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on (having very imprudently, by giving way to wrong things, in a great measure lost the garment of innocence), the furnace hath been made very hot, that fo his dross might be done away.'
At length Mr. Griffithfound his mind pretty strongly drawn, as he expresseth himself, and much inclined to enter into a marriage state with a young woman, whose name was Rebekkah. We took each other, says he, in marriage the zoth of the tenth month, 1737, at a large and folemn meeting, under the precious over-thadowing of the power of divine love- I think to a larger degree than I had often, if ever felt before, which was no small confirmation of our being rightly joined together.'
Mr. Griffith proceeds to journalize it through upwards of 400 pages; in which we have an account of his perils by sea and land-perils amongst false brethren—perils of the flesh and perils of the spirit. The poor man, in company with a few friends, were moved to visit their brethren and sisters in New England: but after encountering the dangers of the Atlantic (for by the bye we ought to have remarked that the last scene of his labours was laid in America) he, with his companions, was taken by a privateer, and carried to France. Here he conversed with nuns, and disputed with friars. Some of their questions, says he, were very ensnaring : however, I was enabled to answer them in such a manner as that they could take no ada vantage thereof, to bring me into trouble.' Cunning enough!
From France Mr. Griffith and his companions were carried to Spain, and staid at Sebastian several weeks for the cartel thip's failing. The Spaniards, says he, are much more dif: agreeable to live amongst than the French. The men appeared to us, in a general way, poor, proud, and exceeding lazy ; filled with high conceits of themselves, both in a civil and a religious sense. They fauntered about, walking with their cloaks. over their shoulders, looking upon us with contempt, as we neither could bow to their pride, nor to their religion : nor could we look upon them in a favourable light when we observed what Naves they make of their wides, and of their women in general, who are employed in all or most of the drudgery, even in rowing their boats. I have seen in their ferries, and other business on the water, to speak within compass, more than a hundred women thus employed; and scarcely is a man seen to touch an oar, unless he goes a fishing; and then his wife or some woman must bring his cloak and sword to the water-fide against he comes on thore, and carry the fish home on her head, while he walks in ftate to the town.'
After congratulating English women on their privileges, he thus graphically describes the state of religion in that country.
The darkness of Popery seems greater here than in France; although it may be seen and felt there beyond all expresfion. Oh! the pain and distress of soul I was almost continually under by the muddy rivers of Babylon in those lands of darkness the harp being indeed, as it were, hung upon the willows. No sweet melody nor song of Sion could be echoed forth (the Lord knoweth) under the power of the king of the bottomless pit, who rules in the mystery of iniquity. Yet fo it must remain until that almighty Arm that cut Rahab in pieces, and wounded the dragon *, is pleased to arise, and put on strength, that he may turn and overturn : pouring fortti the vials of his wrath upon the seat of the beast and false prophet, thereby making the scarlet whore of Babylon defolate, and burning her fleth with fire, that the nations may no more be intoxicated with the abominations of the wine of her fornications.
The method in which the Author relates his meeting with Friends in public worship, is generally confined to a few fingu. lar expressions, such as We had a close, rousing time of ita trying laborious meeting-an open and comfortable opportunity-a heavy, afflicting season.' We shall produce a specimen of the Author's manner of relating the event of a meeting at Sunderland, together with a hint which he throws out to the Friends who are too often inclined to make hearty dinners on first days.
We went to Sunderland, and attended their meetings on first day. That in the morning was very open and fatisfactory; the testimony of truth going forth freely to the several states of those persons who were much affected therewith. In the afternoon it was a heavy afflicting meeting : but little felt of that which crowned the meeting in the morning. We often find afternoon meetings are the most heavy and painful, occafioned,
Our poor Friend meets with this fame dragon, not only in Spain, but in Ireland'; and perhaps, where, Tuch a terrible animal would not have been expected, viz. in á Quaker's meeting : [ went, says he, to Meath-street (in Dublin) in the morning, where I had thorough service to my own great comfort and ease, though my spirit was much grieved to view the havock made amongst Friends in that great city by undue liberties : but most of all under a mournful sente, that the dragon's tail had drawn down some of the fars again into earthly pollution, and caused a bad savour. This was offensive to my soul-even as a nuisance in that mee:ing.'-Exbalans mephitim ! --This could not be the dragon of the Apocalypse : for we read nothing of his favour. It must have been the dragon of Wantley,' whose fink, as well as whose terror, is recorded in the celebrated ballad of the Achievements of More of More. Hall.
Vid, the Dean of Carlisle's Collection of the Reliques of ancient Poetry,' .
до no doubt, in part at least, by answering the cravings of nature to the full: whereas they should be denied a full gratification, as little sustenance for that space of time would answer much better. If any think this hint, by way of caution, imperti. nent, there is reason to doubt that they are yet too much stran. gers to the nature of crue worship, and the many impediments in the way of its performance : that abovementioned being none of the least. I was quite fut up as to ministry in the afternoon.'
