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crimination is no justification of the party that uses it; and the principle of driving men to heaven by any particular road, still remains to be justified. It is small consolation to a convicted heretic, delivered over to the secular power, that the doctrine by which lie expires in tortures, is muffled from one to another, while the sad effects of it are inforced. But is, or is not, the court of inquisition, a canonical exercise of catholic power? Has not this shocking tribunal its secret dark severities, and public celebration of acts of faith? Perhaps its canonical authority may be explained away with the reft ; but does not the judicial power exist and act ? Again, our Catholic friend gives us the following curious nore. Cardinal Bellarmioe's treatise on the indirect power of the pope over the temporalties of kings, was condemned by the clergy and parliament of France, and publicly burnt by the common hangman : and whoever now Thould dare to advance such a doctrine in Paris, would receive a lodging in the Baltile ; and yet the French are Papifts.' This Writer, however, has not told us how the court of Rome relished the cardinal's moderation, in allowing this power to be only indirect ; nor how a man, who should dare to dispute the pope's power in Rome or Madrid, would be lodged!

Though Mr. Coghlan now chuses to claim the French nation as brother Papifts, he well knows, that they are not universally accepted as Papifts of the most found orthodox stamp; and that on other occafions, the Gallican church would be as readily disowned by the catholic churches of other countries, as it is now convenient to acknowledge it. Art. 31. A Letter to the Reverend Mr. Browne, Author of

Sunday Thoughts, &c. On the Downfall of Antichrist: Wherein is considered the Opinion of the Right Reverend the Bishop of Bristol, concerning the Seven Churches, in his Lord thip's Differtations on the Prophecies of the Old and New Testaments. By the Reverend A. `Maddock, of Creacon, Northamptonshire. 8vo. 1 s. Matthews. 1779.

The particular topic on which this Writer contends with the Bishop of Bristol, regards the epiftles to the seven churches. His Lordship has observed, that “ the main subjects of this book are comprised in seveos; seven churches, seven seals, seven trumpets, and seven vials.” But he contends, as many others do, that the feven epiftles to the churches are not prophetical of so many fuce ceeding periods and states of the church, from its beginning to the end of the world, but only descriptive of each particular church to whom the epiftles are addressed. This point Mr, Maddock dir. putes, and his aim is to prove the contrary. The epiftles to the seven churches, he apprehends, are propherical, and do most ftrik ingly divide themselves, and, in general, fix their own periods.

These periods, he accordingly confiders, much in the same way that some other writers on this book have done before him, fuppofing, that we are now in the Sardian ftate of the church, which commenced at the reformation, but is waxing old and wearing away, to make room for the Philadelphian itate, now about to appear, in which, it is said, will be the glorious millenium. The epiitle to the church of Sard

observes, is 10 ftrongly characteristic


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of the reformed churches at this day, that little more need be done, than to read that epiftle to see our own likeness. “We have the Dame, it is added, speaking of the English church, of a purely reformed church, which protests against the errors of popery, doctrinal and practical, but are we not dead as to faith and good work3? We still have a name to live as a true church of Christ in our articles, homilies, and liturgy, but are we not dead as to the practice of all religious duties! And are we not ready to return into the bosom of the Popish church-This church state draws 'near to its period. There wars, which are a juft punishment for our unbelief and a postacy, are introducing a glorious state in which brotherly love will prevail, &c.' But before this feason, it is farther said,“ how full of trouble and bloodshed will the nations on earth be! The dark and bloody way to the Philadelphian church-state is folemnly awful and very affe&ing. We will not presume to controvert with our Author, any of his positions. We believe he means well, but how ftrange is it, that men of piety and learning should, so often, bewik der themselves and others in this book of the revelation ! Art. 32. Fifteen Sermons on select Subjekts; from the Manu

scripts of the late Reverend Thomas Broughton, A. M. Prebendary of Sarum, and Vicar of St. Mary Redcliff and St. Thomas, in Bristol. By the Reverend Thomas Broughton, A. M. of Wadham College, Oxford ; and Vicar of Tiverton, near Bath.

vo. 55. sewed. Cadell. 1778. .

