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out means : on the other hand, he, who is not chosen, will be damned, let him strive as he pleases, let him be pious and faithful, it is to no purpose, God has decreed that he must fall, and he cannot be saved. Therefore I will let things have their course. If I am destined to be saved, it wil} be accomplished without my interference; if not, any thing that I could undertake or do, would be all in vain.--That people, who harbor such thoughts grow careless, wicked and secure, will be easily perceived by any one of you. It will be recollected that on Epiphany, while, treating of the passage from Micha we proved sufficiently, that such thoughts ought to be shunned and guarded against as the Devil, that a different manner of studying and regarding the will of God should be adopted, namely the Majesty of God in his decrees should not be meddled with, for in these He is incomprehensible. Nor is it possible that any should harbour such opinions and not find them a stumbling block, either driving them to despair or inducing them to become dissolute or regardless of religion and divine things altogether. Whoever wishes to come to a true knowledge of God and his holy will, must seek for it in the right way, tiren he will not be offended, but edified and improved. But he right way is our Lord Jesus Christ as he himself has said, John 14.6.“ No man cometh unto the Father, but by me.” Therefore w hoever wishes to know the Father rightly, and to come to Him, let him first come to Christ, and learn to know him, viz. thus : Christ is the son of God and Almighty and eternal God. What does the son of God do ? He became man for our soul, put himself under the law, suffsrs himself to be crucified and dies on the Cross, to atone for our sins, and rises again from the dead, that by his Resurrection he might conquer Death and obtain for us admission to eternal glory, and sitteth at the right hand of the Father, to intercede for us and give his holy spirit, by which to direct and guide us and to secure his true believers against all the wiles and temptations of the Devil

. This is to know Christ truly. And whenever this knowledge has taken firm hold in the heart, then it is time enough to let your mind soar to make an estimate of the disposition of God towards man, then if you refiect that the son of God accomplished these things for the salvation of man in accordance with the will and command of the Father, surely you will be constrained to exclaim: For as much as God has given up his only begotten son and for our sake did not spare him, there is good reason to believe that God intends us no harm, that it is not his will that any of us should be lost, because he devises and makes use of the highest and most suitable means, in order to lead us to life and salvation.Thus we come to God in the right manner, as Jesus himself preaches John ii: 16. “ God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten son, that whosoever believeth in him, should not perish but have everlasting life.” Now compar? these conclusions with those resulting from the opposite manner of reasoning stated at the commencement, and it will appear that those are the work of the arch enemy calcula. ted to mislead and offend man, causing him to doubt and despair, or to approach the other extreme of utterly disregarding God and divine things, for he cannot and does not look for any good thing from God.

Others conceive this to be the meaning of the text: Many are called, that is, God offers his grace to many, but few are chosen, that is, this his grace is gran’ed to a few only; because tew are saved. This however is an impious and vicked interpretation, for how can it be possible, that any one who entertains and believes such things of God, should not hate hin, whose will alone is the cause that all are not partakers of salvation. Ayain by comparing this opinion with the conviction resulting from the passage, which treats of first learning to know Christ, they will easily be detected as diabolical blasphemies.

Very different is the meaning of the passage in question: many are called, &c. for the gospel is preached publicly to every one, that wishes to hear and accept it, and for this very reason God has it spread and preached to all, that all might hcar, receive it, believe and be saved. But what is the result? The Gospel informs us: few are chosen, that is, few treat and receive the Gospel in such a manner as to be pleasing in the sight of God. Because some hear it but do not regard it, others hear it but do not take fast hold of it, nor are they willing to sacrifice or suffer any thing for Christ's sake; others again hear it, but are more for this world's goods and the gratification of their carnal desires. These things are not pleasing in the sight of God, neither can He love those, who slight his offers of mercy, and this is what Christ calls “ not being chosen” that is, they do not conduct themselves in such a way, as would be pleasing to God But such are “chosen” and well beloved people of God, who diligently hear the preaching of the Gospel, believe in Christ, evidence their faith by their walk and conversation, and are willin, to suffer when God in his wisdom sends them afflictions and troubles. This is the true understanding of the text, which offends no one, but amends & improves people, causing them to think after this manner; Well if I desire to be acceptable with God and one of his elect, surely it will not do, that I continue my evil practices, and live in contempt of the holy laws of God, without striving to oppose and conquer my sinful desires ; no, I must attend to hear the Gospel preached, treasure the words of Truth


for the guidance and assistance of the Holy Spirit to withstand the Devil and his wiles, and sincerely pray God for patience, proiection and assistance ; such people become good Christians.

