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ICHOLAS Rowe, descended from an ancient family in Devonshire, was the son of John Rowe, Esquire, a barrister of reputation and extensive practice. He was born in 1673, at the house of his maternal grandfather, at Little Berkford, in Bed-' fordshire. Being placed at Westminster-school, under Dr. Busby, he pursued the classical studies of that place with credit. At the age of sixteen he was removed from school, and entered a student of the Middle Temple, it being his father's intention to bring him up to his own profession ; but the death of this parent, when Nicholas was only nineteen, freed him from what he probably thought a pursuit foreign to his disposition ; and he turned his chief studies to poetry and polite literature. At the age of twenty-five he produced his first tragedy, “ The Ambitious Stepmother;" which was afterwards succeeded by “Tamerlane ;" “ The Fair Penitent;” “ Ulysses ; " “ The Royal Convert ;”
" Jane Shore ;” and “ Lady Jane Grey.” these, though all have their merits, the third and the two last alone keep possession of the stage ; but Jane Shore in particular never fails to be viewed with deep interest. His plays, from which are derived his principal claims upon posterity, are chiefly founded on the model of French tragedy ; and in his diction, which is poetical without being bombastic or affected ; in his versification, which is singularly sweet; and in tirades of sentiment, given with force and elegance, he has few competitors.
As a miscellaneous poet, Rowe occupies but an inconsiderable place among his countrymen; but it has been thought proper to give some of his songs or ballads in the pastoral strain ; which have a touching simplicity, scarcely excelled by any pieces of the kind. His principal efforts, however, were in poetical translation; and his version of Lucan's Pharsalia has been placed by Dr. Johnson among the greatest productions of English poetry.
In politics, Rowe joined the party of the Whigs, under whose influence he had some gainful posts, without reckoning that of poet-laureat, on the accession of George I. He was twice married to women of good connections, by the first of whom he had a son, and by the second, a daughter. He died in December, 1718, in the 45th year of his age, and was interred among the poets in Westminster Abbey.
A SONG, TO THE TUNE OF “ GRIM KING OF THE
DESPAIRING beside a clear stream,
A shepherd forsaken was laid;
A willow supported his head.
To his sighs with a sigh did reply; And the brook, in return to his pain,
Ran mournfully murmuring by. “ Alas, silly swain that I was !"
Thus sadly complaining, he cry'd, “ When first I beheld that fair face,
'Twere better by far I had dy'd. She talk'd, and I bless'd the dear tongue;
When she smil'd, 'twas a pleasure too great. I listen'd, and cry'd, when she sung,
Was nightingale ever so sweet? " How foolish was I to believe
She could doat on so lowly a clown, Or that her fond heart would not grieve,
To forsake the fine folk of the town? To think that a beauty so gay,
So kind and so constant would prove; Or go clad like our maidens in gray,
Or live in a cottage on love ?
“ What though I have skill w complain,
Though the Muses my temples have crown'd; What though, when they hear my soft strain,
The virgins sit weeping around. Ah, Colin, thy hopes are in vain,
Thy pipe and thy laurel resign; Thy false-one inclines to a swain,
Whose music is sweeter than thine. “ And you, my companions so dear,
Who sorrow to see me betray'd, Whatever I suffer, forbear,
Forbear to accuse the false maid. Though through the wide world I should range,
'Tis in vain from my fortune to fly; 'Twas hers to be false and to change,
'Tis mine to be constant and die, “ If while my hard fate I sustain,
In her breast any pity is found,
And see me laid low in the ground.
Is to shade me with cypress and yew; And when she looks down on my grave,
Let her own that her shepherd was true. 6.*Then to her new love let her go,
And deck her in golden array, Be finest at every fine show,
And frolic it all the long day; While Colin, forgotten and gone,
No more shall be talk'd of, or seen, Unless when beneath the pale Moon,
His ghost shall glide over the green."
THE CONTENTED SHEPHERD.
TO MRS. A
As on a summer's day
The maid that I lov’d,
As her fancy mov’d,
And as she passed by
“ What a shame,” quoth she,
- For a swain must it be, Like a lazy loon for to die !
“ And dost thou nothing heed, What Pan our God has decreed;
What a prize to-day
Shall be given away,
“ There's not a single swain
But with hopes and fears
Now busily prepares
“ Shall another maiden shine
Up, up, dull swain,
Tune thy pipe once again,
* Afterwards his wife.