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tor was authorised to go forth and preach the Gospel of Jesus Christ (twenty three years ago) there existed but two Synods or Ecclesiastical bodies viz. the synod of Pennsylvania and adjacent states, and the Synod of New-York. And, at that time very few of our Churches enjoyed the advantage of service in the English language. At present. we have many Churches, in which the service is conducted in the English language exclusively; in others, alternatively with the German. The consequence is, that the Church has increased throughout the country, and many, who had not been attached to any denomination, learning the nature of the doctrines taught, and the discipline introduced, in the Lutheran church, united themselvcs with her.

The members became more acquainted with other denominations and their operations, and with the zealous and incessant labors of our German fore fathers, and hence a number of them, engaged in organizing various benevolent institutions. But there was still a de. ficiency. The increase of members—the emigration from the North to the South and West, required that new Synods should be formed, and, they were accordingly formed. But that a number of independent Synods, without some particular bond of union, could not preserve such an uniformity as is indispensably necessary, to promote the welfare of a Church, was soon discovered by some of the Clergy and Laity of different States. After due deliberation, several Synods resolved to appoint delegates to a general convention, for the purpose of framing a constitution for the government of a General Synod.

In October 1820, the Rev, J. G. Schmucker, G. Lochman, C. Endress, F. W. Geissenhainer, H. A. Muhlenberg and C. Kumkel, W. Hensel and P. Stichter Esqrs. from Pennsylvania. Rev. P. F. Mayer, and F. C. Schæffer, from New-York. Rev. G. Schober and P. Schmucker, from North-Carolina. Rev. D. Kurtz, Đ. F. Schæffer, and G. Shryock Esq. from Maryland, assembled at Hagerstown, and formed the constitution of “ The Evangelical Lutheran General Synod of the United States of North America."

From this period the Lutheran Church, put forth her energies with great zeal, and enjoyed very special manifestations of the blessings of God. The General Synod, did indeed meet with enemics, (for what institution that is only calculated to promote the Redeemer's kingdom, will not have its enemies,) but, it was sustained, and highly favoured by the Head of the Church. Arrangements were made, to obtain means, by which a seminary could be established, to prepare pious young men, for the Minlstry An agent was sent to Europe to collect money and books, and a reference to former numbers we published, will shew, how readily our German, Swedish, Danish, Russian, and English brethren and sisters contributed.

The Seminary was established-Thc Rev. S. S Schmucker was elected Professor, and through the pious and talented exertions oi this brother a number of men, have already been qualified to labour in the vineyard of the Lord. Already are sinners called to repentance, by students of this institution, in N. Carolina, Tennessee and Ohio.

The number of students increased so rapidly, and the calls froma the destitute were so loud, that the Directors of the Seminary were convinced of the necessity, of appointing a second Professor. They accordingly elected the pious and learned Dr. Hazelius. To the Theological departments, have been added, classical and mathematical schools, in order that young men may acquire such a fund of knowledge, as to be capable of appearing among, and having intercourse with, any class of men. A few years more, and the Lutheran Church will be furnished with a sufficient number of Pastors, equal to those of any other sister church.

When it is taken in view, that all these things have been, under the blessing of God, originated and sustained by comparatively speaking, a few Pastors and Lay-men, who will not be astonished and declare “surely it is the Lord's doing?”

But, in the Lutheran Church of the United States, the day of liberality, as to spending a little money, does not shine so bright, as in some other Churches. Her pastors are generally supported very scantily. Few obtain a support which they could not improve by at.. tending to worldly concerns, whilst several denominations, so liberally, support their Ministers that they need not have any care for their bread. Indeed provision is made by some for the widow and orphans of the Ministers, whilst in the Lutheran Church, the Pastor if not provided with a patrimony, in most instances, leaves his family nothing, but the evidence that the world is ungrateful.

Hence the day has not yet come, that Lutherans sustain publications of any account, or support periodicals, through which they are enabled to obtain information upon the subjects and operations, that relate to their own church. But when we consider that both the Lu

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theran and German Reformed Churches, have but a few years since, risen from the obscurity, into which the confinement of their service to the German language, placed them, and, that many members read but few works, we cannot but declare, that in our opinion, the day is not far distant, when they will, with respect to liberal contributions, for the support of the Ministry and periodicals, be equal to others. in other respects, no Church is blessed with more zealous and faithful friends of the gre cause, than the Lutheran. And therefore, although we now tremble for the fate of the Intelligencer, and our other two periodicals, yet we still anticipate the pleasure of seeing our hopes of improvement realized, and to accelerate that period, we have expressed ourselves frankly, deliberately, and as clearly as we have been capable, under the pressure of numerous duties imposed npon us, by the Church which we most ardently love.-Editor.



(Concluded.) “One very consoling circumstance, and an enterprize which the Lord hath singularly blessed, is the establishment of two communities, the Visitation, and the Sisters of Charity. The Visitation was formed at Georgetown by Mgr. Neal, at that time coadjutor, afterwards successor to Mgr. Carroll. It reckons at this time about sixty nuns, who exhibit the excellent spirit of their institution. The Protestants, who know nothing of the religious life but by calumnies poured upon its professors, are obliged to renounce their predjudices in presence of these virtuous daughters of St. Francis de Sales.they have a numerons boarding-school of young ladies, several outdoor pupils, and a large school of poor females, whom they instruct gratis.

