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good:—but these expectations may be the illusions of a lover; and it is not given to man to love and to be wise.--There are, however, pleasures of which nothing can bereave me; the consciousness that I have endeavoured to render some assistance to science and to the profession, the noble, intellectual profession of which I am a member. How deeply, how gratefully do I feel; with what a lofty spirit and sweet content do I think of the constant kindness of my many, many friends!

And now, for the last time, I use the words of Lord Bacon: “ Being at some pause, looking back into that I have passed through, this writing seemeth to me, si nunquam fallit imago,' as far as a man can judge of his own work, not much better than the noise or sound which musicians make while they are tuning their instruments, which is nothing pleasant to hear, but yet is a cause why the music is sweeter afterwards : so have I been content to tune the instruments of the muses, that they may play that have better hands."

To posterity and distant ages Bacon bequeathed his good name, and posterity and distant ages will do him ample justice. Wisdom herself has suffered in his disgrace, but year after year brings to light proof of the arts that worked Bacon's downfall, and covered his character with obloquy. He will find some future historian who, assisted by the patient labours of the present editor, with all his zeal and tenfold his ability; with power equal to the work, and leisure to pursue it, will dig the statue from the rubbish which may yet deface it; and, obliterating one by one the paltry libels scrawled upon its base, will place it, to the honour of true science, in a temple worthy of his greatness.

B. MONTAGU.

November 17, 1834.

CONTENTS OF VOL. I.

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Pago
con dissuades Essex from accepting the
command. Essex appointed Lord Lieu-
tenant. His rash conduct. Intercession by
Bacon with the Queen. Return of Essex.
His imprisonment. Bacon's friendship. Pri.
vate investigation in Star Chamber. Bacon's
objection to this. Apology for Essex. Pub-
lic proceeding against Essex. Bacon coun-
sel against Essex. Reasons for this. Trial
of Essex. His application to the Queen
after the trial. Obloquy of Bacon. Impru-
dent conduct of partisans of Essex. Bacon's
exertions with the Queen for Essex. Writes
letters for him. Impropriety of this. Essex
liberated. Monopoly of sweet wines. Es-
sex's violence. Bacon's interview with the
Queen Treason of Essex. Bacon's diffi-
cult situation. Trial of Essex. His exe-
cution. Account of his treason. Death of
the Queen. Bacon's praise of the Queen. . XXV

i

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PART II.-FROM THE DEATH OF ELIZABETH

TO THE DEATH OF BACON.

CHAPTER I.

From his Entrance into Active Life till the

Death of Elizabeth.
Parties at court. Member for Middlesex. In

his first speech recommends improvement of
the law. Justitia Universalis. Speech as to
the subsidies, which offends the Queen. His
dignified conduct. Ben Jonson's description
of him as a speaker. Exertions to be Soli-
citor General. Applies to the Lord Keeper,
Lord Burleigh, Sir Robert Cecil. Essex's
exertions. Fleming appointed. Essex gives
him an estate at Twickenham. Returns to
Twickenham. Invents barometer and other
instruments. Resumes his professional la-
bours. Employed by the Queen. Effort to
secure a vacancy. M. A. of Cambridge.
Work on Elements of the Law. Essex ap-
pointed to command in Spain. The Essays.
Sacred Meditations. Colours of Good and
Evil. Proposal of marriage to Lady Hat-
ton. Reading on Statute of Uses. Essex
solicits command in Ireland. Interruption
of intimacy between Bacon and Essex. Ba-
VOL. I.-(2)

From the Accession of James till the Publica-

tion of the Wisdom of the Ancients.
Bacon's prospects. Approach of the King.

Parliament. Visit to Eton. Letter to Sa-
ville. Education. Greatness of Britain
Extent of Territory. Compactness. Mai
tial valour. Riches. His parliamentary
exertions. Advancement of Learning. De-
cision. Dedication. Objections from Di-
vines. Politicians, Errors of learned men.
Study of words. Government. Posthu-
mous fame. Analysis of Science of Man.
Exertions in active life. Ireland. Scotland,
Church reform. Church controversies. Edi-
fication of the Church. Solicitor General.
Cogitata et Visa. Wisdom of the Ancients. xlvi

ix

X

Page

Page

CHAPTER II.

stances, solitary, travelling, journeying, con-
stituent, patent, maxima, frontier, singular,
divorced, deviating, crucial. Differences.
Parliamentary proceedings. Charge of bri-
bery. Decision against donors. Presents
advised by counsel. Custom of receiving
presents. Error of judging of past by pre-
sent times. Presents made by men of emi-

Presents of furniture. Presents
customary. No influence on judgment.
Particular charges. Fears of the king and
Buckingham. Advice of Williams. Inter-
view with the king. Meeting of Parliament.
King's speech. Letter to the Lords. Let-
ter to the king. Sentence. His silence.
Letter from the tower. Letter to the king.
Lambeth library. His will. Silence of
friends. Tennison. Bushel. Williams,
Lord Keeper .

