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and present you with those, who through your benevolence are brought nigh to God--and say in the presence of Angels—"Because ye have done it unto these, ye have done it unto me. Dec. 14, 1830.



The following circular letter from the Synodical Committee for the management of the Brethren's Missions among the heathen,"contains the latest official account respecting the state of religion at their numerous stations. The cheering report of the progress of the Lord's work, given ir. this letter, and the artless simplicity and fraternal spirit which characterise it, commend it and the cause of which it speaks to the Christian public.

Herrnhut, October 5, 1829. Dear Brethren and Sisters :-In sending you a statement of our mission fund for the year 1828, we have to report to you an expenditure of $44,171 90. Although the extraordinary donations from England, Scotland, and North America, and from friends on the continent of Europe, amounted to $31,585 95, a deficiency appears on the year's account of $77 70, which however is reduced to $49 25 by the receipt of some former arrears.

Deducting this sum from $325 36, the surplus at the close of 1827, there remains a balance of $275 41 in our favour.

We praise the goodness of God, who, in the year past has again sent us such powerful help; and pray that a rich and eternal reward of grace may be the portion of those worthy benefactors, who so generously assist in the support of our missions, according to the promise of Him who will not suffer a drop of cold water, given to his servants, to remain unrecompensated.

When we take a view of the internal course of our missions in the year 1828, we find abundant reason to extol the merciful kindness of God and our Saviour, which has been made manifest in various ways. A mission among the Tambookies has been begun in a healthy region on the Klipplaats river, in South Africa. Our missionaries have been kindly received by the chief Bowana, and by that part of the nation which is under their control. Notwithstanding the difficulties and obstacles which they had already encountered, they were full of faith and hope, that a rich harvest would follow the seed of the gospel, sown in that country. Our missionaries at the Cape deeply regret the loss of brother Bonatz, who departed happily to the Lord in December, 1827, and that of brother and sister Schmitt, who, af. ter many years' faithful service in the mission, returned to Europe to enjoy a well-earned rest. At the Leper Institution, at Hemel-en Aarde, a new church was built without expense, the poor patients lending all the assistance in their power. At Elim, the new mission house being finished, the former has been converted into a church and school.

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Enon has disposed of some of its abundant population, through the establishment of a mission in the Tambookie country. Of our Hottentot congregations it may in general be affirmed, that they continue to walk in the fear of the Lord, and the comfort of the Holy Ghost.

At Paramaribo, in Surinam, the negro congregation enjoyed a solemn festival day, when, on the 21st of July, their new and spacious church was consecrated. All the inhabitants of that town took a lively share in this celebration. A society has been formed in that colony, with the patronage and support of the highest authorites, for the promotion of Christianity among its heathen inhabitants, chiefly through the instrumentality of the Brethrens' missionaries; and it is our sincere wish and prayer that we may be enabled to af. ford the desired co-operation in so excellent and necessary a work.

In the Danish West India islands the missionaries deplored the loss of the married sister Klingenberg, in her 38th year. They had however, the pleasure, before the close of the year, to receive the desired assistance by the arrival of several missionaries from Europe The progress of the mission was on the whole encouraging.

In Antigua, brother Procop, who for many years most faithfully laboured in that island and in St. Kitt's, entered into the joy of the Lord. His departure was followed by that of brother Schill, who is well known for his former faithful services in the Calmuc mission. In St. Kitt's a new mission was contemplated at Lavington.

Both in Barbadoes and Tobago there appeared a gradual increase of the number of negro converts. In Jamaica the unexpected departure of brother Timaeus, only 26 years of age, was particularly painful to the missionaries; but they received very acceptable assistance by the arrival of brother Zorn and his wife from Bethlehem, in North America The mission is on the increase at all the four stations. The buildings at New-Carmel were nearly completed by the close of the year, and at Irwin Hill the new chapel was opened on the 27th of July.

The labours of the brethren among the Cherokee Indians were not fra:tful during this period. That aged and venerable missionary, brother Gambold, ended his useful life at Ochgelogy. Two married brethren have devoted themselves to the service of the mission among this nation.

The Delaware congregation at New Fairfield, in Canada, remaincd undisturbed, and old and young were actively occupied in building a new church.

In Labrador, the congregations at Hopedale and Nain were visited by a malignant disorder which in a short time carried off 32 persons. From the diaries and the verbal account given to us by brother Koerner, during his visit in Europe, we rejoiced to hear of the grace of our Saviour prevailing among the believing Esquimaus on that occasion. Active steps are now taking to form a fourth settlement at Kangertluksoa.

In Greenland our four settlements have experienced much blessing in the enjoyment of the grace and the favour of God. At Frederiksthal a temporary church had been constructed, after the manner of a Greenland winter house. A provision house was likewise erected; and their new church, built at Copenhagen, had been landed at Julianenhaab,

The accounts we have received of the increasing exertions of other Protestant denominations, to promote the cause of Christ's kingdom on earth, fill our hearts with joy, being truly favourable signs of the times. While the commission which our church has received for nearly a century, to sow the seed of the gospel in heathen lands, and to gain souls for the Lamb of God who taketh away the sins of the world, remains most precious and important to us, let us not be weary in the furtherance of this great work, both by unceasing prayer and active participation.

