« AnteriorContinuar »
is but as a rotten stick, or as a broken reed. All suck Addresses to the King must be a violation of one of the six new acts, as tending to bring him into contempt by scandalous, infamous, and degrading libels. The Times newspaper has well said, that the Cambridge University Address is not more respectable than would have been the address of the Duke of Rutland's footmen; for the members of the University are as servile and dependent as the latter. All this trickery is but laughed at by the great body of the people, and if a revolution, or a civil war, occurred, not one of those addressers would move out of his hole to assist the King. They would then shrink into their natural sphere, and move about in fear, because they had formerly encouraged the King to persecute the Queen, and to hold fast his present Ministers, who are studiously seeking to bring him into contempt. Such addresses are extremely idle and useless whilst the Queen is weekly congratulated by the honest sympathies of thousands and tens of thousands of the independent part of the people. The King had better not receive an address at all, or his perseverance will but show his weakness, and the strength of his wife. Let him beware and not open the public eyes too wide, lest there be a suspicion that "all is not gold which glitters."
R, CARLILE. Dorchester Gaol, Dec, 11, 1820.
PROGRESS OF REVOLUTION AND REPUB
Another Revolution effected by the Military in St. Domingo,
and Monarchy abolished.
Whilst we are almost sickened by hope deferred at home, our languor is occasionally dissipated by the success of the advocates of liberty, and the friends of the human race abroad, and thus we derive additional hope and strength to persevere in the best of all possible, causes. Although Christophe, the Black Emperor of Hayti, was not known as the hereditary descendant of those creatures, who fancy themselves born to rule nations, still it must be admitted that he was not deficient in all the necessary qualifications to make a monarchical despot. Whether he might have de
scended from some of the negro princes, is more than we can say, but it is evident that he possessed, although a negro, all the necessary qualities of divine right, sacred person, and infallibility. Although formerly a negro slave, be swayed the sceptre, and ruled his kingdom with more ability than any of his European brothers, cousins, &c. We had never heard of any acts of despotism attributed to him before, but rather that his sole object was the improvement of the negro world.
He was a great patron of education, and has certạiply ameliorated the character and condition of the inbabitants of Hayti. But the popery of monarchy can be no longer tolerated, where the means of rejecting it be found to exist. It is a disgrace to a community of men, who have any idea of freedom. It can only be considered the bauble and relic of the darkest times, which the progress of knowledge bas taught us to reject, as we would the miracle-working relics of saints. We rejoice at this further emancipation of the negroes of Hayti. The Republicans of Port-au-Prince have doubtless shown their brethren in other parts of the Island of St. Domingo, the superiority of their form of government. They have shewn it to some purpose! for the Haytians cry out we will have no more Kings, Dukes, Counts, or Barons! We hesitate to offer any observations upon what is passing at Troppau, among the allied banditti of kings: as yet we know nothing certain, therefore, we feel disposed to wait for certainties. We fear not the result, for move which way they will, they cannot stop the march of events, guided by the grand progress of political and theological knowledge, and supported by the artillery of reason, the Press. As F.epublicans we smile at the grand march of Republicanism, and although Englishmen generally affect an attachment to monarchy, we have no fear of living to see all their prejudices removed, and the government of the country strictly Republican. Mr. Ferdinand of Spain has but to play a few more pranks, such as he has lately played, and he will abolish monarchy in that country. Even in the cold and inauspicious climate of Denmark, Republicadism has found its way; and the still ruder climate of Russia cannot suppress it, but there it begins to manifest itself. We subjoin the particulars of the Haytian Revoly: tion and the fall of Christophe.
REVOLUTION IN ST. DOMINGO.
