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Windsor,—and for the Poor of St. Margaret's in Westminster, for the Green Coat Hospital in Tothill-fields, and to the Churchwardens for their general expenses.
Rep. 1. p. 70.
* Rep. x. p. 295.
RESTORATION OF KING CHARLES
The effects produced by the memorable event of THE RESTORATION of King CHARLES the Second, are depicted with energetic force and beauty by our elegant Historian Mr. HUME,
“ The people, freed from the state of suspense in which they had so long been “ holden, now changed their anxious hope “ for the unmixed effusions of joy; and
displayed a social triumph and exulta
tion, which no private prosperity, even “the greatest, is ever able fully to inspire. - Traditions remain of men, particularly “ of OUGHTRED, the Mathematician, who “ died of pleasure, when informed of this happy and surprising event.—The ra
pidity with which the whole of the pro“ ceedings were conducted, was marvel“ lous, and discovered the passionate zeal, “ and entire unanimity of the Nation.“ The King himself said, that it must “ surely have been his own fault that he “ had not sooner taken possession of the “ Throne,-since he found every body so “ zealous in promoting his happy Restora“ tion."1
In accordance with this glad feeling we find The Rev. JOSEPH BENTHAM establishing two Charities for the relief of the Poor, in remembrance of that happy change, and in testimony of his joy and thankfulness for the return of his Sovereign to his Crown and Dignity.
· Hume's Hist. of England, vol. vii. p. 327. 8vo. edit. 1823.
· Rep. X. p. 15.-Rep. XII. p. 39.
No Country in the known world abounds so much in Charitable endowments, as Great Britain,-and no City can vie or be compared with London, for the number and variety of it's establishments of this description. A stranger can neither enter nor depart out of the Metropolis, by any road, but his eye is attracted by some humane Institution. Almshouses, Hospitals, and Public Schools present themselves in every direction,—and the means of Education for the poorer Classes have of late years so much increased throughout the kingdom, that there is scarcely a village which has not an establishment for this truly commendable purpose.
It was a great part of the policy of the Legislature, at the time of The REFORMATION,
that Schools should be instituted, both to dispel ignorance, and to breed up suitable Ministers to promulgate the blessings of the Protestant Faith.
The many and wise acts of Liberality as extended to Schools, must claim the most unqualified approbation,--and those Benefactors must be considered to have been persons of no common minds, who showed the first example of devoting the profits of Trade to the advancement of Learning,for it is a mistaken notion to suppose, that Schools were established solely out of the spoils of Monastic possessions.
Among those honourable Merchants who seem to have considered wealth, only as the means of testifying their affection for the good of the Publick, may be mentioned John NORBURY, JOHN HENDE, and RICHARD WHITTINGTON, for the great works which they erected for the use and ornament of the City of London. But WILLIAM CANNYNGE, who was five times Mayor of Bristol, and a liberal Benefactor to that City, seems to have been the greatest English merchant of that period. EDWARD the Fourth took from him at