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The same thing, or something very like it, has been said of Calvin, but I could never,' Mr. Davies continues, ‘find it in his Works.' He kindly sends me the following extract from Reliquiæ Baxteriane, ed. 1696, p. 24:
‘Once all the ignorant Rout were raging mad against me for preaching the Doctrine of Original Sin to them, and telling them that Infants before Regeneration had so much Guilt and Corruption, as made them loathsome in the Eyes of God: whereupon they vented it abroad in the Country, That I preached that God hated, or loathed Infants ; so that they railed at me as I passed through the streets. The next Lord's Day, I cleared and confirmed it, and shewed them that if this were not true, their Infants had no need of Christ, of Baptism, or of Renewing by the Holy Ghost. And I asked them whether they durst say that their Children were saved without a Saviour, and were no Christians, and why they baptized them, with much more to that purpose, and afterwards they were ashamed and as mute as fishes.'
Fohnson on an actor's transformation.
(Vol. iv. p. 281, 282.) Boswell in his Remarks on the Profession of a Player (Essay ii), first printed in the London Magazine for 1770, says :
'I remember to have heard the most illustrious author of this age say: "If, Sir, Garrick believes himself to be every character that he represents he is a madman, and ought to be confined. Nay, Sir, he is a villain, and ought to be hanged. If, for instance, he believes himself to be Macbeth he has committed murder, he is a vile assassin who, in violation of the laws of hospitality as well as of other principles, has imbrued his hands in the blood of his King while he was sleeping under his roof. If, Sir, he has really been that person in his own mind, he has in his own mind been as guilty as Macbeth.”—Nichols's Literary History, ed. 1848,
Sir Fohn Floyer on the Asthma.'
(Vol. iv. p. 408.) Johnson, writing from Ashbourne to Dr. Brocklesby on June 20, 1784, says: 'I am now looking into Floyer who lived with his asthma to almost his ninetieth year.' Mr. Samuel Timmins, the
author of Dr. Johnson in Birmingham, informs me that he and two friends of his lately found in Lichfield a Lending Book of the Cathedral Library. Among the entries for 1784 was: 'Sir John Floyer on the Asthma, lent to Dr. Johnson.' Johnson, no doubt, had taken the book with him to Ashbourne.
Mr. Timmins says that the entries in this Lending Book unfortunately do not begin till about 1760 (or later). "If,' he adds, the earlier Lending Book could be found, it would form a valuable clue to books which Johnson may have borrowed in his youth and early manhood.
Boswell's expectations from Burke.
(Vol. iv. p. 257, 11. 5; and p. 298, n. 1.) Boswell, in May 1783, mentioned to Johnson his 'expectations from the interest of an eminent person then in power.' The two following extracts from letters written by him show what some of these expectations had been.
• JAMES BOSWELL, Esq., TO JAMES ABERCROMBIE, Esq., of Philadel
July 28, 1793. 'I have a great wish to see America; and I once flattered myself that I should be sent thither in a station of some importance.' Nichols's Literary History', vii. 317. Boswell had written to Burke on March 3, 1778: 'Most heartily do I rejoice that our present ministers have at last yielded to conciliation (ante, iii. 250). For amidst all the sanguinary zeal of my countrymen, I have professed myself a friend to our fellow-subjects in America, so far as they claim an exemption from being taxed by the representatives of the King's British subjects. I do not perfectly agree with you; for I deny the declaratory act, and am a warm Tory in its true constitutional sense. I wish I were a commissioner, or one of the secretaries of the commission for the grand treaty. I am to be in London this spring, and if his Majesty should ask me what I would choose, my answer will be to assist at the compact between Britain and America.'-Burke's Correspondence, ii. 209.
Boswell's intention to attend on Fohnson in his illness, and to publish
'Praises' of him.
(Vol. iv. p. 306.)
Edinburgh, 8 March, 1784. I intend to be in London about the end of this month, chiefly to attend upon Dr. Johnson with respectful affection. He has for some time been very ill. . . . . I wish to publish as a regale
... [ante, iii. 350, n. 2 ; V. 395, n. 1] to him a neat little volume, The Praises of Dr. Johnson, by contemporary Writers. . . . . Will your Lordship take the trouble to send me a note of the writers you recollect having praised our much respected friend? .... An edition of my pamphlet [ante, iv. 298] has been published in London.'—Nichols's Literary History, vii. 302.
The reported Russian version of the 'Rambler.'
