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Much like a subtle spider", which doth sit
In middle of her web, which spreadeth wide;

If aught do touch the utmost thread of it,
She feels it instantly on ev'ry side.

By touch, the first pure qualities we learn,
Which quicken all things,bot, cold, moist, and drys

By touch, hard, soft, rough, smooth, we do discern:
By touch, sweet pleasure and sharp pain we try.

SECTION XIX. of THE IMAGINATION, on common sENse.

These are the outward instruments of sense;
These are the guards which ev'rything must pass,

Ere it approach the mind's intelligence,
Or touch the fantasy, wit’s looking-glass.

And yet these porters, which all things admit, Themselves perceive not, nor discern the things:

One common pow'r doth in the forehead sit, Which all their proper forms together brings.

For all those nerves, which spirits of sense do bear, And to those outward organs spreading go,

United are, as in a centre, there; [know. And there this pow'r those sundry forms doth

Those outward organs present things receive,
This inward sense doth absent things retain;

Yet straight transmits all forms she doth perceive,
Unto an higher region of the brain.

SeCTION XX. FANTAsy.

Where fantasy, near hand-maid to the mind,
Sits, and beholds, and doth discern them all;
Compounds in one, things diff'rent in their kind;
Compares the black and white, the great and
small.

Besides, those single forms she doth esteem,
And in her balance doth their values try;

Where some things good, and some things ill do
And neutral some, in her fantastic eye. [seem,

This busy pow'r is working day and night;
For when the outward senses rest do take,

A thousand dreams, fantastical and light,
With flutt'ring wings do keep her still awake.

SECTION XXI. sensitive memony.

Yet always all may not afore her be; ,
Successively she this and that intends;

Therefore such forms as she doth cease to see,

To memory's large volume she commends.

* The spider's touch how exquisitely fine, Feels at each thread, and lives along the line. Pope's Essay ou Man.

This ledger-book lies in the brain behind, *
Like Janus' eye, which in his pol' was set :

The layman's tables, storehouse of the mind;
Which doth remember much, and much forget.

Here sense's apprehension end doth take; As when a stone is into water cast, A)ne circle doth another circle make, Till the last circle touch the bank at last.

SECTION XXII.

THE PASSion of The SENSE.

But though the apprehensive pow'r do pause,
The motive virtue then begins to move;

Which in the heart below doth passions cause,
Joy, grief, and fear, and hope, and hate, and love.

These passions have a free commanding might, And divers actions in our life do breed;

For all acts done without true reason's light, Do from the passion of the sense proceed.

But since the brain doth lodge the pow'rs of sense, How makes it in the heart those passions spring 2

The mutual love, the kind intelligence * Twixt heart and brain, this sympathy doth bring.

From the kind heat, which in the heart doth reign, The spirits of life do their beginning take;

These spirits of life ascending to the brain, [make. When they come there, the spirits of sense do

These spirits of sense, in fantasy's high court,
Judge of the forms of objects, ill or well;

And so they send a good or ill report
Down to the heart, where all affections dwell.

If the report be good, it causeth love,
And longing hope, and well assured joy:

If it be ill, then doth it hatred move,
And trembling fear, and vexing griefs annoy.

Yet were these natural affections good,
(For they which want them, blocks or devils be)

Jf reason in her first perfection stood,
That she might Nature's passions rectify.

SECTION XXIII. Local Motion.

Besides, another motive-power doth 'rise
Out of the heart, from whose pure blood do spring

The vital spirits; which, born in arteries,
Continual motion to all parts do bring.

This makes the pulses beat, and lungs respire;
This holds the sinews like a bridle's reins;

And makes the body to advance, retire,
To turn, or stop, as she them slacks or strains.

Thus the soul tunes the body's instruments,
These harmonies she makes with life and sense ;

The organs fit are by the body lent,
But th' actions flow from the soul's influence.

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