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make such arrangements that a perfect knowledge of that language may likewise be obtained.

4. The course of studies is three years, and tlie first cursus will commence on the first day of October, 1830.

5. Tition will be given gratis, but it is required that every student provide for his boarding, lodging and clothing.

The following branches will be taught: First Cursus-Instruction, 1. In the German language. 2. In the Latin language. 3. In the Greek language. 4. Logic. 5. Theological Encyclopedia. Note-Whereas, it is impracticable to acquire, during the term of three years, in connexion with the above mentioned sciences, a knowledge of the Hebrew language also, therefore, those only, who attend the institution fo'ır years, will receive instruction in the Hebrew and Classic Greek languages.

Second Cursus—Continuation of instruction in languages in general.

2. Introduction into the Old and New Testament.
3. Archaiology.
4. Explanation of the New Testament in the Greek language.

5. Explanation of the Old Testament in the German language, with constant reference to the Hebrew original text and the septuaginta.

6. Church History.
7. Empiric Psychology

THIRD Cuksus—1. Continuation of the explanation of the Bible in the Greek and German languages.

2. Dogmatic, connected with the history of Dogmas and Symbolic. 3. Christian Ethics.

4. Practical explanation of the Holy Scriptures, calculated for religious instruction.

5. Homiletick, or Pulpit Eloquence.

6. Catechetick, or the art of imparting religious instruction by questions and answers.

7. Pastoral Theology and Liturgic.

Numerous applications were made for Ministers, and every arrangement has been adopted, by which our destitute brethren can obtain a partial supply, until our Seminaries shall send forth young men, well qualified to enter the field of labor. Our church in Ohio is increasing and improving in every respect. The parochial reports evince this. During the past year were baptized 2292, confirmed 677 communed 8706. The cause of Sunday Schools is also promoted, for several of the Ministers established twenty.

Two Candidates were solemnly ordained Pastors, and two Applicants were admitted as Licentiates. The next meeting of this Synod will be held at Canton, Stark County, on Trinity Sunday A. D. 1831.

MR. EDITOR-There is a strange sentiment prevalent among many enrolled members of our churches; it would not be so strange were it current only with the men of the world, that “Religions are indifferent.” In the course of my reading, I have lighted on some remarks, from a man who well knew what he said of the body of sectaries to which he refers, which I would point against this narco tic and growingly wasteful delusion of our day ; especially of this section of our favoured country. Let it be remembered that the Pastor of the French Church at the Hague, whose eloquent sermons have come down to us, with all their deep and acute learning, and the baptism of heavenly piety, lived at a day and in a country, in which he could more fully and easily get at a thorough knowledge of what the "Beast” is, and ever has been, since, in the fulfilment of prophecy, vide. 2 Thes. ii, 3. 4. it gained the ascendency in power. When he speaks of the fire and the sword of superstition, and the horrors of the inquisition, he felt himself nearer to them than we do; and the people that heard him, knew better what credit to gives to his declarations, than those by whom you are surrounded, seem to give to yours. But, in the proseution of the subject on which he writes, he s.:ys

“Let us advert to the fourth prejudice. Religions are indifferent. We not go through various sects if Christianity and decide these litigious questions. Which of these religions arc, compatible with salvation ? Which of these religions are destructive of it? We will affirm only with one apostle that "Idolaters shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and and brimstone." We intend particularly to wipe off that imputation which the church of Rome constantly casts on one doctrine. Under pretence that we have never been willing to denounce a sentence of eternal damnation against the members of the most impure sects, they affirm that in our own opinoin, people may be saved in their community, and this they say, is one of the artices of our faith.

