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SATURNINUS, Son to the late Emperor of Rome, and afterwards
Sons to Titus Andronicus.
Kinsmen to Titus.
Sons to Tamora.
TAMORA, Queen of the Goths.
Scene: Rome, and the Country near it.
The Tomb of the Andronici appearing. The Tribunes and
Senators aloft; and then enter SATURNINUS and his
at the other, with drum and colours. Sat. Noble patricians, patrons of my right,
Defend the justice of my cause with arms;
Nor wrong mine age with this indignity.
4. successive) legitimate, in due suc- 8. age] seniority, i.e. deprive me of cession to his father. Vide 2 Henry what is due me as the elder son. A form VI. i. i. 49; Hamlet, v. ii. 284. of half-personification or synecdoche Steevens quotes a like use of it from very common in Shakespeare. Raleigh.
9. Romans, friends, followers, etc.) 5. his first-born ... that} A con- It is well to note how carefully the struction longer allowable in characters of the two brothers are disEnglish=I am the first-born son of tinguished from the first, and the him who was the last, etc. “That” different style of their address to their for modern "who" is frequent in followers. Bassianus speaks in that Shakespeare.
strain of aristocratic republicanism
If ever Bassianus, Cæsar's son,
Enter MARCUS ANDRONICUS, aloft, with the crown.
Ambitiously for rule and empery,
which we find both in Julius Cæsar 21. special party) as representatives. and Coriolanus. Saturninus, a despic- Party in Shakespeare means cause, inable character throughout, appeals terest, party (in political or military merely to his right by primogeniture. sense), and never has the (vulgar) 12. Keep) defend, hold.
= person. 15. continence] may either have a 22. In election, etc.) This seems to rather broader meaning than that we mean, not that Titus was finally elected now give it=self-mastery, or may be in Emperor, but was put forward as can. allusion to known defects in his brother's didate by the people, as distinguished character. The New Eng. Dict. quotes from the Patricians, the Senate, etc. from Elyot : “Continence is a virtue He was merely candidatus, as Marcus which keepeth the plesaunt appetite of says in a later speech. man under the yoke of reason.
24. deserts) merit, good deeds, as in 16. pure election) free choice, apart Marlowe's Tamburlaine, “If you from the considerations of birth, which retain desert of holiness," New. Eng. were in favour of his brother.
Dict. 19. empery] rule, absolute sway, 27. accited] summoned. This and Henry V. I. ii. 226.
other slightly pedantic words in the
From weary wars against the barbarous Goths ;
Plead your deserts in peace and humbleness. 45 Sat. How fair the tribune speaks to calm my thoughts ! Bass. Marcus Andronicus, so I do affy
In thy uprightness and integrity,
50 And her to whom my thoughts are humbled all,
play, used in their purely classic sense, 30. yok'd] brought under the yoke, have been cited as arguments against as Two Gentlemen of Verona, 1. i. 40 ; Shakespeare's authorship. But we find 1 Henry VI, 11. iii. 64. the same thing in other plays, such 42. pretend) profess, claim. As in as Macbeth, where such words as the original meaning of “The Pre“convince"=overcome, “inform” = tender ” =claimant, whether justly or shape (Lat. informare) are quite common.
47. affy) confide in; occurs in 2 29. That] who, or he who. Very Henry VI. iv. i. = betroth. New common in Shakespeare. See Abbott, Eng. Dict. has "so greatly she affied pars. 258, etc.
Gracious Lavinia, Rome's rich ornament,
[Exeunt the Followers of Bassianus. Sat. Friends, that have been thus forward in my right,
I thank you all and here dismiss you all ;
[Exeunt the Followers of Saturninus. Rome, be as just and gracious unto me
60 As I am confident and kind to thee.
Open the gates, and let me in.
[Flourish. They go up into the Senate-house.
Enter a Captain.
Patron of virtue, Rome's best champion,
52. Gracious] has numerous mean- blood, as the eldest son of the late ings in Shakespeare-(1) kind, (2) Emperor. agreeable, (3) holy, (4) fortunate, (5) 63. a poor competitor) either poor in lovely, (6) condescending (applied to having no wealthy or influential backkings, etc.); but here either (3) or (5). ing, as his brother had, or a mere touch Schmidt.
of mock humility, in order to curry 55, 59. cause] the decision, or trial favour with the tribunes and people. of the matter, as often elsewhere in 68. circumscribed) restrained, limited, Shakespeare. Richard III, ul. v. 66. as in Hamlet, I. iii. 22. New Eng.
61. confident] confiding. See New Dict. gives Defoe, Robinson Crusoe, Eng. Dici. “Kind” may mean kindly ix. 185 (ed. 1840), “I was alone disposed, or it may mean near in circumscribed by the ocean."