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glorious music to my ears : their clamour will but agitate a little air, and die away ; while the word of God, in this German sion of it, will work its silent, but effective way, and go on to enlighten the minds of men, and convert their hearts, when these reging foes are stilled and powerless in the grave.

AUROGALLUS.-Happy, thrice happy, and ever memorable, were those days when we met to consult over our separate labours, and perfect the translation ! What solicitudes were then felt !mo What prayers were then offered !

LUTHER. Yes, my dear Matthew; and but for your modesty, you might have awakened our recollections of your own valuable services on those occasions.

AUROGALLUS.-If I had any skill, I can join every one bere in acknowledging it was given me, as it was bestowed on others, “from above ;” and I can truly say, amidst these cheering retrospections, my work was my joy labor ipse voluptas.

LUTHER.—But, my dear Matthew, you and all of us are surely forgetting that we are congratulating each other and the world upon the accomplishment of an undertaking which, as our enemies affirm, is only worthy being despised, and the motives of which deserve the severest reprehension !-Call that a version of the scriptures, indeed!

AUROGALLUS.-Emser and Cochlaeus being judges !

LUTHER.-Yes, verily! And, pray don't you think Emaser a very excellent judge ? Has he not published, as his own, my identical version, almost verbatim, and called it that is mine, which he palms upon the world as his “a correct translation ?»

BUGENHAGEN.–There is one part of the book most assuredly, all his own-namely, the preface ; and I think he has shown even more judgment than spite in adding nothing more of his own.

LUTHER.-As to the cavilling criticisms of Emser and Cochlaeus, there is a just Judge who will see to this; and as I have expressed it on another occasion, I repeat it here, the best revenge which I can wish for, is, that though Luther's name is suppressed, and that of his adversary put in its place, yet Luther's book is read, and thus the design of his labours is promoted by his very enemies. In fact, then, for I bethink myself, we ought to celebrate some of our best friends on this occasion, who have hitherto been overlooked as such. Let us commemorate the services of Emser and Cochlaeus, who by their criticisms or plagiarism, have circulated our volume ; and our friends, too, of noble name, Duke George and the Arch Duke Ferdinand, especially, who, by being so good as to proscribe, have really promoted our translation! What say you, Philip ?-you are become very silent, and I am afraid a little of your hypochondriasis is upon you.' Depend upon it our book and your noble a:ay of protectors* are a match for our foes.

*The reference here, is a striking circumstance, which I may be allowed to quote from my life of Melancthon. “Soon after (the conferences at Augsburg in 1530,) Melancthon with Luther and oth

MELANCTHON.-In truth, I was thoughtful; but it was the thoughtfulnesss of inward joy, as I was musing on the past, and its obvious connexion with the future.

LUTHER.-Come then, let us have your thoughts, this is a day of free and happy intercourse.

MELANCTHON- The design of this festivity led me to retrace events, as they seem to have combined to prepare for our great achievement. I love to consider the cause and concatenation of things, and to impress my mind daily with a deeper sense of the providence of God. I could mention many past occurrences, which I am sure you all concur in thinking, had a bearing upon present times. There were in particular two, the revival of learning, and the invention of the art of printing. By the former, we have been prepared and enabled to undertake our translation, and bring it to à successful end ; and by the latter, every facility is afforded for its wide distribution. We may say that providence sowed the seed, by sending Chrysoloras and the Greeks into Italy, and by impartin the inventive faculty to Guttemberg, who, there is scarcely any doubt, discovered the art of printing, and certainly brought it into operation. We are reaping the harvest of their labours; and by those very labours, like the sowers that carry the seed which others have prepared, are pushing our operations farther, and cultivating other fields. Through them we have been furnished with the choice materials, the literature of Greece and Rome ; and have reason to divines, met together, for the purpose of consulting about the pro. per measures to be adopted in the present exigency ; and, after having spent some time in prayer to God, from wbom alone they could expect adequate assistance, Melancthon was suddenly called out of the room from which he retired under great depression of spirits. ile saw during his absence, some of the elders of the reformed churches, with their parishioners and families. Several children were also brought, hanging at the breast; while others, a little older, were engaged in prayer. This reminded him of the prophetic language, 'out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength, because of thine enemies, that thou mightest still the enemy and the avenger.!. Animated by the interesting scene, he returned to his friends with a disencumbered mind and a cheerful countenance. Luther, astonished at this sudden change, said, What now, what has happened to you, Philip, that you are become so cheerful ?O, sirs,' replied Melancthon, let us not be discouraged, for I have seen our noble protectors, and such as I will venture to say, will prove invincible against every foe !And pray,! returned Luther, thrilling with surprise and pleasure, 'who and where are those powerful heroes ? -Oh,' said Melancthon, 'they are the wives of our parishioners, and their little children, whose prayers I have just witnessed, prayers which, I am satisfied, our God will hear, for, as our heavenly Father, and the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, has never despised nor rejected our supplications, we have reason to trust that he will not in the present alarming crisis. "