But on the contrary, those who bold, that God is not willing that all should be saved, either fall into doubt and despair, or more generally into carelessness and security, living; as beasts of the field, who considering their doom as already sealed, say, it is either decreed, that I shall be saved, or it is decreed that I shall be damned, wherefore then should I put myself to any trouble about the matter? But this is wrong; you are required to hear ihe word of God and to believe in Christ as your Saviour, who died and made satisfaction for thy sins. With this requisition you must endeavour to comply. If you and yourself weak in faith or unbelieving pray for the Illy Spirit and doubt not, Christ is your Saviour, and through him that is if you believe in him and depend on his merit alone, you will be saved, which may our dear Lord Jesus Christ grant to us all. Amen.

heart, pray


NANIA. The Minutes of the East. Pennsylvania Synod, came to our hands on the last day of September, we hasten to present to our readers a synopsis.

On the 6th of June, the clergy assembled at the Parsonage, in Lancaster, and proceeded to the Church. Discourses were delivered in the Lutheran church, by the Rev. brethren, J. Miller, C. Demme and B. Keller. In the German Reformed church by Rev. Uhlhorn and Probst. In the Presbyterian church by Rev. C. P. Krauth and C. F. Schaffer. In the new Lutheran church by Rev. Hemping and Candidate Jager. On Monday the Clergy and Lay-Menibers of the Synod convened and the Synod was constituted as usual, by a prayer, from the President.

Thirty four Ministers were present, and nineteen absent-eighteen Lay-Delegates were present. Delegates from the West Pennsylvania Synod, German Reformed Synod and several members of other Synods of our church were admitted to the usual privileges.

Rev. J. Miller was elected President; Rev. J. Hecht, Secretary, and Rev. J. Beeker, 'Treasurer.

Among the letters received by the Synod, was one from their Senior, Rev. Dr. Schæffer. It was read and an extract ordered to be published. The substance of it isEncouragement to be instant in prayer for the Church of Christ and its members—each Minister to be intent upon working out his own salvation. 1. Tim. iv. 16. “Take heed unto thyself, and unto the doctrine, continue in them, for in doing this thou shalt both save thyself, and them that hear thee.” A conscientous application of the means bestowed enables the Minister to labor with increased success- -experiencing in his own heart the grace of God-convinced of his nothingness, and of the riches in Christ, he will the more earnestly beseech his hearers “be ye reconciled to God. To continue preaching the reconciliation-death of the son of God, unto repentant sinners, for their justification and sanctification. To the sick and dying, the atonement by Christ, has frequently proved a complete source of consolation and comfort. Against the doctrine of reconciliation by Jesus Christ, opposition and hatred may be manifested, but the Truth must and will stand. If the spirit of Paul (Phil. iii, 8, 12.). prevails, among us (Ministers) then the Truth will be preserved in its purity, in our Zion. Though we may not see any fruits of our labors, whilst here below, if only we shall be acknowledged by our Lord, to have been his faithful servants, and when we shall enter the eternal world, be welcomed by him “Well done thou good and faithful servant, thou hast been faithful over a few things, &c. enter thou into the joy of thy Lord.”

A resolution, was offered by Rev. Keller, that a Missionary and Education society be formed, and that a committee be appointed to draft a constitution for this purpose.


appears that this resolution produced considerable discussion, when the Rev. Mr. Chlhorn proposed, that the Synod déclare itself, whether or not such an institution be requisite and advantageous within the jurisdiction of this Synod." The Secretary then says, “that this Synod deems the conrse of the Faihers most expedient in such matters, and cannot sustain innovations which burihen the people or have a tendency to excite in this body, a strange spirit for proselyting." It was then decided by a large majority, That the Synod will not form a Missionary and Education Society.”

