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superior to a mere cottage, –a cottage, with a croft, or other small portion of land, an

nexed to it. TREEN PLATES, or PLATTERS, wooden dishes,

trenchers, thrifty articles not quite disused in remote Counties

Treen dishes be homely, and yet not to lack,
Where stone is no laster, take tankard and jack.

TUSSER's Five hundred Points, p. 260.

WALK-MILL Silver, a fine in lieu of fulling

cloth at the Lord's Walk (or Fulling) Mill.
Walk was used to express a similar repeti-
tion of Sound in the Smithy,-

You idle knaves, what are you loytring now?
No hammers walking?

Play of Lord Cromwell. WALL Scot, a tax, for preserving the banks or

walls of the river Thames, in the parish of

Plumstead. Wand of Land, a rod, or rood.-Wang, signi

fies a field.-PHILLIPS. WARPING, a process of flooding the land, in

order to render it productive, in the West

Riding of the County of York. WHITTLE, properly THWITTLE, a knife. A farm at Softley, in the Parish of Peniston, in the County of York, pays yearly to GODFREY Bosville, Esq., of Gunthwaite, a Whittle.-Beckwith.-In Occleve's picture of CHAUCER, he is represented with a knife hanging from a button on his breast, probably a Sheffield Whittle. — Gough's

Sep. Mon. vol. i. p. clix. Wich, or Wych, a salt spring, or salt work. Wick, a fixed abode, or residence, a village, a

bay. Wig, a species of cake, so called. WINDLE, a basket, a bushel,--the tenants of

two Farms are obliged to supply the Master of the School of Newton-with-Scales, in the County Palatine of Lancaster, with 12 loads each of oatmeal, at 35s. the load of 240 lbs., to be delivered at the School-house, and six windles of wheat, at 220 lbs. each, for 30s. per windle, to be delivered at the Mill. -Rep. xi. p. 268.

To windle is to make up straw or hay into bottles.--" Drivers of straw and hay will take notice, that the Kemple of straw must consist of forty Windlens ; and that each Windlen, at an average, must weigh six pounds trone, so that the Kemple must

weigh fifteen stones trone.”—JAMIESON. Withers, any low place where willows grow.


sure, in the County of Hereford, bears a proportion to the Statute measure, as 49 to 304, but it is generally understood as 8 are

to 5. WORTHINE, a quantity of land, so called in the

Manor of Kingsland, in the County of
Hereford,—the tenants of such lands have

been styled Worthies.”—DUNCUMB. YARD LAND, is a quantity of land, which is

various according to the place, from 15 to 40 acres. Ten acres of land, according to the old custom, make a Ferdell or Ferundel (Fardingdeal), and four Ferdells make a Yard Land. The fourth part of an acre, in some places, is called a Yard of Land,

and half an acre is a Selion. YARD of Land, a yard of land, in the County

of Somerset, is a quarter of an acre. YEOMEN BREWERS.—There are no such per

sons at present,-but it is understood, that there formerly were persons known by

that description, forming a branch of The BREWERS' COMPANY. The expression occurs in the Will of Roger BELLOWE, in 1614, who gave 20s. to The Yeomen Brewers, to be bestowed among their


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From the most remote Antiquity, until the present time,- from the Savages of the Southern Hemisphere, to the polished Nations of Europe,-all Mankind have agreed in erecting Sepulchral Monuments, to mark their admiration of the Illustrious dead.

Few circumstances in the history of our Species are more honourable to Human Nature, than this grateful solicitude to record the sense of Obligation,--and no one so likely, to aid the influence of Religion, and invigorate the efforts of Patriotism, as the prospective hope of gaining similar honours."

The splendour of Eloquence has often been powerfully exerted in the Senate, when recommending the erection of Monuments to commemorate the fame of

1 Wood's Essay on National and Sepulchral Monuments, p. 1.

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