## The Newtonian RevolutionThis volume presents Professor Cohen's original interpretation of the revolution that marked the beginnings of modern science and set Newtonian science as the model for the highest level of achievement in other branches of science. It shows that Newton developed a special kind of relation between abstract mathematical constructs and the physical systems that we observe in the world around us by means of experiment and critical observation. The heart of the radical Newtonian style is the construction on the mind of a mathematical system that has some features in common with the physical world; this system s then modified when the deductions and conclusions drawn from it are tested against the physical universe. Using this system Newton was able to make his revolutionary innovations in celestial mechanics and, ultimately, create a new physics of central forces and the law of universal gravitation. Building on his analysis of Newton's methodology, Professor Cohen explores the fine structure of revolutionary change and scientific creativity in general. This is done by developing the concept of scientific change as a series of transformations of ecxisting ideas. It is shown that such transformation is characteristic of many aspects of the sciences and that the concept of scientific change by transformation suggests a new way of examining the very nature of scientific creativity. |

### Comentarios de la gente - Escribir un comentario

No encontramos ningún comentario en los lugares habituales.

### Contenido

The Newtonian revolution in science | 3 |

the varieties of Newtonian science | 9 |

a world of numbers | 17 |

exact laws of nature and the hierarchy of causes | 21 |

15 Causal mathematical science in the Scientific Revolution | 33 |

Revolution in science and the Newtonian revolution as historical concepts | 39 |

22 The introduction of the concept of revolution to describe scientific progress | 42 |

23 The Newtonian revolution in the sciences | 49 |

42 Transformations of scientific ideas | 162 |

Darwin and intraspecific competition Franklin and the electrical fluid | 166 |

44 Some transformations of ideas by Newton primarily the transformation of impulsive forces into continually acting forces and the formulation of ... | 171 |

45 Newtonian inertia as an example of successive transformations | 182 |

46 Some general aspects of transformations | 194 |

47 The transformation of experience | 203 |

Freud on originality | 216 |

49 Transformations and scientific revolutions | 218 |

The Newtonian revolution and the Newtonian style | 52 |

32 Mathematics and physical reality in Newtons exact science | 61 |

33 Newtons use of imagined systems and mathematical constructs in the Principia | 68 |

Huygenss reaction to the Principia | 79 |

the system of the world | 83 |

36 Mathematical systems or constructs and the review of the Principia in the Journal des Sçavans | 96 |

Newtons constructs compared to Descartess models and to those in use today | 99 |

the cause of gravitation | 109 |

successors Bailly Maupertuis Clairaut | 120 |

310 The Newtonian revolution in the perspective of history | 127 |

311 Optics and the Newtonian style | 133 |

mathematics and experience | 141 |

Transformations of scientific ideas | 155 |

The transformation of scientific ideas | 157 |

Newton and Keplers laws stages of transformation leading toward universal gravitation | 222 |

52 The status of Keplers laws in Newtons day | 224 |

53 Newtons early thoughts on orbital motion and Keplers third law | 229 |

correspondence with Hooke in 16791680 | 241 |

the concept of force | 248 |

56 From Keplers laws to universal gravitation | 258 |

57 The role of mass in Newtonian celestial mechanics | 271 |

58 Keplers laws the motion of the moon the Principia and the Newtonian Scientific Revolution | 273 |

History of the concept of transformation a personal account | 280 |

NOTES | 290 |

BIBLIOGRAPHY | 361 |

397 | |

### Otras ediciones - Ver todas

### Términos y frases comunes

according acting action actually aether analysis appears applied aspect astronomy attraction believe bodies called cause centripetal force century Cohen concept concerning considered construct continuous Descartes directed discussion distance earth edition effect elliptical equal exact example existence experiment explain expression fact force Galileo geometric geometry given gravity hypotheses ideas imagined inertia introduced inversely Kepler's kind later mass mathematical matter means mechanics method mind moon motion motu moving nature Newton Newtonian Newtonian style observation occurs Opticks orbits original particles phenomena philosophy physical planetary planets possible present Principia principles problem produced prop properties proportional proved published question reason refers relation resistance rest result revolution rule satellites says scientific sect seen sense shows square statement theory third law thought tion transformation true universal writings

### Referencias a este libro

Mechanics in the Earth and Environmental Sciences Gerard V. Middleton,Peter R. Wilcock Vista previa limitada - 1994 |

The Scientific Background to Modern Philosophy: Selected Readings Michael R. Matthews Vista previa limitada - 1989 |