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« were two hundred thousand thousand : And 6 I heard the number of them.. And thus I “faw the horses in the vision, and them that “sat on them, having breast-plates of fire, and “ of jacinth and brimstone; and the heads of “the horses were as the heads of lions ; 'and “out of their mouths issued fire, and smoke and

brimstone. By these three was the third part " of men killed, by the fire, and by the smoke, « and by the brimstone, which issued out of 66 their mouths. For their power is in their « mouth, and in their tails : For their tails “ were like unto ferpents, and had heads, and " with them they do hurt. And the rest of " the men that were not killed by these plagues, " yet repented not of the works of their hands, o that they should not worship devils, and idols “ of gold and silver, and brass, and stone, and “ of wood; which neither can fee, nor hear,

nor walk: Neither repented they of their mur. “ ders, nor of their forceries, nor of their for. “ nication, nor of their thefts.” Every circumftance of this description has been verified, in the ravages committed by the Turks, and in the esta. blishment of the Ottoman Empire. · The Turks were at first four small dynasties, in the neighbourhood of the Euphrates, who at the time appointed by God, successfully pushed their conquests westward. It is well known,



that their army confifted chiefly of horsemen, and that they were remarkable for the use of gun-powder. The more we examine into their principles, government and manners, the more fhall we be convinced, that as they have been, so they still-are, a horrible scourge to the Christian world. Cruel in war, they have destroyed multitudes, and spread devastation by their, arms: Inimical to the sciences and to every improvement, they have established ignorance, and resisted civilization, as far as their dominion extends : Brutal in their manners, they have trampled not only on the pure precepts of Chris, tianity, but on the finer feelings of the human heart, and the ties by which mankind are united together in society, for the gratification of their lufis : Zealously attached to the false prophet Mahomet, in propagating his religion they have destroyed the souls of millions ; “ their “ tails were like unto serpents, and with them “ they do hurt, ver. 19.” Now, “ the prophet “ that teacheth lies, he is the tail, Isaiah ix. 15." Yet the justice of God, in continuing this scourge, is vindicated by the conduct of professed Chriftians. Of them it holds true at the present moment, “the rest of the men which were not kill

“ed by these plagues, yet repented not of the .“ works of their hands, that they should not 6. worship devils (demons,) and idols of gold

as and

"and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood,

which neither can fee, nor hear, nor walk. « Neither repented they of their murders, nor 66 of their forceries, nor of their fornication, “ nor of their thefts.” The Greek and Latin Churches zealousy propagate the demon-worfhip of the ancients, under the name of worship given to faints and angels. They have established image-worship by law; and a universal diffo. lution of manners prevails among them, by the teftimony of their own historians.


The Antichristian Empire.

· A fecond remarkable circumstance in the representation of this period, is the reign of Antichrift. It is accurately described, and laid be. fore us in various passages of scripture; chiefly in these,-Dan. chap. vii. verse 7. and 8. 20.25.; chap. xi. verfe 36.–39.; 2 Thef chap. ü. verse 3.—1 2. ; 2 Tim. chap. iv. verse 1.-5.; Rev. chap. xiii. ; chap. xvii. · The prophecy in the first paffage represents four universal monarchies, successively following each other, of which the Babylonian empire, existing in the prophet's time, was the first. It

points out a remarkable circumstance in the fate of the fourth of these empires, “ That it should $not be followed by another universal monar“chy, but should be divided into several sepa“ rate independent kingdoms, represented by “ the ten horns.” And that this state of things should continue till the reign of the saints, or the commencement of the Millennium. Accordingly the Roman empire, allowed by all hiftorians to be the fourth universal monarchy, has been divided by the northern nations above a thousand years ago, into the several independent kingdoms of Europe ; princes have arisen fince that division, ambitious of forming a universal monarchy. But He who regulates the balance of power, more effectually than the schemes of politicians, or the arms of contemporary prinçes, has uniformly disappointed their devices, and the order of things represented in the prophecy, has been preserved to the present moment.

The prophecy shews the particular part of the fourth monarchy, which should be thus divided into separate kingdoms. For it is said that the three first beasts had their lives prolonged, after their dominion was taken away; and all the horns are represented as issuing from the head of the fourth beast. These two circumstances compared, imply that the original provinces of the fourth monarchy, those sur


rounding the imperial city, distinct from the original provinces of the three former empires, should be thus divided into separate kingdoms. Accordingly we ought to look for them not in Babylon, not in Persia, not in Greece, but in the European provinces of the Roman empire. There they have been erected. There they are still maintained. The same God who disap. pointed the European princes, affecting universal monarchy, set limits to the ravages of the Sa. racens, and the conquests of the Turks, so as to prevent 'effectually their disturbing that order of things which his word had foretold.

The prophecy further shews, “ That in the “ midst of, and contemporary with these king56 doms should be that of Antichrist, represented 6 by the little horn ; that though a little horn, " he had a mouth speaking great things, and a “ look more ftout than his fellows ;' that it should be divers “ from the contemporary king“doms; that he should speak great words against " the Most High, and think to change times and “ laws.” Accordingly the Papal dominion has arisen from the ruins of the fallen empire, and has existed among the kingdoms of Europe for a thousand years. The territory of this potentate is small, compared with the other divisions of the empire; but his claims are unbounded, arrogating to himself authority over all created be

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