This is a sophism which you have often heard attributed to a prince, who had united, as far as two such different things could be united, the qualities of a great king with those of a bad christain. Having a long time hesitated between the peaceable possession of an earthly crown, and the steadfast hope of a heavenly crown, his historians tell us, he assembled some doctors of the Roman communion and some of ours, (the Protestant.) He asked the first, whether ii were possible to be saved in the Protestant communion ? They answered, No. He then asked the second, whether it was possible to be saved in the Roman communion? They replied, they durst not decide the question. On this, the prince reasoned in this manner. "The Roman Catholic doctors assure me there is no salvation in the Protestant communion. The Protestants dare not affirm that there is no salvation in the communion of Rome. Prudence, therefore, requires me to abandon the Protestant religion, and to embrace the Roman; because, in the opinion of the Protestants,

it is at the most only probable that I should perish in the church of Rome, whereas, in the opinion of Roman Catholics, it is demonstrative that I should be damned in the Protestant community.” We will not attempt to investigate this point of history, by examining whether these Protestant Ministers betrayed our religion by advancing a proposition contrary to it, or whether these historians betrayed the truth by altering the answers attributed to our ministers. Whatever we think of this historical fact, we affirm, with St. John, that “Idolaters shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone."

However, we ought to make a cautious distinction concerning doctrines, as we do concerning precepts—a distinction between questions of fact and questions of right. There is a question of right in regard to precepts: as for example-Is a course of life opposite to the precepts of the Gospel a damnable state ? To this we reply, undoubtedly it is. There is also a question of fact; as for example-Shall all those who follow such a course of life suffer all the rigours of damnation ? A wise man ought to pause before he answers this question ; because he doth not know whether a man who has spent one part of his life in a course of vice, may not employ the remaining part of it in repentance, and so pass into a state to which the privileges of repentance are annexed. In like manner, there are questions of fact and questions of right in regard to doctrines. The question of right in regard to the present doctrine is this : Can we be saved in an idolatrous community ? Certainly we cannot. The question of fact is this : Will every member of an idolatrous community be damned ? A wise man ought to suspend his judgement on this question, because he who had spent one part of his in idolatrous community, may employ the remaining part in repenting, and consequently may share the privileges of repentance. Except in this case, according to our principles—“Idolaters shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone.” But, according to our principles, the Roman Catholic church is guilty of idolatry; consequently, according to our principles, the members of the church of Rome, if they do not forsake that community, are among such as “shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone."

If it be necessary to prove that, according to our principles, the church of Rome is guilty of Idolatry, the evidence is easily obtained. Let us form a distinct idea of what, agreeably to scripture, we call IDOLATRY, to regard a simple creature as God supreme, to render to a simple creature the worship that is due only to the supreme God, is what we call idolatry. Now, according to our principles, the members of the church of Rome do render to a creature to a bit of bread—such worship as is due only to the supreme God. By consequence, according to our principles, the members of the church of Rome are guilty of idolatry.

They defend themselves by a somewhat specious, but groundless argument. It was employed by a man,* who disgraced his name by abandoning the Protestant religion, though, thanks be to God, I

*Mr. Saurin of Paris.


try !

hope, I and my family shall always be enabled to continue it in the list of sincere Protestants. His words are these : «Two or three articles, saith he, excited strong prejudices in my mind against the church of Rome; transubstantiation--the adoration of the holy sacrament-and the infallibility of the church Of these three articles, that of the adoration of the holy sacrament led me to con sider the church of Rome as idolatrous, and separated me from its communion. A book which I one day opened without design, instantLy removed this objection. There I found distinction between error of place in worship, and error of object. The Catholic worships Jesus Christ in the Eucharist -an object truly adorable. There is no error in this respect. If Jesus Christ be not really present in the Eucharist, the Catholic worships him where he is not; this is a mere error of place, and no crime of Idolatry.” A mere sophism! By the same argument the Israelites may be exculpated from tendering divine honors to the golden calf. We must distinguish error of place from error of object. The Israelite worships in the golden calf the true God an object truly adorable. “To-morrow is a feast of the Lord, the Lord, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.” Exod. xxxii, 5 &c. There is no error in this respect, if God be not really present in the golden calf the Israelite worships him where he is not, a mere error of place, and not the crime of Idola

But St. Stephen saith expressly that this calf was an idol. “They made a calf, and offered sacrifice unto the idol,” Acts vii, 41. By consequence, crror of place in worship. doth not exculpate men from idolatry: As therefore, according to our principles, there is an error of place in the worship which Roman Catholics render to their host, so also, according to our principles, they are guilty of idolatry.

