lities, that nould foonett recommend would point me out to those I want them, are the main obstacle in the way confidence to speak to, and I hope it of their preferment.

is not in your power to refuse making This, Sir, is my case; I was bred at any body happy. Yours, &c. à country-school, where I learned Latin

M. D. and Greek. The misfortunes of my SEPTEMBER 9; family forced me up to town, where a 1712.



Hor. SAT. VII. L. I. VII.19.


I Tommi fermentiranih plea Canet enoughich have been dead, returning to his house

confider the different notions which after a long absence, raises a noble perdifferent persons have of the same thing. plexity for the tragic part of the plan. If men of low condition very often fet a In the mean while, the nurse and the value on things, which are not prized porter conferring upon the difficultie's by thofe who are in a higher station of that would enlue in such a case, honeft life, there are many things théle esteem Samson thinks the matter may be eafiy which are in no value among perfons of decided, and solves it very judiciously, an inferior rank. Common people are, by the old proverb, that if his first main particular,' very much altonished, ster be still living, “The man muit have wiren they hear of those folemn contests his mare again.' There is nothing in and debates, which are made among the my time which has so much furprited great upon the punetilios of a public and confovnded the greatest part of my ceremony; and wonder to hear that any honest countrymen, as the present conbuliness of confequence hould be re troyersy between Count Rechtern and tarded by those little circumstances, Monsieur Mesnager, which employs the which they represent to themselves as wife heads of so many nations, and trilling and insignificant. I am miginti- holds all the affairs of Europe in Yuly pleased with a porter's decision in one Spence. of Mr. Southern's plays, which is ; Upon my going into a coffee-house founded upon that sine diítress of a vir- yesterday, and lending an ear to the tuous woman's marrying a second hure next table, which was encompassed with band, while her first was yet living. a circle of inferior, politicians, one of The firit hulband, who was fuppofad to them, after having read over the news


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yery attentively, broke out into the fol- upon a new foot, and seemed to he very lowing remarks. 'I am afraid,' says well approved by most that heard it, ur he, this unhappy rupture between the til a little warm fellow, who declared • footmen at Direcht will retard the himself a friend to the house of Austria, peace

of Chiistendorn. I wilh the fell most unmercifully upon his Gallic * Pope may not be at the bottom of it. Majesty, as encouraging bis fubics to ' His Holiness has a very good hand at make inuuths at their betters, and after. • fomenting a division, as the poor Swiss wards kreening them from the punish• Cantons have lately experienced to ment that was due to their intolence. * their cost. If Monsieur What d'ye To which he added, that the French & call him's domestics will not come to nation was fo addicted to grimace, that • an accommodation, I do not know if there was not a stop put to it at the • how the quarrel can be ended, but general congress, there would be no . by a religious war."

walking the streets for thein in a time of Why truly,' says a wiseacre that peace, especially if they continued ma. fat by him, were I as the King of iters of the West Indies. The little • France, I would scorn to take part man proceeded with a great deal of ' with the footmen of either side: here's warmth, declaring, that if the ailies • all the businefs of Europe Atands ftill, were of his mind, he would oblige the • because Monsieur Mefrager's man has French King to burn his galies, and

had his head broke. If Count Rec. tolerate the Protestant religion in his dotrum had given them a pot of ale after minions, before he would theath his it, all would have been well, without fword. He concluded with calling any of this bustle; but they say he's a Monsieur Mefnager an inlignificant

warin man, and does not care to be prig. • made mouths at.'

The dispute was now growing very Upon this, one, that had held his warın, and one does not know where it tongie hitherto, began to exert himself; would have ended, had not a young declaring, that he was very well pleased man of about one and twenty, who the plenipotentiaries of our Christian seems to have been brought up with an princes took this matter into their serious eye to the law, taken the debate into his consideration ; for 'that lackeys were hand, and given it as his opinion, that never so saucy and pragmatical as they neither Count Rechteren nor Monfieur are now a days; and that he should be Mesnager had behaved themfelves right glad to see them taken down in the treaty in this affair. · Count Rechteren,' says of peace, if it might be done without he, • should have made affidavit that prejudice to the public affairs.

