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Diique NIHIL metuunt. Quid longo carmine plura
WENTWORTH DILLON, earl of Roscom, mon, was the son of James Dillon and Elizabeth Wentworth, sister to the earl of Strafford. He was born in Ireland during the lieutenancy of Strafford, who, being both his uncle and his godfather, gave himn his own surname. His father, the third earl of Roscominon, had been converted by Usher to the Protestant religion; and when the Popish rebellion broke out, Strafford thinking the family in great danger from the fury of the Irish, fent for his godson, and placed him at his own feat in Yorkshire, where he was instructed in Latin: which he learned so as to write it with purity and elegance, though he was never able to retain the rules of grammar.
Such is the account given by Mr. Fenton, from whose notes on Waller most of this account must be borrowed, though I know not whether all that he relates is certain. The instructor whom he assigns to Roscommon is one Dr. Hall, by whom he cannot mean the famous Hall, then an old man and a bishop.
When the storm broke out upon Strafford, his house was a shelter no longer; and Dillon, by the advice of Usher, was sent to Caen, where the Protestants had then an university, and continued his studies under Bocbart.
Young Dillon, who was sent to study under Bochart, and who is represented as having already made great proficiency in literature, could not be more than nine years old. Strafford went to govern Ireland in 1633, and was put to death eight years afterwards. That he was sent to Caen, is certain : that he was a great scholar, may be doubted.
At Caen he is said to have had some preternatural intelligence of his father's death.
" The lord Roscommon, being a boy of ten “ years of age, at Caen in Normandy, one day “ was, as it were, madly extravagant in playing, “ leaping, getting over the tables, boards, &c. He
was wont to be sober enough; they said, God “ grant this bodes no ill-luck to him! In the heat “ of this extravagant fit, he cries out, My father is " dead. A fortnight after, news came from Ireland " that his father was dead. This account I had “ from Mr. Knolles, who was his governor, and then " with him,-since secretary to the earl of Strafford; “6 and I have heard his lordship's relations confirm “ the same.” Aubrey's Miscellany.
The present age is very little inclined to favour any accounts of this kind, nor will the name of Aubrey much recommend it to credit; it ought not, however, to be omitted, because better evidence of a fact cannot easily be found than is here offered ; and it must be by preserving such relations that we
may at last judge how much they are to be regarded. If we stay to examine this account, we shall see difficulties on both sides : here is the relation of a fact given by a man who had no interest to deceive, and who could not be deceived himself; and here is, on the other hand, a miracle which produces no effect; the order of nature is interrupted to discover not a future but only a distant event, the knowledge of which is of no use to him to whom it is revealed. Between these difficulties, what way shall be found ? Is reason or testimony to be rejected ? I believe, what Osborne says of an appearance of sanctity may be applied to such impulses or anticipations as this : Do not wholly Night them, because they may be true; but do not easily trust them, because they may be false.
The state both of England and Ireland was at this time such, that he who was absent from either coun- . try had very little temptation to return; and therefore Roscommon, when he left Caen, travelled into Italy, and amused himself with its antiquities, and particularly with medals, in which he acquired uncommon skill.
At the Restoration, with the other friends of monarchy, he came to England, was made captain of the band of pensioners, and learned so much of the diffoluteness of the court, that he addicted himself immoderately to gaming, by which he was engaged in frequent quarrels, and which undoubtedly brought upon him its usual concomitants, extravagance and distress.
After some time, a dispute about part of his estate forced him into Ireland, where he was made by the P 3
duke of Ormond captain of the guards, and met with an adventure thus related by Fenton ::
“ He was at Dublin as much as ever distempered rs with the same fatal affection for play, which en" gaged him in one adventure that well deserves to « be related. As he returned to his lodgings from a “ gaming-table, he was attacked in the dark by three 6 ruffians, who were employed to assassinate him. 66 The Earl defended himself with so much resolution, " that he dispatched one of the aggreffors : whilst a “ gentleman, accidentally passing that way, inter" posed, and disarmed another: the third fecured “ himself by flight. This generous assistant was a « disbanded officer, of a good family and fair repuoo tation ; who, by what we call the partiality of “ fortune, to avoid censuring the iniquities of the "times, wanted even a plain suit of cloaths to make " a decent appearance at the castle. But his lord“ fhip, on this occasion, presenting him to the duke “ of Ormond, with great importunity prevailed with “ his grace, that he might resign his post of captain “of the guards to his friend; which for about “ three years the gentleman enjoyed, and, upon his " death, the duke returned the commission to his “ generous benefactor."
When he had finished his business, he returned to London ; was made Master of the Horse to the Dutchess of York; and married the Lady Frances, daughter of the Earl of Burlington, and widow of Colonel Courteney.
He now bufied his mind with literary projects, and fornied the plan of a fociety for refining our language änd fixing its frandard ; in imitation, says Fenton, of