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EXCELSIOR

FIFTH READER:

CONTAINING

A COMPREHENSIVE TREATISE ON ELOCUTION, ILLUS

TRATED WITH DIAGRAMS; SELECT READINGS
AND RECITATIONS; FULL NOTES, AND A

COMPLETE SUPPLEMENTARY INDEX.

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TO TEACHERS.

Q

UALIFY pupils by daily vocal drill, by special aid as required,

and by general and systematic instruction, for each lesson. A

reading which does not demand preparatory labor is not adapted to the needs of the class.

The Lessons of Part First should be used for Reading Exercises. Require the class to commit to memory and recite the most important principles, definitions, and examples, both separately and in concert. Review the lessons, and do not commence Part Second until the pupils master them.

Part Second is not simply a collection of readings, but also a dictionary and cyclcpediä, containing needful aids which are to be turned to profitable account. Never omit the Preliminary Exercises; but require the pupils to pronounce, spell, and define the words in the notes. Often require them to commence with the last word of a paragraph in the reading and pronounce back to the first. Also direct their attention to the accents and marked letters. Call into exercise their judgment and taste by requiring them to determine what principle of elocution each reading lesson is best adapted to illustrate.

Before the Final Reading, be sure that the pupils understand the lesson. Adopt a simple order of examination, and let them give the leading thoughts in their own language, without formal questions : for example, first, the title of the piece ; secondly, the words liable to mispronunciation, both in the notes and the reading; thirdly, the objects mentioned, and the facts concerning these objects; fourthly, the narrative or connected thoughts, and the portion illustrated by the picture, if any; and fifthly, the moral or what the lesson teaches.

The Index to the Notes is of the utmost importance, and ought to be employed daily. Make special efforts to give pupils great facility in its use.

The PUBLISHER of this BOOK has taken, by permission, certain Excellences of Watson's Independent Readers, including original material, classifications, arrangements, methods, and other features.

Electrotyped by
Copyright, 1877.

SMITH & MCDOUGAL. WILLIAM H. SADLIER.

MARYARD COLLEGE LIBRARY

GIFT OF THE
SADUATE SCHOOL OF EDUCATION

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T

HE Fifth Reader of the Excelsior Series, which
is now presented to the public, will, it is con-

fidently hoped, do much to justify and confirm the favorable verdict which the preceding numbers of the series have received from experienced Catholic teachers. The general principles which have governed the choice of selections for reading, are the same as those which have been acted on in arranging the earlier Readers. The final cause of a Reading-book, or a Reading class, we have assumed to be the production of good readers—of pupils, that is, who have learned to pronounce well, to modulate their voices properly, and to bring out the full thought of an author, by giving due emphasis and expression to his words. At the same time, care has been religiously taken to secure not only that no selection shall contain anything capable of wounding the purity of Catholic faith, but also that the Reader shall be a serviceable and important adjunct to the Catechism and the History.

The Treatise on Elocution, more extended than in the earlier numbers of the Series, presents the subject both as a science and an art. To study it with the help of a blackboard, on which the diagrams, indicat

D

ing the divisions and subdivisions of the subject-mat-
ter, should be drawn and carefully explained, should
be regarded as an indispensable preliminary exercise
for classes beginning to use this Reader, It will be
found full enough for thorough training in Pronuncia-
tion and Expression, and simple enough to be easily
mastered by every pupil.

In this edition all of Webster's marked letters are
used to indicate pronunciation, while ample foot-notes
give all needed definitions, as well as explanations of
obscure allusions, and brief biographical sketches of
most of the authors from whom selections have been
made. The wood-cuts are numerous, and admirably
illustrate the text; and the Index of Notes will be
found a useful and carefully prepared assistance to
pupils in obtaining a thorough mastery of the English
language.

CONTENTS.

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28

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SYLLABICATION.

Definitions

Rules in Syllabication..

Exercises in Syllabication..

ACCENT.

Definitions.

Exercises in Accent.

Word's distinguished by Accent.

Accent changed by Contrast .

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31

31

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II. EXPRESSION.

EMPHASIS...

Definitions..

Rules in Emphasis...

Exercises in Emphasis..

INFLECTION..

Definitions...

Rules in Inflection.

Exercises in Inflection...

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