Hurdles in the Halls of Science: The Israeli Case
Lexington Books, 2000 - 182 páginas
Hurdles in the Halls of Science examines three main factors that capture the nature of women scholars' experience and shape the particular pattern of their careers in academe: gender stereotypes, numbers, and discrimination. Based on extensive research on women in Israeli universities, Toren extrapolates from the findings and compares situations and attitudes faced in Israel with those confronted by women around the world. Toren finds that, at the dawn of the twenty-first century, the academic profession is still sex-segregated and male-dominated. Women are a minority of the total faculty in universities, they advance less rapidly than their male colleagues, attain lower ranks, and are concentrated in the "softer" fields of science. Toren observes that this pattern is trans-national and cross-cultural and is evident in many Western nations. Although Israel has frequently been portrayed as a relatively gender-equal society, the pattern Toren finds prevails in that country as well.
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Historical Development and the Current Climate
Chapter 3 Numbers
Stereotypes Imagery and SelfPerception
The Subtle Ways of Differential Treatment
Marriage and Motherhood The Big Hurdle?
The Location of Barriers Thresholds Hurdles and Ceilings
academic careers academic hierarchy academic rank achieve advance affirmative action associate professor attaining average number Bielby career entry career progress Chapter Cole collegial networks compared Council of Higher countries cultural deans demic differential discrimination entry rank evaluation factors faculty members faculty women family and children female faculty female full professors gender equality Harriet Zuckerman Hebrew University Higher Education highest rank humanities institutions Israel Israeli universities Knesset less Likud male colleagues Matthew effect Max Weber men's meritocratic natural sciences number of children number of faculty number of publications occupational performance period positions problems Prof profes professional promotion proportion of women publish rank distribution rank of full rank of lecturer research productivity respondents role scientific fields senior lecturer social sciences Sonnert status stereotypes structural Table Technion tenure tenure-track threshold Toren total number Valian women faculty women in academia women's careers Zuckerman