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CThese thoughts are fond; for since the bodies born
Thousands must be abortive, and forlorn
But as God's handmaid, Nature, doth create Bodies in time distinct, and order due ;
So God gives souls the like successive date, Which himself makes, in bodies formed new :
Which himself makes of no material thing;
That The soul Is Not Ex TRADuce.
Alas! that some who were great lights of old, And in their hands the lamp of God did bear!
Some rev'rend fathers did this errour hold, Having their eyes dimm'd with religious fear.
For when, say they, by rule of faith we find,
Brings from the mother's womb the sin of kind,
How can we say that God the soul doth make, But we must make him author of her sin 2
Thea from man's soul she doth beginning take, Since in man's soul corruption did begin.
For if God make her first he makes her ill, [unto;)
Or makes the body her fair form to spill,
Not Adam's body, but his soul did sin,
Thus these good men with holy zeal were blind, When on the other part the truth did shine;
Whereof we do clear demonstrations find,
* By light of nature, and by light divine.
None are so gross as to contend for this, That souls from bodies may traduced be ; Between whose natures no proportion is,
But many subtle wits have justify'd,
Which (if the nature of the soul be try'd)
reasons drawn from nature
For all things made, are either made of nought,
Of nought no creature ever formed ought,
If then the soul another soul do make, Because her pow'r is kept within a bound,
She must some former stuff or matter take; But in the soul there is no matter found.
Then if her heav'nly form do not agree -
Then she of nothing must created be;
Again, if souls do other souls beget, -
lf by themselves, what doth their working let, But they might souls engender ev'ry hour?
If by the body, how can wit and will
Since when they do their other works fulfil,
Again, if souls of souls begotten were,
And change and motion still corruption bear;
If, lastly, souls do generation use,
What then becomes of that which they do lose,
And though the soul could cast spiritual seed, Yet would she not, because she never dies;
For mortal things desire their like to breed, That so they may their kind immortalize.
Therefore the angels sons of God are nam’d,
Who would at first, that in each other thing
And when he took the woman from man's side,
Lastly, God being made man for man's own sake,
When root and branch in nature still agree.
But all agree, God form'd his soul within,
Then is the soul from God; so Pagans say,
Naming her kin to God, and God's bright ray,
He looks on Adam as a root or well;
He sees all men as one man, though they dwell
And as the root and branch are but one tree,
So, if the root and well corrupted be,
So, when the root and fountain of mankind
This was a charge, that all his heirs did bind,
And as when th’ hand doth strike, the man offends,
So Adam's sin to the whole kind extends;
Therefore this sin of kind, not personal,
Of this we find some footsteps in our law,
Ten thousand men she doth together draw,
Yet these, and their successors, are but one; And if they gain or lose their liberties,
They harm or profit not themselves alone, But such as in succeeding times shall rise.
And so the ancestor, and all his heirs, *
Are still but one; his forfeitures are theirs,
His civil acts do bind and bar them all;
So, if the father's crime be capital,
Is it then just with us, to disinherit
And to advance again, for one man's merit,
And is not God's decree as just as ours,
Of all those native virtues, and those pow'rs,
For what is this contagious sin of kind,
And of that great rich dowry of the mind,
If then a man on light conditions gain
If wilfully he forfeit it again,