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captivity from Jerusalem to Babylon. And all the men of might, even seven thousand, and craftsmen and smiths a thousand, all that were stroug and apt for war, even them the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon."

We here are told that all the vessels of gold are cut in pieces, we shall subsequently find that Belshazzar drinks out of them, and that they are finally restored to the second temple! Só much for Jewish history. The following repetition of the destruction of the temple and the carrying away its contents is from the 25th chapter of the 2nd book of King's.

“And in the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month, which is the nineteenth year of king Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzar-adan, captain of the guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, unto Jerusalem : and be burnt the house of the Lord, and the king's house, and all the bouses of Jerusalem, and every great man's house burnt he with fire. And all the army of the Chaldees, that were with the captain of the guard, brake down the walls of Jerusalem round about. Now the rest of the people that were teft in the city, and the fugitives that fell away to the king of Babylon, with the remnant of the multitude, did Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard carry away. But the captain of the guard left of the poor of the land to the vinedressers and husbandmen. And the pillars of brass that were in the house of the Lord, and the bases, and the brasen sea that was in the house of the Lord, did the Chaldees break in pieces, and carried ihe brass of them to Babylon. And the pots, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the spoons, and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered, took they away. And the firepans, and the bowls, and such things as were of gold, in gold, and of silver, in silver, the captain of the guard took away."

I should notice that the latter account is said to be in the reign of Zedekiah and the former in that of Jehoichin as mentioned in the extract.

We have now I believe gone through the chief of the fabulous part of the Jewish history. That the Jews were once captive in Babylon I can believe, and I shall be inclined to believe more of their history after their restoration, which I have no doubt did take place, in consequence of the intrigue with Cyrus, and their imposition upon him, that one of their prophets had foretold his name, that he should rule all the earth, and restore the Jews, and afford them the means of building a temple. Such a flattering unction to the bosom of Cyrus might have procured greater favours than the restoration of the Jews from so powerful a prince.

(To be continued.)

Printed by JANE CARLILE, 55, Flcel Street.

The Republican.

No. 5, Vol. 4.] LONDON, FRIDAY, SEPT. 29, 1820. [Price 6p.

SECOND LETTER TO LORD CASTLEREAGII, ON

AFFAIRS BOTII DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN.

May it please your Lordship,

The more important the moment grows, the more I feel my attention rivetted on your lordship. It is not a forced attention, I assure you ; I have long considered your lordship as the rivet that barely holds together the present government, and I earnestly watch the motions of the different parts that you have so long clenched, with a daily hope that I shall see them fall asunder, either by being twisted from your hold, or by seeing you bond and break under the load of public hatred, that hourly increases upon you.

Ву your speech in the Commons' House, on the 18th instant, I find your tone much subdued; you begin to feel that you have no further support to rely on than those whose fortune is identified with your own, and consequently equally desperate. Every man that can breathe independent of your support, begins to sheer off from you as from a dangerous connection. In a few weeks you will find yourself in the common condition of fallen men, deserted and scoffed at by those whose tellies and whose pockets you have even filled. You must recollect, that you have been supported by a class of men of the basesi principle --men who would be equally willing to give the same support to those who shall succeed you, whatever be their names or characters. They have been attached to you on no other ground than that of momentary interest, and when your power begins to decline, they will anticipate your fall by giving you an additional kick, in the hope of gratifying the next comer into your office. The most dangerous enemies are those whom we have obliged, and whose former protestations of service and support have been the strongest.

Vol. IV. No, 5.

The purpose of this address is twofold. I shall first remind you of your political botching on the Continent, “ with other kings," and its present consequences; and then of your vile conduct at home, towards the Queen.

The glorious revolutions in Spain, in Naples, in Sicily, in Portugal, and in

form the mirror in which you may best view your prominent, your fundamental, and your contrasted features. At the final conquest of Napoleon Buonaparte, your lordship was one of those kings" who had vainly imagined, that the era of legitimacy in sovereigns was to commence, and that such legitimacy was to be decided, not by the people who were to be governed, but by “ yourself, and other existing kings.” You went on triumphantly at first, at the congresses of Vienna, and at Aix-la-Chapelle, all Europe seemed to bend at the nod of yourself and other kings." In the fulness and the pride of your heart, you had not an idea left that any portion of the inhabitants of Europe would dare to rebel agaipet the decrees issued by yourself and other kings.” You partitioned off the inhabitants, and the land they possessed, some under this emperor, some under that king, and some under this doge, and that elector; just as if those inhabitants had been a mass of lifeless materials, and yourself a second ereator, giving form and life to chaos. You had, in England and Ireland, seen enough of the effect of the printing-press to know, that it was a powerful enemy to despotism, and a terror to the oppressor. This was clearly understood at the congresses, by “ yourself and other kings," and speedily we found the continental press regulated according to your lordship’s wishes, and displaying what you have since termed, a “ well-regulated mind.” found a few Englishımen, Scotchmen, and Irishmen, that had been accustomed to talk of liberty and the desire of possessing it, that set at defiance your law of libel, and have boldly wielded the powerful weapon in spite of your menace and corruptions. It was unquestionably a distinct pledge on your part to the allied despots, or, more properly speaking, to the holy alliance, that you would do your utmost to reduce the spirit of the press at home. It was considered as the last necessary struggle for the preservation of a rejected and despised legitimacy in monarchs. You hesitated at the attempt of a censorship, and here, my lord, you accelerated your downfall. I told you some few months since, that nothing but a censorship could save you, and as you have neglected this, you are

