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self; that hypocrisy which conceals his far as they may tend to the improvement own heart from him, and makes him of one, and the diminution of the other. believe he is more virtuous than he Plutarch has written an essay on the really is, and either not attend to his benefits which a man may receive from a vices, or mistake even his vices for vir. his enemies, and, among the good fruits au tues. It is this fatal bypocrisy and felf. of enmity, mentions this in particular, in deceit, which is taken notice of in those that by the reproaches which it cafts words Who can understand his er- upon us we see the worst side of our• rors? Cleanse thou me froni secret selves, and open our eyes to several ble. « faults.'

mishes and defects in our lives and conejo If the open professors of impiety de. versations, which we should not have to serve the utmost application and endea- observed without the help of fuch illo ta wours of moral writers to recover them natured monitors. from vice and folly, how much more In order likewise to come at a true may those lay a claim to their care and knowledge of ourselves, we should concompaslion, who are walking in the sider on the other hand how far we may paths of death, while they fancy them- deserve the praifes and approbations felves engaged in a course of virtue! I which the world bestow upon us: whe-a; Mall endeavour, therefore, to lay down ther the actions they celebrate proceed some rules for the discovery of those from laudable and worthy motives; and vices that lurk in the secret corners of how far we are really possessed of the the soul, and to Mew my reader those virtues which gain us applause among methods by which he may arrive at a those with whom we converse. Suchat true and impartial knowledge of him- reflection is absolutely necessary, if we felf. The usual means prescribed for consider how apt we are either to value this purpose, are to examine ourselves or condemn ourselves by the opinions by the rules which are laid down for of others, and to facrifice the report of our direction in Sacred Writ, and to our own hearts to the judgment of the compare our lives with the life of that world. Person who acted up to the perfection of In the next place, that we may not human nature, and is the Itanding ex. deceive ourselves in a point of so much ample, as well as the great guide and importance, we should not lay too great instructor, of those who receive his doc. a Itress on any supposed virtues we poftrines. Though these two heads can- sess that are of a doubtful nature : and not be too much infifted upon, I Mall such we may esteem all those in which but just mention them, since they have multitudes of men dissent from us, who been handled by many great and emic are as good and wife as ourselves. We nent writers.

should always act with great cautious.. I would therefore propose the follow- ness and circumspection in points, where ing methods to the consideration of such it is not imposible that we may be deas as would find out their secret faults, ceived. Intemperate zeal, bigotry and: and make a true estimate of themselves. persecution for any party or opinion,

In the first place, let them consider how praise-worthy soever they may ap-. well what are the characters which they pear to weak men of our own principles, bear among their enemies. Our friends produce infinite calamities among manvery often flatter us, as much as our kind, and are highly criminal in their own hearts. They either do not fee our own nature; and yet how many persons Faults, or conceal them froin us, or eminent for piety suffer such monitrous foften them by their representations, and absurd principles of action to take after such a manner, that we think them root in their minds under the colour of too trivial to be taken notice of. An virtues. For my own part, I must own, adversary, on the contrary, makes a I never yet knew any party to just and Itricter search into us, discovers every reasonable, that a man could follow it Aaw and imperfection in our tempers, in it's height and violence, and at the and though his malice may set them in fame time be innocent. too strong a light, it has generally some We should likewise be very apprehen. ground for what it advances. A friend five of those actions which proceed from exiggerates a man's virtues, an enemy natural conítitution, favourite passions, entiaines his crimes. A wise man Mould particular education, or whatever progive a jutt attention to both of them, so motes our worldly interest or advantage.

