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Christianity quotes from Mr. Edwards whom he answers :—*This gentleman and his fellows are resolved to be unitarians: they are for one article of faith as well as One person in the Godhead.'Locke's Works, ed. 1824, vi. 200.
The proposed Riding School
(Vol. ii. p. 485.) My friend, Mr. C. E. Doble, has pointed out to me the following passage in Collectanea, First Series, edited by Mr. C. R. L. Fletcher, Fellow of All Souls College, and printed for the Oxford Historical Society, Oxford, 1885.
'The Advertisement to Religion and Policy, by Edwarl Earl of Clarendon, runs as follows:
Henry Viscount Cornbury, who was called up to the House of Peers by the title of Lord Hyde, in the lifetime of his father, Henry Earl of Rochester, by a codicil to his will, dated Aug. 10, 1751, left divers MSS. of his great grandfather, Edward Earl of Clarendon, to Trustees, with a direction that the money to arise from the sale or publication thereof, should be employed as a beginning of a fund for supporting a Manage or Academy for riding and other useful exercises in Oxford; a plan of this sort having been also recommended by Lord Clarendon in his Dialogue on Education. Lord Cornbury dying before his father, this bequest did not take effect. But Catharine, one of the daughters of Henry Earl of Rochester, and late Duchess Dowager of Queensbury, whose property these MSS. became, afterwards by deed gave them, together with all the monies which had arisen or might arise from the sale or publication of them, to (three Trustees] upon trust for the like purposes as those expressed by Lord Hyde in his codicil.”
The preface to the Life of Edward Earl of Clarendon, written by himself, has words to the same effect. (See also Notes and Queries, Ser. I. X. 185, and xi. 32.)
* From a letter in Notes and Queries, Ser. II. x. p. 74, it appears that in 1860 the available sum, in the hands of the Trustees of the Clarendon Bequest, amounted to £10,000. The University no longer needed a riding-school, and the claims of Physical Science were urgent; and in 1872 the announcement was made, that by the liberality of the Clarendon Trustees an additional wing had VI.-4
been added to the University Museum, containing the lecturerooms and laboratories of the department of Experimental Philosophy. Vol. i. p. 305.
Boswell and Mrs. Rudd.
(Vol. ii. p. 515, n. 1.) In Mr. Alfred Morrison's Collection of Autographs, vol. i. p. 103, mention is made among Boswell's autographs of verses entitled Lurgan Clanbrassil, a supposed Irish song.'
I have learnt, through Mr. Morrison's kindness, that 'on the document itself there is the following memorandum, signed, so far as can be made out, H. W. R. :
“The enclosed song was written and composed by James Boswell, the biographer of Johnson, in commemoration of a tour he made with Mrs. Rudd whilst she was under his protection, for living with whom he displeased his father so much that he threatened to disinherit him.
"“ Mrs. Rudd had lived with one of the Perreaus, who were tried and executed for forgery. She was tried at the same time and acquitted.
6“My father having heard that Boswell used to sing this song at the Home Circuit, requested it of him, and he wrote it and gave it him.
H. W, R." ““ Feb. 1828.")
(Vol. ii. p. 520, n. 2.) Mr. Robert Browning, in his Parlevings with Christopher Smart, under the similitude of some huge house, thus describes the general run of that unfortunate poet's verse :
All showed the Golden Mean without a hint
Mr. Browning Mr. Browning goes on to liken one solitary poem to a Chapel in the house, in which is found
from floor to roof one evidence
Of how far earth may rival heaven.' Parlezings with certain People of Importance in their Day (pp. 80-82), London, 1887.
Johnson's discussion on baptism with Asr. Lloyd, the Birmingham
(Vol. ii. p. 524.) In Farm and its Inhabitants (ante, p. 559), a further account is given of the controversy between Johnson and Mr. Lloyd the Quaker, on the subject of Barclay's Apology'.
'Tradition states that, losing his temper, Dr. Johnson threw the volume on the floor, and put his foot on it, in denunciation of its statements. The identical volume is now in the possession of G. B. Lloyd, of Edgbaston Grove.
“At the dinner table he continued the debate in such angry tones, and struck the table so violently that the children were frightened, and desired to escape.
* The next morning Dr. Johnson went to the bank [Mr. Lloyd was a banker] and by way of apology called out in his stentorian voice, “I say, Lloyd, I'm the best theologian, but you are the best Christian."
p. 41. It could not have been the next morning' that Johnson went to the bank, for he left for Lichfield on the evening of the day of the controversy (ante, ii. 528). He must have gone in the afternoon, while Boswell was away seeing Mr. Boulton's great works at Soho (ib. p. 525).
