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in their ideas of what is reafonable, may be easily foreseen :--but our Volunteer politician considers the claim of Ireland to nothing short of a free trade (under our circumstances) as an axe levelled at the root of our connexions.' - For his arguments, on this head, we must refer to the pamphlet, at length. Art. 23. Four Letters to the Earl of Carlise, from William

Eden, Esq;-On certain Perversions of political Reasoning; and on the Nature, Progress, and Effect of Party Spirit, and of Parties :-On the present Circumstances of the War between Greas Britain and the combined Powers of France and Spain :On the public Debts, on the public Credit, and on the Means of raising Supplies :-On the Representations of Ireland respecting a free Trade. 8vo. 2 s. 6 d. White, &c. 1779.

Contains a serious, accurate, and comprehensive review of the preSent ftuation of this country; including diftinct estimates of our public difficulties, and our national resources : from all which, the very ingenious Writer tell: us, for our comfort (and, surely, there is occafion for it), • that he fees, or thinks he sees, much solid ground for hope, and none for despondency :'--that this prospect may not, like the Patriarch's Pisgah-fight of Palestine, present us with a delightful vision of blessed scenes, which we must never enter, will be the ardent prayer of every good Englishman ! .

Mr. Eden is undoubtedly partial to Government, whatever are his priociples, but he writes with a masterly pen; his mode of argument is candid, his manner is agreeable, his style is elegant, and his fpeculations are frequently countenanced by the best authorities :-He would, by all means, encourage us to persevere in the present war *, till the Colonies are reduced : an event which, he is strongly persuaded, must at length happen, though it will, probably (he acknowledges), be the work of years :--according to his estimate of probabilities we are to infer, that though it should prove to be the work of many years, we are not to be discouraged. He sees, from the top of the mount, VICTORY hovering afar off ; and he fears not, that she will, in time, repair to our standard: but we must wait her tardy feps with patience.

Mr. Eden's fourth Letter, on the present demands of Ireland, is, perhaps, that part of his pamphlet which will afford the most general fatisfa&tion to moderate readers of every political persuasion. It is rational, conciliatory, and to the point ; and if we may consider him as delivering the sentiments of his friends in administration, it may, happily, seem to indicate their good disposition toward an equitable, effectual, and permanent accommodation of the points in debate, between the fitter islands. Art. 24. Instructions for a Prince: To which are added, State

Maxims, and intereiting Paper ; found in the Cabinet of the King of Lunaria. Svo. Is. Faulder. 1779.

A satire on the present Court fyftem in a form somewhat resembling that of the Royal Register. See Reviews for Feb. 1778, and May 1779.

• Whether he is himself encouraged by what he saw or learnt when he visited America, on the butiness of the late memorable Con341$SION, is best known to himself.

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As a specimen of the manner in which the facirilt aims his Thafis at his Lunarian Majesty, take the following detached passages :

From the STATE MAXIMS. • PERSEVERANCE is commendable, even in a doubtful cause-(my own reign shall be a proof of it.) It inspires fear,-hews that you are no way timid and irresolute;- it gives, in short, a TRUE IDEA OF A KING,

• Never give ear to the petitions of citizens. They are a set of impertinents; who, while they are contending for the rights of man. kind, will offer every indignity to their prince. I will never forgive them. ----

• My best friends, (i. e, the North Britons) who are ever ready to allilt me with their counsel, and in whom I place an entire con fidence, must be suitably rewarded.

"The liberty, or, rather, licentiousness of the press, is insuffer. able;- it calls loudly for retriction. Is no deference to be paid to M-y? Some abuse me openly, --while others ironically tell me

Nunquam liberias gratior exfat quam sub rege pio," I must speak to M- d about it."

From the MEMORANDUMS. Note: (for the meeting of Parlt] To make, according to the vulgar expression, a flaming speech. To talk much about the honour and dignity of my crown. I will say nothing about the lufiri of it, left I hear of “ once brighter”-“ now tarnished,” &c. c.

" To assure the people that Am-a is already greatly weakened by our excellent method of conducting the war ; and that it will not cof above an HUNDRED MILLIONS more, effecually to fubdue her.

Enough of Lunarian politics. , Art. 25. A full Answer to the King of Spain's last Manifesto, respecto

ing the Bay of Honduras, and the Mosquito.fibore ; in which all the Accusations brought against the Subjects of Great Britain fettled in the Bay of Honduras; and against the ancient British Settlement in the free and independent Dominions of the MosquitoShore; are candidly stated and refuted ; and the Importance of the Mosquito-Shore to Great Britain delineated and ascertained. 8vo. I s. 6 d. Cadell. 1779.