• his servants had been affronted, and One who sat at the other end of the ' then Monleur Mesnager would have table, and seemed to be in the interests • done him justice, by taking away their of the French King, told them, that • liveries from them, or some other way they did not take the matter right, for that he inight have thought the mott that his Moft Chriftian Majesty did not p. oper; for, let me tell you, if a maa refent this matter hecause it was an in • inakes a mouth at me, I am not to jury done to Monleur Mesnager's foot • knock the teeth out of it for his pains. men; For,' says he, what are Mon • Then again, as for Monsieur Mela • fieur Mesnager's footmen to him ?

nager, upon his fervants being beaten, • bur because it was done to his fub. 'why, he might have had his action of • jects. Now,' says he, ' let me tell 'affault and battery. But as the cale you,

it would look very odd for a sub now stands, if you will have my opi: • jeet of France to have a bloody nose, • mion, I think they ought to bring it • and his sovereign rot to take notice of " to referees.'

is. He is obliged in honour to defend I heard a great deal more of this con. • his people againit hottilities; and if ference, but I muit confels with little * the Dutch will be fo infolent to a edification ; for all I could learn at laft

crowned heat, as, in any wise, to from ihese honeft gentlemen, was, that * cuff or kick those who are under his the matter in debate was of tuo high a

protection, I think he is in the right nature for fuch heads as theirs, or mine, to call them to an account for it.' to comprehend. This distinction fet the controverly


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LUCR. L. 111. VER. 11.




HEN I have published any me with their reflections upon the same

fingle paper that falls in with discourse. A lady, who calls herself the popular taft:, and pleases more than Enterpe, and seems a woman of letters, Ervinary, it always brings me in a great asks me whether I am for establishing return of letters. My Tuesday's dif- the Salic law in every family, and why cale, wherein I gave several admo. it is not fit that a woman who has dib. ations to the fraternity of the Hen- cretion and learning lhould sit at the perked, has alrearly produced me very helm, when the husband is weak and many corresponde ts; the reason I can. illiterate? Another, of a quite contrary not guess, unless it h: that such a dif- character, fubfcribes herself Xantippe, coui fe is of general ule, and every mar and tells me, that the follows the exried man's money. An honeft trader. ample of her namesake; for being marman, who dates his letter from Cheap. ried to a bookish man, who has no hde, Tends me thanks in the name of a knowledge of the world, the is forced club, who, he tells me, meet as often to take their affairs into her own hands, as their wives will give them leave, and and to spirit him up now and then, that kay together till they are sent for home. he inay not grow muity, and unfit for He informs me, that my paper has ad- conversation. ministered great confolation to their After this abridgment of some letters i; whole club, and delires me to give some which are come to my hands upon this as further account of Socrates, and to ac occasion, I Mall publish one of them af quaint them in whose reign he lived, large. whether he was a citizen or a courtier, whether he buried Xantippe, with many

MR. SPECTATOR, other particulars: for that by his lay You have given us

a lively picture ings he appears to have been a very wise of that kind of husband who comes man and a good Christian. Another, under the denomination of the Heawho writes tumfelf Benjamin Bamboo, pecked; but I do not remember that you.. tells me, that being couplet with a have ever touched upon one that is of... threw, he had endeavoured to tame her the quite different character, and who,'. by such lawful means as those which I in several places of England, goes by; mentioned in my last Tuesday's paper, the name of a Cot QueanI have the and that in his wrath he haid often gone misfortune to be joined for life with one. farther than Braéton allows in those of this character, who in reality is more cases; but that for the future he was a woman than I am. He was bred up resolved to bear it like a man of terper under the tuition of a tender mother, and learning, and confider her only as till she had made him as good a house. one who lives in his house to teach him wife as herself. He could preserve apriphilosophy. Tom Dapperwit says, that cots, and inake jellies, before he had be agrees with me in that whole dir- been two years out of the nursery. He course, excepting only the last sentence, was never suffered to go abroad, for where I affirm the married state to be fear of catching cold: when he thould either a heaven or a hell. Tom has have been hunting down a buck, he was been at the charge of a penny upon this by his mother's lide learning how to occasion, to tell me, that by his expe- season it, or put it in cruft; and, was rience it is neither one nor the other, but" making paper boais with his filters, at rather the middle kind of itate, com. an age when other young gentlemen sie monly known by the name of Purga. crossing the seas, or travelling into fo