The hint for this publication, we are told, was suggefied by feveral of Mr. Broughton's late parishioners, among whom he refided upwards of thirty years; they expressed their wishes to become possessed of some of those discourses, which they had often heard from the pulpit with particular satisfaction : Some sermons they pointed out to him, and others the Editor selected, esteeming them edifying and useful. The subjects are as follows: "The Example of Abraham's Faith ; the Eloquence of Chrift; the Parable of the Sower, in two parts; the good Samaritan ; the Parable of the rich Man and Lazarus, in Two parts; the Parable of the Ten Virgins; the Theory of Man; Hope in Christ; the joys of Heaven ; the Repentance of a Sinner matter of joy in Heaven; the Duty of loving our Enemies; the argument from Miracles; the Conversion and Ministry of St. Paul.' These discourses are sensible and practical.

Art. 33. Arithmetic and Measurement, improved by Examples and

plain Demonstrations : wherein are laid down the different cultomary
Perches, and other Measures, used in the several Parts of Great
Britain and Ireland. Suitable to all Artists; but more especially
those who are employed in Building, Gardening, Surveying Land,
&c. To which is added, the Use of an Instrument called a Tan.
gene Rule, for the taking any given Distance within a Quarter of
a Mile. Revised, corrected, and improved. By William Davidson,
Architect, and Land-Surveyor. 12mo. 2 s. 6d. Hogg.

The Author of this performance moves in a humble sphere; but bis labours may not, perhaps, on that account, be a joc less useful. We are all so fond of instructing men of genius and science,--that is,


of giving to those who already are poffeffed of abundance, that we urterly forget the artisan, the mechanic, and the labourer, who, in truth, ftand most in need of our affittance, and through whom our knowledge and learning would often find the shortest road to public utility. It is on these confiderations, that we think the Author of this little cradt deserving of commendation : we may add, that his book is of a moderate price, which is no unimportant point at this day; and that the matter which it contains, is laid down in a manner fo plain and easy to be understood, that we think every person, even of the meaneit capacity, mult comprehend it. Art. 34. Arithmetic in the first four fundamental Rules. With a

Collection of useful Tables, &c. By J. Betterworth, Maiter of the Academy in Quaker's Buildings, Weft Smithfield. Svo. 3 d. Hogg.

Useful, particularly to those who never learnt, or have forgot. ten, for want of practice, the rudiments of arithmetic. We are al. ways glad to see, and to encourage, these little cheap things, cal. culated for the accommodation of those who cannot afford to por. chase dear books,

S E R M O N S. I. Preached at Taunton, May 26, 1779, before an Assembly of the

Protestant Disenting Clergy. By the Rev. Sir Harry Trelawney, Bart. A. B. Published at the request of the Ministers. 410. 18. Buckland, &c.

Rational, candid, benevolent, and pious. If the clergy would allpreach in this train, men would never cut one another's throats to prove themselves the true disciples of Jesus Chrilt,—who beld throat. cutting in the utmost abhorrence. II. Compasion to Men's Souls the greatest Charity; and the Necesity of

a Subscription for the support and Relief of Missionaries, - Preached and published for the Benefit of the incorporated Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts; in consequence of the Lord Bishop of Worcester's circular Letter to the Clergy of

his Diocese. By the Rev. Francis Rufford, B. A. Fellow of · Wadham College, Oxford. 10. 6d Fielding and Walker.

Those who are intimately acquainted with American affairs, feem, generally, to agree in opinion, that the money raised here for the propagation of the Gospel in that part of the world, was never .better employed than at this time, when it is so much wanted for the relief of those misionaries, &c. who are sufferers for their inflexible attachment to this country.

*.* The account of Mr. Crawford's Experiments and Observa« tions on Animal Heat will be given in our next.

