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“Mgr. the Archbishop of Baltimore, reckons in Maryland and the District of Columbia fifty-two priests. Beside Baltimore, Washing. ton, Georgetown, Alexandria, Fredericktown, Taneytown, Emmetsburgh, and Hagerstown, which have stated pastors, there are churches in several places where assemblies are held, on Sundays or other appointed times. In some places, the Catholics meet in the most convenient dwelling house ; but it is peculiarly interesting, to those who have at heart the progress of our holy religion, to notice the establishments on which its propagation and perpetuity most depend.

The reverond fathers, THE JESUITS, have their principal house at Georgetown, with a magnificent college, having the right of conferring academic degrees. They form Priests who attach themselves to the Society, and are afterwards sent by their superior, under the authority of Mgr. of Baltimore, into the different congregations with which they are intrusted.

“In 1790, Mgr. Carroll invited the community of St. Sulpice to partake in his apostolic labors. M. Emery, superior-general of the body, in order to comply with the wishes of the venerable Prelate, detached a colony, whom he sent to Baltimore, where he arrived in July, 1791. These gentlemen immediately founded there a seminary to which they added a college, and in 1805 it received from the government the right to confer degrees. Pius VII. of happy me mory, granted it, by a bull dated May 1, 1822, the privilege of a university, with power to confer the degree of doctor in theology.

“In 1808, the same persons founded at Emmetsburg an establishment in form of a little seminary. This house occasioned the developement of many precious calls for the priesthood; it continues to form useful members of Society, and to prepare the pupils of the sanctuary for the functions of the holy ministry. It was separated from St. Sulpice in 1819.

“But, notwithstanding these facilities for securing a clergy to the diocese of Baltimore, the want of priests is often felt. In truth it is the best furnished of all in the United States ; but much remains to be done. A catholicity as numerous as that of Maryland, it would seem,

should make greater efforts to multiply the number of ministers of the altars. The fact is, that, to provide the expenses of education for those who are preparing for the ecclesiactical state, the clergy is left to its own resources. and these are reduced to the revenue arising from the colleges.

(Concluded in the next number.)

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AN ERUPTION OF MOUNT ÆTNA, which took place on the 16th of May, destroyed eight villages, which neither ashes nor lava had reached at any previous period, and many of the inhabitants were buried under the ruins of their houses. The ashes thrown out of the new craters were carried as far as the mountains of Calabria.


The Bible our rule of faith!-The right of private judgment our privilege.
Hier stehe ich, ich kann nicht anders ;-Gott helfe mir! Amen !--LUTHER

VOL. V..]


[No. 12.



This number, closes, the fifth volume of the Intelligencer, and may possibly, cause our editorial labors to cease. We deprecate, the very idea, of the non-existence of a work, which was the first in the United States by which Christians, who do not understand the German Language, were informed of the state of, and operations in, the Church, which is distinguished from others, by the appellative, Lutheran, but we fear, that we cannot sustain it hereafter.

Five years have elapsed, during which, we performed all the duties that can devolve upon an Editor, examined proof-sheets, answered numerous letters, kept an account of expenditures and receipts, made great efforts to obtain subscribers and subscription dues, advanced money, from our private funds and without

any remuneration whatever. We however neither sought, nor anticipated, a pecuniary compensation. All that we did ask for, was, that our brethren would aid us, in contributing original matter, and making exertions, to add to the list of subscribers. This we had a right to ask, for, the Synod appointed us, to edit the Intelligencermat different synodical meetings, requested us to continue our labors, and frequently resol. red that our brethren should aid us, by contributing matter for publication, and by obtaining new subscribers. It was indeed made the duty of each Minister, to furnish us with a sermon or two, during

the year.

What has been the result? Two or three, occasionally sent com Vol. V. No. 12.



munications, we were compelled ourselves to write, and during the last year, not one of our brethren, added to the list of subscribers. We would except, our Agent at Baltimore. This devoted friend of our Lutheran Zion, obtained subscribers, and collected the subscription dues too. If twenty members of our church, similar to him, could be found, the Intelligencer would not only continue to exist, but produce funds for our benevolent institutions, for we never intended to receive any thing, for our labors, but the pleasure of seeing them profitable to our people.

But, we have appealed in vain ! Our Clerical and Lay brethren, unlike those of the Methodist, Presbyterian and Episcopal Churches have been afraid to press it upon the members of our zion, as a duty to subscribe to the Intelligencer. Indeed we have heard, of some one speaking of it, as a very inferior work, and actually caused a subscriber to discontinue it. Hence it is very natural to infer, that they very reluctantly, collected subscription dues. Thus

were left to struggle with the expenses, necessarily coming upon us, in order to continue the work. In some instances, uncurrent money has been remitted, and when we endeavoured to shew the impropriety, we were answered in a style, that might be admissible, if we were engaged in an affair of our own, and

spending our time and feeble talents, to promote our own profit and aggrandizement.