Mr. Griffith hath not informed us whether he was fut up through a full belly that overpowered the spirit, and kept it down under a gross load of Aelh ; or that sympathetic principle, which he frequently speaks of, that answers to the fituation of others, and feels, by a secret impulse, the workings of a good or an evil spirit in the society of Friends. This is the very quintestence of myfticism : and soars above the comprehenfion of all but Quakers indeed. This spiritual sympathy- this interchange or reciprocal communication of secret feelings, is particularly described by the celebrated Robert Barclay in his Apology : 2:1d as it enters deeply into the ancient system of Quakerism, we think it fufficiently curious to be laid before our Readers :
" Such is the evident certainty of that divine strength that is coinmunicated by thus meeting together, and waiting in silence upon God, that sometimes when one hath come in, that hath been unwatchful and wandering in his mind, or suddenly out of the hurry of outward business, and so not inwardly gathered with the rest : fo roon as he retires himself inwardly, this power being in a good measure raised in the whole meeting, will suddenly lay hold of his spirit, and wonderfully help to raise up the good in him, and beget him into the sense of the fame power, to the melting and warming of his heart; even as the warinth would take hold upon a man that is cold coming into a slove; or as a fiame will lay hold upon some little combustible matter being near unto it. Yea, if it fall out, that several met together be Itraying in their minds, though outwardly filent, and so wandering from the measure of grace in themselves (which through the working of the enemy, and the negligence of some, may fall out), if either one come in, or may be in, who is watchful, and in whom the life is raised in a great measure; as that one keeps his place, he will feel a secret travail for the rest in a Sympathy with the seed, which is oppressed in the other, and kept from arising by their thoughts and wanderings. And as such a faithful one waits in the light, and keeps in the divine work, God oftentimes answers the secret travails and breathings of his own feed through such a one; so that the rest will find thenielves secretly fmitten without words; and that one will be B b 4
as a midwife through the secret travail of his soul, to bring forth the life in them; just as a little water thrown into a pump brings up the reft; whereby life comes to be raised in all, and the vain imaginations brought down: and such a one is fels by the rest to minister life unto them without words. Yea, finally, when there is not a word in the meeting, but all are filently waiting; if one come in that is rude and wicked, and in whom the power of darkness prevaileth much, perhaps with an intention to mock or do mischief, if the whole meeting be gathered into the life, and it be raised in a good measure, it will Itrike terror into such a one, and he will feel himself unable to resist; but by the secret strength and virtue thereof, the power of darkness in him will be chained down ; and if the day of his visitation be not expired, it will reach to the measure of grace in him, and raise it up to the redeeming of his soul."
This learned Apologist produceth himself as an example of this surprising power of spiritual sympathy: and Mr. Griffith relates, from his own experience, several instances of its effect on him in the public meeting. It served both for eyes and ears, By it he could
• See and tell of things invisible to mortal fight.' "I went, says he, to Wigton, and attended both their meeto ings on first day. It was an exceeding painful, exercising time. My mouth was as it were closed up in mournful silence : yet not without a pretty clear view and sense of the sorrowful states of those amongst them who had been the principal cause of the death and misery I felt. I saw what they were doing in the dark, as it were, through the hole in the wall.' - There would be no living in this world if all men were such peepers as our Author : there are so many things done in the dark, that if men had che faculty of Mr. Griffith, they would surely find or make holes enough in the wall to peep through to see what is going forward-fome to spoil sport-others to blab it-and a third class to satisfy curiosity.- We may say of Mr. Griffith what Garrick said of Shakespeare
• No maid could live near fuch a man.' . Another instance of uncommon fagacity Mr. Griffith records of himself towards the latter part of his Journal. “I had, says he, a large meeting at Goose Creek (viz. in Maryland). It was an exceeding dark, afflicting time. My mind was deeply impressed with a sense of a corrupt, blafting ministry being amongst them : and the people having itching cars loved to have it so. This was so strong upon my mind, that I feared for some time I should have been under a neceility of declaring it publickly in the meeting. I was an entire siranger, and did not know by any outward information that they had any who appeared in public. After meeting I took some of my elderly
oken witbe senetrated de
Friends afide, and told them how it had been with me as above, for I was filent through the whole meeting. I was informed afterwards that there was a forward, unruly man who had given sensible Friends much trouble.' At Orwego Mr. Griffith was in the same predicament of the spirit. I was quite a stranger, says he, and did not know by any outward information, that they had any one who usually appeared in public; yet my mind was strongly impressed with a sense that the meeting had been much hurt by a wrong ministry: and for that reason chiefly my mouth was Thut up there in that respect. It seemed as if the very person was sewn to me in the meeting, though I had never seen him before, that I know of: but I found afterwards it was a true sense, and I told Friends in his hearing how things appeared to me in that meeting, which seemed to strike him, and he struggled a little. But I left it upon him.' Could an Apostle have spoken with greater authority ? Could an inspired difcerner of the spirits have penetrated deeper into the hidden closet of the heart? So much then for Mr. Griffith's second fight. So much for that most sensible of all posible senses that is tremblingly alive' all o'er, and received impressions from the most distant and minute of all poflible impulses, and allimia lated his spirit to the spider, which, though lurking in its hole, perceives if a breath disturbs the utmost extremity of its web, and (as Pope says) " lives along the line.”
We shall be much wronged and misunderstood if, by the preceding remarks, any of our Readers should imagine that we mean to throw any ridicule on the general body of the Quakers. Nothing is more foreign from our wishes or intentions. As a religious and civil society, we hold them in particular respect : and numbers of its members would be an ornament to any church or any profession. Religious sects generally owe their origin to some species of enthusiasm. The earlier votaries of a new mode of worship, or a new system of faith, are, for the most part, persons of warm imaginations, and determined resoJution; but too seldom of correct judgment, or consistent practice. Their hopes of reformation are sanguine ; but their method of conducting it generally precipitate, and frequently absurd. This was the case with Quakerism in the days of George Fox. But in process of time its harshness was softened: its irregularities were corrected : and the good that had been scattered amidst a heap of absurdity and fanaticism, was at length collected into a consistent mass, and, by degrees, modelled into some decency of form and order. Some of its original peculiarities indeed were retained by its most sensible and Jearned advocates, But we are convinced that they are held in litele account by the more judicious part of its present professors. Prudence may adhere to the form, but good sense will