17 The well-written letter of Eugenius, from Salißury, in behalf of Mrs. Cowley's play of ALBINA, is acknowledged; but it has not induced the Reviewer of that tragedy to alter his opinion of is.



For N O V E MBER, 1779.


Art. I. Seleita quædam Theocriti Idyllia. Recensuit, variorum

Notas adjecit, fuasque Animadverhones, partim Latine, partim An. glice fcriptas, immifcuit, Thomas Edwards, S. T. P. 8vo. 59. in Sheets. Cambridge printed, and sold by Woodyer. 1779. To those who wish to have an intimate acquaintance with

the works of the Sicilian Bard, this selection will prove a very acceptable present. Dr. Edwards evinces a critical knowledge both of his author and the language in which he writes ; and if he has not cleared up every difficulty, and elucidated all that was obscure, it is not through want of labour or of attention. The original text confifts but of about 350 lines, and yet the notes are extended through upwards of 250 pages, beside two or three-and-twenty pages more of Addenda, Corrigenda, Collationes, &c. When, however, the variety of matter which is comprebended in the notes is considered, and when it is observed also that those notes are profesiedly written in ufum juventutis academica, many of whom may possibly stand in need of every afhstance, we are not to wonder that our Editor has been so particular and minute in many of his animadversions. :

Left his readers should be surprised to find some of the notes in Latin, and others in English, he acquaints them, in his preface, that they were written at his leisure hours, sometimes in one language, sometimes in the other, as chance or inclination directed him; and that he knows of no purpose it would have answered to have printed them uniformly in Latin or in English.

With all due deference to the Doctor's opinion in this mat. ter, we must beg leave to dislent from him. Editions of an. cient authors ought to be for the benefit of the learned world in general, and not to be confined to the advantage of a partiVOL. LXI.


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cular country. Were every editor of an ancient author to write his notes sometimes in Latin, at others in his vernacular tongue, it would frequently happen that the advantages to be reaped from them would be extremely limited. Had Reilke, Heinfius, Scaliger, &c, adopted the same mode of editing that Dr. Edwards has chosen, it is not impossible but the Doctor himself might, in many instances, have been unable to have availed himself of their asistance.

But our objection to Dr. Edwards's English notes rests not here: the notes themselves, we mean with respect to the style in which they are expressed, are highly exceptionable. As a proof of our assertion, we will give an extract from a note on a passage in the fourth Idyllium :

• If I rightly understand the Poet's representation, Battus and Corydon are talking at some distance from the olives. Battus accidentally turning his head, sees the calves browsing on the trees. He instantly cries out,

– βαλλε καιωθε τα μοσχια, τας γαρ ελαιας

Τον θαλλον τρωγονται τα συσσοα: and whilft he is uttering the first words, he and Corydon both set a running together; and when he has uttered the remaining words, both fet a hosting together :

8.16, o Astrologos

2.79', a Kunzita, &c.* Whity goes away before Battus gets to the olives : he therefore stops running, and stands ftill. Cymätha ftays where she is, and firs not an inch. Corydon therefore continues running towards her; and swears he will be the death of ber, if the does not take herself somewhere else:

- YK ET AXBEIS; Ηξω, ναι τον Πανα, κακον τελος αυτικα δωσων,

E, un OTT EL TETWDEN Whilst he is saying this, the runs away: he follows her; both whilst he is faying it, and after he has faid it. Having fol. lowed her, as far as he thinks necessary, he returns; and goes to the place, where Battus is standing. But scarce is he there, when he fees her coming to the plants again :

- Id', au wahon ade od ESTEL Upon this Battus sets out; determined to drive her to fome purpose, and by a good drubbing give her enough of meddling with olive-trees, &c.

**Our Poet is fuch an excellent painter here, that one cannot read

- Erd', o dimagros E176, a Kulcziba, WOTI TOY acpor without seeing the hurry and bustle, the two rufics are in.'

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