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at York, Dr Matthew Hutton, he likewise had great and uneasy disputes. He made it a rule, not to grant the advowson, or promise of any preferment in his gift, before it actually became void, nor ever to take a resignation. Not only in his own diocese, but even in the university of Cambridge, he was very diligent and active in finding out Papists, and defeating their pernicious designs.
In May 1582, as he was visiting his diocese, the most audacious attempt that malice and revenge could possibly suggest, was made, to ruin at once his reputation ; namely, by an inn-keeper's wife at Doncaster getting into bed to him; through the contrivance of Sir Robert Stapleton, and other wicked persons. The ground and reason of it was, that Sir Robert wanted to compel the archbishop to grant him an advantageous lease of his manors of Southwell and Scrooby. And he even procured the queen to solicit him to do it; but all in vain. The same attempt was repeated in 1587, in the earl of Leicester's behalf; and likewise without success. Endeavours also were used, in 1588, to get from him his archiepiscopal house, in London ; which, however, he would not be prevailed upon to part with. In his time usury was so exorbitant, that it amounted to cent per cent. He endeavoured to restrain it, by preaching, and by bringing the offenders into the ecclesiastical commission, but met with great opposition. After a life full of troubles and contention, owing principally to the iniquity of the times, our learned primate left this world on the tenth of July, 1558, in the sixtyninth year of his age ; and was buried in the collegiate church of Southwell, where a monument is erected to his memory. He was twice married ; first, to a daughter of Mr Sandes of Essex, a gentlewoman beautiful both in body and mind, which died at Strasburg of a consumption : Secondly, to Cicely, sister to Sir Thomas Wilford of Hartridge in Kent, by whom he had seven sons, and two daughters. She lived till the year 1610. From Sir Samuel, the eldest son, is descended the present lord Sandys.
His Works. Several of his letters, and other papers, are inserted in Strype's Amals ; in his Life of archbishop Parker ; and in his Life of archbishop Whitgift ; likewise in bishop Burnet's History of the Reformation : And in other places. In 1616, two-and-twenty of his sermons were collected together, and printed at London, in a small 4to with this title : « Sermons of the most Reverend Father in GOD, Edwin Archbishop of Yorke, Primat and Metropolitane of Engiand. Some whereof were preached in the parts beyond the seas, in the time of his exile, in the raigne of Queene Marie. The residue, in such places of preferment as he enjoyed under her late Majestie, Queene Elizabeth, of famous memorie : viz. He was in Anno D. 1559, first consecrated Bishop of Worcester; and thence translated to London in Anno D. 1570, and then removed to York in Anno D. 1576. With a Preface to the Christian Readers of their vse and benefit ; by a most reuerend Father now living.” Two of them were preached at Strasburg; four before the queen; one before the parliament; five at York; and most of the rest at Paul's Cross. His style is good, much superior to the generality of the writers of those times. He also published, A Relation of a Journey begun An. Dom. 1610. or his Travels to the Holy Land, and other places ; adorned with cuts, taken mostly from the Devotissimo Viagio di Zullardo. Roma, 1587, 4to.
WILLIAM FULKE, D. D.
THIOF England Wadon. He was him, tha
THIS very eminent and learned divine of the Church
1 of England was born, and received the first part of his education in London. He was a youth of great parts and spirit; and it is reported of him, that having a literary contest with the famous Edward Campian, while he was at school, and losing the silver pen which was proposed to the victor, he was seized with grief and anger, to the highest degree imaginable. Afterwards he was sent to St John's-college in Cambridge, in the year 1555, of which he was chosen fellow in the year 1564. He had spent six years of this interval, in the study of the law at Clifford's-inn, agreeable to his father's humour and inclination ; who was so offended at his returning to college, that he refused to grant him any supplies, although he was very rich. Fulke, however, easily made his way, by his parts and learning. He applied himself to mathematics; to languages, the oriental in particular ; to divinity: And he became eminent, and published books in them all. In process of time, he was suspected of puritanisni, with which he was supposed to be infected by Cartwright, the divinity professor, and his intimate friend :
And on this account was expelled his college. He took lodgings in the town, and maintained himself for some time by reading lectures. The earl of Leicester, labouring at that time to ingratiate himself with the eminent divines of all denominations and principles, as thinking they would be his best support in time of need, took Fulke under his patronage, and in the year 1571, presented him to the living of Warley, in the county of Essex, and two years after to that of Didington in Suffolk. Soon after, the earl sent him to Cambridge with a mandamus for his doctor of divinity's degree, in order to qualify him to attand, as he afterwards did, an ambassador into France. Upon his return, he was made master of Pembroke-hall, and Margaret professor of divinity, in Cambridge; and, in possession of these preferments, he died in August, 1589, and was buried on the twenty-eighth of that month at his rectory at Didington. He had a wife and family.
. His Works are very numerous ; written in Latin and English ; levelled chiefly against the Papists; and dedicated several of them to . Elizabeth and the earl of Leicester. The most considerable of them is his « Confutation of the Rhemish Testament," printed in 1580, and reprinted in 1601. The occasion was as follows: The Engligh Papists in the seminary at Rheims, perceiving, as Fuller observes in his book entitled, • The English Worthies,' that they could no longer blindfold their laity from the scriptures, resolved (to fit them with false spectacles; and set forth the Rhe(mish translation,' in opposition to the Protestant versions. No man fitter, savs a late eminent historian, in point either of learning or of grace, to stand forth in the name of the church of England, than Dr Fulke, master of Pembroke hall, and Margaret, professor of divinity in Cambridge. He accordingly undertook, and successively accomplished, an entire refutation of the popish version and commentary. It is entitled, “ The Text of the New « Testament of Jesus Christ, translated out of the vulgar “ Latin by the Papists of the traiterous Seminarie Rhemes : “ With Arguments of Books, Chapters, and Annota« tions, pretending to discover the Corruptions of divers • Translations, and to clear the Controversies of those “ Days. Whereunto is added the Translation out of the « Original Greek, commonly used in the Church of Eng« land: With a Confutation of all such Arguments, “ Glosses, and Annotations, as containe manifest Im« pietie of Heresie, Treason, and Slander against the < Catholicke Church of God, and the true Teachers