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MR. M E T H U E N.



IT is with very great pleasure I take an opportunity of publishing

I for the friendship and familiarity. I will not acknowledge to you that I have often had you in my thoughts, when I have indeavoured 10 draw, in some parts of these discourses, the character of a good-natured, honest, and accomplished gentleman. But such representations give my reader an idea of a person blameless only, or only laudable for fuch perfections as extend no farther than to his own private advantage and reputation.

But when I speak of you, I celebrate one who has had the happiness of posseffing allo those qualities which make a man useful to fociety, and of having had opportunities of exerting them in the moit conspicuous manner.

The great part you had, as British ambassador, in procuring and cultivating the advantageous commerce between the courts of England and Portugal, has purchased you the lasting efteem of all who understand the interest of either nation.

Those personal excellencies which are over-rated by the ordinary world, and too much neglected by wise men, you have applied with the juiteit skill and judgment. The most graceful address in horseman hip, in the use of the sword, and in dancing, has been employed by you as lower arts, and as they have occasionaily served to cover, or introduce the talents of a skilful minister.

But your abilities have not appeared only in one nation. When it was your province to act as her Majesty's minifter at the court of Savoy, at that time encamped, you accompanied that gallant prince through all the viciffitudes of his fortune, and shared, by his side, the dangers of that glorious day in which he recovered his capital. As far as it regards personal qualities, you attained, in that one hour, the higheit military reputation. The behaviour of our minister in the ation, and the good offices done the vanquished in the name of the Queen of England, gave both the conqueror and the captive the most lively examples of the courage and generosity of the nation he represented.

Your friends and companions in your absence frequently talk there things of you, and you cannot hide from us, (by the mioft discreet filence in any thing which regards yourself) that the frank entertaina ment we have at your table, your easy condescension in little incidenis of mirth and diverfion, and general complacency of manners, are far from being the greatest obligations we have to you.

I do allure you there is not one of your friends has a greater sense of your merii in general, and of the favours you every day do us, than,

Your most obedient,

And most humble servant,







Hor. Ep. XVII. 1.1. VER.6.




these entertainments would be governed


have lately retired from the centrely with more good-breeding, than at of business and pleasure, my uneasiness present they are. Indeed where any of in the country where I am, arises rather the guelts are known to measure their from the society than the solitude of it. fame or pleasure, by their glass, proper To be obliged to receive and return vi- exhortations might be used to these to fts from and to a circle of neighbours, push their fortunes in this sort of repuwho through diversity of age or inclina- tation; but where it is unfeasonably intions can neither be entertaining or ser- sisted on to a inodeft ftranger, this drench viceable to us, is a vile loss of time, may be said to be swallowed with the and a flavery from which a man should fame necessity, as if it had been tenderdeliver himself, if possible: for why must ed in the horn for that purpose, with I lose the remaining part of my life, be. this aggravating circumstance, that it cause they have thrown away the former distresses the entertainer's guest in the part of theirs. It is to me an insupport. same degree as it relieves his horses. able affliction, to be tormented with the To attend without impatience an acnarrations of a set of people, who are count of five-barred gates, double warm in their expressions of the quick re. ditches, and precipices, and to survey lish of that plealure which their dogs the orator with deliring eyes, is to me and horses have a more delicate taste of. extremely difficult, but abfolutely neI do allo in my heart detest and abhor cessary, to be upon tolerable terins with that damnable doctrine and position of him: but then the occafional bursting, the necessity of a bumper, though to out into laughter, is of all other accomone's own toast; for though it is pre- plishments the most requisite. I contended that these deep potations are used fets at present I have not the command only to inspire gaiety, they certainly of these convulsions, as is necessary to drown that chearfulness which would be good company; therefore I beg you farvive a moderate circulation. If at would publith this letter, and let me be these meetings it were left to every known all at once for a queer fellow, Stranger either to fill his glass according and avoided. It is monstrous to me, 19 his own inclination, or to make his that we who are given to reading and treat when he finds he has been in- calm conversation should ever be vilit. - ficiently obedient to that of others, ed by these roarers: but they think they


themselves, as neighbours, may come tinguishing mark is certain prettinefies into our rooms with the same right, that of foreign languages, the meaning of chey and their dogs hunt in our grounds. which they could have better expressed

Your inftition of clubs I have als in their own. Theentertainment of these ways admired, in which you conitantly fire obtervers, Shakespeare has described endeavoured the union of tie inetapho- to confitt rically defunét, that is, such as are ncither Icrviceable to the buty and enter