reign countries. He has the whiteit The fair fex have likewise obliged hand that you ever saw in your life, and


raises paste better than any woman in but once, upon the over-roasting of a England. These qualifications make dith of wild fowl : at the same time I him a fad husband: he is perpetually in mult own, I would rather he was a man the kitchen, and has a thousand squab. of a rongh temper, that would treat me bles with the cook-maid. He is better harshly sometimes, than of such an ef. acquainted with the milk score than feminate busy nature in a province that bis iteward's accounts. I fret to death does not belong to him: Since you have when I hear him find fault with a dith given us the character of a wife who that is not dressed to his liking, and in wears the breeches, pray say something itructing his friends that dine with him of a husband that wears the petticoat. in the best pickle for a walnut or fauce Why should not a female character he as for an haunch of venison. With all , ridiculous in a man, as a male character ubis, he is a very good-natured husband, in one of our fex ? I am, &c. and never fell out with me in his life O



Hor. ARS POLT. VIR. 191.

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E cannot be guilty of a greater An old maiden gentlewoman, whom

ast of uncharitableness, than I Inall conceal under the name of Ne. so interpret the afflictions wh ch hefal melis, is the greatest discoverer of judg. our neighbours, as punishments and ments that I have met with. She can judgmenrs. It aggravates the evil to tell you what sin it was that fet such a hini who suffers, when he looks upon man's house on fire, or blew down his bim!:lf as the mark of Divine vengeance, barns. Talk to ber of an unfortunate and abates the compassion of those to young lady that loft her beauty by the wards hiin, who regard im in lo dread finall pox, she fetches a deep figh, and ful a light. This humour of turning tells you, that when she had a fine face, every misfortune into a ju ginent, pro- she was always looking on it in her glass. ceeds from wrong notions of religion, Tell her of a piece of good fortune that which, in it's own nature, produces has befallen one of her acquaintance; good-will towards men, and puts the and the wilhes it may prosper with her; mildelt consiruction upon every accident but her mother used one of her nieces that befals them. In this case, there. very barbarously. Her usual remarks fore, it is not religion that fours a man's turn upon people who had great eltates, temper, but it is his temper that fours but never enjoyed them by reason of his religion: people of gloomy unchear some flaw in their own or their father's tul imaginations, or of envious malig- behaviour. She can give you the readant tempers, whatever kind of life they fon why such an one died childless: why are engaged in, will discover their na such an one was cut off in the flower of tural tin&ture of mind in all their his youth: why such an one was unthoughts, words, and actions. As the happy in her marriage: why one broke Enett wines have often the taste of the his leg on such a particular spot of foil, fo even the most religious thoughts ground; and why another was killed often draw something that is particular with a back-fword, rather than with any from the conftitution of the mind in other kind of weapon. She has a crime which they arise. When folly or super- for every misfortune that can befal any Rition itrike in with this natural depra. of her acquaintance; and when she hears vity of temper, it is not in the power, of a robbery that has been made, or a even of religion itself, to preserve the murder that has been committed, en. chara&ter of the person who is poflefied larges more on the guilt of the suffering with it, from appearing highly absurd perfon, than on that of the thief or as. and ridiculous.

Tallin. In fhort, she is so good a Chrif

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