All our other Synods have however entered into the spirit of establishing Missionary and Education societies, and the continued zeal displayed, in sustaining them, proves that the Innovation, is not burthensome to their people, whilst hundreds of souls, have experienced their good effects.

From the report of a committe, upon the state of the treasury it appears that this Synod has at its disposal $2,100.

Two Missionaries were appointed, for six months, the one to labor in Lycoming county Pa. the other at Frankford and Lower Merion Pa. and at Cohancy N. J.

Several brethren connected with any of our Synods, would be appointed Missionaries, to labor in churches destitute of Pastors, within the jurisdiction of this Synod. The President has been authorised to accept the services of such that may offer.

We regret extremely, that no Parochial reports appear in the minutes. If they should be published hereafter, or if any copy containing them, should come into our hands, we shall insert them hereafter.

As a proof of the disposition of the Synod, to continue a good understanding with other Synods, Delegates were appointed to attend the next meetings of the New York, Maryland, West Pennsylvania and German Reformed Synods.

Two applicants were licensed, and seven Licentiates were ordained Pastors. The next meeting of this Synod will be heid at Harrisburg on Trinity Sunday, 1831.

EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN SYNOD OF OHIO. The Synod of Ohio convened at Zanesville, Ohio, on the 5th of June last. Rev. Weygandt delivered a sermon preparatory for the Lord's Supper, in the German and Rev. Rrown in the English language. Or Sunday Rev. Heincke and C. Henkel preached, after which the Lord's Supper was administered. Rev. Stauch and Rev. Schweitzer, Barth preached during the remainder of the day, the latter brother officiated in the English language.

On Monday morning, the Synod was constituted as usual. Nine

teen Ministers were present and eighteen absent. Sixteen Lay-Delegates were present. Six Clerical delegates from our other Synods, were in attendance and entitled to vote during the sessions. Rev. Andrew Henkle was elected President, Rev. H. Heincke, Secretary and Rev. J. Wagenhals, Treasurer. The Report of the Missionary labours of Rev. Mr. Stauch was read. He travelled three months, preached 39 times, baptized 41 children, confirmed 4 persons and administered the Lords s upper to 104 persons.

The Rev. Missionary Espich, travelled 400 miles, preached 13 times and baptized 4 children.

The Rev. Missionary Gruber, reported that he travelled through a part of Ohio and Indiana-preached 24 times, baptized 38 children, confirmed 28 persons, and administered the Lord's supper at different times to 98.

It was recommended to all the Ministers of this Synod, to encourage their people, to make suitable arrangements, for celebrating the 25th of June, as a day of Thanksgiving, it being the day of the 500th anniversary, on which the Augsburg Confession of Faith was delivered to the Diet at Augsburg.

It was ordered, that the English Catechism, published by the General Synod, with the 28 articles of the Augsburg Confession &c. be printed.

The Synod deeply concerned for our Zion, resolved that a Theological Seminary be established, in the State of Ohio to be located at Canton, Stark county. The Rev. Mr. Schmidt has been appointed, to take charge of the institution. The following plan of instruction has been adopted

PLAN OF TEACHING, For the German Theological Seminary of the Lutheran Synod of Ohio.


1. Whereas, the organization as well as the adoption of the rules, according to which the institution in question is to be conducted, will be left to a board of Directors, by whom the necessary arrangements, adequate to our present situation, will be made, therefore, reference will be had here only to the different branches that will be taught.

2. For the information of those who wish to be admitted, be it observed (a) that, whereas this institution is and shall continue to be a German institution, instruction will be given through the medium of the German language exclusively; and, therefore, it will be required of every one who wishes to be admitted, that he shall be able at least to read and write that language.

3. But whereas, it is indispensably necessary, in this country, for a man of erudition also to understand the English language, the Board of Directors will, therefore, use their utmost endeavors to

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