“The Sisters of Charity began their establishment at Baltimore in 1809 ; they were then only three or four, having at their head Madam Seton, a converted Protestant widow, of uncommon merit, under the direction of M. Dubourg, then president of St. Mary college, now bishop of Montauban. In 1810 they removed to Emmetsburg in Maryland, fixing themselves in the valley of St. Joseph in the vicinity. There, upon a farm bestowed on them by M. Cooper, a converted Protestant, and since ordained a priest, they have built a vast house, within which are at this time seventy of them in number, professed, or novices, and a hundred female boarders. They have also at Emmetsburg a school for young indigent girls. From that place they have sent colonies to Baltimore, Washington, and Freder: ick, Montagne, Philadelphia, New York, Albany, Harrisburgh, and St. Louis. In these different places, they receive and instruct orphans, and have a school for unfortunate children, the number of which is enormous. There are some schools, containing from five to six hundred. At Baltimore, besides the asylum and free school, they have the care of the lying-in hospital belonging to the medical school. Those of St. Louis have also the care of the hospital of that city. All these different branches are connected with a central government, in the parent house at Emmetsburgh. They form together but one body. They live under the rule of St. Vincent de Paul, with a little variation, though indispensable by the ecclesiastical superiors. One of these is the boarding establishment of the parent-house, with the double object of giving a Christian education to Protestants as well as Catholics, (a want deeply felt in these regions,) and to obtain means of support. No other resource but this boarding school supports the prosessed, the noviciates, and sick nuns, and permits the establishment of charity school abroad. Since 1826 no member of the community has died ; but from 1809, when it commenced, to 1826, the number of deaths was 42. The nuns are now 120 in number.

A third community, that of the Carmelites, exists likewise in Maryland. It was founded by some worthy daughters of St. Theresa, who came from Belgium, at the time of the French invasion during their revolution, although they were chiefly English or American women. They are established at Port Tobacco, near the Potomac, and about twenty-live nuns compose this house of prayers and edification,

I should now mention,” he adds, "the manner of providing for the support of the clergy, either by subscription, the feeble income of contributions, or by casual receipts. The greatest part of the priests create revenues for themselves by giving instruction in colleges; and in general their zeal and disinterestedness are the more striking, to the view of Protestants, because the latter are obliged to support at great expense the married people whom they have for ministers.* The devotion of the Catholic priests, their assiduity in the duties of their vocation, duties much more multiplied and difficult than those of these ministers; their unwearied charity toward the poor

Blacks so precious a portion of Christ's flock; their life, of necessity more detached and separated from the world; beside the authority, the unchangeable certainty, and faithful transmission of the Christian faith, which form so decisive a contrast with the extreme arbitrariness, and endless variations of Protestant doctrines, always tending more and morc to deism or indifference ; the example of so great a number of pious Catholics, who follow here their religion with a simpli

*The history, however, of the celibacy of the clergy is but too well known to the world! and some, we would have the Society understand, have read that of Father Girard, the Jesuit confessor. See Resume de l'hist. des Jesuites, published at Paris ie 1825, p. 140, city and exactness, which can have no motive of human respect or profane interest ;-all this has united to overpower prodigiously the prejudices of Protestants, and to multiply the conversions, which, throughout the diocese, but especially in Baltimore, have restored to the Church a large number of her lost children. Many belong to the most respectable families of the country ; 'many exercise the most honorable professions in a distinguished manner; others hold high offices, either in the administration, or in the army. A still greater number, convinced internally, satisfy themselves with avowing their conviction, but either through indifference, or some other motive equally deplorable, put off their return to the religion of their fa- ; thers.

et seq.

The other extract promised in this number is from a letter of the Archbishop to the Editor of the “Annales,” dated January 28, 1830.

Our assemblies,” says he, referring to the Council, of which we have given the detailed account, “had in them something so im. posing, that three eminent lawyers, who were at one time admitted, in order to give their opinions on some points relative to the civil laws of this country, came out filled with respect and astonishment : “We have,' said they afterward, “appeared before very dignified courts of justice; but never have we had less assurance, and experienced less confidence in ourselves, than when we had entered this august assembly.'

"Among the subjects, on which the meeting of the North American Bishops has furnished the greatest light, is the Catholic population of these vast countries. From the calculations that have been made it results, that the number of Catholics in the United States is more than 500,000 and daily increasing, either by emigrations or conversions. Great, however, as is this number, in itself considered, it is small as regards the whole population, which is almost ten millions, and divided into an infinity of different sects. We have this firm hope in the Lord, that conversions to the true Faith, which already are frequent, will become more and more numerous. We have now four Catholic journals, in which the principles and doctrines of the Church are defended : these are The Metropolitan, at Baltimore; The Jesuit, at Boston ; The Catholic, at Hartford; and The Miscellany, at Charleston.»*

We forbear extending these extracts. Enough has now appeared to exhibit, in their own words, a vigilant hierarchy completely organized among us ;t their minute attention to every variation in the state * Annales,” etc. Num. xx. April, 1830,

222-244. A writer in Europe, so long ago as 1821, asserted and reasoned as follows: “I take it for granted that spiritual subjection to a fellow creature necessarily implies temporal subjection ; and I defy all the world to show the contrary. Now the Pope has actually begun to exercise spiritual supremacy in the United States. By his own sole authority, he detaches the two Carolinas and Georgia from the see of Baltimore, and he gives these States to Dr. England, late of Cork, to be subject to him in all things spiritual, as he is subject to the


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