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and of the regulations which were made in it, and whether they subsisted still, and what was their authority? They deliberated on the powers mutually granted each other by the Bishops ; the reserved cases,* and the powers to be given to priests. They discussed the nature of the promise made by each priest at his ordination, and the obligation resulting from it. "They deliberated on the manner of proceeding against ecclesiastics ; on the reading of the Holy Scriptures by the faithful ; on the Douay version;t on the editions of the Bible Societies ;Ị on the writings of Protestants against the faith, and on the prohibition to read them. They were above all occupied respecting the circulation of books proper to make the Catholic faith known, and to answer the objections of its enemies ; and whether it would not be expedient to establish a printing office consecrated particularly to this object, whence she should issue both books of piety and school-books ? It was also thought necessary that there be established a periodical, to appear once in three months, in the manner of the 'Quarterly Review, which should be entirely devo. ted to the concerns of the Catholic Religion. Since many of the dioceses have no seminaries, and it would be difficult to establish them in all places, it was proposed to form a central seminary, or common college for the whole metropolitical jurisdiction, where young persons should be educated at a low cost, and prepared for the functions of the priesthood. Religious societies for education engaged

*These form, in the voluminous body of Papal ecclesiastical laws, an important item, and may be seen, even in the ordinary books, occasionally. However, in the different dioceses they appear to vary considerably, rendering it a point of caution and policy that ecclesiastics of lower grades interfere not with another's province. For a confessor is not allowed to give absolution for all offences indiscriminately. There are the “casus reservati,” which belong either to the Bishop, or more generally to the Pope rendering the resort to Rome,“ubi omnia venalia," as has been long said, exceedingly frequent ; although a power is given to Bishops to decide in extreme

At the time of Julilee, however, plenary indulgences multiply,--and hence the vaunted excellence of that institution, or artifice. See Mar. ab Angelis, De Reservatione, in his Examen Theol, Mor. p. 440, cet. But it appears from Monclar's “Notes” to his “Compte Rendu” that a Jesuit can absolve in cases ordinarily reserved for the Pope, not only as well as a Bishop, but even in a superior degree. For this assertion he quotes Suarez. See p. 53.

One of peculiar value to the Romanist, since “repentance” is uniformly expressed by “penance ;” and the rest of the translation, as far as practicable, accommodated to the views of an interested hierarchy

An editorial article appears on this subject in the “Annales,” uttering great complaints of the incorrectness of several new versions, printed by the British and Foreign Bible Society—especially in the Oriental idioms. It is mostly, however, translated from English pub. Jications hostile to the work of missions


attention also, especially those for females ; likewise brethren associated for Christian schools, with the means of giving them permanency; churches to be built ; what is necessary to be done in regard to trustees, and the means of repressing their pretensions.* It is known what disputes and scandals have arisen on this subject in several dioceses, and it may be said that it is one of the greatest scourges of the churches in the United States. Another point agitated was the uniformity of catechisms, rituals, and books of prayers. Other questions, on which deliberations were held, related to the sacraments, principally baptism, confirmation, the eucharist, marriage, mixt marriages, the duties of ecclesiastics, their costume, &c.

“The council, which had commenced on Sunday the 4th of November, was finished on Sunday the 18th. It was not thought proper to publish its acts, until they had' been approved at Rome, whither they have been sent.f On the evening of its termination, the Bishops resolved on the preparation of a pastoral letter, addressed by them in common to the Catholics of the United States. This Pastoral, which is dated on the 17th of October, is signed by Mgr. the Archbishop, the other Bishops, and the administrator of Philadelphia. I

“They first congratulate themselves on the progress of Religion in those countries ; a progress arising from the concourse of happy circumstances—the zeal of the missionaries, the emigrations from Europe, the acquisitions of new territories, and arrival of new evangelical laborers; but it is necessary to provide for a succession in the ministry, since it cannot be imagined that new missionaries will be arriving continually from Europe. The Bishops even declare that they are no longer disposed to permit that priests, who are in bad esteem elsewhere, should be received into the United States, to create schisms and scandals there, as has sometimes happened. The Prelates desire to return thanks for the generous assistance they have received from a benevolent society in France, and exhort the Catholics of the United States to do something also for the maintenance of their Church. They then invite attention to the education of their children, their duties on this subject, and the care of procuring good schools. They deplore the too widely spread prejudices against the Catholics, to dissipate which attempts have lately been made. For this object a journal, “The Catholic Miscellany,

*This office seems, for valid reasons, to give no small uneasiness to the rising HIERARCHY~as the priests by no means desire lay-over

Still, however, it comports with our popular institutions.See the publications in Philadelphia, 1822, on the diffiulties in regard to Rer. Mr. Hogan.