We know that the Synod granted 100 dollars, to a gentleman who was associated with us, during the publication of the first volume. We know that 100 dollars were paid to another, who for a while was located at Boonsborough, Maryland to, add to his support, yet we looked for nothing more, than exertions on the part of others, to sustain the Intelligencer. But we have been disappointed. Some persons who wish to rank among the first of our members, have ordered us to discontinue sending them this work, after the expiration of this volume.

Our subscribers are aware of the fact, that we enlarged the Intelligencer. This was required by the Synod, and urged by a number of persons, who promised to exert themselves, to enlarge the subscription list. Our expenses were thus augmented, without receiving an equivalent. Upwards of $800 are now due, a sum scarcely sufficient to liquidate the debt of the establishment, and as the Synod pust meet it, we, as Editor and President of the Synod, deem it our duty, to avoid an increase of the debt.

Should we obtain additional subscribers, (of which we have a faint hope) and collect a moderate proportion of dues, by the 1st of May, next, we will in June, issue the first number of the sixth volume. To succeed, if possible, we we will endeavour to make out hills, and send them with this number, trusting that all indebted will remit by mail or otherwise, the amount due. If we are disappointed, we shall leave the matter to the decision of our next Synod. Probably, some work will be issued (and we hope there may be) for we have heard, that some desire to issue a weekly paper, and young men (one or the other travelling to and fro, has been preparing the minds of persons for the purpose) may be more successful than we have been. We do say however, that no one will ever labor more faithfully than we have, with a single eye to the promotion of the cause of Christ, and our Zion, without a pecuniary compensation.

Should we not receive encouragement, to proceed with the Intelligencer, in June then we beg leave to assure our brother Editors, that we bid them adieu, with regret. True, we always had a particular preference, for that part of the Church, to which we are ardently attached—we defended it when we deemed it our duty to do so, but never in language offensive to any of our Protestant brethren. What we said of Popery, was invariably, without any hostility to persons. The errors of Popéry we abominate and their increasing influence, we dread. Placed as we were it was our duty to expose them, and to cry aloud Watch ! If we retire, from the laborious sphere, in which we have operated, we shall do it with the consolation, that our brother Editors of all denominations, received kindly our work, and for their friendly exchange-for their kind regard expressed by many of them, relative to the Intelligencer, our beloved Church, and our imperfect labors, we do sincere.' ly thank them. Convinced of the great necessity of religious periodicals being supported—convinced of the great advantages, that must result to a people, from Protestant periodicals, we most sincerely wish all Editors success.

Although we have not, full five hundred suhscribers, and although one fifth of them, reside in and about Frederick, yet the Lutheran Church ranks among the most important in this country, as to its number of members, their wealth and respectability. We shall, in the event of the non-existence of the Intelligencer, gladly furnish

others with matter occasionally, relative to the Lutheran Chureb, Within her boundaries, many benevolent religious institutions hare been brought into existence, within a few years, and the time cannot be far distant, when no other denomination can be said to contain and sustain more means, requisite for pulling down the strong hold of Satan. Our doctrine, our discipline, and various regulations among us, are so completely in accordance with reason and revelation, that we do sincerely hope, our people will ere long, arise and sustain a number of periodicals.

“Vox populi regnat,” and hence we shall listen in order to ascertain, whether or not, it will be incumbent upon us, to sustain the Evangelical Lutheran Intelligencer, or suffer it, to- -sink.

DAVID F. SCHAEFFER. Frederiek, February 1, 1831.


From the preceding editorial address, it will appear, that unless efforts are made within a few months, to avert the calamity, the Intelligencer will cease to exist. We say emphatically calamity, for in such an event, many of our people will have no opportunity of learning, what operations are carried on, within their own Church, and no other Periodicals can possibly give correct information, as to our own matters. True it is, we have a Magazine, in the State of New York, published in the English language, and a German Magazine, published at Gettysburg. But, neither of these can exist long, if the Intelligencer is suffered to sink. How can other Periodicals exist, if the. Intelligencer cannot, with an Editor who performed all, but printing, and making the paper, gratis.

The Lutheran Church, embraces as many members at least, as any other Protestant denomination in the United States. Within a few years, she has made great exertions, for the extension of the Redeemer's kingdom. A very powerful incentive and auxiliary, the Intelligencer has been, whilst brethren of other denominations, have been delighted with the privilege of becoming more acquainted with her, through this publication.

The Lutheran Church, now counts mine independent ecclesiastica, bodies, and one General Synod, within her domain.. When the Edi

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