From the publication of the Wisdom of the An-

cients to the publication of the Novum Or-

ganum.
Marshalsea. Charter House. Death of the

Prince. Essays. Prosecution of Lord San-
quhar. Confession of Faith. Attorney-Gene-
ral. Parliament of 1614. Duelling. Under-
takers. Benevolences. St. John. Peacham.
Consulting the Judges. Owen. Villiers.
Political advice to Villiers. Overbury.
Somerset. Disputes between King's Bench
and Chancery. Privy counsellor. Resig-
nation and death of Lord Brackley. Lord
Keeper. His pecuniary loss. Presents to
the monarch and officers of state. To the
Lord Keeper. To Judges. Abolition in
France of the Epices. King's journey to
Scotland. Takes his seat in Chancery. His
address. Jurisdiction. Patents. Delays.
Expense. Spanish match. Marriage of Sir
John Villiers. Finance. Civil list. Lord
Chancellor. Wrenham. Dulwich. Dutch
merchants. Lord Suffolk. Buckingham
receives £20,000 for the place of Lord Trea-
surer. Bacon's judicial exertions. Buck-
ingham's interference. Slander of Wrayn-
ham. Presents in the case of Egerton and
Iigerton. In Aubrey and Bronker. From
grocers and apothecaries. Hody and Hody.
Lord Clifford threatens to assassinate the
Chancellor. Law reporters. Ordinances in
Chancery. Judges, character of. Gardens,
Bacon's delight in. Lincoln's Inn Fields.
Ciorhambury. His philosophical house.
Alienation office. York house. His sixti-
eth birth-day. Ben Jonson's poem...

lviii

nence.

... lxxv

CHAPTER IV.

From his Fall to his Death.

Imprisonment of Bacon. Liberation. Re.

lease of fine. History of Henry VII. Great-
ness of states. Familiar illustrations. His
piety. Eton College. De Augmentis. His-
tory of Life and Death. Importance of
knowledge of the body. Consumption.
Vital spirit. All bodies have a spirit. Flight.
Death. Importance of science of animal
spirit. Bacon's works after his retirement.
Gondomar. D'Effiat. Sir Julius Cæsar.
Selden. Ben Jonson. Meautys. Bacon's
pardon. Death of James. Decline of Ba-
con's health. Apophthegms. Psalms. Con-
fession of faith. Prayers. Student's prayer.
Author's prayer. Chancellor's prayer. Pray-
ers in the Instauration—in the De Aug.
mentis in the Novum Organum-in the
Instauratio, third part in the minor pub-
lications. Paradoxes. Letters. Skepti-
cism, nature of. Rawley's statement. Ba-
con's will. Cause of Bacon's death. Ba-
con's last letter. Opening of Bacon's will.
Funeral. Monument. Meautys. Bacon's
temperament. Bacon's person. His mind.
Extent of views. Senses. Imagination.
Understanding. Temporary inability to ac-
quire knowledge. Particular. Studies. Me-
mory. Composition. Causes of Bacon's
entering active life. Bacon's entrance into
active life. His motive for reform. Re-
former. Bacon as a lawyer-Judge-Pa

CHAPTER III.

From the publication of the Novum Organum to

his retirement from active life.
Resolution to publish Novum Organum. Liter-

ate experience. Division of Instauratio
Magna. Division of the Sciences. Novum
Organum. Our powers.

Defects of the
senses. Division of Idols. Idols of the
Tribe: of the Market : of the Den: of the
Theatre. Destruction of Idols. Our mo-
tives for acquiring knowledge. Obstacles to
acquiring knowledge. Want of time. Want
of means. Right road. Formation of opi-
nion. Affirmative table. Negative table.
Table of comparisons. Table of results. In-

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