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Straight mine eye hath caught new pleasures,
Whilst the landskip round it measures ;
Russet lawns, and fallows gray,
Where the nibbling flocks do stray;
Mountains, on whose barren breast
The labouring clouds do often rest;
Meadows trim with daisies pide,
Shallow brooks, and rivers wide:
Towers and battlements it sees
Bosom'd high in tufted trees,
Where perhaps some beauty lies,
The Cynosure of neighbouring eyes.
Hard by, a cottage chimney smoaks
From betwixt two aged oaks,
Where Corydon and Thyrsis, met,
Are at their savoury dinner set
Of herbs, and other country messes,
Which the neat-handed Phillis dresses ;
And then in haste her bower she leaves,
With Thestylis to bind the sheaves;
Or, if the earlier season lead,
To the tann'd haycock in the mead:
Sometimes with secure delight
The upland hamlets will invite,
When the merry bells ring round,
And the jocund rebecks sound
To many a youth, and many a maid,
Dancing in the chequer'd shade;
And young and old come forth to play
On a sunshine holyday,
Till the livelong daylight fail :
Then to the spicy nut-brown ale,

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and horns; the mower is whetting his , VIII., and of some rather more anrient sythe to begin his work; the milk-maid, many of which yet remained in their whose business is of course at daybreak, original state, unchanged and underayeit. comes abrom singing; the shepherd Where only a little is seen, more is left opens his fold, and takes the tale of his to the imagination. These sympteins of sheep, to see if any were lost in the an old palace, especially when thus dis. night. Now for shepherds to tell tales, poed, have a greater effi ct than a disor to sing, is a circumstance trite, com- covery of larger parts, and even a full mon, and general, and belonging only to display of the whole exife. The emileal :hepherds; nor do I know that such bosomed battlements, and the sprading shepherds toll tales or ring more in the top of the tall grove, on which they remorning than at any other part of the flect a recipro al charm, still further day. A hepherd taking the tale of his interest the funcy, from the novelty of heep which are just unfolded, is a new combination; while just enough of the image, correspondent and appropriate, towering structure i shown to make an bautfully descriptive of a period of time, accompaniment to the tuf cd expanse is founderi in fact, and is more pleasing of venerable verdure, and to compose a as more natural.-Wartox, pide for pried. picturesque association. With respect to

77. Towers and battlements. This was their rural residence, there was a correg the great manrion-house in Milton's early in our Gothic aprestors : maern scati days. tefore the old fashioned archite are seldom so deeply ambush 1.-they ture hau given way to modern arts and disclose all their v'ories at once, ani improvements. Turrets and battlements never excite expectation by Cicealment, were conspicuous marks of the numerous | by gradual approaches, and hy inter new buildings of the reign of King liemy i rupted appearanres.-T. WARTOX.

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With stories told of many a feat,
How faery Mab the junkets eat:
She was pinch'd and pull’d, she sed;
And he, by friar's lantern led,
Tells how the drudging goblin swet,
To earn his cream-bowl duly set,
When in one night, ere glimpse of morn,
His shadowy flail hath thresh'd the corn,
That ten day-labourers could not end:
Then lies him down the lubbar fiend,
And, stretch'd out all the chimney's length,
Basks at the fire his hairy strength;
And crop-full out of doors he flings,
Ere the first cock his matin rings.
Thus done the tales, to bed they creep,
By whispering winds soon lull'd asleep.
Tower'd cities please us then,
And the busy hum of men,
Where throngs of knights and barons bold,
In weeds of peace, high triumphs hold,
With store of ladies, whose bright eyes
Rain influence, and judge the prize
Of wit or arms, while both contend
To win her grace, whom all commend.
There let IIymen oft appear
In saffron robe, with taper clear,
And pomp, and feast, and revelry,
With mask, and antique pageantry;
Such sights as youthful poets dream
On summer eves by haunted stream.
Tben to the well-trod stage anon,
If Jonson's learned sock be on;

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p. 139.

102. Furry Mb, See Shakspeare, Rom, of corn in the barn, which could not and Juliet, Act I., sc. iv. This bewitch have been threshoui in so short a time by ing fancy ket hof Queen Mah is quoted ten labourers. lle then returns into the in "Compenuium of English Literature," house, falizueil with his task; and, over

charred with his reward of the cream103. Ile was pinch'd. IIe and she are bowl, throws himself before the fire, and, persons of the company assembled to stretched along the whole breath of the spend the evening after a country wake fire-place, basks till the morning.-T. at a rural junhet.-T. WARTON.

WARTON. 104. Friar's lantern is the Jack-o'-lan- 117. Twer'd cities, &c. Then, that is, tern, which led people in the night into at night. The poet returns from his di marshes and waters. Milton gives the gression, perhaps disproportionately prophilosophy of this superstition, “ Paru- lix, concerning the feats of fairies and itise Lost." (ix. €37-642.) In the midst i goblins, which protract the conversation of a solemn and learned enarration, his over the spicy bowl of a village-super, strong imagination could not resist a ro- to enumerate other pleasures or amuse mantic tradition consecrated by popular ments of the night or evening. Then is, credulity.-T. WARTON,

in this line, a repetition of the first 105. Druiging goblin. This goblin is ' " Then,” line 100. Afterwaris, we have Robin Goufellow. His cream-bowl was another " Then," with the same sense earnell, and he paid the punctuality of and reference, line 131. Here, too, is a those by whom it was duly place for his transition from mirth in the country to refection, by the service of threshing mirth in the city.--T. WARTOX. with bis invisible fairy fail, in one night, 120. Triumps: Shows, masks, revels. and before the duwn of day, a quantity

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Or sweetest Shakspeare, Fancy's child,
Warble his native wood-notes wild.