But are we speaking only according to our own principles. Have we seen any thing in the wilderness of Sinai which we do not daily see in the Roman communities ? Behold, as in the deserts of Sinai, an innumerable multitude, tired of rendering spiritual worship to an invisible God, & demanding gods to be made which shall go before them! Behold, as in the desert of Sinai, a priest forming, with his own hands, a god to receive supreme adoration ! See, as in the desert, a little matter modified by a mortal man, and placed upon the throne of the God of heaven and earth! Observe, as in the desert, the Israelites liberally bestowing their gold and their jewels, to deck and adorn, if not to construct the idol! Hark! as in the desert of Sinai, priests publish profane solemnities, and make proclamation, saying, To-morrow is a feast to the Lord !" Behold, as in the desert; the people rising early on festivals to perform matins ! Hearken! Criminal vows declare, as in Sinai, " These are thy godsor this is thy god, O Israel, who brought thee up out of the land of Egypt." What am I saying? I hear expressions more shocking still. This is, 0, shame to christianity ! -0. scandal in the eyes of all trne christians ! This is', yea, this bit of bread on which a priest hath written, Jesus Christ the Saviour of mankind-this is thy God!

This is the God, whom all the angels in heaven adore. This is the God by whom all things were created that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be. thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers." This is the God who upholdeth all things by the word of his power. This is the God, who in the fulness of time took mortal flesh. This is the God who, for thy salvation, O Israel, was stretched on the cross. This is he who in the garden of Gethsemene said, “O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me,” Math. 26. 39.-Who rose conqueror over death and the grave-Who passed into the heavens, and at whose ascension, the heavenly intelligences exclaimed, “Lift up your heads, Oye gates, even lift them up, ye everlasting doors, that the Lord of hosts, the king of Glory may come in." B. xxiv. 7.-0 Judah, Judah, thou hast justified thy sister Samaria. O ye deserts of Sinai, never did ye see any thing equal to what our weeping eyes behold ! Who' is on the Lord's side ? Let him come hither—ye sons of Levi, separated from the service of the Lord, consecrate yourselves today to Jehovah. But what are we about ? Are we interrupting the soft still voice of the Gospel, to utter the thundering commands of Mount Sinai? Shall we command you to-day, as Moses did formerly the Levites—“put every man his sword by his side, and join and out, from gate to gate throughout the camp, and every man his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbour.”—Oh, Rome! were we adopt this method, you could not reproach us; you could only complain that we were too. ready to learn the lessons you have taught us, and too eager to imitate your bloody example ! Even in such a case we should have one great advantage over you; our hands would grasp the murdering sword to destroy thee only for the glory of God, whereas thou hast butchered us for the honor of an idol ! -We are not come with fire, and blackness, and darkness, and tempests; but zion, though all mangled by thy cruelty, utters only cool exhortations-affectionate remonstrances and tender entreaties ; she fights only with “the sword of the spirit," and the “hammer of the word.". Ephe. 6 17.Jer. xxii. 29. Ah, poor people! How long will you live without perceiving the golden candlestick which Jesus Christ has lighted up in his church! May God take away that fatal bandage, which hides the truth from thine eyes! Or, if this favour be refused us, may God enable us to take away from thee such of our children as thou hast barbarously torn from the breasts of their mothers, in order to make them, like thine own, the children of a harlot."

Mr. Edtior, I would here ask, whether any of your christian readers, who seem so well disposed to patronize these idolaters would send their beloved children to be trained, by a pagan idolater, in the midst of circumstances which should day after day break down their prejudices, and well incline them to embrace the horrid rite ? It strikes me they would all shudder at the thought. Nurture their children in an idol's temple ! 0 no_they would not.—But has it not been shown, to a demonstration, that Papists, one and all cleaving to their doctrines, are idolaters ?. They are far more peri:

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