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In these and the like cases, a man's I shall conclude this essay with obs judgment is easily perverted, and a serving, that the two kinds of hypocrily wrong bias hung upon his mind. These I have here spoken of, namely that of are the inlets of prejudice, the unguard. deceiving the world, and that of imed avenues of the mind, by which a poling on ourselves, are touched with thousand errors and secret faults find wonderful beauty in the hundred thirtyadmission, without being observed or ninth Pfalm. The folly of the firit taken notice of. A wile man will su. kind of hypocrisy is there set forth by fpe&t those actions to which he is directed reflections on God's omniscience and by something besides reason, and al- omnipresence, which are celebrated in ways apprehend some concealed evil in as noble strains of poetry as any other every resolution that is of a disputable I ever met with, either laered or pronature, when it is conformable to his fane. The other kind of hypocrisy, particular temper, his age, or way of whereby a man deceives himself, is inlife, or when it favours his pleasure or tiinated in the two last verses, where the his profit.

Psalmist addresses himfelf to the great There is nothing of greater import. Searcher of hearts in that emphatical ance to us than thus diligently to fift petition -- " Try me, o God, and our thoughts, and examine all these dark * seek the ground of my heart; prove recesses of the mind, if we would efta- me, and examine my thoughts. Look blith our souls in such a solid and sub- ' well if there be any way of wickedftantial virtue as will turn to account in 'ness in me, and lead me in the way that great day, when it must stand the • everlasting.' tost of infinite Wisdom and Justice.






T should, methinks, preserve modesty ordered in the description which Antony

and it's interests in the world, that makes in the dialogue between liim and the transgression of it always creates of. Dolabella, of Cleopatra in her barge. fence; and the very purposes of wantonness are defeated by a carriage which

Her galley down the filver Cidnos rowd: has in it fo much boldness, as to inti. The tackling fisk, the streamers wav'd with mate that fear and relu&tance are quite The gentle winds were lodgʻd in purple rails;

gold; extinguished in an object which would Her nymphs, like Nereids, round her coucha be otherwise desirable. It was said of

were plac'd, a wit of the last age

Where she, another fea-born Venus, lay;

She lay, and lean'd her cheek upon her band, Sidney has that prevailing gentle art, 2 And cast a look so languishingly sweet, Which can with a refifless charm impart

As if secure of all beholders bearts,
The loose it withes to the chastest heart;
Raise such a conflict, kindle such a fire,

Neglecting the could take them. Boys like

Between declining virtue and defire,
That the poor vanquish'd maid dillolves away

Stood fanning with their painted wings the

winds In dreams all night, in fighs and tears all day. That play'd about her face : but if she smild, This prevailing gentle art was made A darting glory seem'd to blaze abroad,

That men's defiring eyes were never weary'd, up of complaisance, courtship, and art

But hung upon the object. To soft flutes ful conformity to the modeity of a wo

The filver Oars kept time! and while they man's manners. Rusticity, broad ex.

play'd preffion, and forward ohtrulion, offend The hearing gave new pleasure to the fight, those of education, and make the trans- Aud both to thoughtgreffors odious to all who have merit enough to attract regard. It is in this Here the imagination is warmed with taite that the scenery is fo beautifully all the objects presented, and yet there


is nothing that is luscious, or what raises a man's heart has not the abhorrence any idea more loose than that of a beau- of any treacherous design, he may easily titul woman set off to advantage. The improve approbation into kindness, and like, or a more delicate and careful spi- kindness into paßion. There may porrit of modesty, appears in the following fibly be no manner of love between them passage in one of Mr. Philips's pastorals. in the eyes of all their acquaintance; no,

it is all friendship; and yet they may Breathe soft ye winds, ye waters gently flow, Shield her ye trees, ye Row'rs around her grow;

be as fond as shepherd and fnepherdels Ye swains, I beg you, pass in Glence by,

in a pastoral, but Itill the nymph and My love in yonder vale asleep does lie. the swain may be to each other no

other, I warrant you, than Pylades and Desire is corrected when there is a

Orestes. tenderness or admiration expressed which partakes the passion. Licertious lan- When Lucy decks with flowers her swelling

breail, guage has something brutal in it, which disgraces humanity, and leaves us in the And on her elbow leans, dissembling rest;

Unable to refrain my madding mind, condition of the savages in the field.