And ever, against eating cares,
Lap me in soft Lydian airs,
Married to immortal verse,
Such as the meeting soul may pierce,
In notes, with many a winding bout
Of linked sweetness long drawn out,
With wanton heed and giddy cunning;
The melting voice through mazes running,
Untwisting all the chains that tie
The hidden soul of harmony;
That Orpheus' self may heave his head
From golden slumber on a bed
Of heap'd Elysian flowers, and hear
Such strains, as would have won the ear
Of Pluto, to have quite set free
His half-regain'd Eurydice.

These delights, if thou canst give,
Mirth, with thee I mean to live.

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142. The melling roice, &c. Milton's | which imprison and entangle the hidden meaning is not, that the senses are en- soul, the essence or perfection of har chained or amazed by murie; but that, mony. In common sense, let music be as the voice of the singer runs through made to show all, even her most hidden he manifold mazes or intricacies of powers.-T. WARTON. sound, all the chains are untwisted

IL PENSEROSO.

(THE THOUGHTFUL, OR PENSIVE MAN.)

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HENCE, vain deluding Joys,

The brood of Folly without father bred !

How little you bested,
Or fill the fixed mind with all your toys!
Dwell in some idle brain,

And fancies fond with gaudy shapes possess,
As thick and numberless
As the gay motes that people the sun-beams;
Or likest hovering dreams,
The fickle pensioners of Morpheus' train.
But hail, thou Goddess, sage and holy,
Hail, divinest Melancholy!
Whose saintly visage is too bright
To hit the sense of human sight,
And therefore to our weaker view
O'erlaid with black, staid Wisdom's hue;
Black, but such as in esteem
Prince Memnon's sister might beseem,
Or that starr'd Ethiop queen that strove
To set her beauty's praise above
The Sea-Nymphs, and their powers offended :
Yet thou art higher far descended :
Thee bright-hair’d Vesta, long of yore,
To solitary Saturn bore;
His daughter she; in Saturn's reign,
Such mixture was not held a stain :
Oft in glimmering bowers and glades
IIe met her, and in secret shades
Of woody Ida's inmost grove,
Whilst yet there was no fear of Jove.

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10. Fickle: Transitory, perpetually | Andromeda, of whom he was enamoured, shifting. Pensiomers: train, attendants. and tran-ported Cassiope into heaven,

18. Memnon's sister: that is, an Ethi. where she became a constellation. Hence opian princess, or sable beauty. Mem- she is called " that starr d Ethicp queen." non, King of Ethiopia, and an auxiliary -T. WARTON, of the Trojans, was slxin by Achilles. 25. His daughter she. The meaning of

19. Thut starr'd Ethiop queen. Cas. Milton's allegory is, that Melancholy is siope, as we learn from Apollodorus, was the daughter of Genius, which is typified the wife of Cepheus, King of Ethiopia. by the “ bright-hair'd” goldess of the She bosted herself to be more beautiful eternal fire. Saturn, the father, is the than the Nereids, and challenged them god of saturnine dispositions, of pensive 'o a trial, who, in revenge, persuaded and gloomy minds.--T, WARTOX,

eptune to send a prodigious whale into 30. Before Saturn was driven from his Ethiopia. To appease them, she was die ancient kingdom by his son Jupiter, rected wexpose her daughter An tromeda nursed on mount Ida. to the monster; but Perseus delivered

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Come, pensive Nun, devout and pure,
Sober, stedfast, and demure,
All in a robe of darkest grain,
Flowing with majestick train,
And sable stole of Cyprus lawn,
Over thy decent shoulders drawn.
Come, but keep thy wonted state,
With even step, and musing gait;
And looks commercing with the skies,
Thy rapt soul sitting in thine eyes :
There, held in holy passion still,
Forget thyself to marble, till
With a sad leaden downward cast
Thou fix them on the earth as fast:
And join with thee calm Peace, and Quiet,
Spare Fast, that oft with gods doth diet,
And hears the Muses in a ring,
Aye round about Jove's altar sing.
And add to these retired Leisure,
That in trim gardens takes his pleasure:
But first and chiefest with thee bring,
Him that yon soars on golden wing,
Guiding the fiery-wheeled throne,
The Cherub Contemplation;
And the mute Silence hist along,
'Less Philomel will deign a song,
In her sweetest, saddest plight,
Smoothing the rugged brow of night,
While Cynthia checks her dragon yoke,
Gently o'er the accustom’d oak:
Sweet bird, that shunn'st the noise of folly,
Most musical, most melancholy!
Thee, chauntress, oft, the woods among,
I woo, to hear thy even-song;
And, missing thee, I walk unseen
On the dry smooth-shaven green,
To behold the wandering moon
Riding near her highest noon,
Like one that had been led astray
Through the heaven's wide pathless way;

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35. Cyprus laron, a veil of a thin, trans- that conveyed the fiery-wheeled car in parent texture.

Ezekiel, x. 2. See also Milton himself, 36. Decent: Not exposed, covered. " Paradise Lost,” (vi. 750 :) so that vo54. Cherub Contemplation. By contem- thing can be greater or juster than this plution, is bere meant that stretch of idea of "divine Contemplation."-BICRD. thought, by which the mind ascends to 55. Mute Silince. I always aulmired the first pool. first perfect, and first fair; this and the seventeen following lines and is therefore very properly said to with excessive delight. There is a pell "soar on goiden wing. gujuing the fiery. in it, which goes far beyond mere descripwheeled throne;" that is, to take a high tion: it is the very perfection of ideal and and glorious flight, carrying bright ideas picturesque and contemplative poetry.of Deity along with it. But the whole BRYDES. imagery alludes to the cherubic forms

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