Remember also in your prayers the mission department of the Unity's Elder's Conference, that we may be supported in our labours, wbich are often attended with difficulty, and may be enabled to approve ourselves as faithful stewards of the manifold grace of God. With cordial salutations from the whole Elders' Conference of the Wnity, we subscribe ourselves your faithful brethren. (Signed)


Christian Advocate and Journal.



From the following proceedings of Clerical and Lay representatives, from different Churches, who convened at Schoharie, October, 1830, it appears that another Synod has been regularly organized. We shonld have published them earlier, but absence from home, and numerous other demands upon our time, caused the delay.

If any circumstance is calculated to convince our readers, that the cause of the Lord is advancing in our Zion, this is. By the organization of this Synod, which was accomplished with great unanimity, the whole force of our zealous brethren west of Hudson river, is brought out to sustain and promote our benevolent institutions, and whatever has a tendency, to increase the spirituaħty of our people. The General Synod too, derives additional strength, and we cannot see, how any one can have fears as to the future operations of a body, sustained by the devoted disciples of Jesus, both among the Clergy and Laity. The constitution adopted by the new Synod, is that recommended by the General Synod, and is at once an evidence, that


pure and undefiled religion prevails among our northren brethren,
who compose the new judicatory.

Our fervent prayers are, that the Divine Spirit may at all times di-
rect the deliberations of the Hartwick Synod, and that the world may
see, that its formation, was not only expedient, but indispensably ne-
cessary, to hasten the period, when our churches in the United States,
shall all be united, in the General Synod.—Editor.


Of a Convention of Clerical and Lay Representatives, from different
Evangelical Lutheran Churches in the State of New-York, held at
Schoharie, October, 1830.

St. Paul's Church, SCHOMARIE,

Tuesday, October 26, 1830.5
Pursuant to a resolution of the Western Conference, adopted at
Brunswick, September 8, 1830, the Ministers and Lay Delegates
from different Congregations within the bounds of the Conference,
assembled this day in convention, for the purpose of deliberating
on the expediency of forming a new. Synod.

Gen. WILLIAM Mann of Schoharie, was unanimously chosen Pre-
sident of the Convention, and the Rev. Adam CROWNse of Guilder-
land, appointed Secretary.

The meeting was then opened with prayer, by the Rev. J. Z. Sen-
derling, of Brunswick.

The following clerical and lay representatives appeared and took
their seats, as members of the Convention, viz:


Rev. George A. Li ner, Schoharie--George B. Miller, Hartwick
-Adam Crownse, Gilderland—John D. Lawyer, Sandlake-Philip
Wieting, Sharon-Jacob Z. Senderling, Brunswick, Thomas Lape,
Johnstown—John Eisenlord, Jr. Minden-Charles A. Smith, Palatine
Thomas Kilmer, Cobleskill.


Mr. William Mann, Schoharie-Joseph Borst, Middleburgh-
Charles F. Vogel, Hartwick-Peter I. Livingston, Guilderland-Dan-
iel Wolford, Bern-Lawrence Van Alstine, Sandlake-John Stern-
bergh, Sharon-David Otman, New Rhinebeck-Michael Swobe,
Johnson—Albert Lintner, Minden-Samuel Near, Summit--Abraham
Sternbergh, Stone-Arabia.

The Convention being organized, and ready to proceed to business,
the Rev. G. A. Lintner, chairman of the Western Conference, sub-
mitted to the conyention, a communication from the Rev. Messrs.

Smith and 'Thummel, in relation to the object of the convention, which was laid on the table.

Rev. Prof. Miller having stated his views of the objects of the convention, submitted the following resolution :

Resolved, That in the view of this convention, it is inexpedient to form a new Synod, under existing circumstances.

Aster some further observations from different members on the course most proper to be pursued, in relation to the business of the 1 convention, it was

Resolved, That the convention adjourn until to-morrow, at 9 oclock A. M.

Prayer by Rev. Prof. Miller.

In the evening, divine service was performed in the church, and a discourse delivered by the Rev. P. Wieting, on Deut. xxxii, 6.

Wednesday morning, October 27, 1830. The convention met pursuant to adjournment. . Prayer by the Secretary.

The communication from the Rev. Messrs. Smith and Thummel was then read, and the resolution offered by Rev. Prof. Miller discussed, until 12 o'clock; when the convention adjourned to 2 o'clock in the afternoon. Prayer by Rev. P. Wieting.

Wednesday afternoon, October 27, 1830. The convention met according to adjournment. Prayer by Rer. J. D. Lawyer.

The discussion of Professor Miller's resolution was continued until a late hour in the afternoon, when the question being taken on its adoption, it was decided in the negative-ayes 4, noes 18.

Whereupon, it was unanimously

Resolved. That it is expedient to establish, without delay, a new Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in this state.

The convention having determined on the formation of a new Synod, it was further

Resolved, That the Synod established by this convention, be known and distinguished by the title of The Hartwick Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in the State of New York.

A committee consisting of Rev. Messrs. Lintner, Lawyer and Lape, and Messrs. J. Sternbergh, Van Alstine and Livingston, was appointed to report a form of a Constitution for the government of the Synod.

The convention then adjourned, until after divine service, in the evening

Prayer by the Rev. T. Lape.

At early candle light, a discourse was delivered in the church, by. the Rev. Adam Crownse, on Matt. xxii, 5.

After divine service, the convention again met, and the committee reported the form of a constitution, recommended by the General Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in the United States, for

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