If any among us have felt opposed to the doctrine of “imperium in imperio,” even as regards the feeble remnant of our Indians, how much more should they feel in contemplating a Body of such extent, whose acts need and receive the authorization of a Foreign Potentate.

Printed at Baltimore, 8vo. pp. 29.


has been published in the Southern States ; but it has not been sustained, and it is found the editor must discontinue it. Other publications, for similar objects, have lately been made at Boston and at Hartford. The Prelates urge the encouragements of them. They announce that they have formed an association to publish elementary books

proper for schools, and which should be freed of all that might give to young persons false ideas of religion. They persuade the faithful to be on their guard against unauthorized versions of the Scripture ; and recommend, as the best translation, that of Dauay for the Old Testament, and that of Rheims for the New : these are, say they, the best in English. They then oppose, but with as much moderation as necessity, those pretensions, which are contrary to the rights of the Church—which are the pretensions of trustees, whom they do not name, but point out with sufficient clearness.

They close, by exhorting the faithful to observe exactly the practices of religion, and to keep themselves from that stirit of indifference, which, under the varnish of liberalism, tends to confound truth with error, by representing all religions as equally good. Such,” says the editor, “is the substance of this pastoral letter, which is full of wisdom nobleness and piety.

“The Bishops have throughout,” he continues, “discovered, in this council, a happy agreement, and a lively solicitude for the interests of religion ; and we have reason to believe that this assembly will contribute powerfully to the prosperity of the Catholic Church in the United States. For this we are under obligation to Mgr. the Archbishop of Baltimore, who conceived the design of the council, and directed its deliberations; and who, in all his connexions, with his colleagues, has shown himself worthy of the inportant vocation he had to fulfil."

Two communications from the present Archbishop, thus introduced, will close our present extracts. In a letter dated at Baltimore, June 27, 1829, he informs the Editor of the “Annals” thus :

“The diocese of Baltimore comprehends the State of Maryland and the District of Columbia. Maryland is a State situated between the Potomac and Pennsylvania, occupying the two sides of Chesapeake bay, in its upper part bounded on the east by the State of Delaware ; it has from 13 to 14,000 square miles. The District of Columbia is a small territory ten miles square, situated on the banks of the Potomac. This territory has been detached from Maryland and Virginia, and made independent of these and all other States of the Republic, for the free assembling of the Congress, and the residence of the president, and all the other officers of the United States' government. Washington is its principal city.

“Maryland has 407,000 inhabitants, the district 33,000 ; in all, 440,000. Of this population, about 113,000 are blacks, of whom three quarters are slaves. The Catholics may amount to 60 or 80,000, of whom 6 or 7,000 are in the District.

“Maryland has for its principal city Baltimore, which reckons 80.000 inhabitants. It was but a hamlet in 1750: now it is a great and superb city, with magnificent streets, a crowd of monuments

and important institutions, and a much-frequented harbor. The Catholics are a one fifth of the population. The rest is divided into a multitude of sects, the principal of which are the Presbyterians, Episcopalians and Methodists. Then come the Anabaptists, the Quakers, the Universalists, the Unitarians, Swedenborgians, or people of the New Jerusalem, some Jews, &c. It is to be remarked, that all these sects, the first three especially, are divided by schisms and intestine dissensions. The sect of Episcopalians, for example, which separated from the English Church at the period of the revolution of this country, in 1776, is actually on the eve of suflering a new schism: one party verges toward Arminianism, and wishes to preserve the hierarchy ; the other inclines strongly towards Gomarism, and endeavors to introduce the popular forms of the Presbyterians. It is now two years since their last Bishop, James Kemp, died ; and, notwithstanding repeated efforts of the electors, they have not yet been able to agree on the choice of a successor.