bless God for the beneficial influence exerted by the Medicean family at Pisa and Florence, who, by inspiring the love of learning, and opening to us its fountains, have furnished the opportunity of turning our attainments to a holy account, in the reform of religion, and the translation of the scriptures. Religion and letters have, in fact, mutually aided each other. Had we been ignorant monks, I say it with gratitude and not with pride, Leo might, indeed, have been resisted, and religion, in some degree promoted ; but other men only, and another age, when the servants of Christ should have learned to appreciate human science, would have been requisite to produce the Germau_Translation of the scriptures.

LUTHER.-By the by, Philip, you remind me that I forgot to celebrate Leo X. in the list of our inimical friends.

MELANCTHON, smiled and proceeded. The miserable versions of 1477 and 1483 must still, and long have served as the only means of circulating the gospel, which, in fact, carried in themselves the counteracting influence. We ought then to admire and promote learning, and use it as the handmaid of religion. I know all our friends are not wholly prepared to go the length of these sentiments with me ; but I cannot dismiss them from my mind, or fail to deduce from them motives for adoring the conduct of an all-wise and overruling Providence. I see, too, the same Power at work in the movements of the Reformation itself. I see it in the overacted part of Tetzelthe exasperation of Leo—the restraint imposed on Charles V. by his obligations to our noble Frederick, though he summoned Martin to the diet of Worms—by the friendly seizure in the forest of Thuringid, hastening the Translation by the very death of Ffederic at the crisis, and the life of the Elecm tor John—by all the proceedings of the diets, and especially that of Augsburg—and by other great and beneficial events.

LUTHER.--I have often thought, that what our adversary Eckius is reported to have said, on the latter occasion, to the Duke of Bavarid, who asked whether this doctrine could be refuted by the scriptures, ought to be written in letters of gold,—“No by the Holy Scriptures we cannot overthrow it, but we may by the Fathers.

CRUCİGER. I think that the exclamation of the Archbishop of Mentz ought to be subjoined, “Behold, how finely our divines support us! The Protestants prove what they say out of the Holy Scriptures ; but we have our doctrine without scripture !” (Thus was the “fellowship of kindred minds” maintained till the day wore a vay. Wit, and well tempered hilarity and mutual friendship, seasoned the annual festivity, over which religion presided. It was a day much to be remembered ; and that in truth conduced, by the manner in which it was spent, by the recollections it awakened, the renewed confidence it inspired, and the sentiments it often elicited, to prepare these illustrious men for the conflicts they had to sustain, and support their minds amidst those perplexities which continually beset their path. These anniversaries were the sunshiny resting places, which they found in their sorrowful pilgrimage, such as this cloudy region does not often, in any age, afford. On Vol. V. No.8.


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the particular day, which we have now recorded, after their united devotions had closed as well as begun their commemoration, Luther and Melancthon parted with their friends, each in his own characteristic manner.)