(Vol. iv. p. 319, n. 2.) I am informed by my friend, Mr. W. R. Morfill, M.A., of Oriel College, Oxford, who has, I suppose, no rival in this country in his knowledge of the Slavonic tongues, that no Russian translation of the Rambler has been published. He has given me the following title of the Russian version of Rasselas, which he has obtained for me through the kindness of Professor Grote, of the University of Warsaw :
Rasselas, printz Abissinskii, Vostochnaya Poviest Sochinenie Doktora Dzhonsona Perevod s’angliiskago. 2 chasti, Moskva. 1795
'Rasselas, prince of Abyssinia, An Eastern Tale, by Doctor Johnson. Translated from the English. 2 parts, Moscow, 1795.'
It has not wit enough to keep it sweet.'
(Vol. iv. p. 369.) 'Heylyn, in the Epistle to his Letter-Combate, addressing Baxter, and speaking of such “unsavoury pieces of wit and mischief" as “the Church-historian," asks, “Would you not have me rub them with a little salt to keep them sweet?" This passage was surely present in the mind of Dr. Johnson when he said concerning The Rehearsal that "it had not wit enough to keep it sweet.” '-J. E. Bailey's Life of Thomas Fuller, p. 640.
Pictures of Johnson.
(Vol. iv. p. 485, n. 3.) In the Common Room of Trinity College, Oxford, there is an interesting portrait of Johnson, said to be by Romney. I cannot, however, find any mention of it in the Life of that artist.
It was presented to the College by Canon Duckworth.
The Gregory Family.
(Vol. v. p. 53, 11. 4.) NIr. P. J. Anderson (in Notes and Queries, 7th S. iii. 147) casts some doubt on Chalmers's statement. He gives a genealogical table of the Gregory family, which includes thirteen professors; but two of these cannot, from their dates, be reckoned among Chalmers's sixteen.
The University of St. Andrews in 1778.
(Vol. v. p. 71, 11. 2.) In the preface to Poems by George Monck Berkeley, it is recorded (p. cccxlviii) that when ‘Mr. Berkeley entered at the University of St. Andrews [about 1773], one of the college officers called upon him to deposit a crown to pay for the windows he might break, Mr. Berkeley said, that as he should reside in his father's house, it was little likely he should break any windows, having never, that he remembered, broke one in his life. He was assured that he would do it at St. Andrews. On the rising of the session several of the students said, “Now for the windows. Come, it is time to set off, let us sally forth !" Mr. Berkeley, being called upon, enquired what was to be done? They replied, “Why, to break every window in college.” “ For what reason?" “Oh! no reason ; but that it has always been done from time immemorial.”' The Editor goes on to say that Mr. Berkeley prevailed on them to give up
the practice. How poor some of the students were is shown by the following anecdote, told by the College Porter, who had to collect the crowns. 'I am just come,' he said, “from a poor student
I went for the window croon; he cried, begged, and prayed not to pay it, saying, "he brought but a croon to keep him all the session, and he had spent sixpence of it; so I have got only four and sixpence." His father, a labourer, who owned three cows, 'had sold one to dress his son for the University, and put the lamented croon in his pocket to purchase coals. All the lower students study by fire-light. He had brought with him a large tub of oatmeal and a pot of salted butter, on which he was to subsist from Oct. 20 until May 20.' Berkeley raised “a very noble subscription' for the poor fellow.
In another passage (p. cxcviii) it is recorded that Berkeley 'boasted to his father, Well, Sir, idle as you may think me, I never have once bowed at any Professor's Lecture.” An explanation being requested of the word bowing, it was thus given: “Why, if any poor fellow has been a little idle, and is not prepared to speak when called upon by the Professor, he gets up and makes a respectful bow, and sits down again."' Berkeley was a grandson of Bishop Berkeley.
Fohnson's unpublished sermons.
(Vol. v. p. 75, n. 2.) JAMES BOSWELL, Esq., TO JAMES ABERCROMBIE, of Philadelphia.
• June II, 1792. 'I have not yet been able to discover any more of Johnson's sermons besides those left for publication by Dr. Taylor. I am informed by the Lord Bishop of Salisbury, that he gave an excellent one to a clergyman, who preached and published it in his own name on some public occasion. But the Bishop has not as yet told me the name, and seems unwilling to do it. Yet I flatter myself I shall get at it.”—Nichols's Literary History, vii. 315.
Tillotson's argument against the doctrine of transubstantiation.
(Vol. v. p. 80.) Gibbon, writing of his reconversion from Roman Catholicism