“Already has a great schism occurred among the Methodists; they are divided into Orthodox and Radicals; the first retain the Bishops ; the second have entirely shaken off the yoke of those preten led Prelntes. From the ranks of the Quakers, who are ordinarily so peaceable and tolerant, not to say indifferent, arose, five or six years since, a bold and enterprising man, who has drawn the half of his sect into deism. The name of this new apostle is Hicks. On all sides new temples are rising to receive his proselytes, while the old are deserted.

“All these sects have at Baltimore a great number of ministers and churches ; of the latter some are sufficiently large and beautiful, but all are entirely eclipsed by our own superb metropolitan church. The churches of the Catholics are five ; the metropoiitan, the old church of St. Peter, which supplied its place until 1821, and in which parochial service is still performed during the week ; the church of St. John particularly destined for the Germans; that of St. Patrick, and that of St. Mary, which is the church of the seminary and of the college of the same name. There is also a chapel in the hospital, possessed by the Sisters of Charity, where the holy sacrifice is celebrated very frequently.

“The metropolitan church, of which Mgr. Carroll had laid the foundation, was happily completed by Mgr. Marechal, who has formed of it the most beautiful religious monument in the United States. It has an organ equal to that of Netre Dame at Paris, and a choir. that executes the most difficult pieces as well, as can be effected in cathedrals best furnished, in this respect, whether in France or Italy. This al.ility of our musicions contributes to produca a lappy effeci on the Protestants, whose reorship is so nckel and dry. The principal altar, the paintings, the ornaments-all befit the metropolitan church of the United States. The body of the house is in form: of a cross, has its nave, its two ailes, its choir, and the sanctuary in a circular form. It is 165 feet in length, (withont reckoning the portico, which will be 24 feet,) and 77 in breadth ; the diameter of the dome is 60 feet within, and 77 on the outside. Its height, from the

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base to the summit, is 116 feet, and it is surmounted by a cross 11 feet hixh. The two towers, which it is proposed soon to erect on the front of the church, will be 120 feet high.

“This beautiful church, built on the highest ground in Baltimore, overlooks the whole city and its vicinity, including the bay, which is ordinarily covered with ships. The protestants themselves consider the cathedral as the ornament and honor of their city, and frequent it with an interest almost al to that of the Catholics.

“The church of St. Patrick, erected by the labours of the wor. thy M. Moranville, a French priest, its last pastor, who has left a nan.e so dear and venerated in this perish, is a considerable building, of a noble and light construction, with an organ, and a clock sufficiently loity.

"The church of St. John is not indeed so large, but still excites an interest. That of the seminary and college of St. Mary is a building in the Gothic style, and of remarkable taste. Divine service is perforn ed in it with the plain Gregorian chant, follow ing the customs of the seminaries of France. A vaulted chapel, constructeu beneath the principal church, allows great facility for several pious exercises. Having been built more than twenty years, this church of the gentlenien of St. Sulpice has singularly contributed to excite in Baltimore the spirit of religion which distinguishes the Catholics of that place. Lunder M. Nagot, and Messrs. Dubourg, Flaget and David, (the last three of whom have become Bishops,) and with so many brethren worthy of them, the pious conferences and associations, the religious ceremonies, &c. have not ceased to edisy and interest Catholics and Protestants at once, the Americans and the French.

“The zeal of the Catholics at Baltimore is signalized by all the various good works which are seen in the most pious cities of France. There is a numerous society of the most respectable ladies, who devote a portion of their time to obtain spiritual and temporal relief for the wretched; they visit the poor and the sick at their own homes and at the hospitals, and provide for their wants. With the clergy and the Sisters of Charity, they superintend the education of children; they contribute to the support of an asylum for orphans, and a numerous school of poor children, and assemble on Sunday those children of their own sex, who cannot attend on working days, to teach them reading, writing, and to say

their There is also a society of men who do for boys what is done by the ladies for girls. These schools are frequented not only by the Catholic, but also by Protestant children, many of whom embrace the Catholic religion, or at least receive pressions in its favor, which they carry into the bosom of their families.

“Many associations have also been formed among the people of color, both for instructing their children and visiting the sick, under direction of the different priests of the city. This sketch of the piety which prevails at Baltimore may serve to -xbibit what is practised in other parts of the diocese, in proportion to their means and population

prayers, &c.

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