Extract of a Letter, dated Cape Henry, Oct. 13, “ Since my last, of the 27th September, a revolution has taken place here. It was formed two months ago by seven of the chiefs, but so secret was it kept, that I do not believe a single person knew of it until it broke out, which was on the night of the 6th instant. On that evening they assembled all the troops in the town, and marched them out to Haut du Cap, distant from this about five miles, to fight for their liberty; they having been, since the reign of the King, in a state to which no slavery could be compared. Immediately on the King's bearing it, which was by an express, be sent from Sans Souci, (where he lay very sick,) to give certain orders to the Governor, which express was sent back to acquaint the King that they no longer acknowledged bim as their ruler. · He sent for his favourite chief, with orders to collect all the force possible, and to march against the rebels; and, on their arrival here, to murder every mulatto and white, without exception; but, previous to their leaving Sans Souci, he ordered them into his presence, and flattered them very much, gave them four dollars each, and promised them, if they succeeded in their expedition, that they might pillage the Cape, and that their situations should be made as comfortable as they could wish. In the mean time the Independents, preparing themselves for action, and well knowing their cause was good, flattereủ themselves that their fellow-countrymen never would fight against them, being equally interested in regaining their liberty, having suffered alike under the yoke of that tyrant, whose equal in atrocity never was known, and who thought no more of murdering people in cool blood than he did of eating his breakfast. On the arrival of the King's troops at Haut-du-Cap, on the 8th, where the Independent army were stationed, several skirmishes took place; but the Independents, not wishing that any blood should be spilled, hoisted the white flag; and, immediately the King's troops saw that, they laid down their arms and came over. Their chief (Duke Fort Royal) seeing the troops abandon him, fled, but has since been taken prisoner.' The King, finding the troops under the command of the Duke Fort Royal, which consisted of all the force he had at Sans Souci, excepting his body-guard,
had gone over to the Independents, and seeing there was no chance of escaping, as it would have taken considerable time to have collected another force, shot himself through the heart at about 11 o'clock at night. Thus ended the life of a man whose bloody deeds never were surpassed by any tyrant that ever existed. Since his death the different armies have joined the cause without firing a shot. The troops stationed on the frontiers (St. Mark's) have of late been much disaffected on account of his degrading a colonel, and punishing him very severely, 'who was inuch liked by the soldiers ; also on account of the shameful way in which they were treated, having nothing to live upon but cassada and water, and the utmost payment they received was one escalin per week. The chiefs of the Independents are now waiting for Geveral Romain's (Duke Limbe) arrival from St. Mark's, who, I believe, is to take the command, being the eldest General; but what kind of Government they intend to bave I am at a loss to say I suppose a Republican; for, at the commencement of this revolution, the general cry was, that they would have no more Princes, Dukes, Counts, Barons, &c. I will say that I never knew or heard of a revolution so well managed: there have not been more than five persons killed, one or two of whom were from accident. I think this change in the country will much improve the trade. When the soldiers pillaged the palace at Sans Souci they found 240,000 dollars, or thereabouts, a good prize. It will carry off a large quantity of manufactured goods, as they were accustomed before to walk about nearly naked. They promise in their proclamations to encourage the trade as much as possible, and I am persuaded in the course of a little time that the trade to this place will improve very much : the demand for manufactured goods and American produce is sure to be five or six times as much again, as the soldiers will be regularly paid. The next coffee crop will be considerably more, as every person will be allowed to work on the different plantations. So far bas this affair been con: ducted with such firmness and tranquillity, that it has ex. cited the admiration of every stranger. I consider there is no further danger, and every thing is very tranquil.
« Not one drop of blood has been shed in this revolution, from either private or public revenge: and it would really appear that they had but one enemy; and he was so great an one to their happiness, that his destruction has swept away all animosity.”
DECAY OF SUPERSTITION. PALTRY SHIFTS
OF ITS SUPPORTERS!
The following laughable Account of the Madness and Imbecility of a Christian Society in this Country is copied from “ THE TIMES" of the 9th Instant.
NUREMBERG, NOV. 25. “ AMONG the various articles of merchandise with which the English are used to inundate Germany, one, which appeared at Leipzig, during the late Michaelmas fair, is the more deserving of public notice as it is singular in its kind, and does the English great honour. Our readers must be told that there has existed for many years at London à Society for promoting Christianity among the Jews. Now some deputies from this society came to Leipzig during the late fair, for the purpose of converting, if not all, at least many of the Jews who resort to Leipzig at this season.
For this purpose they brought with them the New Testament in the Hebrew laŭguage, very neatly printed and handsomely bound, which they offered to the Jews at the very moderate price of 8 groats (about ls.), and gave them besides, gratis, a little book in the Hebrew tongue, in which all the popular proofs of the truth of our holy religion are concisely stated. They gave, besides, to every Jew wbo was willing to profess the Christian faith a present of from 10 to 50 Louis d'ors, according to the qualities of the new convert. Thus, for instance, a common hawking and peddling Jew receives only 10 Louis d’ors; one rather superior, more; and higher in proportion up to the Rabbi, who can claim 50 Louis d’ors. As we hear they met with no customers at Leipsig, and are said to have met with a very rough reception from many; nay,'it is even stated that they came to blows with the Polish Jews, because the deputies a little too boldly, it must be owned-had taken the liberty to place themselves at the doors of the synagogue, and to offer 'their merchandize to every Jew who went in or out. On the other hand it is afiirmed, that they were more fortunate in other cities of Germany.