LUTHER.-Now, friends, we must retire to rest, that we may be ready for the field again to morrow. Recollect, we have not terminated the war yet—this bellum internecinum. The world and the devil, our great confederate adversaries, rage still ; but, by God's help, we will conquer,-feeble and few as

It is, indeed, an unequal war in the eye of man; but man knows not how to judge of it. Unequal, indeed, it is ; but the strength, after all, is not, as the common observer would suppose, on their side, but on ours. They have number, but we have truth. They have the sword of power, but we have the word of God. They have councils, popes, and devils for them ; but we have Omnipotence for us, and if God be for us, who then can be against us ? Our cause is even now triumphant. Francis of France can hardly resist, and Henry of England is absolutely gained. The leaven infused into the world, notwithstanding the depth and mass of its corruptions, will depend upon it, leaven the whole lump. So farewell to-night : we shall see how gloriously we shall stand, by another anniversary of our festival.

MELANCTHON.-I am even thinking of a better festival still. Whether we shall live to meet each other again on a similar occasion in this world, God only knows: but this I feel assured of, we shall meet in heaven, at the “supper of the lamb.” Whatever the length of our lives, the duration of the world is, I am satisfied, not * long; and our final and eternal meeting therefore cannot, in any case, be distant. Six thousand years are hastening to their close.* Often, amidst the stripes of this wretched land, I feel constrained to desire that tranquil region, for no clouds will gather over those skies, no storms sweep over that fair and blooming paradise. “O that I had wings like a dove; then would I fly away, and be at rest!" And methinks, that even the bliss of the celestial country will be capable of augmentation, by the intercourse of holy minds. Is not our friendship, beloved associates immortal ? Shåll death annihilate it, or be sufferred to separate us forever ? Can a friendship, founded like ours in the love of God, and strengthened by mutual labour in His cause, and perpetuated in souls delivered from all their eartbly stains and adhesions, be unfit for the purities of heaven? No, no ; that Bible we have translated, gives distinct intimations, if not positive assurances, to the contrary. And then, what an accession shall we have, at that heavenly feast, of pious men, and illustrious servants of Christ ! There are Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom,-yes, already there ; for · God is not the God of

This was a prevalent opinion among the reformers, respecting the duration of the world, and is particularly notified in the hand writing of Melancthon, in Luther's own copy of the German version, pyhich is preserved in the British Museum.

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the dead, but of the living, for all live unto him.” There is the goodly company of the prophets, apostles, and martyrs of our faith ; and there, too, is Jesus, the Mediator of the new covenant, and God, the Judge of all !” We have eminently "sown ip tears; but we shall reap in joy!”

J. W.


No. II.

In a former number on this interesting topick, we promised to consider :

1. The importance of congregational discipline. 2. What offences require its exercise. 3. Who the persons are by whom it should be administered, and 4. In what manner it should be carried into effect.

The first two divisions of our subject have been discussed, and we shall now proceed to show

3. Who the persons are by whom &c.

There is a diversity of sentiment on this branch of the subject, and we are free to confess, that according to our apprehensions it is somewhat involved in obscurity. Many are of opinion that civil, magistrates, constitute the only proper authority to execute ecclesiastical as well as political laws. This view prevails in Europe and is the foundation of the mode of procedure in various parts of the church there. But the Lutheran community in the United States, are decidedly and universally opposed to this principle,-opposed to every appearance of the most remote alliance between church and state, and would deprecate it as the most serious calamity that could befall our Zion. As “the kingdom of Christ is not of this world,” we believe that the church's power is exclusively spiritual, that she needs no aid whatever from the arm of government to enforce her laws or coerce obedience to her requirements. All we, as Lutherans ask, or wish, or want for her from the civil polity, is just to let her alone.* Another, and indeed the only scriptural view on this subject, is, that it is the prerogative of the church to administer her discipline. In confirmation of this view we have only time and space to refer to the following passages of scripture Math: xviii 17.-1Co. v 85. 2 John x 11.

But tho'it is very evident thatit belongs to the province of the church to carry its discipline into execution, this by no means relie ves th subject of the obscurity suggested above. The great question is :

*The jurisdiction of the church is purely spiritual ; it ought to have no connection with the civil government, neither ought its decisions to be enforced by the arm of civil power, vide Formula for the government &č. of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, Part II, Section 6.

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