lost ; and in the language of the Christian, I would say, you are “ damned to all eternity." You are irrecoverably lost, there is no mediator to rely upon, no charities to appeal to, to hide your multitude of sins ; no throne of grace that can save you, but to assume the Christian again, I say, “to the Devil you must go,” and methinks I hear your countrymen say, "joy go with you, Lord Castlereagh, for what you have done for us." There is not a town or village throughout Great Britain or Ireland that would succour you, but all, all, are in open execration against you.

The printing-press has mastered you at home, and this in a great measure, has tended to baffle all your schemes abroad. It is by the British press that the spirit of freedom has been cherished on the Continent: had the press of this country been placed under a censorship, like that of France, of Prussia, and other parts of Europe, a gloom would have filled the thrilling spirit of freedom every where. The progress, persecution, and perseverance, of those who have been called the Radical Reformers of Great Britain, have, by means of our press, been known throughout the Continent, and has kept alive an ardour in the general cause of emancipation and representalive systems of government. It is now too late for a censorship; you and your allied despots are defeated - your schemes, your plans, your promises, your threats, are all exploded, and you all “ stand prostrate.” Revolution finds no opposition, because opposition would be vain. Staté after state embraces it, and your lordship stands aghast, and displays nothing but a trembling imbecility. As an official person in the Commons' House you shun discussion, and answer all queries with a questo non mi ricordo and a no so. How delightful your lordship’s correspondence must be with Spain, with Naples, with Sicily, with Portugal, and with the trembling despots of the north! You may all make ready your sackcloth and ashes, for the end is near! Weep, weep, for the mighty are fallen to rise no more !-no more, Castlereagh

Although you do not rank as first minister in this country, it is well known that Lord Liverpool, who bears that rank by name, is merely the tool of your schemes. You are both the key and the lock, of the present government. You have a legitimate at home, whom you find you can manage as you like. As both his inclinations and his ideas are confined to women and wine, you take care to procure for bim a full gratification, and in return you have obtained an absolute

rule and management of his affairs in the state. A man less accomplished in villainy than yourself could have never ventured to plot such a conspiracy, as has been matured against her Majesty the Queen. The blackest part of history has not yet displayed any thing of the kind, and your name will be reserved as the centre of future execration, and as the symbol of crimes that have not yet found expression in language. I feel that I cannot be too severe in expressing myself on this conspiracy, through a deficiency in our language. It is evident that you and your family have been the chief actors in this attempt to destroy the Queen. Yourself at home, your brother at Vienna, and your cousin Brown at Milan, have been the principal agents, all others are but subordinate. For the preservation of your place and power, you have worked upon the blind, the weak, and the vicious disposition of your nominal master, and have determined to make both your fates co-existent. You have made him share the public odium with yourself, so that you now think he must stand or fall with you. I do not mean to palliate his vices, or his cruelties; as the mere connexion with a man of your character would nullify such an attempt. You have involved him in a gulph with yourself, whence escape is doubtful, or rather past doubt. He can never again sit respected on the throne of England. Although, you did not originate his malice towards his Queeli, you soon discovered that the cherishment of that malice brought you to the blind side of him. You have ministered to his vices, instead of his welfare, as the surer means of acting up to your own disposition.

Ere another week passes, we have to expect a full developement of the conspiracy, at least, as full a developement, as a struggle against your authority and influence, both at home and abroad, could produce, or be expected to produce. The final developement cannot take place whilst you hold your present authority, but whilst you live it is a subject not to be overlooked. I scarcely need tell your Lordship that even before her Majesty's counsel enter on her defence, there is not one out of every hundred persons throughout the country, but what have acquitted her even on your own well paid, well fed, and well clothed evidence, as it now stands. I must not overlook one part of your Lordships character, and that is, that you delight to live in a storm, whilst you can entertain a hope that you may be able to crush all the ebullitions of popular feeling. But the final question

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