Nor theep nor pasture worth my care I find. But it may be asked, to what good ule

Once Delia fept, on cafy moss reclin'd, can tend a discourse of this kind at all? Her lovely limbshalf bare, and rude the win!: It is to alarm chaite ears against such as I smooth'd her coats, and stole a filent kils: have what is above called the prevailing Condemn me, Mepherds, if I did amiss. gentle art. Masters of that talent are capable of clothing their thoughts in Such good offices as there, and such fo loft a dress, and lomething so distant friendly thoughts and concerns for one from the secret purpose of their heart, another, are what make up the anity, that the imagination of the unguarded as they call it, between man and wo. is touched with a fondness which grows man. too intensibly to be relifted. Much It is the permission of such intercourse, care and concern for the lady's welfare, that makes a young woman come to to seem afraid left the should be annoyed the arms of her husband, after the dir. by the very air which surrounds her, appointment of four or five passions and this uttered rather with kind looks, which she has successively had for difand expressed by an interjection, an Ah, ferent men, before she is prudentially or an Oh, at some little hazard in mov. given to him for whom she has neither ing or making a step, than in any direct love nor friendship. For what should profession of love, are the methods of

poor creature do, that has loft all her skilful admirers: they are honest arts friends? There is Marinet the agree. when their purpose is such, but infa. able, has, to my knowledge, had a mous when mitapplied. It is certain friendship for Lord Welford,

which had that many a young woman in this town like to break her heart; then she had to has had her heart irrecoverably won, by great a friendship for Colonel Hardy, men who have not made one advance that she could not endure any woman which ties their admirers, though the elfe should do any thing but rail at him, females languish with the utmost anxie. Many and fatal have been disaiters bety. I have often, by way of admonition tween friends who have fallen out, and to my female readers, given them warn- these resentments are more keen than ing against agreeable company of the ever those of other men can possibly lve: other fex, except they are well acquaint- but in this it happens unfortunately, ed with their characters.' Women may that as there ought to be nothing comdisguise it if they think fit, and the more cealed from one friend to another, the to do it, they may be angry at me for friends

of different sexes very often find faying it; but I say it is natural to them, fatal effects from their unanimity. that they have no manner of approba- For my part, who ftudy to pass life in rion of 'men, without some degree of as much innocence and tranquillity as I Jove: for this reason he is dangerous to can, I fhun the company of agreeable be entertained as a friend or visitant, who women as much as possible; and must is capable of gaining any eminent elteem confess that I have, though a tolerable or observation, though it be never so good philosopher, but a low opinion of remo!e from pretentions as a lover. If Platonic love: for which reason I thought



it necessary to give my fair readers a tonist lately, fwell to a roundness which caution against it, having, to my great is inconsistent with that philofophy. concein, observed the waist of a Pla.




TER. Eur. ACT I. SC. 1.



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of this day, an odd sort of a packet, felf not incapable to be beloved. Our which I have just received from one of fortunes, indeed, weighed in the nice my female correlpondents,

scale of intereit, are not exactly equal,

which by the way was the true cause of MR. SPECTATOR,

my jilting him; and I had the assurance SINCE you have often confessed that to acquaint him with the following max

you are not displeased your papers im, that I should always believe that should sometimes convey the complaints man's passion to be the most violent, of distressed lovers to each other, I ain who could offer me the largest settle, in hopes you will favour one who gives ment. I have since changed my opi. you an undoubted instance of her re- nion, and have endeavoured to let hiin formation, and at the same time a con- know so much by several letters, but vincing proof of the happy influence the barbarous man has refused them all; your labour's have had over the most in- so that I have no way left of writing to corrigible part of the most incorrigible him but by your assistance. If you can sex. You must know, Sir, I am one bring him about once more, I promise of that species of women, whom you to send you all gloves and favours, and have often characterized under the name

Thall defire the favour of Sir Roger and of Jilts, and that I send you these lines yourself to stand as godfathers to my as well to do public penance for having first buy. I am, Sir, your molt obefolong continued in a known error, as to dient, moft humble fervant, beg pardon of the party offended. I the

AMORET. rather chuse this way, because it in lome measure avswers the terms on PHILANDER TO AMORET. which he intimated the breach between us might poflibly be made up, as you will lee by the letter he sent me the next I Am fo furprised at the question you day after I had discarded him; which I were pleased to ask me yesterday, that thought fit to send you a copy of, that I am still at a loss what to say to it. At you might the better know the whole leatt my answer would be too long to cale.

trouble you with, as it would come I must further acquaint you, that be- from a person, who, it seems, is so very fore I jilted him, there had been the

indifferent to you.