In talking of the Alps and Apennines, prisig part of mankind, nor entertain

The Pyrenean, and the river Po: ing to the retired and fpeculative. There and then concludes with a sigh, thould certainly therefore in each county be established a club of the perions whole Now this is worshipful society! convertitions I have described, who for their own private, as also the public I would not be thought in all this to emulument, thould exclude, and be ex- hate tuch honest creatures as dogs; I am citud ali otiver fuciety. Their attire only unhappy that I cannot partake in fiould be the fanne with their hunti- their diversions. But I love them so nen's, and none should be a Imitted into well, as dogs, that I often go with my this nice conversation-piece, except he pockets Atuited with bread to difpenfe hai hiuke his collar-bone ame. Ainy tavours, or make my way through broken rub or two might allo admit a them at neighbours houses. There is man without the least oppoliition. The in particular a young hound of great expreüdent muit necellariiy have broken pectation, vivacity, and enterprize, that his neck, and have been tak.n up dead attends my flights wherever he fpies ine. cace or vict; for the more maims this Tois creature obferves my countenance, brotherhood that have met with, the and behaves himself accordingly. His entier will tier conver.ation How and month, his frolic, and joy upon the light keep 119; and when any one of the te of me, has been oblerved, and I have vigorous invalids had finifted his entre bien gravely detired not to encourage ntion of the collar-ione, this naocally him so much, for it spoils his parts; lozit would introduce the hitlory of the ribs. I think he shows them sufficiently in the Batides, the trent ciicnt2.ces of feveral boundings, friikings, and scourtheir tails and fractures would help to ints, when he makes his court to me: prolong and diverify their relations. but I foreice in a little time he and I There ihoult aito be another club of must keep company with one another fuch men, who have not fuccealed to oniy, for ive are fit for no other in thele weil in maiming themselves, but are now parts. Having informned you how I do ever in the constant puriuit of these ac. país my time in the country where I am, con bifhments. I would by no means I muli proceed to tell you how I would be fufpected by what I have tried to tra- pals it, hd I such a fortune as would duce in general the body of fox hunters; put me above the obfervance of cerefor whilii I look upon a reasonable crea- mony and cultom. tuie full speed after a pack of clogs, by My scheme of a country life then way of pleasure and not of luliness, 1 mould be as follows. As I ain happy Bull always make honourable mention in three or four very agreeable friends, of it.

theic I would constantly have with me; But the most irksoine convertation of and the fierdom we took with one ano. all vthers I have met with in the neighi. ther at school and the univerfity, we bourhood, has been among two or three would maintain and exrrt upon all oc. of your travellers, who have overlooked casions with great courage. There should men and manners, and have pasied be certain hours of the day to be emthrough France and Italy with the same ployed in realing, during which time it obfervation that the carriers and itaze. thould be imposible for any one of us to coachimen do through Grea: Pintuin; enter the other's chamber, unless by that is, their ttops and Itages hav itorii). After this we would comin'ini. regulated according to the liquoriy cate the trash or trea ire we had met have met with in their partage. They wie', with our own reflections upon the indeed reinember the saines of abune inlitter; the juitness of which we would ance of places, with the particular de controvert with good-!!moured wirinin, ries of certain churches: but their dilo anú never fpare one another out at tha? complaisant spirit of conversation, which Esex. I, who always wanted faith in makes others affirm and deny the same matters of that kind, was not easily prematter in a quarter of an hour, If any vailed on to go; but left they should of the neighbouring gentlemen, not of take it ill, I went with them ; when to our turn, should take it in their heads to my surprize, Mr. Campbell related all visit me, I should look upon these per. their past life; in short, had he not sons in the fame degree enemies to my been prevented, such a discovery would particular state of happiness, as ever the have come out, as would have ruined French were to that of the public, and the next design of their coming to town, I would be at an annual expence in spies viz. buying wedding cloaths. Our to observe their motions. Whenever I names though he never heard of us Thould be surprised with a visit, as I hate before and we endeavoured to conceal drinking, I would be brisk in fwilling -were as familiar to him as to ourselves. bumpers, upon this maxim, that it is To be sure, Mr. Spectator, he is a very better to trouble others with my imper- learned and wife man. Being impatient tinence, than to be troubled myself with. to know my fortune, having paid my theirs. The necessity of an infirmary respects in a family-Jacobus, he told makes me resolve to fall into that pro- me, after his manner, among several ject; and as we should be but five, the other things, that in a year and nine terrors of an involuntary separation, months I should fall ill of a fever, be which our number cannot so well admit given over by my physicians, but should of, would make us exert ourselves, in with much difficulty recover; that the oppofition to all the particulars mention- first time I took the air afterwards, I ed in your institution of that equitable should be addressed to by a young genconfinement. This my way of life I tleman of a plentiful fortune, good know would subject me to the imputa. sense, and a generous spirit. Mr. Spection of a morose, covetous, and singular tator, he is the purest man in the world, fellow. These and all other hard words, for all he said is come to pass, and I am with all manner of insipid jelts, and all the happiest me in Kent. I have been other reproach, would be matter of mirth in quelt of Mr. Campbell these three to me and my friends: besides, I would months, and cannot find him out. Now destroy the application of the epithets hearing you are a dumb man too, I Morose and Covetous, by a yearly relief thought you might correspond, and be of my undeservedly necessitous neigh. able to tell me lomething; for I think bours, and by treating my friends and mylelf highly obliged to make his for. domeftics with an humanity that should tune, as he has mine. It is very por. express the obligation to lie rather on

comolai laut

fible your worship, who has spies all my fide; and as for the word Singular, over this town, can inform me how to I was always of opinion every man muft fend to him: if you can, I beseech you be so, to be what one would defire him. be as speedy as possible, and you will Your very humble servant,

highly oblige your constant reader and J. R. admirer,

DULCIBELLA THANKLEY. MR, SPECTATOR, ABOUT two years ago, I was call. Ordered, That the Inspector I em

ed upon by the younger part of a ploy about wonders, enquire at the country family, by my mother's fide Golden Lion, opposite to the Halfrelated to me, to visit Mr. Campbell, Moon tavern in Drury Lane, into the the dumb man, for they told me that merits of this filent fage, and report acthat was chiefly what brought them to cordingly. town, having heard wonders of him in


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