Mr. G. B. Lloyd, the great-grandson of Johnson's host, in a letten written this summer (1886), says: “Having spent much of my . boyhood with my grandfather in the old house, I have heard tell the story of the stamping on the broad volume.'
Boswell mentions (ib. p. 524) that 'Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd, like their Majesties, had been blessed with a numerous family of fine children, their numbers being exactly the same.' The author of Farm and its Inhabitants says (p. 46): “There is a tradition that when Sampson Lloyd's wife used to feel depressed by the care of such a large family (they had sixteen children) he would say to
her, “Never mind, the twentieth will be the most welcome.” ? His fifteenth child Catharine married Dr. George Birkbeck, the founder of the Mechanics’ Institutes (ib. p. 48).
A story told (p. 50) of one of Mr. Lloyd's sons-in-law, Joseph Biddle, is an instance of that excess of forgetfulness which Johnson called “morbid oblivion' (ante, v. 77). “He went to pay a call in Leamington. The servant asked him for his name, he could not remember it; in perplexity he went away, when a friend in the street met him and accosted him, “How do you do, Mr. Biddle ?" * Oh, Biddle, Biddle, Biddle, that's the name,” cried he, and rushed off to pay his call.'
The editor is in error in stating (p. 45, 11. 1) that a very poor poem entitled A bone for Friend Mary to pick, is by Johnson. It may be found in the Gent. Mag. for 1791, p. 948.
Lichfield in 1782.
(Vol. ii. p. 528.) C. P. Moritz, a young Prussian clergyman who published an account of a pedestrian tour that he made in England in the year 1782, thus describes Lichfield as he saw it on a day in June:
* At noon I got to Lichfield, an old-fashioned town with narrow dirty streets, where for the first time I saw round panes of glass in the windows. The place to me wore an unfriendly appearance; I therefore made no use of my recommendation, but went straight through and only bought some bread at a baker's, which I took along with me.'— Travels in England in 1782, p. 140, by C. P. Moritz. Cassell's National Library, 1886.
The “recommendation’ was an introduction to an inn given him by the daughter of his landlord at Sutton, who told him that the people in Lichfield were, in general, very proud.' Travelling as he did, on foot and without luggage, he was looked upon with suspicion at the inns, and often rudely refused lodging.
Richard Baxter's doubt.
(Vol. ii. p. 543.) The Rev. J. Hamilton Davies' informs me that there can be no · See ante, p. 565.
doubt that Johnson referred to the following passage in Reliquia Baxteriana, folio edition of 1696, p. 1275
*This is another thing which I am changed in; that whereas in my younger days I was never tempted to doubt of the Truth of Scripture or Christianity, but all my Doubts and Fears were exercised at home, about my own Sincerity and Interest in Christ-since then my sorest assaults have been on the other side, and such they were, that had I been void of internal Experience, and the adhesion of Love, and the special help of God, and had not discerned more Reason for my Religion than I did when I was younger, I had certainly apostatized to Infidelity,' &c.
Johnson, the day after he recorded his “doubt,' wrote that he was "troubled with Baxter's scruple' (ante, ii. 477). The 'scruple' was, perhaps, the same as the doubt.' In his Dictionary he defines scruple as doubt; difficulty of determination ; perplexity; generally about minute things.
Oxford in 1782.
(Vol. iii. p. 15, 11. 2.) The Rev. C. P. Moritz (ante, p. 570) gives a curious account of his visit to Oxford. On his way from Dorchester on the evening of a Sunday in June, he had been overtaken by the Rev. Mr. Maud, who seems to have been a Fellow and Tutor of Corpus College,' and who was returning from doing duty in his curacy. It was late when they arrived in the town. Moritz, who, as I have said, more than once had found great difficulty in getting a bed, had made up his mind to pass the summer night on a stone-bench in the High Street. His comrade would not hear of this, but said that he would take him to an ale-house where “it is possible they mayn't be gone to bed, and ye may yet find company.' This alehouse was the Mitre.
• We went on a few houses further, and then knocked at a door. It was then nearly twelve. They readily let us in; but how great was my astonishment when, on being shown into a room on the left, I saw a great number of clergymen, all with their gowns and bands on, sitting round a large table, each with his pot of beer before him. My travelling companion introduced me to them as a German clergyman,
* No such person appears in the Catalogue of Graduates.