Instead of it, I hall greatest intimacy between us for a year only recommend to your confideration and a half together, during all which the opinion of one whole sentiments on time I cherished his hopes, and indulged these matters I have often heard you say his flame. I leave you to guess after are extremely just. ' A gentious and this what must be his surprise, when constant passion,' says your favourite upon his presling for my full consent author, in an agreeable lover, where one day, I told him I wondered what there is not too great a disparity in could make him fancy he had ever any

their circumstances, is the greatelt place in my affections. His own sex blefing that can befal ? perion beallow him fenfe, and all ours good- « loved, and if overlooken iei une, may breeding. His person is such as might, perhaps never be found in ano:her."

I do


I do not, however, at all despair of I now act may appear contrary to that being very shortly much better beloved decorum usually observed by our sex, by you than Antenor is at present; since yet I purposely break through all rules, whenever my fortune Tall exceed his, that my repentance may in some mea. you were pleased to intimate your pas- sure equal my crime. I assure you that fon would increase accordingly. in my present hopes of recovering you,

The world has seen ine Thamefully I look upon Antenor's estate with conlose that time to please a fickle woman, tempt. The fop was here yefterday in which might have been employed much a gilt chariot and new liveries, but I more to my credit and advantage in refused to see him. Though I dread other pursuits. I fall therefore take to meet your eyes, after what has passed, the liberty to acquaint you, however I flatter mylelf, that amidit all their barmh it may found in a lady's ears, that confusion you will discover fuch a tenthough your love-fit should happen to derness in mine, as none can invitate return, unless you could contrive a way but those who love. I shall be all this to inake your recantation as well known

month at Lady D- -'s in the country; to the public, as they are already ap- but the woods, the fields, and gardens, prised of the manner with which you without Philander, afford no pleasures have treated me, you shall never more to the unhappy fce PHILANDER.

AMORET. I must desire you, dear Mr. Spectator, to publish this my letter to Philan

der as soon as possible, and to assure U

PON reflection, I find the injury him that I know nothing at all of the

I have done both to you and my- death of his rich uncle in Gloucesterfelf to be so great, that though the part fhire,







Hor. Ars Port. v. 181.


ERE I to publish all the ad. apart. My heart is in the utmost anferent han:ls, and persons of different confusion, when I impart to you ancircumitances and quality, the very other circumstance, which is, that my mention of them, without reflections on mother, the most mercenary of all wothe several subjects, would raise all the men, is gained by this false friend of pasiions which can be felt by human my husband's to folicit me for him. I. minds. As inttances of this, I shall am frequently chid by the poor believgive you two or three letters; the writers ing man my husband, for thewing an of which can have no recourse to any impatience of his friend's company; Jegal power for redress, and seem to have and I am never alone with my mother, written rather to vent their sorrow than but the tells me stories of the discre. to receive confolation.

tionary part of the world, and such a

one, and such a one who are guilty of MR. SPECTATOR,

as much as she advises me to. She I Am a young woman of beauty and laughs at my attonishment; and seems

quality, and suitably married to a to hint to me, that as virtuous as the gentleman who dotes on me. But this has always appeared, I am not the person of mine is the object of an unjust daughter of her husband. It is possible paffion in a nobleman who is very inti- that printing this letter may relieve me mate with my husband. This friends from the unnatural importunity of my Ship gives him very easy access, and fre- mother, and the perfidious courtship of quent opportunities of entertaining ina my husband's friend, I have an in


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