We have here a very sensible and spirited refutation of the King of Spain's Manifesto, particularly in regard to the ill-founded acco. sations brought against the subjects of Great Britain settled in the Bay of Honduras ; and against the ancient British settlement in the Free and Independent dominions of the Mosquito thore.

What the well-informed Author says concerning the importance of the country known by the name of the Mojquito-shore to Great Britain, will be matter of curious information to many of our Readers; and, certainly, holds out, to our confideration, an object of great importance to this country: Specially in her prefent circun. fances.

To inforce the idea which he gives us of the advantages to be derived from effectually supporting and improving the English fettlements, fo long eitablished on that coast, and where we have laris been to successful, in a spirited coup.de-main, he proceeds to the folo lowing description :

The - The Mosquito-shore,' says he, extends by sea eastward from Point Caftile, the boundary dividing it from the Bay of Honduras, to Cape Gracios a Dios, 87 leagues ; and southward from Cape Gracios a Dios to St. John's river, 94 leagues. The interior part of the country is bounded by the lake Nicaragua, and fenced by mountains stretching to the west. In magnitude it exceeds the kingdom of Portugal; is excellently watered by navigable rivers and lagunes; abounds in fish, game, and provisions of all sorts ; furnihes every necessary for raiâng cattle and stock on plantations of every kind, and to any extent; and is clothed with woods producing timber, for every use and purpose at land or sea. The soil is superior to that of all our West-India islands, in fertilizing all kinds of West-India pro. duce; and its dimension incomparably furpasses them all. The air is most falubrious, and the climate more healthy than in any of the islands; nor have ever destructive ravages of hurricanes and earth. quakes been known there. In this delightful paradise have the gala Jant Indians maintaired their liberty againit every artifice, and violence of fraud and force, which the power of Spain has been able to exert again ft them. A century of years has inviolably fixed in them a transcendent esteem and affectionate friendship for Great Bri. tain ; and they not only court her favour and protection, but wish, at this time, to submit themselves to the just laws of her gentle and beneficent sway.

“To the friends of liberty, sons and heirs of the British conftitution, whether ins or outs; as well as to the real friends of our most amiable sovereign; this proffered present cannot but be acceptable, To reject it, would be to betray and give up the liberty and lives of our faithful friends, to the insult of their ancient and irreconcilable enemies, as well as our own. Spain thus might gain, what the has aimed at from the commencement of her government in America; and Britain lose the most truly valuable acquisition, that ever was tendered to her. The acceptance of this, intantly adds to our force thousands of brave warriors, not only without bounty-money, but with hearts already animated for our service, and burning with implacable resentment towards our foes; besides the dominion and posseflion of a country, for intrinsic commercial West-India merit, far superior to all our islands united ; impregnable, from its internal force and situation, to all the efforts of the enemy by sea and land: and from whence we might soon and easily shake and tumble down from its summit, that proud, unjust, imperious, and enslaving empire of Spain in America.'

If we have any thing to object to the sentiments of this ingenious Writer, it will respect the conclusion of his pamphlet,-in which he zealoully presses our perseverance in carrying on the ruinous and (in the opinion of many well-informed people) hopeless war in Ames rica. He speaks, with confidence, of our encouraging prospects of final success, in our coercive attempts to reduce the revolted Colonies; but he does not say what is to become of this nation, if we fail at laft, after all our defperate exertions, our irretrievable ex. pence of blood and treasure? What retreat have we secured ? It is! to be feared that fow of our politicians look so far before them!

AFFAIRS

AFFAIRS OF IRELAND. Art. 26. A View of the present State of Ireland. Containing

Observations on the following Subjects, viz. Its Dependance, Linen Trade,- Provision Trade,Woollen Manufactory,-Coals, Fishery,- Agriculture, OF Emigracion,- Import Trade of the City of Dublin,- Effect of the present Mode of raising the Revenue,-on the Health and Happiness of the people, -the Re. venue,-a National Bank,- and an Absentee Tax. Intended for the Consideration of Parliament, on the approaching Enlargement of the Trade of shat Kingdom. To which is added, a Sketch of some of the principal Characters in the Irish House of Commons. 8vo. 1 s. 6 d. Faulder. 1780.

Those who may require information on the very interesting and important subjects which are discussed in this elaborate, well digested, and well written performance, will meet with great fatisfaction in perufing it. It is worth an hundred of the flimsy invectives, com. monly produced by political-especially national, disputes. Art. 27. A Letter to the People of Ireland. In which are in

cluded, fome cursory Observations on the Effect of a Union. SvQ. 1 s. 6 d. Faulder. 1779.

Strenuously recommends a general written association of the people of Jreland, in support of their trade, particularly the woollen manufactures, as the only desirable, safe, and effectual mode of redrelling their grievances, and making their country Rourish. Ag association of this national kind, the Proposer observes, is a mea. fore wonderfully calculated to unite all descriptions of men, and ta inspire that union. It is not a question about the power of the crown, in which the Whig might take one lide and the Tory ano. ther. Ic is not a question about the liberties of the people, in which the Disenters might go farther, perhaps, than the Roman Catholics ; nor is it about the plunder of government, where the majority of parliament might be on one side, and the majority of the people on The other ; but it is that question where Whig and Tory, Disfencer and Roman Catholic, Country Gentleman and Courtier, must agree: they must unite to prefer property to poverty, and trade to the want of it.'

The Author states the obje&tions that will, probably, be made to this great and important design, and answers 'them. He seems to expeět nothing from the justice or generosity of England. There is,' says he,no such thing as political humanity; or, if the senti. inent did exift, it is not likely to be found in a country of commerce.'

Some parts of this pamphlet are written with spirit, and the whole with judgment. Art. 28. A Letter to the Right Honourable the Earl of Hillsborough,

Secretary of State for the Southern Department, on the present State of Affairs in Ireland ; and An Address to the People of that Kingdom. 8vo. 1 s. Bew. 1779.

Warm declamation, in fupport of the claims of Ireland Art, 29. An Inquiry, how far the Restrictions laid upon the

Trade of Ireland, by British Acts of Parliament, are a Benefit or Disadvantage to the British Dominions in general, and to England in parcicular, for whose separate Advantage they were ob

tained.

· tained. By Sir James Caldwell, Bart. 8vo. 15. 6d. Becket,

&c. 1779.

The general purport of this treatise, is to shew, • that the reftric, tions which England has laid upon the trade of Ireland, with a view to her own particular advantage, have a contrary effect,-or, at leaft, that they are disadvantageous to the nation, as an aggregate, including England and Ireland,' Sir James appears to be intimately con, versant with the subject ; and he treats it in a judicious, dispallionate, and intelligent manner.

POETICA L. Art. 30. Miscellaneous Poems. By Mr. Ewan Clark. 8vo.

Whitehaven. Ware and Son. The numerous list of subscribers prefixed to these poems, may be considered as no bad proof of the eitimation in which Mr. Clark is held by those who are acquainted with him : but, whether it is as a man or a poet, they who subscribed will be the best judges themselves. We fear his poetry alone would not have intitled him to such distinc. tion, Art. 31. The House of Commons : or, Debates in St. Giles's

Chapel. 410. 2 s. 6 d. Fielding. We must say of these poetical conversations in the stews, what we said of the poem on Bagnigge-Wells (in our Review for September lait, p. 235.) that the Author seems · happily conversant with his moble fubjet.'-Of his abilities, a specimen was given, in the account of Bagnigge Wells, here referred to. Art. 32. The dying Hero. A Poem. By Mr. Shepherd. 4to.

is. Flexney, &c. 1779. The principal intention of the Poem before us, is to thew' on whac foundation ftands 'the warrior's pride. With this view, the dying hero, Palermo, is introduced as mortally wounded in battle. Roderick, the monarch, under whose banners he fights, endeavours to console bim, by promising to build a temple to his memory; or if, adds he,

- Revenge your fiercer wish implies,

Yon ravaged realms hall pay the dear-bought sacrifice. Rejecting these offers, he requests a respite from death, and that be may

- charge once more in glory's crimson field, Finding from the monarch's reply, that he had, as we may suppose, no power over the grave, he then bids him to prepare

Some glorious manfion of eternal joy,

Secure from change and free from all alloy. Roderick, fenable that the regions of eternal joy made no part of his dominions, tries to divert his anxiety, by hinting that the soul might posibly perish with the body. Far from being convinced, he demands more substantial proof, than what is drawn from conjecture, that the soul is not immortal : but perceiving by the monarch's down. çalt looks,

How vainly spent his life, his prayer how vain,
He very wisely and piously concludes with old Wolsey,

“ Oh had I served my God with half the care
"I ferved my prince, that God had heard my prayer."

Such

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